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-1 Universiti

Malaysia
FAHANG
Technocy CrcUvtV

FACULTY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING


FINAL EXAMINATION
COURSE

HEAT TRANSFER

COURSE CODE

BFF3203

LECTURER

ASSOC PROF DR ABDUL AZIZ JAAFAR

DATE

7 JANUARY 2015

DURATION

3 HOURS

SESSION/SEMESTER :

SESSION 2014/2015 SEMESTER I

PROGRAMME CODE :

BFF/BFM

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:
1. This Question Book has SIX (6) Questions.
2. Answer ONLY FIVE(5) Questions
3. All answers MUST be written in the Question Book.

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:
None
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
This examination paper consists of FOURTEEN (14) printed pages including front page

BFF/BFMJ1415JIBFF3203

CONFIDENTIAL

TABLE NO:

ID NO:
ANSWER ONLY FIVE (5) QUESTIONS.
QUESTION 1 [20 MARKS]

Using your own word, express your understanding on the following concepts
and their significance on engineering design.

[10 marks]
a) Biot Number and Fourier Number

b) Consider two plane-walls of different conductivity. Both walls have identical


geometrical dimension and are subjected to an identical thermal boundary
conditions. Provide an argument on the temperature distribution and the rate of
[10 marks]
conduction heat transfer in both walls.

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/14151JBFF3203

QUESTION 2 [20 MARKS]


A piece of aluminum with irregular shape weighing 6 kg and at 300 C is suddenly
immersed in a fluid bath at 20 C. You are required to model the physical setup and
express the governing equation as well as the boundary and initial conditions, if any, to
estimate the followings:
a. the time period to reduce the temperature of the aluminum below 90 C
b. the amount of heat loss during the time period, and
c. the temperature history at the center of mass of the aluminum
Take the convection heat transfer coefficient to be 58 W/m2K
a) Sketch the engineering model:

b) Engineering Assumptions

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

c) Solution Procedure:

BFF/BFMJ1 41511BFF3203

[10 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

BFFIBFM/141511BFF3203

QUESTION 3 [20 MARKS]


A long 10-cm-thick brass sheet at 20 C are heat treated by drawing the metal sheet at a
velocity of 2 m/min through a 6-rn long oven maintained at 700 T.
You are required to propose the appropriate speed for drawing the metal sheet through the
oven such that the center plane temperature of the sheet is greater than 600 T.
Given the heat transfer coefficient in the oven is 220 W/m2K.
a) Sketch the engineering model:

[5 marks]

b) Engineering Assumptions

[5 marks]

BFF/BFM/141511BFF3203

CONFIDENTIAL

c) Solution Procedure:

[10 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFMJ1 4151/BFF3203

QUESTION 4 [20 MARKS]


A 25-cm diameter steel ball is removed from the oven at a uniform temperature of 300 C
to be cooled by convection of air flowing at 3 m/s in a room conditions.
You are required to evaluate the uniformity of internal temperature of the steel ball by
providing the average convection heat transfer coefficient and duration of the cooling
process if the surface temperature of the ball drop to 200 C
Given the dynamic viscosity of air at room and at 200 C are given as 1.846 x 10 Pa.s
and 2.849 x 10-5 Pa.s respectively
a) Sketch the engineering model:

b) Engineering Assumptions

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

c) Solution Procedure:

BFF/BFMI1415I[BFF3203

[10 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFMJ1415I/BFF3203

QUESTION 5[20 MARKS]


A long roll of 2-rn-wide and 0.5-cm thick Manganese steel plate coming off a furnace at
820 C and entering a 9-rn long oil bath at a steady velocity of 20 m/rnin for quenching
process at 45 T.
You are required to evaluate the quenching process and the sizing of a cooling equipment
for maintaining the oil bath temperature at 45 C if it is assumed that the heat transfer
coefficients on both sides of the plate are 860 W/m2K.
a) Sketch the engineering model:

b) Engineering Assumption

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

c) Solution Procedure:

BFF/BFMJ1415IIBFF3203

[10 marks]

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BFF/BFM/1 41511B FF3203

CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 6 [20 MARKS]


A manufacturing section of a plastic plant deliver a continuous 1.2-rn wide and 0.1-cm
thick sheet of a plastic at a velocity of 9 m/min. The temperature of the plastic sheet is
95 C when it is the manufacturing section.
During the delivery, a 0.6 m-long section of the plastic sheet is exposed to a surrounding
air at 25 C. The air flows at 3 m/s on both sides of the sheet surfaces in the crosswise
direction to the plastic motion.
You are required to model a heat transfer system for evaluating the rate of heat transfer
from the plastic sheet to the flowing air and the temperature of the plastic sheet at the end
of 0.6-rn long exposure section cooling section assuming that the emissivity of the plastic
is 0.9. Take the dynamic viscosity of air at 300 C is 2.76x10 5 Pa.s
a) Sketch the engineering model:

[10 marks]

b) Engineering Assumptions

[5

11

marks]

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFMJ14151/BFF3203

c) Solution Procedure

[10 marks]

END OF EXAMINATION PAPER


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BFF/BFM/1 4151J8FF3203

APPENDIX
I'1iiit1 Prnncrfi&s

(kg/rn3)

Specific heat
at constant
pressure
(J/kgK)

Dynamic
viscosity
(Pa.$)

0.02514

1.204

1007

1.825x105

Oil

0.1404

863.9

2048

0.07399

Water

0.598

998

4180

1.002

Thermal
conductivity
(W/mK)

Density

Specific heat
at constant
pressure
(J/kgK)

aluminum

237

2702

903

brass

110

8530

380

manganese

15.1

+8055

480

stainless steel

63.9

7832

434

plastic

0.2

1200

1700

Thermal
conductivity
(W/mK)

Density

Air atlatmand
20 OC

substance

Si1ii1 Prnnrfk'

substance

(kg/m3)

E'mrriil (',rrphifinn

Average Nusselt number

Physical setup

0.664ReL5Pr33
Laminar Flow over a isothermal flat plate
for Pr> 0.6 and Re L <5x105
0.03 7ReL'8Pr33
Turbulent flow over an isothermal flat plat
for 0.6 <Pr <60 and 5x10 5 <ReL < 107
J \O.25

Turbulent Flow over a sphere

2 + [0.4Re 5 + 0.06Re 0667 1Pr 4 (-

YS

Where Re and Pr are Reynolds number and Prandtl number respectively. Subscript oo and
s refers to values at surrounding and surface respectively

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CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 4151/BFF3203

Analytical Solution
Physical setup

One term Approximation

Owall = exp(-5t2 r) Acos (A)

Plane wall

Biot number and Integration Constants for one-term approximation of


transient one dimensional conduction heat transfer through plane wall
H

H
I

I
1t

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