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CHAPTER 7 LIGHT, COLOUR AND SIGHT

7.1 Synthesising the formation of image by plane mirrors and
lenses
7.2 Synthesising the formation of image by optical
instruments
7.3 Analysing light dispersion
7.4 Analysing light scattering
7.5 Analysing the addition and subtraction of coloured lights
7.6 Applying the principle of subtraction of coloured light to
explain the appearance of coloured objects
7.7 Analysing the effect of mixing pigments
7.8 Evaluating the importance of colour in daily life
7.9 Appreciating the benefits of various types of optical
instruments to mankind

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your face is the object. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Characteristics of an Image Formed by Lenses 2 . 3. The image has the _____________________________________________________________ 4. The image of an object is formed because of the ___________________________________ 2. The image is _________________________________________________________________ 3.7. An image formed by a plane mirror is caused by the ______________________ from the surface of the mirror. When you are looking at yourself in a plane mirror. The image formed is ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Characteristics of an Image Formed by a Plane Mirror 1. the light rays from the object (your face) are reflected by the plane mirror to your eyes. The image is _________________________________________________________________ 2.1 Synthesising the formation of image by plane mirrors and lenses Formation of an Image by a Plane Mirror 1.

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Condition Characteristic of the image The object is placed closer to the pinhole The object is placed further away from the pinhole The pinhole is made smaller 丁 he pinhole is made bigger A convex lens is placed in front of the camera The Human Eye and Camera 1. the pin-hole must be _______________ 5. To get a sharp image. 2. The pin-hole camera consists of a sealed closed box which has _______________ on one end and a _____________________________ on the other end. An object is placed in front of the camera so that the light rays can enter through the pin-hole and form an image on the surface of the screen. inverted and smaller than the object. Images formed in the human eye and the camera are real. 3. The image formed is real. 5 .7. 4.2 Synthesising the formation of image by optical instruments Pin-hole Camera 1. Both the human eye and camera use a __________________ for focusing. inverted and smaller than the actual size. If more than one hole is made___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 6. The table below shows images formed by pin-holes of different sizes. 2.

3. 4. Function of Human Eye and Camera 6 . the focusing ring is change the position of the camera lens by moving it nearer or further from the film. called ________________________________ The camera lens is unable to change its for focusing on near and distant. Far focusing. The focal length of the eye lens can be adjusted to __________________________________ The ability of the eye lens to change its thickness to focus objects from various distances is 5.

Both periscope mirrors are placed at _______ Light from an object enters the periscope and is reflected into the eye of the observer. The plane mirrors in the periscope can be replaced by ______________ _________________________________________ 7 . Periscope is used to ________________________ _________________________________________ 2.Ability of our eye and the camera to focus on a nearby or distant object Formation of Image by Optical Instruments Periscope 1.

The final image formed is ____________________ _________________________________________ Exercise 7. The objective lens forms a ____________________ ________________________________________ 5. a lens holder a white screen. The objective lens forms a ____________________ _______________________________ 5. 3. Microscope is used to _______________________ _________________________________________ 2. (a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement. Magnifying glass is used to ___________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis based on the following criteria. The final image formed is ________________________ _________________________________________ Magnifying Glass 1. The microscope uses two convex lenses. Telescope is used to ________________________ 2. You are given on convex lens. to enlarge image formed by the objective lens. The image formed by a magnifying glass is _________________________________________ Telescope 1. thin convex lens. the objective lens and eye piece. The telescope uses two convex lenses. (i) Aim of the experiment [1 mark] (ii) Identification of variables [2 marks] (iii) List of apparatus and materials [1 mark] (iv) Procedure or method [4 marks] 8 .Microscope 1. The objective lens has a __________________ The eye piece has a ______________________ 4. The eye piece acts as a magnifying glass to magnify the real image formed by the objective lens. 3. This type of lens has a ________________ Objects should be placed at the position _____________ the focal point of the lens. the _________________________________ which have short focus lengths. 4.2 Study the following statement Thethick focal length of aone convex lens depends on the lensand thickness. 3. The focal length of the objective lens is ________ ____________ the focal length of the eyepiece. The eyepiece acts as _____________________ 6.

The dispersion of light occurs because the components of white light ____________________ ____________________________ 9 . White light is actually made up of ________________________________________________ 2. The process of separation of white light into seven different colours is called the ___________ _____________________________ 3.(v) Tabulation of data [1 mark] ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 7.3 Analysing light dispersion 1.

A rainbow is a natural phenomenon resulting from ___________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ The components of different colours in sunlight undergo different amounts of 3.9. All colours of the spectrum can __________________________________________________ ________________________________at the edge of the glass prism as shown Diagram 7. The dispersion of white light into the seven colours of the spectrum. 2.e. 10 .4. The Formation of Rainbow 1. Violet light that has the ______________________ is refracted the most. ______________ ___________________________ into seven different colours. __________________ ______________________occurs when white light passes through a _________________ 5. i. while red light that has the highest speed is ______________________________________ 7. The seven components of white light which move at different speeds are _________________ ___________________________________ 6. The rays of different colours then undergo _______________________________ before they finally emerge from the water droplets and are observed by us.

4 Analysing light scattering Light Scattering 1. 3. The atmosphere has particles of _________________________________ When light travels through and strikes these particles. 2.7. _____________________________________________ before reaching the Earth's surface. the light gets _____________________ _________________The light is reflected at _______________________________________ This process is known as ________________________________ 11 .

the sky appears to be ____________________ when seen by an observer on the Earth because there are a lot of _____________________________________________ Blue skies Aspects Distance travelled by sunlight to reach the Earth 12 Red sunsets . During sunset. 6. This causes the components of light with __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Scattering of light depends on the ____________________ of the colours of light. the components of light with ______________________________________ ___________________________________________________from the Earth. light will be _________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Therefore. light from the Sun has to travel _____________________________________ _________________________________________________before reaching the Earth. Red and orange light with _______________________________________________ ____________________________ with shorter wavelengths are more scattered and ___________________________________________ The Blue Sky Phenomenon 1. At noon (daytime). the Sun is ___________________________________ 2. the components of light with longer wavelengths such as ______________ __________________________________________________________________________ 4. the sky appears to be ____________ The Phenomenon of Reddish Sky 1. However. 3. the components of light with _______________________ such as blue and violet 5.4. This results in the sunlight travelling ______________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 3. 2. During sunset. 5. During this time. At the same time.

5 Analysing the addition and subtraction of coloured lights Primary and Secondary Colours 1. The colours of the light can be classified into two groups. Secondary colours can be obtained by the _______________________________________ 3. Terms Meanings 13 Colours .Layer of atmosphere particles Scattering of light 7. A mixture of all three primary colours will produce a white colour. namely _______________________ _________________________________ 2.

are ___________________________________________ A _______________________________________________________________ only allows ____________________________________________________________________Other 4. _____________________ can be used to subtract coloured lights. A primary coloured filter only allows _________________________________ Other colours 3. The colour that is being removed from the filter is the ________________________________ 14 . colours are absorbed (subtracted). 2.Subtraction of Coloured Lights 1.