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UNIVERSIDAD DE MANILA

College of Engineering and Technology

HOME AUTOMATION: AUTOMATIC SWITCHING


ON/OFF USING MOBILE PHONE
_____________________________________________________________________

Prepared by:
Canales, Rose Anne N.
Cruz, Justine Rocel A.
Pascua, Ronnabelle P.
Halili, Christine D.
Galang, Shaldy T.
Gutib, Erving B.

CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
A. INTRODUCTION
Devices are sometimes left plugged into power sockets whereas others
are supposed to be plugged into and out of power sockets at different
intervals depending on the time of the day. All these require an individual to
manually attend to each of the devices independently from time to time. To
solve these types of problems this article explains you how to design a simple
circuit, which will on/off the devices remotely using mobile phone.
Have you ever imagined yourself turning ON/OFF your appliances while
you are just sitting on your couch or while you are resting on your bed? Do
you ever think of switching your appliances with just a touch of your finger?
Does it come into your mind of using your Smartphone as your remote
control? If that is the case, then, you are imagining of home automation or
simply Smart home. Generally, home automation is the control of any or all
electrical devices in our home. It is also refers to the use of computer
and information technology to control home appliances and features (such as
windows or lighting). It may include centralized control of lighting, HVAC
(heating, ventilation and air conditioning), appliances, and other systems, to
provide improved convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and safety. The
popularity of home automation has been increasing greatly in recent years
due to much higher affordability and simplicity through Smartphone and tablet
connectivity.
This proposal focuses mainly on automatic switching ON/OFF of
appliances. The project is developed using a Dual Tone Multi-Frequency
(DTMF) communication. If you press the button in your mobile phone then a
tone is generated with 2 frequencies. These 2 frequencies of the tone are row
and column frequencies of that particular button. These generated tones are

decoded at switching center to determine which button is pressed. Now we


have to use this DTMF tones to control the devices from remote area.
B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
One of the problems that have been cited is the inconvenience of the
disabled and elderly people. Inconvenience in terms of attending to the
appliances just to plug and/or unplug it using their own hand. Doing those
kind of things may sometimes cause more trouble due to their impairment.
Fast-paced technology which some elderly people do not know how to use
that brings inconvenience to their living. Other problems are fire which is at
times due to overheating of devices that lessens the level of safety inside
your home and high electric cost through continuous power consumption of
unplugged appliances that limits the allocation of your money. With these
issues, they then decided to propose remote control appliances using mobile
phones which will enable one to remotely switch and manage his appliances
from a specific range inside or outside his home.
C. OBJECTIVES
The main purpose of this project is to develop home automation
specifically automatic switching ON/OFF of appliances. In this project, they
will be able also to:
i.

Help elderly and handicapped people to be more comfortable when


plugging or unplugging home appliances. This will likely give less

ii.

hassle to their impairment,


Design cost efficient and improved safety system. Fire due to
overheating of plugged appliances may be lessening as well as the

iii.

high cost of electric consumption.


Provide an easy-to-use environment. The application that is used in
this project is easy to operate by pressing the assigned key for turning
on and/or off the appliances.

D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


Today, automation technology is gaining more recognition among the
people not just for home modification but in industrial and business sectors
too. Home automation technology is constantly improving its flexibility by
incorporating modernized features to satisfy the increasing demand of the
people. We live in a time unlike any other. With so many technological
advancements at our fingertips, our lives are made easier, which fortunate is
considering the fast-paced lives most of us lead. In recent years, great strides
have been made in making homes a bit more tech savvy.
Equipment and other electric powered gadgets, such as home appliances
and lighting are all instantly switch and people do not need to have a hand on
it. Modern houses are gradually shifting from conventional switches to
centralized control system, involving remote controlled switches. Presently,
conventional wall switches located in different parts of the house makes it
difficult for the user to go near them to operate. Even more it becomes more
difficult for the elderly or physically handicapped people to do so. Wireless
switching of appliances provides a most modern solution with smart phones.
There are many factors that are responsible for home automation's
growing importance. Some important benefits of home automation are listed
below:
a. Affordable: Home automation process doesn't require a huge sum of
money to modify your home. This is one of the important reasons for
its growing popularity among the homeowners. You can save a lot of
money if you plan to automate your home during its construction
process.
b. Easy to use: You can operate and access the automation technology
with ease due to its simple procedures that are easy to learn and

