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Foreign Literature

According to the study of the orbitofrontal–amygdala circuit and selfregulation of social–emotional behavior in autism that. Autism is centrally
characterized by developmental disruption in social–emotional behavior and
communication. Numerous studies have documented that, across the spectrum of
disability, individuals with autism have poor social and affective relatedness,
difficulty developing and maintaining social relationships with peers, problems in
the social use of language, unusual non-verbal behaviors including gesture,
abnormalities of emotional awareness and expression, and in general, difficulty
meeting cultural expectations for age-appropriate social behavior and socialemotional depends secondly on the ability to evaluate and modify our own behavior
in light of what believe to be true about others, so that our behavior toward them
will be effective in achieving our social/communicative goals .
The study provides some knowledge about the social–emotional behavior in
autism the individual has behaviors for communicating to individuals and the
process of perception and action is continuous and cyclical, in that modifications to
own behavior affect the social environment that perceived which in turn leads us to
modify the autism behavior. And it helps to known about the autism behaviors and
gestures. Related literature about the Decision Support Systems (DSS) area has
diversified and the development of the web technologies has radically transformed
the designed, development, implementation and deployment of DSS. The initial
concept of decision support system, even it was launched before PCs existed, was
focused on the use of interactive computing in semi-structured decision-making.
it evolved from the Decision Management System concept introduced by
Michael Scot Morton. In Sprague noted that the initial definition of DSS – computerbased interactive systems that help decision makers to use data and models to
solve unstructured problems, was too restrictive, therefore this definition was
extended to include any system involved in the decision making process. This
broader DSS definition gave the opportunity to hide under the DSS umbrella of “all
information systems that are used by managers or business professionals and don’t
fall into some other category”. Due to different perspectives and extremely various
dimensions of the decision making support, DSS research field evolved in different
directions. This diversity created, during the years, confusions related to the
“theoretical basis, architectural form, support mechanisms, design and
development strategies, evaluation approaches, and managerial and organizational
aspects of decision making support systems”.
The study related to Batasan Elementary School LAN-based tutorial for
special needs (autism) using Decision Support System with Performance Evaluation
because of the information has related in Decision Support System. It was efficient
to use to the system that it can easily to have a decision-making and also it
depends to the command that needed decision-making basis. The study about
autism has become one of the most prevalent childhood afflictions of our
generation, the second most common developmental disability, next to mental
retardation, affecting an estimated 1 in 150 children (Center for Disease Control and
Prevention, 2007; Autism Society of America, n.d.). Autism is a lifetime
neurobiological disorder and is not curable. As many as 1.5 million Americans today

many studies show music and music therapy techniques to have The literature about persons with autism contains many generalized statements. 1975). Thaut. & Gonzales. for example. Music therapy techniques can. Rawers. Indeed. & Montegar. and facilitate increased language comprehension (Litchman. http://www. decrease stereotyped motility patterns (Scoraci. Some authors (see reviews by Baker. reduce echolalic responses impeding functional language use (Bruscia. Nelson. participation in music is a non-threatening way to allow the individual to experience outside stimuli while avoiding direct human contact. positive influences in the treatment of autism.studymode. Autism is a spectrum disorder. Deckner. 1982). 1982). 1982. 1984) speculate that for children and adults with break patterns of isolation and engage the individual in external experiences (Baker.are believed to have some form of autism. facilitate and support the desire to communicate (Thaut.mtabc. about the effect of music upon these individuals.php?53 . Hill. 1984). 1976). defined by a certain set of behaviors. http://www. with this number increasing daily. Activities and techniques incorporating music stimuli play potentially rich and varied roles in therapy for persons with autism. Anderson. teach social skills (Reid. 1982. McDaniel. Comments that autistic individuals show an uncommon interest in music abound. 1984). & Blanton.