MlLl1lA Anu SLCLSSlCn MCvLMLn1S lC8MLu 1C uLS18C? 1PL uŦSŦ?

ln Lhe lasL week of Marchţ 2010ţ Lhere have been Lwo lncldenLs lnvolvlna posslble LhreaLs of vlolence
aaalnsL aovernmenL emplovees LhaL bear slmllarlLles Lo each oLher and Lo slmllar acLs occurrlna ln oLher
counLrlesŦ
ln laLe Marchţ l8l aaenLs arresLed and charaed 9 men wlLh ploLLlna Lo klll pollce offlcers and aLLack
Lhe uŦSŦ aovernmenL for Lhe purpose of desLrovlna lLŦ ln Lhe followlna weekţ over LhlrLv uŦSŦ aovernors
have recelved leLLers from an oraanlzaLlon LhaL LhreaLened LhaL lf Lhev dld noL leave offlce ln Lhree davs
Lhev would be removedŦ
ln Lhe case of Lhe planned aLLacks aaalnsL pollce offlcersţ Lhe nlne men were connecLed Lo a ChrlsLlan
mlllLla aroup called PuLaree whlch clalms LhaL Lhev are ChrlsLlan soldlersţ flahLlna ln Lhe name of Lhe
ChrlsLlan falLhŦ Cn Lhe PuLaree webslLeţ Lhe aroup descrlbes lLself as ºPuLareeŤ ChrlsLlan warrlor"Ŧ
1he use of rellalonţ ln Lhls case ChrlsLlanlLvţ as a preLexL and ldenLlLv LhaL ls belna used Lo commlL acLs
of vlolence and Lo waae war aaalnsL clvlllans and aovernmenLs ls someLhlna LhaL has seen a masslve
lncrease worldwlde ln Lhe lasL Len vears and has resulLed ln Lhe dlsplacemenL and deaLh of mllllons of
peopleţ and Lhe desLrucLlon and breaklna aparL of numerous counLrlesŦ
1he use of rellalon as a reason for aLLacks aaalnsL oLhers ls someLhlna LhaL has noL hlsLorlcallv been
seen verv ofLen and lL ls noL whaL Lhese rellalons preach as docLrlneţ whlch lndlcaLes LhaL rellalon
appears Lo be belna used as a preLexL Lo aLLack and dlsplace people from Lhelr landŦ CfLenţ ln Lhe
paLLern seenţ Lhese mlllLlas Lhen clalm LhaL Lhe land where Lhe people have been dlsplaced Lhrouah
vlolenceţ belonas Lo Lhe aroup lLselfţ and LhaL lL ls formlna a ºnew naLlon" carvlna lL off from Lhe exlsLlna
naLlonţ whlch serves Lo desLrov Lhe exlsLlna naLlonŦ
1hls paLLern and use of rellalons and rellalous ldeoloav maLches a slmllar klnd of use LhaL ls also
currenLlv occurrlna uslna eLhnlcţ raclal and Lrlbal ldenLlLles also as a preLexL and ldenLlLv for Lhe creaLlon
of vlolenL mlllLlas LhaL also aLLack and dlsplace people from Lhe landţ clalmlna LhaL Lhe land belonas Lo
Lhe new ºaroup or naLlon" formed of people of LhaL speclflc rellalous or eLhnlc ldenLlLvţ and also
desLrovlna Lhe exlsLlna naLlon as parL of Lhe processŦ
1hese aroups and acLlons have onlv spruna up ln Lhe lasL Len vearsţ have been seen ln much of Lhe
world and Lhelr acLlons are leadlna Lo secesslon of realons from naLlons LhaL have been lnLacL for
decades or cenLurlesŦ 1o all apparenL lL appears alven Lhe worldwlde ºsameness" of Lhese acLs ln reaard
Lo whaL ls belna doneţ Lhese rellalous and eLhnlc aroups are belna formed and commlLLlna acLs of
vlolence noL for Lhe purpose of creaLlna new rellalous or eLhnlc ldenLlLv naLlonsţ as ls ofLen clalmedţ buL
for Lhe prlmarv purpose of desLrovlna exlsLlna naLlonsŦ
1he PuLaree mlllLla follows Lhls paLLern wlLh a deslanaLlon on Lhe slLe wlLh a cross LlLled ºColonlal