implement. Centralized control system is used to control the overall


operations of different equipment, which ultimately reduces your
burden and allows you to operate the devices with a single button click.
c. Enhanced performance: Proper wiring and computer control are the
important factors that determine the effective performance of the
automation technology. Usually, home automation systems that are
installed using professional installers are reliable and perform all its
operation effectively without causing frequent failures.
d. Improves the security features: One of the important uses of home
automation technology is that its ability to enhance the security
features of the home without demanding a huge home renovation. For
example, you can monitor the entire security systems by making use of
video surveillance system. Besides, you can use motion detector to
detect even the slightest movements around your home without the
need for wandering.
e. Safe: Automation systems are installed carefully and are integrated
under one centralized control unit, which ultimately secures the people.
f. Energy saving: By controlling temperature and lighting based on the
programmed schedules, automation systems reduce the energy bills
considerably. Now, you can move to distant places without any worries
regarding your energy bills by making use of automation systems.
The key value of the smart home will be in situations that can help to
make peoples lives easier. Smart homes have the potential to improve the
accessibility of technology, allowing users to control aspects of a room
through their devices. Rather than encouraging laziness, if employed
properly, this can provide help for both individual users and organizations.
Indeed, many of the current deployments of connected technology are in

homes for people with accessibility needs. Another setting we can see 'smart
home' technology being valuable in is hospitals: patients could control their
beds and the temperature in their room all through their Smartphone, a device
they are already comfortable with as opposed to an unfamiliar remote control.
Systems can range from simple remote control of lighting through to complex
computer/micro-controller based networks with varying degrees of intelligence
and automation. Home automation is adopted for reasons of ease, security
and energy efficiency
E. SCOPE AND LIMITATION
Scope
1. DTMF communication instead of using microcontroller.
2. It can control devices in a long distance.
3. It avoids wastage of power.
Limitations
1. Security is not provided, anyone can control the automation.
2. Limited number of loads that can be connected.

F. DEFINITION OF TERMS
Automatic
It means having controls that allow something to work or happen without
being directly controlled by a person

Automation
The technique of making an apparatus, a process, or a system operates
automatically.

Device
A Device is a specific electronic product that can be controlled through
the wireless network. The device can be a local wireless controller, which
controls a specific light or appliance (usually connected to it by mains wiring),
or a sensor that provides input to the network. Each Device is seen as a
network Node.
Home Automation
All aspects of adding switch to your home and appliances. It can be as
simple as adding remote switch to a few lights, or creating a more complex
system that includes automatic sensors and security systems.
LED
Stands for Light Emitting Diode. These modern light bulbs use very little
power - typically 10% of the traditional incandescent bulbs.
Network
Two or more devices connected together is called a Network. This
enables devices to be switched and to communicate with each other. For
home automation we typically refer to a Wireless Network as a Network.
Tech savvy
Tech savvy means knows more about modern technology, especially
computer.
Wireless Network
A Network on which the devices communicate wirelessly using radio
waves (RF). Wi-Fi, Lightwave RF, Z-Wave and ZigBee are all wireless
network technologies.

CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND LIMITATIONS
This chapter will explain about the review of the works and studies from
other researchers that were related to the development of this project, which
is Home Automation: Automatic Switching ON/OFF using Android phone via
Bluetooth. The literature review is a continuous part that should be done until
this project is successfully developed.

A. LITERATURE
A smart home is a "home equipped with lighting, heating, and electronic
devices that can be controlled remotely by a Smartphone or computer". Home
automation used to be something of a science fiction concept, as we can see
from Microsofts amusing 90s vision of the smart home. But now that
technology has advanced, home automation is actually happening. We can
now control our TVs and set-top boxes from our phones or tablets, control our
lights using Bluetooth-enabled devices. Apps are at the center of helping to
control our homes, allowing us and our homes to be smarter and better
connected.
When people think about home automation, most of them may imagine
living in a smart home: One remote controller for every household appliance,
cooking the rice automatically, starting air conditioner automatically, heating
water for bath automatically and shading the window automatically when night
coming. To some extent home automation equals to smart home. They both
bring out smart living condition and make our life more convenient and fast.
People at that time understood that a smart home is not owing to how well it
is built, not how effectively it uses space, not due to how it is environmentally
friendly. It is only because of how interactive technologies that it contains.
Those are still useful rules for home automation technology today. Below are
some related studies about the home automation using different processes to
make a better smart home.
B. FOREIGN STUDIES
The content of this section is from the research paper work written by
Abdurrahman Bin Suratman. Bachelor of Electrical Engineering. (June 2014).
Android Smart Switch for Smart Home. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

