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1.0K views11 pagesAP Physics 1 Semester Review

Jan 07, 2016

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AP Physics 1 Semester Review

© All Rights Reserved

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AP Physics 1 Semester Review

© All Rights Reserved

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WEEK 16 MC REVIEW

1) If two objects are electrically attracted to each other,

A) both objects must be negatively charged.

B) both objects must be positively charged.

C) one object must be negatively charged and the other object must be positively charged.

D) the objects could be electrically neutral.

2) A negatively-charged plastic rod is brought close to (but does not touch) a neutral metal sphere that is

connected to ground. After waiting a few seconds, the ground connection is removed (without touching

the sphere), and after that the rod is also removed. The sphere is now

A) negatively charged.

B) positively charged.

C) neutral.

3) Two tiny beads are 25 cm apart with no other charges or fields present. Bead A carries 10 C of

charge and bead B carries 1 C. Which one of the following statements is true about the magnitudes of

the electric forces on these beads?

A) The force on A is 10 times the force on B.

B) The force on B is 10 times the force on A.

C) The force on A is exactly equal to the force on B.

D) The force on A is 100 times the force on B.

4) Two identical small charged spheres are a certain distance apart, and each one initially experiences an

electrostatic force of magnitude F due to the other. With time, charge gradually diminishes on both

spheres by leaking off. When each of the spheres has lost half its initial charge, what will be the

magnitude of the electrostatic force on each one?

A) 1/16 F

B) 1/8 F

C) 1/4 F

D) 1/2 F

5) Two point charges, Q1 and Q2, are separated by a distance R. If the magnitudes of both charges are

doubled and their separation is also doubled, what happens to the electrical force that each charge exerts

on the other one?

A) It increases by a factor of 2.

B) It increases by a factor of .

C) It is reduced by a factor of .

D) It increases by a factor of 4.

E) It remains the same.

6) When a current flows through a metal wire, the moving charges are

A) only protons.

B) only electrons.

C) both protons and electrons.

D) positive metal ions.

7) The figure shows conventional current passing through a resistor. The arrow shows the direction in

which this conventional current is flowing. Which of the following statements are correct? (There could be

more than one correct choice.)

B) The electric potential is lower at point b than at point a.

C) The electric potential is higher at point b than at point a.

D) The current at point b is the same as the current at point a.

E) The electric potential at point b is the same as it is at point a.

8) A wire of resistivity must be replaced in a circuit by a wire of the same material but four times as long.

If, however, the total resistance is to remain as before, the diameter of the new wire must

A) be the same as the original diameter.

B) be one-half the original diameter.

C) be one-fourth the original diameter.

D) be two times the original diameter.

E) be four times the original diameter.

9) Four unequal resistors are connected in series with each other. Which one of the following statements

is correct about this combination?

A) The equivalent resistance is equal to that of any one of the resistors.

B) The equivalent resistance is equal to average of the four resistances.

C) The equivalent resistance is less than that of the smallest resistor.

D) The equivalent resistance is less than that of the largest resistor.

E) The equivalent resistance is more than the largest resistance

10) Four unequal resistors are connected in a parallel with each other. Which one of the following

statements is correct about this combination?

A) The equivalent resistance is less than that of the smallest resistor.

B) The equivalent resistance is equal to the average of the four resistances.

C) The equivalent resistance is midway between the largest and smallest resistance.

D) The equivalent resistance is more than the largest resistance.

E) None of the other choices is correct.

11) Draw a circuit with a battery connected to four resistors, R1, R2, R3, and R4, as follows. Resistors R1

and R2 are connected in parallel with each other, resistors R3 and R4 are connected in parallel with each

other, and both parallel sets of resistors are connected in series with each other across the battery.

12) When unequal resistors are connected in series across an ideal battery,

A) the same power is dissipated in each one.

B) the potential difference across each is the same.

C) the current flowing in each is the same.

D) the equivalent resistance of the circuit is less than that of the smallest resistor.

E) the equivalent resistance of the circuit is equal to the average of all the resistances.

13) When unequal resistors are connected in parallel in a circuit,

A) the same current always runs through each resistor.

B) the potential drop is always the same across each resistor.

C) the largest resistance has the largest current through it.

D) the power generated in each resistor is the same.

14) The lamps in a string of decorative lights are connected in parallel across a constant-voltage power

source. What happens if one lamp burns out? (Assume negligible resistance in the wires leading to the

lamps.)

A) The brightness of the lamps will not change appreciably.

B) The other lamps get brighter equally.

C) The other lamps get brighter, but some get brighter than others.

D) The other lamps get dimmer equally.

E) The other lamps get dimmer, but some get dimmer than others.

15) A 9-V battery is hooked up to two resistors in series using wires of negligible resistance. One has a

resistance of 5 , and the other has a resistance of 10 . Several locations along the circuit are marked

with letters, as shown in the figure. Which statements about this circuit are true? (There could be more

than one correct choice.)

B) The current at A is greater than the current at B, which is equal to the current at C, which is greater

than the current at D.

C) The current at A is greater than the current at B, which is greater than the current at C, which is greater

than the current at D.

D) The potential at B is equal to the potential at C.

E) The potential at D is equal to the potential at C.

16) Kirchhoff's junction rule is a statement of

A) the law of conservation of momentum.

B) the law of conservation of charge.

C) the law of conservation of energy.

D) the law of conservation of angular momentum.

17) Kirchhoff's loop rule is a statement of

A) the law of conservation of momentum.