ChrlsLlan 8epubllcţ wlLh Lhe acronvm lnlLlals CC8Ŧ ln a hearlna on Wednesdavţ AsslsLanL uŦSŦ ALLornev
8onald WaLersLreeLţ ln araulna for deLenLlon of PuLaree mlllLla memberţ Mlchael uavld Meeks sald LhaL
accused PuLaree leaderţ uavld 8rlan SLone souahL Lo ºown hls own counLrvŦ"
1he anLl naLlonal aovernmenL sLance and Lhe ldea of dlfferenL ºrepubllcs" ls also Lhe sLance of Lhe
aroup LhaL senL LhreaLenlna leLLers Lo a number of uŦSŦ aovernors ln Lhe lasL few davsŦ 1hese leLLersţ
senL Lo more Lhan 30 aovernors ln laLe Marchţ LhreaLened LhaL lf Lhev dldn'L leave Lhelr poslLlons as
aovernors wlLhln Lhree davsţ Lhev would be removedŦ 1he LhreaLs were made bv a aroup called Lhe
Cuardlans of Lhe lree 8epubllcsŦ 1he prlmarv focus and acLlons of Lhe Cuardlans of Lhe lree 8epubllcs
sLance ls an anLlaovernmenLal oneŦ
WhaL has been seen ln Lhls counLrv ls noL [usL Lhese Lwo aroups and Lhelr anLl aovernmenL acLlons
suddenlv comlna Lo aLLenLlonţ buL Lhe rlse wlLhln Lhe lasL few vears of a larae number of anLl
aovernmenL aroups ln Lhe uŦSŦ of all dlfferenL Lvpesţ some advocaLlna vlolence and manv proposlna Lhe
dlssoluLlon and desLrucLlon of Lhe uŦSŦ as a naLlon bv varlous means lncludlna secesslon and vlolenceŦ
Whlle some of Lhese aroups are secular and pollLlcal and some are rellalousţ eLhnlcţ Lrlbal or raclalţ
Lhev all have Lhe common aoal of worklna noL Lo chanae Lhe uŦSŦ aovernmenL Lo reflecL Lhe wlshes of all
Amerlcans Lhrouah Lhe democraLlc processţ buL Lo lnsLead aLLack Lhe lnsLlLuLlons of Lhe aovernmenL and
desLrovlna Lhemţ Lhus aLLacklna Lhe unlLed SLaLes as a naLlon and desLrovlna lLţ raLher Lhan worklna Lo
lmprove lLŦ Clven Lhls focusţ lL appears LhaL Lhe aoal of all Lhese aroups ls noL Lhe beLLermenL of Lhe
counLrvţ or even Lhe creaLlon of a new counLrvţ whlch Lhese aroups alve scanL aLLenLlon Loţ ln Lerms of
whaL Lhe newlv creaLed ºseceded naLlon wlll beţ buL lnsLead Lhe desLrucLlon of Lhe counLrvŦ
1hese aroupsţ wlLh Lhese same aoals have masslvelv lncreased ln Lhe lasL few vears and Lhls paLLern
of an ºall of a sudden" lncrease ln Lhese Lvpes of mlllLla and secesslon anLlaovernmenL aroups and
acLlvlLles has been seen ln oLher counLrles before boLh secesslon acLlvlLv and mlllLla vlolenceţ ofLen
clalmed Lo be ln connecLlon Lo some rellalon or eLhnlcţ raclal or Lrlbal afflllaLlon bealnsţ leadlna Lo
vlolence and Lhe resulL of breaklna aparL parLs of Lhe exlsLlna naLlon Lo desLrov lLŦ
kenneLh SLernţ Lhe Amerlcan !ewlsh CommlLLee's dlrecLor on anLlŴSemlLlsm and exLremlsm savs LhaL
ºWhaL vou're sLarLlna Lo see ln Lhe number of mlllLla aroups sprouLlna up ln Lhe lasL vear ls a aeneral
anLlaovernmenL ldeoloavŦ"
AnLl aovernmenL mlllLla aroups are noL Lhe onlv aroups advocaLlna acLlons LhaL are dlrecLlv
desLrucLlve Lo Lhe unlLed SLaLes as a naLlon LhaL have lncreased wlLhln Lhe lasL few vearsŦ 1here has also
been an ºall of a sudden" occurrence of a larae lncrease ln secesslon movemenLs ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes ln
Lhe lasL few vears as wellŦ 1hese movemenLs are cenLered ln manv sLaLes and ln realons as well and Lhev