B.1. Related Study


Generally, Smart Switch system for Smart Home is developed consists
of two major parts that are smart switch device and access point. This
device is connected to electrical appliances that can be controlled using
sensor and remotely controlled through access point.
B.1.1. Wireless Switch in Smart Home Application
This research paper work is written by Mohd Ridzuan Bin Johary,
Bachelor

of

Electrical

Engineering

(Microelectronics),

Universiti

Teknologi Malaysia, June 2012. In this research, the project used


PIC18F4620 microcontroller as a main controller device of a remote
control system and PIC16F628A microcontroller for a smart switch
device as shown in Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2. The communication
system between two devices is the radio frequency (RF) with operating
frequency 315 MHz. The performance of the system is depends on the
distance between smart switch and remote control device. The
weakness of this project is the switch can only be switched ON and
OFF by using only single controller and cannot been turn ON and
OFF manually without the controller. The smart switch that has been
developed by researcher is shown in Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2.

Figure 2.1: Smart switch device

Figure 2.2: The main controller of remote control

B.1.2. Smart Switch Energy Saving For Lighting System


This research paper work is written by Nor Khairunnisa Binti Sidek,
Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, July
2012. The type of sensors use for smart switch was studied in this
work. In this research, the project used PIC 18F8452 microcontroller
and GP2Y0A21YK infrared sensor to develop a smart switch as shown
in Figure 2.3 and Figure 2.4. The performance of this smart switch
depends on the range of the infrared sensor. Figure 2.5 shows the
performance of the infrared sensor on smart switch against the
peoples height because the infrared sensor was located above a door
to trigger the motion of people come through that door. Figure 2.4
shows the infrared sensor used, is quite expensive to implement and it
did not use a communication system to control the smart switch
wirelessly.

Figure 2.3: PIC 18F8452 microcontroller

Figure 2.4: GP2Y0A21YK infrared sensor

Figure 2.5: The graph sensor against the peoples height


B.1.3. Home Automation Using GSM
This research paper work is written by Carelin Felix and I. Jacob
Raglend

Member,

IEEE

(2011).

In

this

research

paper

the

communication system between all appliances in the house into a


single communication device has been studied. This project used PIC
microcontroller for both appliances and communication device as
shown in Figure 2.6 and Figure 2.7. The ZigBee has been used to
transfer the information between appliances and communication
device. The ZigBee uses IEEE 802.15.4 of radio frequency (RF)
communication standard (refer to figure 2.7). The communication
device use GSM to receive command from mobile phone (refer to
figure 2.6). This smart switch can be control using smart phone,
however it is cannot monitor the appliances in the house.

Figure 2.6: Communication device using GSM

Figure 2.7: Appliance device using ZigBee


B.2. Smart Switches Available In Market
Nowadays, smart switch technology is expanding rapidly. There are
many type of smart switches that are already available in current market.
This technology is widely implemented in universities and homes.

B.2.1. Smart Switch Using Motion Sensor


Figure 2.8: Smart infrared sensor switch
Motion sensor released infrared rays
that can detect motion of the human body
within the detection area to turn ON the
switch.

The

detection

of

motion

will

transform into an electrical signal by interrupt the current of the infrared


circuit to trigger the switch. This smart switch only turns ON if it
detects motion in a room and will turn off within the given time. It may
be difficult for a user to turn OFF the switch into sleep mode.
B.2.2

Smart

switch

using

Smartphone Home Remote

Wi-Fi

and

Cellular

Connection

Figure 2.9: Belkin F7C030fc WeMo Light Switch


This product manually turn ON and OFF by touching the button
on the switch. It is compatible with Android devices to control the
switch using home Wi-Fi network. Belkin provides free WeMo App for
Android.
This chapter discussed on smart switch system, sensor and wireless
communication. It discussed about previous project that was made to build
smart switch system. The explanations are more about the microcontroller,
sensor and wireless communication that was used.
C. LOCAL STUDIES
This chapter is based on the article from Dayrit property Sales and
Leasing Corporation. (2013). Home Automation | Future of Condo Living in
the

Philippines.

