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Translated version of a-tumultuous-decade-reconsidered.

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Oswald Mathias Ungers. Berlin as a green archipelago. 1,977
The reflection here on the issue of urban decay: in 1977, offers a Ungers
planning for the future of Berlin, already in a state of decomposition. The key
concept is that of "city within a city" and the city islands. Through the
metaphor of the archipelago, Ungers tent bearing the problem of deurbanization of Berlin.

The theory of island green. 1,977
The theory of de city archipelago cline as 11 theses each composed of a
statement, a commentary silence and a conclusion.
Theses 1 to 3:
The first 3 deal with theses findings Berlin late 70s, the theoretical
background of the urban planning of the time was very "historical cysts "and
the problem of Suburba tion that affects more and more cities. It rests on the
observation that the contemporary city de people and loosens. The city as
concentration, agglomeration as the center, in a period of de saffectation in
terms of habitat, acti ness, industry. In parallel, it undergoes a process of
massive suburbanisa tion, urban sprawl.
Thesis 4: the city in the city
Ungers proposes the concept of city within a city, he wants to develop a turnkey theme, that of contradiction. The city is a sum of fragments, contradictory
and com complementary. The city as a collective tion of additions and
withdrawals often contradictory and always incomplete plete. He sees this as
a possible definition dialectical heterogeneity of the city, as opposed to
homogeneity geneity of the "village". Idea of "Berlin as Green Archipelago"
was born from these two reflections: deconcentration and urban city
fragment. It offers reasoning about the model city of the archipelago. If the
city is losing its substance, it is for him lusoire trying to densify by adding new
layers to restore a compact image and continue naked. It then proposes a
radical alternative to current urban thinking: interpreting the decline of the
city as an opportunity.
Thesis 5: identify, prepare, individualize
The first key idea is to recognize born in a first step the different annuities
identity areas of the city, iden tify their particular physiognomy. He wants to
select those that are likely to be preserved and in intensify their

It Study 3 sites. Thesis 6: It shows how determined ner characteristics of an island in accordance with the morphology and pro programming while using other cities for comparison. It was damaged during the war and had to close with the advent of the Berlin . Thesis 7: It will bring out the islands with a sort of lagoon. Emphasis is also placed on the design of open spaces such as gardens or landscape background are built structures and support and continue. or to protest the cutting qualities. he advocated a partial or total destruction of urban areas unnecessary "that no longer meet the technical requirements. The strength of the plan begins to unravel. The shape of the island seems to be Ungers a "vi sion global "future of Berlin.characteristics. social structure tural ". The concept is supplemented annually tithétiquement by the surfaces between the islands after destroying areas of the city that do not deserve to be preserved. if you can see a thematic implemented. autonomous. Former railway station in Berlin. Görlitzer Park was the terminus of the main line linking the capital to Cottbus in Brandenburg and Görlitz. landscape and urban horizontal. de for the density of the total conglomerate landscape and built form. It pro posed to constitute an encyclopedia of ideal cities in Berlin. On the contrary. A dialectic game between re-construction and deconstruction tion. it proposes to transform the empty natural areas. or replace them stick together. no new Velle construction. In summary this proposal tion wants to be a model urban: accept the context as attempts to discover latent qualities of the site turn into a architectural event that gives meaning to the site to allow "these places" or MyMiniCity be consistent in the case of high density or to be isolated in the landscape pieces (continuity urban rural) undertake field or form. 197 7 Friedrichstadt able to has breaks. nesting. all different. an archipelago of fragments homogeneous. Saxony. Allow interchangeability of the art green space and the built fabric. cuts. it intends to make ur material bathings continuous Berlin.

Friedrichstadt 2." Study 3 sites in parallel 1. Karl Marx Allee 3. what news? 1989: Fall of the Berlin Wall. already studied in "Berlin as green islands" Friedrichstadt Görlitzer South Park. Görlitzer Park 16 17 South Friedrichstadt Plan IBA 1987 Urban Structure 1. No reconstruction tion is then possible. Two of these sites are located in the former West Berlin. The station was almost completely destroyed in 1976. Since the 90's.Wall. These two sites are located at the edge of the old wall. the site has become bare a park where some ruins remain. Scenario: An archipelago Berlin green. work Vaillé parallel exhibition will a news service possible to the theoretical Series Oswald Mathias Ungers. South Friedrichstadt. 2. Are they still relevant after the Wall fell? The identification of a third site in the former East Berlin can apply the theory of Ungers exploring a new territory tory: Karl Marx Allee. Thus. Karl Marx Allee 3. Pieter Eisenmann . He compares this site in case of New York and Central Park. the 3 sites establish links with each other but also ment with the theory of "Berlin as green islands. Ungers has a sister park bath in 1977. Görlitzer Park The choice of three specific sites. The park is inserted in a dense urban grid. When is it today the theory of Oswald Mathias Ungers for unified Berlin? 1.

. Wheat fields 4. Herman Hertzberger Uses Urban Density Walk 1 min = 70 m Strategy: Axes major metro network Network Bus tourist and commercial center Program projected height (level) 0-1 Hanging Gardens 2-3 Equipment 4-5 6-7 units Shops 8-9 15 Mixed 1.2. Hanging Garden + Parking 3. 5. Glass 2. Ungers 4. 2. Mall + School 3. Dieter Frowein 5. Urs Müller & Thomas Rhose 3. 6. 1. 4.

Trade + Hotel 115 m 137 m 1 10 m 330 m 140 m 140 m 1. Place Flagey. Trafalguar Square. Paris 5. which is very rare in East Berlin. Görlitzer Park . Peter's Square. It extends over 2.1. Rome 2. Moscow 3. The architecture of this Allee is the symbol of the Stalinist era. London 4. the buildings appear so gross and massive. Place de la Concorde. Urban density Urban Structure Uses Strategy: Metro network Architecture postwar Stalinist Location of main axis turns Diagram 46 47 48 49 projected densification 1. Brussels Karl Marx allee Karl Marx Allee is the mythical avenue of post-war Berlin. St. Red Square. Along its length. They have elevators. Diagram of the proposed programming S Mixed housing (Ground floor commercial) 2. Accommodation in a hollow tooth 2. and the apartments are particularly important in size and height.3 km linking FrankfurerTor Alexanderplatz.

she was forced to close to the Wall. the terminus of the main line linking the capital tal in Cottbus and Görlitz. Strategy: Process progressive densification: 62 63 Urban intensification: Intesification networks: Urban centrality Centrality green . There remains some traces of its past.Former railway station in Berlin. It disappears completely in 1976. It was heavily damaged during the war. The site will be transformed into a park in the early 90s.