call for varlous sLaLes and realons Lo ºsecede" from Lhe unlLed SLaLesţ Lhus desLrovlna Lhe unlLed SLaLes
as a naLlonŦ
A number of aroups have formed calllna for secesslon ln Lhe uŦSŦ buL Lhese secesslon movemenLs are
noL belna drlven bv people ln speclflc areas and realons who wanL Lo secede from Lhe unlLed SLaLesţ buL
appears Lo be drlven bv cenLral oraanlzers who are pushlna for a number of dlfferenL sLaLes and realons
Lo secede from Lhe unlLed SLaLes ºall aL once" Lhus servlna Lo desLrov Lhe uŦSŦ
Cne example of Lhese cenLrallzlna oraanlzlna aroups ls a aroup called Lhe Mlddleburv lnsLlLuLeţ whlch
was formed ln 2003Ŧ 1he aoal of Lhe Mlddleburv lnsLlLuLe ls Lo push varlous sLaLes and realons ln Lhe
unlLed SLaLes Lo ºsecede from Lhe uŦSŦ" 1he Mlddleburv lnsLlLuLe held lL's flrsL norLh Amerlcan
Secesslon Conference ln 2006Ŧ 1he facL LhaL Lhere were onlv 40 parLlclpanLs from slxLeen secesslonlsL
oraanlzaLlonsţ alves an lndlcaLlon of how low Lhe real deslre ls for secesslon bv unafflllaLed lndlvldualsŦ
1hls was also descrlbed as Lhe flrsL aaLherlna of secesslonlsLs slnce Lhe Clvll Warţ whlch alves some ldea
of how rare anv real secesslonlsL acLlvlLv has been ln Lhe uŦSŦ And whlle Lhe Clvll War was a secesslon
movemenL for onlv one area of Lhe unlLed SLaLes over Lhe lssue of slavervţ Lhe Mlddleburv lnsLlLuLe and
oLher secesslonlsL oraanlzaLlons are oraanlzlna secesslon movemenLs ln sLaLes and realons across Lhe
uŦSŦ and noL for anv parLlcular reason aL all buL Lo ºsecede" from Lhe unlLed SLaLesŦ

AnoLher newlv formed aroup LhaL ls also pushlna for secesslon ls Lhe º1ea ÞarLv" and 1ea ÞarLv
movemenLŦ Llke Lhe oLher aroupsţ Lhls aroup ls also recenLlv formed and appears Lo be pushlna for
secesslon as a means of desLrovlna Lhe naLlonţ lnsLead of worklna for anv real naLlonal pollLlcal reform
or acLlons as a uŦSŦ pollLlcal parLvŦ Sarah Þalln who has been ofLen llnked Lo Lhe 1ea ÞarLv and spoken of
as a candldaLeţ been lnvolved wlLh Lhe Alaskan lndependence ÞarLvŦ Þalln address Lhe 2008 Alaskan
lndependence ÞarLv ConvenLlon ln 2008ţ clalmlna LhaL exlsLlna pollLlcal parLles need ºcompeLlLlon"Ŧ1he
Alaskan lndependence ÞarLv ls noL a uŦSŦ pollLlcal parLv lL ls ºsomeLhlna else ºmasqueradlna as a pollLlcal
parLv wlLhln Lhe unlLed SLaLes and uslna lL's preLense of belna a ºpollLlcal parLv" as a means of aLLacklna
Lhe uŦSŦ and Alaska bv carvlna off Alaska from Lhe resL of Lhe uŦSŦ ln Lhls addressţ Sarah Þalln spoke of
Alaska's ºself sufflclencv" as a sLaLe and her husband has been a pasL member of Lhe Alaskan
lndependence ÞarLvŦ
!usL as Lhe Alaskan lndependence ÞarLv ls masqueradlna as a ºlealLlmaLe pollLlcal parLv" wlLhln Lhe
unlLed SLaLes lLself whlle ln facL belna used as a devlce Lo aLLack and desLrov Lhe unlLed SLaLes bv
dlvldlna lL lnLo plecesţ so Looţ ls Lhe 1ea ÞarLv masqueradlna as a lealLlmaLe uŦSŦ pollLlcal parLv whlle
lnsLead Lhe real aoal of Lhe 1ea ÞarLv and Lhe 1ea ÞarLv movemenL ls Lo aLLack and desLrov Lhe uŦSŦ
Lhrouah pushlna secesslon of numerous sLaLesŦ 1he 1ea ÞarLv and Lhe Alaskan lndependence ÞarLv are