Retrieved

from

http://www.dayritproperties.com/2013/10/home-automation-future-of-condoliving-in-the-philippines/. For countless years, home automation is the


exclusive domain of the rich or extremely techie people. In the Philippines, we
hardly ever heard about home automation as we Filipinos still rely on the
manual and the traditional. The cost of setting it up is priced almost like
buying a new house.
Just by reading tech news in Google, major phone carriers have gotten
into the act, and rumors suggest Google, Apple, Microsoft and other
consumer electronics companies are working on home automation. It is likely

that home automation is in the process of making a transition to commoditize


the technology starting of course with first world countries like the US. A
known real estate developer who has a project in Mandaluyong kick starts the
trend in home automation by the first future ready home. They offer unit
owners the opportunity to enjoy the seamless and connected lifestyle within
the confines of their own automated home.
Through home automation, residents are allowed to control their home
appliances, lights, curtains, and even the thermostat can be switched on or off
with the press of a button on their Smartphone or tablet. Wireless home
automation has been attempted for decades with minimal or no success. If a
company can offer a solution that simply works and secure and of course cost
effective, home automation will be a trend.

CHAPTER 3
RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY
A. METHOD OF RESEARCH USED

This chapter shall discuss the research methods available for the study
and what is applicable to use.
The descriptive research method uses observation and surveys. In this
method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. As widely
accepted, the descriptive method of research is a fact-finding study that
involves adequate and accurate interpretation of findings. Thus, this approach
was used for this study.

This descriptive type of research utilized

questionnaires and observations in the study. The purpose of employing this


method is to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the

study and to explore the cause/s of particular phenomena. Relatively, the


method is appropriate to this study since it aims to describe the present
condition of technical analysis as it is used in the stock market. The
researcher opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the
researcher to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate
rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the study.
The technique that was used under descriptive method is the normative
survey approach and evaluation, which is commonly used to explore opinions
according to respondents that can represent a whole population. The survey
is appropriate in this study because it enables the researcher in formulation of
generalizations.
B. SOURCES

OF

DATA

B.1. Primary Source of Data


The primary source of data came from a researcher-made survey
questionnaire, which will be given to the respondents. The respondents of
this study were randomly selected at Blumentritt, Manila.
A. Respondents of the Study
We conduct numbering twenty-five (20) respondents. The respondents
were randomly selected.
B. Instruments to be used
To determine the impact of Bluetooth technology, the researcher will
prepare a survey questionnaire, which will be given to the intended
respondents.
B.2. Secondary Source of Data

The secondary sources of data came from published articles from


theses and related studies on modern technologies, online applications,
and network technologies.
For this research design, the researcher gathered data, collate published
studies from different local and foreign universities and articles from social
science journals, distribute sampling questionnaires; conducted surveys; and
made a content analysis of the collected documentary and verbal material.
Afterwards, the researcher summarized all the information, made a
conclusion based on the null hypotheses posited and provided insightful
recommendations on the issues dealing with the development of the study.
C. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURES
This study was conducted in order to assess the response of people when
it comes to innovation and development of new technology inside their
homes. The data were collected and then processed in response to the
problems posed in Chapter 1 of this study. The fundamental goals drove the
collection of the data and the subsequent data analysis.
Respondents were asked if they are using Android phones and 65% of
which said that they are using such phone. Another question is asked and
50% of the total respondents said that they are familiar on Home Automation
and will consider adding Home Automation in their household. In relation to
this, the researcher could presume that in the said percentage, a
considerable number could possibly use the project. Appendix A is a copy of
the survey questionnaire provided by the researcher.

20%
25%

55%

Comfort/convenienc
e
Security
Energy
Cool features

Figure 3.1: Factors in adding home automation system


The last question was about the importance of electrical functions.
Respondents were asked to rank home appliances according to its degree of
importance being 1 as the most important and 4 as the least important. Figure
3.2 shows the result of the survey having automatic control of light as the
most important based on the gathered data.

