thames discovery programme

Trig Lane FCY01
The zone is approximately 600m long and 30m wide; it is bounded upstream by Blackfriars Bridge and ends downstream just west of the Queenhithe inlet. There is a single access point to the zone: at Trig Lane. The stairs here are modern but quite steep and there is no handrail. The ground conditions on the site are generally firm (gravels) with considerable deposition at the top of the foreshore. The area has been extensively dug over by mudlarkers so there may be unstable patches and visitors should be aware of upright posts and scaffold poles marking the sites of excavated areas.

archaeological and historical background
prehistoric There is very little evidence for prehistoric activity in the immediate vicinity of this foreshore zone, however immediately to the north of the site (along the eastern bank of the Fleet Valley) has been identified as an area of potential for prehistoric discoveries. Isolated finds recorded from dry land excavations in the Blackfriars / Fleet Valley area include a Mesolithic mace and a Neoltithic axe. roman Numerous excavations along the waterfront of the north bank of the City have revealed evidence for Roman activity, although the main focus of the port lay to the east of this zone around the bridgehead. Excavations conducted at Peter’s Hill in 1981 revealed a timber building, and masonry foundations while in 1986 at Sunlight Wharf, substantial masonry remains were also recorded. These represent parts of the late Roman riverside wall, other sections of which were observed during excavations at the Salvation Army Headquarters in 1961-2, and by the antiquarian Charles Roach Smith in 1841 at the foot of Lambeth Hill. Roman artefacts are nd occasionally retrieved from the foreshore, and a 2 century ship has been excavated at the Blackfriars underpass, near Puddle Dock. early and later medieval Some evidence for late Saxon activity was recorded at Peter’s Hill; this street and Upper Thames Street both appear to have been laid out during the 12th century. The west wall of St Peter’s church, probably of 12th century date, has also been recorded. However, excavations immediately north of the foreshore zone (at Trig Lane, Sunlight Wharf and the Millennium Bridge site) revealed medieval activity of a slightly later date, corresponding to increasing embankment and revetment as the waterfront was extended southwards from the mid 13th through to the mid 15th centuries. A series of timber and stone revetments have been recorded across several adjacent riverfront properties, including part of the London residence of the Dukes of Norfolk. The sites were rich in artefactual evidence (including dress fittings and popular jewellery; hinges, keys and locks; knives, buckles, pilgrim badges and candlesticks; a large number of coins and tokens, cloth seals and mounts; leather and decorated medieval floor tiles) and preservation in the waterlogged conditions, especially of timber and other organic remains, was excellent. Two 15th century vessels have also been excavated near Blackfriars. post medieval The 15th century riverside wall, which was constructed to produce a common frontage and stair, survived in use until the 17th century when reclamation resumed. Remains of this period included brick cellars and foundations, wooden drains, tanks and wells. Eventually Victorian warehousing was constructed in the area and surviving on the modern foreshore are a number of structures dating to this period; including a series of large bargebeds. Blackfriars Bridge was first constructed in 1769, and rebuilt in 1869. Immediately downstream, all that survives of the original railway bridge (constructed 1864) are the piers and southern abutment; the later railway bridge, which is still in use, was built in 1886.

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Structure (unclassified) Watercraft Access Watercraft Agradation. Bargebed Bargebed Bargebed Bargebed Bargebed Access Consolidation Bargebed

Cranebase? Mooring feature? Timber structure. Large horizontal and vertical timbers. Jointed. Boat. Clinker-built with engine added. Passenger carrier? Stair. Timber structure. Baseplate.'Trig Lane Stair.' Barge. Lee board. Fragment. Against wall, over barge beds. Timber revetted stone construction. Fill includes artefact dumps. Timber revetted stone construction. Fill includes artefact dumps. Timber revetted stone construction. Fill includes artefact dumps. Timber revetted stone construction. Fill includes artefact dumps. Timber revetted stone construction. Fill includes artefact dumps. Causeway. Timbers in front of Trig Stairs. Deposit. Modern rubble below Blackfriars railway and road bridges Timber revetted. Verticals only

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