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BRUTALISM (EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF RCC)

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BRUTALISM

BRUTALISM (EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF RCC)

Bton brut (raw concrete) is architectural concrete left unfinished


or roughly-finished after pouring and left exposed visually.

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The use of bton brut was pioneered by Auguste Perret and other modern
architects

BRUTALISM (EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF RCC)

BRUTALIST ARCHITECTURE
Brutalism is a profound architectural and design movement that began in the
early 1950s and continues to influence the design of buildings and other works
even today.

When used in describing architecture, brutalism refers to a :- Dynamic Geometric Style That Is Massive
- Monolithic
- Blocky In Appearance and
- Typically Contains Copious Amounts Of Poured Concrete

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Le Corbusier use the term brutalism to describe his own work, though it
was originally COINED BY the British architects Alison and Peter Smithson.

The term eventually became part of the common architectural lexicon


when Reyner Banham used it in his book, New Brutalism

BRUTALISM

NO FINISHING AT ALL
TRUTHFULNESS AND HONESTY

In terms of :
Materials,
Services,
Structure ( Column & Beam)

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NOTHING TO BE HIDDEN AT ALL

BRUTALISM

CHARACTERISTICS

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STRONG BOLD SHAPES COMPOSED


REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES EXPRESSED
LARGENESS OF SCALE , STRONG
OFF FORM CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
LARGE AREAS OF BLANK WALL
DIAGONAL , SLOPING OR STRONG CURVED ELEMENTS CONTRASTING
WITH HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MEMBERS
BRUTALIST BUILDING MATERIALS ALSO INCLUDE BRICK, GLASS, STEEL
THE EXPOSURE OF THE BUILDING'S FUNCTIONS
RANGING FROM THEIR STRUCTURE AND SERVICES TO THEIR HUMAN
USEIN THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING.

BRUTALISM
REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES
EXPRESSED
STRONG BOLD SHAPES COMPOSED

Boston City Hall

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The University of California,


(Geisel Library)

La Grande ,France

BRUTALISM
LARGENESS OF SCALE , STRONG

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UNITE DE HABITATION, MARSEILLE, France

BRUTALISM
BRUTALIST BUILDING MATERIALS

THE EXPOSURE OF THE


BUILDING'S FUNCTIONS

GLASS PALACE - Netherlands

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TRELLICK TOWER London

Aalto Cultural House

BRUTALISM
DIAGONAL , SLOPING OR STRONG CURVED
ELEMENTS

Assembly Hall, Chandigarh

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Multilevel Parking

BRUTALISM

CRTICISM

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Concrete building critisiced due to weathering effects in


every weather condition excluding the desert.
Water staining due to moisture.
Algae formation and discoloration
Chosen to cater to economically weak communities , for
housing, shopping centres and community facilities to
bring them up readily.
But some of them soon turned into undesirable tenements
abetting vandalism and crime.
Due to people highly dissatisfied with the spaces and the box
type buildings.

BRUTALISM

Architects associated with the brutalist style include LE-CORBUSIER with his works across the world
PAUL RUDOLPH one of the masters in Brutalism
Japanese architect KENZO TANGE
ERNO GOLD FINGER

Husband-wife Peter and Alison smithson


Outside Britain Louis Kahn with government buildings in Asia

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More recent Modernists such as I.M. Pei and TADAO ANDO


have also designed notable brutalist works.

BRUTALISM

KANZO TANGE
Believed in fusion of traditional and modern architecture after
1960s
Took inspiration from the nature(Tree)
Justification of function

Justification of design
Appealing to emotions and senses

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Need of symbolism

BRUTALISM

KANZO TANGE

KURASHIKI CITY HALL

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PEACE CENTRE, HIROSHIMA

CITY HALL KURASHIKI, JAPAN

BRUTALISM

LE CORBUSIER

CARPENTER CENTER

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UNIT D'HABITATION

THE SECRETARIAT

THE ASSEMBLY

CAPITOL COMPLEX

BRUTALISM
PAUL RUDOLPH

Inspired by Corbusier
Use of highly textured concrete surface
Hammering technique evolved to achieve a visually enriching
tectile quality in concrete exposing the inner aggregate

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Innovative use of FORM WORK to enhance visual quality of


concrete such as ribbed wood forms

BRUTALISM

PAUL RUDOLPH

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Yale Art and Architecture Building

Textile Technology Building

BRUTALISM

Team X ( New Brutalism / Structuralism)

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Group formed by younger generation of CIAM members.


They disgraced with the founding ideologies of CIAM
Opposed brutalism original concept

HUNSTATON SCHOOL