8%
19% 55%
18%

Automatic Control
of light
Turn on/off electric
fan

Turn off/on
Television
Disconnect charger
from socket

Figure 3.2: Ranking of home appliances according to its degree of


importance.
CHAPTER 4
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

A. DESIGN
A centralized controller can be used to control appliances in your home.
The design uses ATMEGA328 microcontroller board as the controlling unit of

the system, Android phone as input device and the home appliances as
output device. The connection between the input and the control unit is
wireless using Bluetooth. Figure 4.1 shows the block diagram of the system.

Power 220V Supply


Process

Input

Cellphone command signal

Bluetooth

Microcontroller

Relay

Output

Appliances On/Of

Fig. 4.1: Block Diagram of Home Automation Power-Controlled Switch

A Bluetooth shield is interfaced to the microcontroller board at the receiver


end while on the transmitter end, an Android application is necessary to send
ON/OFF commands to the receiver where loads are connected, if the app is
not installed the system does not make sense. By touching the specified input
on the application, the loads can be turned ON/OFF remotely through this
wireless technology.

A.1. Algorithm

This section will explain the step-by-step process of how the system
was developed.
A.1.1 Parts and Components

In order to start the design of the project, you will be needing the
parts and components listed below.

Fig. 4.1: ATMEGA328 Gizduino microcontroller board.

Fig. 4.2: Bluetooth Shield

Fig. 4.4: 12V DC Power Adapter

Fig. 4.6: Some wires and jumper wires

Fig. 4.3: Relay card

Fig. 4.5: Extension cord

Fig. 4.7: Android phone with Blueterm application

A.1.2. Microcontroller Program

Before proceeding with the hardware connections of the project,


you need to compile and upload a program in your microcontroller for
you to control the system. The program must be appropriate with the
process that you want to achieve. In this section, the code that the
researcher used will be provided below for development and/or
modification.

A.1.3. Schematic Diagram

The connection of the parts and components will be showed in this


section. Make sure to follow the connection especially the proper
wiring of supply and ground from the source. It may damage one of
your component or worst is your whole system. Figure 4.8 shows the
schematic diagram of this project with a single load only.

Fig. 4.8: Schematic Diagram connecting a single appliance.

In the figure above, they used Arduino as their microcontroller


board; you can also choose your desired microcontroller board as long
as it uses an ATMEGA328 microcontroller chip. Place the Bluetooth
shield above your microcontroller before you precedes with the wiring,
thus, making your connections in microcontroller through Bluetooth
Shield. Connect the 12V-DC power adapter in the microcontroller to
power up your system. Actual connection after wiring is showed in
figure 4.9.

B. TESTING
After setting up the components needed in this project, this is the result of
the testing that has been conducted. Table 1 shows the testing of power
switching using relay.

TRIAL Scenario

Expected

Actual

Remark

s
1
2
3
4

Relay 1 is Off,

Relay 1 should Relay

Action: Turn ON
Relay 2 is On,

turn On
turned On
Nothing should Nothing

Action: Turn On
Relay 3 is On,

happen
happened
Relay 3 should Relay

Action: Turn Off


Relay 4 is Off,

turn Off
turned Off
Nothing should Nothing

Action: Turn Off happen


happened
Table 1: Testing of Power switching ON/OFF using relay
Legend:

--The actual result is the same as the expected result.

It shows that during the first testing of the power switching ON/OFF using
relay. The actual result of four trials is the same with the expected result prior
to the executed action.
After testing the power switching using relay, the loads are then
connected. Table 2 shows the outcomes of the testing done.

TRIA
L
1

Remark
Scenario
Device 1 is Off,

Expected
Device

Actual
1 Nothing

Action:

Press

command

signal

the
for

should

turn Happened

On
.
device 1 to turn it ON.
2
Device 2 is On,
Device
2
Action:
Press
the
Device 2
should turn
command signal for
is still On
Start
Off
device 1 to turn it OFF.
3
Device 1 is Off,
Nothing
Action:
Press
the
Device 1
should
command signal for
turns On
happen.
device 1 to turn it OFF.
Turn ON Bluetooth.
4
Device
2 is On,Connectivity ON?
Is Bluetooth
Nothing
Action:
Press
the
Device 2
should
command signal for
turns Off
happen
device 2 to turn it ON.
Table 2: Testing of Power switching with loads connected.
Launch BlueTerm application
Legend:
--The actual result is not the same as the expected result.
In second testing
Is Device
connected to the relay.