B) the law of conservation of charge.

C) the law of conservation of energy.

D) the law of conservation of angular momentum.

PROBLEMS ELECTRICITY

1) How many electrons are necessary to produce 1.0 C of negative charge? (e = 1.60 10-19 C)

A) 6.3 1018

B) 6.3 109

C) 1.6 1019

D) 1.6 109

E) 6.0 1023

2) Two electrons are 20.0 mm apart at closest approach. What is the magnitude of the maximum electric

force that they exert on each other?

A) 5.8 10-25 N

B) 2.3 1010 N

C) 2.3 N

D) 5.8 10-27 N

3) The force of attraction that a -40.0 C point charge exerts on a +108 C point charge has magnitude

4.00 N. How far apart are these two charges? (k = 1/40 = 8.99 109 N m2/C2)

A) 2.10 m

B) 3.67 m

C) 3.12 m

D) 2.49 m

4) Two point charges each experience a 1-N electrostatic force when they are 2 cm apart. If they are

moved to a new separation of 8 cm, what is the magnitude of the electric force on each of them?

A) 2 N

B) 1/2 N

C) 1/4 N

D) 1/8 N

E) 1/16 N

5) A 10-A current flows through a wire for 2.0 min. (e = 1.60 10-19 C)

(a) How much charge has passed through this wire?

(b) How many electrons have passed any point in the wire?

6) If a charge of 11.4 C passes through a computer in 1.75 min, what is the average current through the

computer?

7) What current is flowing in a wire if 0.67 C of charge pass a point in the wire in 0.30 s?

A) 2.2 A

B) 0.67 A

C) 0.30 A

D) 0.20 A

8) The current through a piece of lab equipment must be limited to 2.75 A when it is run by a 120-V dc

power supply. What must be the resistance of this equipment?

15) What potential difference is required to cause 4.00 A to flow through a resistance of 330 ?

A) 12.1 V

B) 82.5 V

C) 334 V

D) 1320 V

9) The graph shown in the figure shows the results of measurements of the dc current through a circuit

device for various potential differences across it. Assume that all the numbers shown are accurate to two

significant figures. What is the resistance of this device?

10) The graph shown in the figure shows the results of measurements of the dc current through a circuit

device for various potential differences across it. Assume that all the numbers shown are accurate to two

significant figures. What is the resistance of this device?

11) A 120-m long metal wire having a resistivity of 1.68 10-8 m has a resistance of 6.0 . What is

the diameter of the wire?

A) 0.065 mm

B) 0.65 mm

C) 0.65 cm

D) 0.65 m

12) What is the equivalent resistance between points A and B of the network shown in the figure?

13) The resistors in the circuit shown in the figure each have a resistance of

resistance between points a and b of this combination?

A) 700

B) 2800

C) 175

D) 1400

14) If V = 40 V and the battery is ideal, what is the potential difference across R1 in the figure?

A) 6.7 V

B) 8.0 V

C) 10 V

D) 20 V

QUESTIONS 1-2

A) 8 m.

B) 4 m.

C) 2 m.

D) 1 m.

E) It cannot be determined from the given information.

2) What is the frequency of the wave shown in the figure?

A) 0.5 Hz.

B) 1 Hz.

C) 2 Hz.

D) 4 Hz.

E) It cannot be determined from the given information.

3) If a guitar string has a fundamental frequency of 500 Hz, which one of the following frequencies can set

the string into resonant vibration?

A) 250 Hz

B) 750 Hz

C) 1500 Hz

D) 1750 Hz

4) If a string fixed at both ends resonates in its fundamental mode with a frequency of 150 Hz, at which of

the following frequencies will it not resonate? (There could be more than one correct choice.)

A) 75 Hz

B) 300 Hz

C) 450 Hz

D) 500 Hz

E) 600 Hz

5) Two tuning forks have frequencies of 440 and 522 Hz. What is the beat frequency if both are sounding

simultaneously?

A) 962 Hz

B) 481 Hz

C) 82 Hz

D) 55 Hz

E) 41 Hz

PROBLEMS WAVES

1) What is the frequency of a pressure wave of wavelength 2.5 m that is traveling at 1400 m/s?

A) 178 Hz

B) 1.78 kHz

C) 560 Hz

D) 5.6 kHz

2) The speed of sound in steel is 5000 m/s. What is the wavelength of a sound wave of frequency in

steel?

A) 7.58 m

B) 2.41 m

C) 1.21 m

D) 0.829 m

E) 0.132 m

3) A guitar string 0.65 m long has a tension of 61 N and a mass per unit length of 3.0 g/m.

(a) What is the speed of waves on the string when it is plucked?

(b) What is the string's fundamental frequency of vibration when plucked?

(c) At what other frequencies will this string vibrate?

4) Find the first three harmonics of a string of linear mass density 2.00 g/m and length 0.600 m

when the tension in it is 50.0 N.

A) 132 Hz, 264 Hz, 395 Hz

B) 66 Hz, 132 Hz, 198 Hz

C) 264 Hz, 528 Hz, 792 Hz

D) none of the above

5) A string that is 2.0 meters long is fixed at both ends and tightened until the wave speed is

What is the frequency of the standing wave shown in the figure?

A) 27 Hz

B) 54 Hz

C) 81 Hz

D) 110 Hz

6) A standing wave is oscillating at 950 Hz on a string, as shown in the figure. What is the wave

speed?

A) 380 m/s

B) 570 m/s

C) 290 m/s

D) 190 m/s

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