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# THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IS USED

:

To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and
wishes:
I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general
truth)

To give instructions or directions:
You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.

To express fixed arrangements, present or future:

To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until:
He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday.

Be careful! The simple present is not used to express actions happening now.

EXAMPLES

For habits
He drinks tea at breakfast.
She only eats fish.
They watch television regularly.

For repeated actions or events
We catch the bus every morning.
It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
They drive to Monaco every summer.

For general truths
Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.
Her mother is Peruvian.

For instructions or directions
Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.

For fixed arrangements
His mother arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday starts on the 26th March

With future constructions
She'll see you before she leaves.
We'll give it to her when she arrives.

Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla. he fixes.FORMING THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: TO THINK Affirmative Interrogative Negative I think Do I think? I do not think You think Do you think? You do not think He thinks Does he think? He does not think She thinks Does she think? She does not think It thinks Does it think? It does not think We think Do we think? We do not think. -x. He wants ice cream.  Negative and question forms use DOES (= the third person of the auxiliary 'DO') + the infinitive of the verb. it pushes EXAMPLES  He goes to school every morning.  Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies: fly --> flies. -sh. she needs. NOTES ON THE SIMPLE PRESENT. she catches. They think Do they think? They do not think. cry --> cries Exception: if there is a vowel before the -y: play --> plays. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR  In the third person singular the verb always ends in -s: he wants. she thinks. -ch: he passes. he gives. pray --> prays  Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss. .

 We come from Switzerland. For habits.  I take the train to the office.  John sleeps eight hours every night during the week. For facts. We use the present tense: 1.  Carol brushes her teeth twice a day. 2. She understands English. 3. true or normal.  It rains a lot in winter. .  The President of The USA lives in The White House. For repeated or regular actions in the present time period.  She enjoys playing the piano.  He tries very hard.  I get up early every day.  A dog has four legs.  It mixes the sand and the water. For things that are always / generally true.  The train to Berlin leaves every hour. 4. Simple Present Tense English Grammar Rules The simple present tense in English is used to describe an action that is regular.  They travel to their country house every weekend.

 go – goes  catch – catches  wash – washes  kiss – kisses  fix – fixes  buzz – buzzes 2. we remove the Y and add -IES. In general. -CH. or -Z we add -ES in the third person. we just add -S. For verbs that end in -O.  They speak English at work. Verb Conjugation & Spelling We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO). For verbs that end in a consonant + Y. Subject Verb The Rest of the sentence I / you / we / they speak / learn English at home he / she / it speaks / learns English at home The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb: 1. -SS. The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace. -SH. in the third person we add 'S' in the third person. -X.  play – plays .  marry – marries  study – studies  carry – carries  worry – worries NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y.

we add doesn't between the subject and the verb to make a negative sentence. should etc. There is no difference in meaning though we normally use contractions in spoken English. Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the negative sentence. might. Subject don't/doesn't Verb* The Rest of the sentence I / you / we / they don't have / buy cereal for breakfast .  Affirmative: You speak French. We use Don't when the subject is I. Negative: He doesn't speak German. she or it. enjoy – enjoys  say – says Negative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense To make a negative sentence in English we normally use Don't or Doesn't with all verbs EXCEPT To Be and Modal verbs (can. you. we orthey.  Affirmative: He speaks German. Negative: You don't speak French.). Negative Contractions Don't = Do not Doesn't = Does not I don't like meat = I do not like meat. Word Order of Negative Sentences The following is the word order to construct a basic negative sentence in English in the Present Tense using Don't orDoesn't. You will see that we add don't between the subject and the verb. When the subject is he. We will see the reason why below.

We DON'T use Do or Does in questions that have the verb To Be or Modal Verbs (can. * Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. Question: Does he speak French? When the subject is he.  It doesn't move. might. It has no translation in Spanish though it is essential to show we are making a question. Examples of Negative Sentences with Don't and Doesn't:  You don't speak Arabic. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part. Remember that the infinitive is the verb before it is conjugated (changed) and it begins with TO. to speak etc. we or they. For example: to have.he / she / it doesn't eat / like etc.) .  Affirmative: You speak English. Question: Do you speak English? You will see that we add DO at the beginning of the affirmative sentence to make it a question. Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the question. we add DOES at the beginning to make the affirmative sentence a question.  John doesn't speak Italian. We use Do when the subject is I. you. should etc. to live. must. It is normally put at the beginning of the question. Questions in the Simple Present Tense To make a question in English we normally use Do or Does.  She doesn't like fish.  We don't have time for a rest.  They don't want to go to the party. she or it. to eat. to go.  Affirmative: He speaks French. We will see the reason why below.

. to live. For example: to have. Do you both like chocolate? Yes. I don't. they don't. Do/Does Subject Verb* The Rest of the sentence Do I / you / we / they Does he / she / it have / need want etc. to eat. you do. Examples of Questions with Do and Does:  Do you need a dictionary?  Does Mary need a dictionary?  Do we have a meeting now?  Does it rain a lot in winter?  Do they want to go to the party?  Does he like pizza? Short Answers with Do and Does In questions that use do/does it is possible to give short answers to direct questions as follows: Sample Questions Short Answer (Affirmative) Short Answer (Negative) Do you like chocolate? Yes. Do I need a pencil? Yes. a new bike? *Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. we don't. we do. Remember that the infinitive is the verb before it is conjugated (changed) and it begins with TO. they do. to go.Word Order of Questions with Do and Does The following is the word order to construct a basic question in English using Do or Does. No. No. to speak etc. Do they like chocolate? Yes. No. I do. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part. No. you don't.

why.Does he like chocolate? Yes. he doesn't. However. when. she does. which or how is used in the question. . it does. he does. No. if a question word such as who. you can not use the short answers above to respond to the question. No. No. where. Does she like chocolate? Yes. it doesn't. Does it have four wheels? Yes. she doesn't.