Press 1 to turn ON Device


Press 2 to turn ON Device
of the power switching ON/OFF,
are
Press loads
3 to turn
ONthen
Device
1, 2, 3, 4 ON?
Press
4
to
turn
ON
The actual result of four trials is the inverse with Device
the

expected result prior to the executed action.

Do you want to turn it OFF?

Press A or a to turn OFF Device 1.

C. CONCEPTUAL
Press BFRAMEWORK
or b to turn OFF Device 2.
Press C or c to turn OFF Device 3.

C.1. Flowchart Press D or d to turn OFF Device 4.

End

1.
2.
3.
4.

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

CHAPTER 5
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
A. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

This project entitled, Home Automation: Automatic Switching ON/OFF


using Android phone via Bluetooth, aims to give a more convenient, cost
efficient and safety life to the user. It is all automated. This project takes away
a wide range of initiatives from people. Equipment and other electric powered
gadgets, such as home appliances and lighting are all instantly control and
people do not need to have a hand in it.
An Android smart phone connected with Bluetooth sends control signals to
microcontroller board. On receiving signal microcontroller process, it performs
task to switch the appliances. System provides a user-friendly environment to
control all connected home appliances. The popularity of the wireless network
in home automation is increased in recent years and the advance technology
has made this possible. The system is secured for access from any user
or intruder.

The users are expected to acquire pairing password for the

connection to access the switching of home appliances. This system can be


used as a test bed for any appliances that requires on-off switching
applications without

any

internet connection. The full functionality of the

home automation system was tested

and

the

wireless communication

between the cell phone and microcontroller was found to be limited to <50m
in a concreted building and maximum of 100m range was reported to be
applicable in an open range.
The home automation system has been experimentally proven to work
satisfactorily by connecting sample appliances to it and the appliances were
successfully controlled from a wireless mobile device. The Bluetooth client

was successfully tested on a multitude of different mobile phones from


different manufacturers, thus proving its portability and wide compatibility.
This project will not only provide convenience to the common man but will be
a boon for the elderly and disabled.
B. CONCLUSION
Nowadays, Smart home usually implement the normal remote and control
of devices in your home. Rather than encouraging laziness, if employed
properly, this can provide help for both individual users and organizations. For
instance; smart home technology could be especially useful for people with
disabilities, allowing them to switch their home appliances from a single
device. Indeed, many of the current deployments of connected technology are
in homes for people with accessibility needs. Some devices if not controlled
properly consume a lot of energy which leads to extra expenditure on
electricity. Thus, this project will help the user to save energy, improve safety
and effective usage of electrical equipment and appliances.
As we've mentioned, providing peace of mind is one aspect that may
appeal to homeowners. In addition, home automation is growing rapidly
nowadays and enters in this emerging market quickly. It can undoubtedly
make life at home much easier. This project can help users save both money
and energy. In recent years, there has been a rise in energy monitors and
energy saving plugs. Mobile devices have the potential to connect to these
devices, giving the user one place where they can review and alter their
homes energy use in order to better control their budget. It is evident from
this project work that a Home Automation: Automatic Switching On/Off Using
Android Phone via Bluetooth can be cheaply made from low cost locally
available components and can be used to remotely control home appliances
ranging from electric fan, television and even from lightning system. And
better still, the components required are so small and few that they can be
packaged into a small inconspicuous container.

C. RECOMMENDATION

It can be concluded that the objectives of this project were achieved,


which are high level of accessibility, convenience to elderly and handicapped
person, cost-efficient and safety system. In addition,

user-friendly

Android application as an alternative to remote control unit of a home


automation system has also been established. Improvements can be made to
improve this project, some recommendations are:
1. Security system that might be compatible for the Bluetooth system.
2. Add circuit breaker for security purposes.
3. Compatibility for the Apple users or iOS device and Windows.
4. You can also use GSM module if you want an SMS connection. Just
upload another program in the microcontroller that is applicable with
the output that you want to achieve.
5. Add notifications to cellphone if there is connection lost.

