Other school spending

School standards

£1.5bn

Investment in school buildings

£1.5bn

£4.9bn
General schools' spending
Learning and Skills Council £4.441bn Research councils

Student loans Higher Education £5.506bn Funding Council for England Other spending

Improving supply & quality of housing

Academies & specialist schools

£7.3bn

Disability benefit £16.218bn
Spending by local & regional government

Income support £8.687bn

Pension Council credit tax benefit £7.798bn £4.23bn Paybill £3.026bn Bank recapitalisation (Lloyds & RBS)

Financial services compensation scheme

£21bn

Northern Rock

£0.9bn

£28.9bn
Schools

£4.1bn
£7.192bn

£25.4bn

School meals

£0.01bn

£3.295bn

£42.8bn
+4%

Student grants

£1.197bn

£23.046bn
+7%

Learning and Skills Council

Teachers' pension scheme

Other spending on further education

£10.9bn
Young people

£0.708bn

Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills [12]

Dept of Communities & Local Government

Housing benefit £17.181bn

£36.9bn

£18.8bn

Department for Work and Pensions [5]

Jobseeker’s allowance £2.881bn Other admin spending £2.734bn Winter fuel payments £2.694bn Statutory maternity pay £2.075bn

£36.8bn
+8%

Departmental science programmes

£5.1bn
Other

£0.42bn

£5.6bn

£3.2bn

Department for Children, Schools and Families

Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform [3]
£0.646bn
UKAEA pension schemes £0.286bn Professional support & infrastructure £0.178bn Better regulation Free & Fair markets Promoting business

State pensions

£135.7bn
+8%

Financial stability Her Majesty’s Treasury [2]

Bradford & Bingley

£10.4bn

£62.677bn +9%

£85.5bn
£0.6bn
Child benefit

Dunfermline debt

£1.6bn £0.8bn

Icesave (Landsbanki) debt Kaupthing statutory debt

Children & families

£63.18bn
+4%
Other

Border control £1.624bn Office for Security & Counter-terrorism £0.826bn National policing improvement agency £0.596bn Serious Organised Crime Agency £0.463bn Identity & passport service £0.124bn

Police

£6bn

£0.831bn

£0.7bn

£9.98bn Home
+5%

Sure Start

Office

£0.005bn

£1.7bn

£1.6bn
GLA transport grants Capital grants to private sector

UK Trade & Investment [11] £0.095bn (+8%) Office of Fair Trading (Oft) £0.078bn (-1%) Office of Gas & Electricity Markets (Ofgem)

Over-75s TV licences £0.528bn

Employment support allowance £0.769bn

Invalid care allowance / carer's allowance £1.367bn

£109.5bn
+49,891%
Cabinet Office
Tax credits

£23.7bn
+22%

£11.21bn
Child trust fund

Department for Transport

Independent Police Complaints Commission

Debt interest

Capital support to local authorities £1.9bn Railways £1.8bn Net capital expenditure on fixed assets £1.1bn DVLA £0.57bn

£2.5bn

£4bn

£ 0.035bn

£24.1bn [1]
+7%

National Savings & Investments £0.190bn (+12%) Revenue & Customs Prosecutions Office £0.034bn (+10%) Treasury Solicitors' Department £0.015bn (+3%) Charity Commission for England & Wales £0.0323bn (-2%) Electoral Commission £0.023bn (+2%)

Security services £1.777bn Office of the third sector £0.171bn BBC media monitoring £0.025bn

£0.19bn

£6.5bn

Highways Agency

£7.55bn
-5%

HM Revenue and Customs [8]

£15.362bn
-6%

Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) £0.222bn (+3%)

Bus service operators’ grant £0.4bn British Transport police £0.27bn VOSA £0.19bn Driving standards agency £0.19bn

Office of Rail Regulation £0.0323bn Accident investigation £0.016bn (+8%) Clean fuels & vehicles £0.016bn
Ports & shipping £0.06bn Coastguard £0.1bn

