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Updates and Corrections to the Solutions to Statistical and Thermal Physics

by Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochnik


Problem
2.4(d)

Correction
The solution was inadvertently omitted. From Table 2.1 Tsteam = 373.12 K and Tice =
273.15 K. Thus,
Tcentigrade = (T 273.15)

2.51

100
= 1.0003T 273.23.
373.12 273.15

Thus, the centigrade unit is 1.0003 times larger than the Celsius unit, which is the same
size as the Kelvin unit.
Equation (2.54b) should be
= (2)(8.314)(300) ln 10 = 11486 J

2.54

2.55
2.56

3.38(a)

1
2

x2 dx =

1
.
3

p(vx , vy , vz )dvx dvy dvz = C 3 eav dvx dvy dvz .

(S3.56)

The value for C4 in Eq. (S3.61) should be


C4 =

4.4(b)

(S3.47)

In the problem statement p(vx ) = (a/)3/2 eavx should be p(vx ) = (a/)1/2 eavx . In
part (b) the left-hand side of Eq. (S3.56) should be p(vx , vy , vz ) dvx dvy dvz . The corrected
equations in the solution are
Z
ZZZ
2
p(v) dv =
C 3 eav dvx dvy dvz
(S3.55a)
Also

3.42

(2.54b)

In part (a) replace the parenthetical remark in the problem statement with Black holes are
a consequence of the general theory of relativity, and thus we expect that the radius depends
only on M , G, and c. At the end of the second line of the solution for part (b) the last
result is missing a factor of k.
In the problem statement ideal gas should be monatomic ideal gas in part (a). Also change
increase the volume to increase the volume to V2 in part (d).
In the problem statement ideal gas should be monatomic ideal gas. In part (d) pressure
should be pressure change and volume should be volume change. Also, is heated should be
is cooled. The solution for part (d) should include Q = E W = 36 115.5 = 79.5 J.
The limits of the integral in Eq. (S3.47)should be 1 and 1:
x2 =

3.40

(2.2)

 a2 2
2
a4
03
+ 0 0 = a4 .
5
3
15

(3.61)

Equation (S4.3) should be


(N = 4, E = 6) =

9!
(9)(8)(7)
=
= 84.
6! 3!
(3)(2)

(S4.3)

Problem
4.11

Correction
Equation (S4.10) is missing a parenthesis and should be
qm (E) =

4.18

4.29(c)
4.29(d)
4.30

4.33
4.38(a)

4.42

2L h  144 h2 i1/2
2m
= 12.
h
8mL2

In Eq. (S4.17), (3/2)(N 1)/N should be replaced


by [(3N/2) 1]/N . Thus, in the next

sentence (N 1)/N 1 should be replaced by 32 N 1 /N 3/2. We thank Jeffrey Sudol
for pointing out this error.
N = 30 should be N = 40.
N = 30 should be N = 40.
Equation (S4.34) should read
Z

1
Ed =
eEd dEd =
ln
ln 1 = = kT.
(S4.34)

0
Table S4.6 should refer to Program IdealThermometerEinsteinSolid. We thank Blake Laing
for pointing out this error.
Equation (S4.40) should be
16!
= 11440.
(S4.40)
B =
9! 7!
So the initial total number of microstates is = A B = 45760.
Equation (S4.52a) is missing parentheses and should read
T =

4.45
4.49
5.4

(S4.10)

2 
N 2a 
E+
3N k
V

(S4.52a)

The pressure should be P = kT ln Z/V = kT /V .


The problem statement refers to microstates 1 and 2, but the solution refers to microstates
0 and 1. Hence P0 P1 and P1 P2 in the solution.
The original solution was given for N = 3 instead of N = 4. We thank Blake Laing for
bringing this discrepancy to our attention. The 2N microstates of the N = 4 Ising chain are
(3J)

(J)

(+J)

(+J)

(J)

There is one microstate with all spins up and four microstates with one spin down. Similarly
there is one microstate with all spins down and four microstates with one spin up. The
remaining six microstates with two spins up and two spins down are
(J)

(+J)

(J)

(+3J)

(+3J)

(+J)

The corresponding value of Z4 in zero external field is given by



Z4 = 2 e3J + 2eJ + 2J + 2eJ + 2J + 2e3J = 2(eJ + eJ )3
As shown in the text, Z3 is given by
Z3 = 2 eJ + eJ

2

Hence
Z4 = (eJ + eJ )Z3 = 2 cosh J)Z3 .

Problem
5.6(c)

5.36(a)

6.19
6.37
6.28

Correction
Equation (S5.15d) is missing ln in the first term in the brackets. Equation (S5.15e) is missing
a factor of N k outside the brackets. In Eq. (S5.15f) upper case K should be lower case.
Also the first exponential in the second parentheses within the brackets has the wrong sign
in the exponent.
In the statement of the problem replace the last sentence with Each spin interacts once with
each horizontal or vertical nearest neighbor. (Toroidal boundary conditions are redundant
for a 2 2 lattice.)
The reference to Eq. (6.119c) just before Eq. (S6.58) should be to Eq. (6.86). In Eq. (S6.61)
k should be replaced by . Also du is missing a factor of d.
In the statement of the problem the references to the left-hand side of (6.211b) should be
to the right-hand side of (6.211b).
Equation (6.157) should be
(2m)3/2 V
=
2 2 ~3

6.40
6.55

F


d 1/2  F .

In the problem statement and in the solution Neff should be replaced by N  .


Equation (S6.221b) should be

2/3
1034 )2 1.2 1057
= 9 1012 J.
2(1.67 1027 ) 8 1012

2 2/3 (1.05

= (3 )

7.14

(6.157)

(S6.221b)

The original solution converted 127 C to 300 K rather than 400 K. We thank Blake Laing
for pointing out this error. Corrected solution: We have
ln P (T ) =

`
+ constant,
RT

where P0 is a constant. From (7.42) for two different temperatures we obtain


P (T2 )
` 1
1
=

P (T1 )
R T2
T1

5000 1
1 
ln 1.08/1.06 =

8.3 T2
400
602.4
0.0187 =
+ 1.506.
T2
ln

Thus, T2 602.4/1.487 405 K or 132 C.


Updated 17 April 2015.

(7.42)