APPENDIX
APPENDIX A: SURVEY FORM
Name:

Status:

Age:

Gender:

______________________________________________________________
_______
We are engineering students from Universidad De Manila who provides
in-depth analysis and quantitative forecasting of trends in global
connectivity and other emerging technologies.
______________________________________________________________
_______
1 Do you live in an
o apartment
o single-family house
o extended-family house
2 Do you have Android Phones in your home today?
o Yes
o No
3 Have you ever heard of "Smart Home" or Home automation
services?
o Yes
o No
If yes, have you ever considered adding it functionality to your
household?

o Yes
o It depends
o No
If No, Why arent you interested in automating your home?
o It is not necessary
o It is a waste of money

o I dont know enough about it


4 Which factor would lead you into adding such a system?
o For its convenience, to save time
o For security reason
o Energy Savings
o Comfort
o Cool Features
5 Which of these functions would be the most important for you?
Please rank your answers from 1 to 3. 1 is the most important and 3 is the
least important.
Automatic control of light
Turn on/off television
Turn on/off electric fan
Unplug charger from socket
Thank you for cooperating! God Bless.

APPENDIX B: POWER SWITCH PROGRAM

int incomingbyte;
#define RELAY1 13
#define RELAY2 12
#define RELAY3 11
#define RELAY4 10
void setup()
{
pinMode(RELAY1, OUTPUT);
pinMode(RELAY2, OUTPUT);
pinMode(RELAY3, OUTPUT);
pinMode(RELAY4, OUTPUT);
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println("Press 1 to toggle relay 1 ON.");
Serial.println("Press 2 to toggle relay 2 ON.");
Serial.println("Press 3 to toggle relay 3 ON.");
Serial.println("Press 4 to toggle relay 4 ON.");
Serial.println("Press A to toggle relay 1 OFF.");
Serial.println("Press B to toggle relay 2 OFF.");
Serial.println("Press C to toggle relay 3 OFF.");
Serial.println("Press D to toggle relay 4 OFF.");
}
void loop()
{ static int relayVal = 0;
int cmd;
while (Serial.available() > 0)
{
cmd = Serial.read();
switch (cmd)
{
case '1': { digitalWrite(RELAY1, HIGH);
Serial.println("RELAY 1 ON");

break;
}
case '2': { digitalWrite(RELAY2, HIGH);
Serial.println("RELAY 2 ON");
break;
}
case '3':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY3, HIGH);
Serial.println("RELAY 3 ON");
break;
}
case '4':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY4, HIGH);
Serial.println("RELAY 4 ON");
break;
}
case 'a': { digitalWrite(RELAY1, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 1 OFF");
break;
}
case 'b':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY2, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 2 OFF");
break;
}
case 'c':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY3, LOW);

Serial.println("RELAY 3 OFF");
break;
}
case 'd':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY4, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 4 OFF");
break;
}
case 'A':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY1, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 1 OFF");
break;
}
case 'B':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY2, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 2 OFF");
break;
}
case 'C':
{
digitalWrite(RELAY3, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 3 OFF");
break;
}
case 'D': { digitalWrite(RELAY4, LOW);
Serial.println("RELAY 4 OFF");
break;
}

default:
{
Serial.println("There are only 8 switches for automation (1,2,3,4,A,B,C,D)");
}
}
}
}

REFERENCES

Electric Power Components and Systems. (2014, February 5). Retrieved


September 24, 2015.
Abdurrahman Bin Suratman. (2014). Android Smart Switch for Smart Home.
Universiti

Teknologi

Malaysia.

Retrieved

from

http://portal.fke.utm.m/abdurrahmanbinsuratman/2014
Lifehacker. (2015). A Guide to the Smart Home in 2015: What are the Trends
and What Do You Need to Know? Retrieved from
http://www.lifehacker.co.uk/2015/01/20/guide-smart-home-2015-trendsneed-know

http://freshome.com/2013/01/17/top-10-benefits-of-automating-your-home/
http://www.academia.edu/9445731/Home_Automation_Review_of_Literat
ure
http://www.slideshare.net/adammckay/importance-of-the-homeautomation-system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_automation#Overview_and_benefits
http://mysteriousmaniacs.weebly.com/uploads/1/2/5/6/12565748/home_au
tomation.pdf
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/231182479_BLUETOOTH_BASE
D_HOME_AUTOMATION_SYSTEM_USING_CELL_PHONE
http://pegasus.javeriana.edu.co/~CIS0810SD03/HA%20Bluetooth.pdf