Postal Services Commission £0.0097bn (+8%)

Government security programme £0.012 SCOPE programme £0.006bn Electronic communications assurance programme

£34.1bn
+10%

Parliamentary Counsel Office £0.012bn (+3%)

£0.001bn

National School of Government £0.002bn (-36%)

Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs [4]

Environment £1.0bn Environmental emergencies £1.0bn Rural payments agency £0.3bn Consumption & production £0.2bn Farming and food £0.2bn

£3.051bn (+1%)

RAF regt & ground services Intelligence & reconnaissance aircraft

Departmental operations £0.2bn Rural communities £0.1bn Forestry Commission £0.1bn Climate change £0.02bn Nuclear decommissioning £1.7bn Low-carbon UK £0.7bn Clean energy £0.08bn

£2bn
Royal Air Force

£3.7bn aircraft

Combat

£0.85bn

Department for International Development
Sub-Saharan Africa £1.3bn Field units Asia £0.7bn Rest of world £0.4bn Development £0.3bn

Submarines £2.1bn Frigates & destroyers £1.8bn Naval aircraft £1.2bn

£7.7bn

£1.8bn
Eliminating £5.2bn poverty

Multilateral aid effectiveness

Royal Navy

Army

£8bn

As public spending again comes under the spotlight, the Guardian and the Institute for Fiscal Studies present the ultimate guide to how central government spends our money - and how it has changed since last year. From hospital beds to missiles, this is what happens to your taxes

Food Standards Agency £0.155bn (-10%) Water Services Regulation Authority (Ofwat) £0.0149bn (+14%)
Prison service £2.18bn Publicly funded legal services £1.91bn Public bodies £1.39bn HM courts service £1.24bn Private prisons National offender management service £1.16bn

Department of Energy & Climate Change [3]

£2.1bn

£10bn Operating costs £1.8bn Support &
training

£7.3bn

Royal Marines £0.6bn Central £2bn Command

Central debts £0.2bn Environment £0.1bn

£5.2bn
+15%

Total spending, 2008/2009

£27bn
-2%

Conflict prevention

£0.042bn

£620.685bn
+7% on 2007/08
Wales Office £0.005bn (-1%)
Health & social services £5.995bn

Ministry of Justice
Crown Prosecution Service £0.631bn (+0.3%) Serious Fraud Office £0.051bn (+11%) Government Actuary's Dept £0.012bn (+13%) £0.28bn

International deal on climate change £0.008bn

£9.7bn
+5%

General & acute

£32.4bn

Mental illness

Community health services

Equipment

£6.1bn

£7.8bn

£7.1bn

Learning difficulties

£2.4bn
Other

Pay and pensions

£5.6bn

Ministry of defence [9]

£44.6bn
+5%
War pensions

Northern Ireland Office
Prisons £0.157bn Compensation agency £0.055bn Public prosecution service £0.038bn Criminal justice £0.034bn Youth justice agency £0.022bn Bloody Sunday inquiry £0.004bn

Policing & security £1.009bn

Attorney General's Office £0.006bn (-16%) HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate £0.004bn (+2%)

£2.3bn

Afghanistan £2.6bn Operations £5bn Iraq £2bn

£1.44bn (-6%)
Scotland Office £0.008bn (+5%)
Health

NHS

£94.522bn
National Audit Office £0.103bn (+28%) House of Lords £0.104bn (-14%) House of Commons £0.404bn (+4%) Office Of Communications From Government Funding (Ofcom) [10] £0.134bn (66%)

Maternity

£2bn

£1bn

(+6%)
Health Protection Agency £0.17bn (+8%)