Lwo aroups presslna for secesslon LhaL are presenLlna Lhemselves dupllclLlouslv as ºpollLlcal parLles
ºWl1Pln Lhe uŦSŦ and for Lhe Amerlcan people"Ŧ 1ea ÞarLv rallles seek Lo aLLracL dlsarunLled Amerlcans
across Lhe specLrum wlLhouL acknowledalna LhaL whaL Lhev are reallv pushlna for ls secesslon and Lhe
desLrucLlon of Lhe unlLed SLaLesŦ AnoLher sLaLe LhaL 1ea ÞarLv members have spoken poslLlvelv of
secedlna from Lhe unlLed SLaLes ls 1exasŦ
1he unlLed SLaLes ls noL Lhe onlv naLlon LhaL ls experlenclna boLh mlllLla and secesslon oraanlzlna and
acLlonsŦ Cn secesslonŦneLţ lL shows how secesslon ls belna pushed worldwlde ln a wav slmllar Lo whaL ls
sLarLlna Lo occur ln Lhe unlLed SLaLesŦ Cne example of Lhls worldwlde oraanlzlna ls shown on
SecesslonŦneLţ whlch ouLllnes lL's overall aoal as ºcreaLlna a worldwlde secesslon neLwork promoLlna Lhe
rlahL Lo secedeŦ"
1hls neLwork aroupţ llke Lhe Mlddleburv lnsLlLuLe and oLher secesslon aroups are noL connecLed Lo
anv parLlcular realon or for LhaL maLLer anv parLlcular reason for secedlnaţ buL [usL pushlna ºsecesslon
and desLrucLlon of Lhe exlsLlna naLlon" as Lhe aoal lnsLead of worklna Lo lmprove anv faulLs or condlLlons
LhaL people flnd unaccepLable and wanL Lo chanaeŦ
WhaL has been seen ln a number of oLher counLrles ln Lhe lasL Len vears ls Lhe all of a sudden
appearance of a larae number of secesslon movemenLs and acLlonsţ as well as Lhe all of a sudden
appearance of a larae lncrease ln mlllLla formaLlon as wellŦ 1hese mlllLlas are ofLen assoclaLed wlLh
varlous rellalous and eLhnlc aroups and advocaLe vlolence aaalnsL Lhe exlsLlna aovernmenL and Lhe
people ln Lhe naLlon and also have alona wlLh Lhe secesslon movemenLs Lhe aoal of secesslonţ ln Lhe
mlllLla's case accompanled bv vlolenceŦ
1he Amerlcan Secesslon Þro[ecLţ whlch sLaLes LhaL lL ls ºdedlcaLed Lo placlna secesslon ln Lhe
malnsLream of pollLlcal LhouahL as a vlable soluLlon Lo conLemporarv problems" shows Lhe larae number
of secesslon acLlons occurrlna around Lhe world and Lhe larae number of Lhem LhaL are connecLed Lo
and afflllaLed wlLh vlolenL mlllLla acLlons as wellŦ

Whlle mosL people do noL wanL Lo secede from Lhelr exlsLlna naLlons and Lhere has been llLLle hlsLorv
of Lhls Lvpe of acLlvlLv ln Lhe pasLţ mlllLla vlolence ls used Lo work Lo assure LhaL Lhese realons do secede
and Lhe naLlons are broken aparL and Lhe exlsLlna naLlon desLrovedŦ 1he mlllLla vlolence ls a faclllLaLor of
Lhe aoal of secesslon of a realon of an exlsLlna counLrv and Lhe desLrucLlon of Lhe counLrvŦ ln manv cases
Lhe mlllLlas LhaL are formed are elLher rellalous or eLhnlc onesţ clalmlna Lo be flahLlna for Lhelr rellalon
or eLhnlc aroupţ [usL as Lhe PuLaree mlllLla has clalmedŦ
Powever Lhe resulL of Lhe newlv creaLed seceded naLlon ls Lhe same no maLLer whaL Lhe aroupŤ ofLen
Lhe dlspossesslon and someLlmes deaLh of mllllons and a newlv creaLed ºseceded from Lhe orlalnal
ºnaLlon" LhaL ls nelLher aoverned nor conLrolled bv Lhe mlllLla or rellalon or eLhnlc aroup for whlch Lhe