Accident & emergency

Devolved spending Northern Ireland
Health, social services £4.87bn

£11.55bn £5.19bn Social development
Finance & sustainable growth

Devolved spending Scotland

£1.9bn

Department for Culture Media & Sport Total

£3.27bn

Education

£2.68bn

£16.3bn
+6%

Environment £0.14bn Culture, arts & leisure £0.20bn Trade, enterprise £0.25bn

Education

£33bn
+6.26%

Local government & social justice

£2.82bn

£4.403bn

Regional development

Children & education
NHS & teachers’ pensions

£15bn

Devolved spending Wales

£2.46bn

£1,876bn

+8.27%

Foreign and Commonwealth Office [7] £1.931bn (-8%)
FCO programmes £0.147bn

Consular & visa services £0.415bn Delivering foreign policy £1.094bn Admin £0.431bn Local staff £0.079bn Accommodation costs £0.038bn BBC World Service £0.242bn Conflict prevention £0.236bn

National lottery funds distributed

£6.8bn
+2%

£1.5bn

S4C £0.10bn Film council £0.03bn £3.12bn Broadcasting & media Museums and galleries £0.54bn Tate gallery £0.06bn British museum £0.05bn Natural History Museum £0.05bn V&A £0.05bn Sport £0.50bn Olympics

Department of Health [6]

Royal parks £0.02bn Tourism £0.06bn Libraries £0.12bn Architecture & history £0.21bn Royal household £0.02bn

DCMS

£109.4bn
+8%
[12] BERR and DIUS have been merged to create the new Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. The departments are shown separately here, as this reflects the way they functioned in 2008-09. From 2009-10 onwards the functions and spending of these two departments will be merged.

NHS pensions

£13.387bn
Personal social services

£5.3bn

Agriculture £0.34bn

Employment & learning

£0.96bn

Finance £0.36bn

£2.55bn

Economy & transport
Justice Rural affairs, environment

£1,186bn

Subscriptions to UN & other bodies

£1.516bn

£1.71bn
predominantly financed by their income, such as the Crown Estate or the Export Credits Guarantee Department. The totals here add up to more than the total budget, because some of the smaller government departments are funded via the larger ones, such as the Parliamentary Counsel Office, funded via the Cabinet Office.

NOTES
The figures give a picture of major expenditure but exclude local government spending not controlled by central government. We don't have room to show everything — some programmes are just too small to go here, but this gives a flavour of where your tax pounds go. It also excludes government departments who are

£0.48bn

Environment

Rural affairs

£0.154

£0.758bn

£0.152bn

British Council £0.188bn

£0.44bn
[7] Running costs includes salaries, hospitality budgets, home and overseas accommodation costs [8] Spending on Child Benefits and Tax Credits etc does not come out of the departmental expenditure pot [9] Is higher than budget due to extra from Treasury reserves to

Arts

£0.61bn

ALL % CHANGES DO NOT TAKE ACCOUNT OF INFLATION [1] Interest paid on the public debt [2] The large increase in HM Treasury spending reflects the payments made in supporting the financial sector - not all of which are scored as “financial stability” here. However, as these payments

were made in return for assets - they do not show up as net outlays in figures for overall public sector spending in the National Accounts. [3] BERR figures exclude spending on energy policy, which was transferred to the new [3] Department for Energy and Climate

Change (DECC) on 3 October 2008. This explains the significant decrease in BERR's departmental spending between 2007-08 and 2008-09. DECC is shown separately. BERR has now become the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS). [4] The Rural Payments Agency distributes CAP payments - covered

by transfers from EU so do not show up as net spending here [5] Benefit spending excludes child benefit, guardians' allowance; widow’s pensions; statutory paternity pay, statutory adoption pay - these paid by HMRC, MoD, DBERR respectively [6] Excludes spending on family health services and GP

cover operations. The total amounts may not sum as there are overlapping amounts, ie between operations and running costs [10] The amount of government funding from DBERR and DCMS, rest from licence fees from broadcasters and media organisations [11] Split between Parliament direct, the FCO and DBERR

SOURCES: DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS, INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES, PUBLIC EXPENDITURE STATISTICAL ANALYSES (PESA) RESEARCH: SIMON ROGERS, GEMMA TETLOW, KATY STODDARD GRAPHIC: JENNY RIDLEY, MICHAEL ROBINSON

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