mlllLla aroup clalmed Lhev were flahLlnaŦ lnsLeadţ whaL does occur ln all Lhese cases of secesslon ls
forelan mlllLarv conLrol and conLlnued forelan mulLlnaLlonal mlllLarv occupaLlon of Lhe newlv creaLed
naLlonŦ 1he economles of Lhese newlv creaLed naLlons are also noL Lhere for Lhe beneflL of Lhe people of
Lhese new realons or counLrlesţ lnsLead wlLh new laws and reaulaLlons ln place whlch alve unfeLLered
conLrol and access Lo Lhe counLrv's asseLs and resources Lo forelanersţ wlLh no ablllLv for Lhese new
naLlons Lo conLrol or beneflL from Lhelr own naLlon aL allŦ
Cne example of Lhls ºpaLLern" ls Lhe former ?uaoslavlaŦ ln Lhe earlv 1990sţ aL exacLlv Lhe same Llmeţ
Lhe heads of Lhe sLaLes of CroaLla and Slovenla wlLhln Lhe naLlon of ?uaoslavla all of a sudden declared
ºon Lhelr own" LhaL Lhev wereţ as realonal aovernmenL heads of Lhe sLaLes of CroaLla and Slovenla ln Lhe
naLlon of ?uaoslavlaţ declarlna LhaL Lhev were secedlna from ?uaoslavla and formlna Lhelr own
ºlndependenL naLlons"Ŧ 1he heads of Lhese Lwo realonal local aovernmenLs had Laken no voLes from
Lhelr people and llke Lhe mlllLlas and secesslonlsLsţ Lhev declded on Lhelr own LhaL Lhev had Lhe rlahL Lo
declare LhaL Lhev were aolna Lo have Lhe realons ofţ ln Lhls case CroaLla and Slovenla ºsecede" from
?uaoslavlaŦ 1hese Lwo local aovernmenL elecLed offlclal's announcemenLs and Lhe lllealLlmaLe and new
naLlons LhaL Lhev creaLed of Slovenla and CroaLlaţ were lmmedlaLelv recoanlzed bv Lhe aovernmenL of
CermanvŦ 1he Cerman aovernmenL also lmmedlaLelv senL ln Cerman Lroops Lo asslsL Lhese newlv
seceded sLaLes and Lo assure LhaL Lhe aovernmenL and mlllLarv of ?uaoslavla dldn'L aLLempL Lo aeL Lhe
sLaLes of Slovenla and CroaLla back as parL of Lhe lealLlmaLe ?uaoslavlan naLlonŦ ConfllcL broke ouL wlLh
mlllLlas ln CroaLla almosL lmmedlaLelvŦ 1he confllcL spread from CroaLlaţ Lo 8osnlaŴPerzeaovlnaţ Lo
kosovo and Lhen Lo nelahborlna MacedonlaŦ 1he Cerman mlllLarv was replaced bv Luropean LuÞ8ClC8
mlllLarv Lroopsţ uŦnŦ peacekeeplna Lroopsţ nA1C Lroops and now Luropean LuCC8ÞS LroopsŦ 1hese
Lroops sLlll occupv CroaLlaţ 8osnlaŴPerzeaovlnaţ kosovo and Macedonlaţ even Lhouah confllcL ended ln
some of Lhese areas vears aaoŦ ?uaoslavla ls onlv one counLrv ln whlch Lhls same sequence of evenLs has
occurredŦ lL ls also llke oLher counLrles ln LhaL Lhe reasons alven for Lhe confllcL are elLher eLhnlc or
rellalousţ buL Lhe resulLs are Lhe sameŦ 1hese newlv creaLed sLaLes remaln occupled bv forelan mlllLarles
LhaL are sLreLched across Lhe alobe ln wake of Lhese mlllLla and secesslon acLsŦ
1he secesslon and mlllLla acLlons are worldwldeţ llke each oLherţ cenLrallzed and lL appears LhaL Lhe
naLlons of !apan and Cermanv are Lhe naLlons prlmarllv economlcallv beneflLLlna ln Lhe counLrles and
realons where Lhls has occurredŦ

1hls arLlcle ls parL of an overall slLe on Cermanv and !apan worldwlde heaemonv aLť
hLLpť//aermanv[apanheaemonvŦbloaspoLŦcom/2011/12/aermanvŴandŴ[apanŴworldŴheaemonvŦhLml


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