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Mix design Indian Standard example

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Procedure:

Weigh a clean and dry Le Chaelier Flask. Add kerosene to the flask and note the initial

reading. Then add cement ( 64 grams ) into the flask. The flask is stirred and mixed

thoroughly. The final reading of the kerosene is then noted and the difference will give the

change in volume.

Calculations :

Weight of cement = 64 g

Initial reading = 0.4 ml

Final reading = 21.4 ml

Difference = 21.4 0.4 = 21ml

Specific Gravity of cement = 64 /21 = 3.05

Procedure

(I) Take the sample and place it to fill a third of the pycnometer.

(II) Pour distilled water into it until it is full.

(III) Eliminate the entrapped air by rotating the pycnometer on its side ,the hole in the apex

of the cone being covered with a finger.

(IV) Wipe out the outer surface of pycnometer and weigh it (W)

(V) Transfer the contents of the pycnometer into a tray , care being taken to ensure that all

the aggregate is transferred .

(VI) Refill the pycnometer with distilled water to the same level .

(VII) Find out the weight (W1)

(VIII) Drink water from the sample through a filter paper .

(IX) Weigh it (W2)

1. Calculation for fine aggregate

W1 = Weight of empty bottle = 0.624g

W2 = Weight of bottle + Aggregate = 1.13 g

W3 = Weight of bottle + Aggregate + Water = 1.804 g

W4 = Weight of bottle + Weight of water = 1.508 g

Specific gravity =

W 2W 1

( W 2W 1 )(W 3W 4 )

1.130.624

( 1.130.624 )(1.8041.508)

=2.4

W1 = Weight of empty bottle = 0.624g

W2 = Weight of bottle + Aggregate = 1.093 g

W3 = Weight of bottle + Aggregate + Water = 1.802 g

W4 = Weight of bottle + Weight of water = 1.508 g

Specific gravity =

W 2W 1

( W 2W 1 )(W 3W 4 )

Result

Specific gravity of fine aggregate =2.4

Specific gravity of fine aggregate =2.68

1.0930.624

( 1.0930.624 )(1.8021.508)

=2.68

Type of cement = OPC

Maximum size of coarse aggregate = 20mm

Minimum cement content = 320 kg/m3

Maximum cement content = 450 kg/m3

Maximum Cement water ratio = 0.45

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Specific Gravity of coarse aggregate = 2.68

Specific Gravity of fine aggregate = 2.4

Sieve Analysis :

Coarse Aggregate

SIZ WEIGHT

% WEIGHT

E

RETAINED

REATINED

40

0

20

0

16

0.082

12.

5

0.193

10

0.26

4.2

5

0.11

2.3

6

0.194

PA

N

0.154

COARSE AGGREGATE

CUMULATIVE % WEIGHT

RETAINED

0

0

8.2

% WEIGHT

PASSING

0

0

8.2

100

100

91.8

19.3

26

27.5

53.5

72.5

46.5

11

64.5

35.5

19.4

83.9

16.1

15.4

100

Fine Aggregate

SIZE

4.75

2.36

1.18

600

m

300

m

150

m

PAN

WEIGHT

RETAINED

% WEIGHT

REATINED

0

0.01

0.092

FINE AGGREAGATE

CUMULATIVE % WEIGHT

% WEIGHT

RETAINED

PASSING

0

0

100

1

1

99

9.2

10.2

89.8

0.234

23.4

33.6

66.4

0.478

47.8

81.4

18.6

0.162

0.022

16.2

2.2

97.6

100

2.4

0

fm = fck +1.65 s

fm = Target characteristics compressive strength at 28 days

fck = characteristics compressive strength at 28 days

s = standard deviation

From Table 1 of IS 10262 -2009 , s = 5 N/mm2

Therefore , fm = 40 +1.65 x 5 = 48.25 N/mm2

We adopt water cement ratio as 0.38

`

SELECTION OF WATER CONTENT

From table 2, maximum water content for 20 mm aggregate = 186 lire (for 25 to 50

mm slump range )

Cement material content =186 / 0.38 =489.47 kg/m3

mm size and fine aggregate (ZONE 1) for cement ratio of 0.50 = 0.60

In the present case, the water cement ratio = 0.38.

Therefore volume of coarse aggregates = 0.60 + 0.024=0.624

Volume of fine aggregate = 1 0.624 = 0.376

MIX CALCULATIONS

a) Volume of concrete

b) Volume of cement

= 1m 3

=

Mass of cement

1

X

Specific gravity of cement 1000

c)Volume of water

186

1

X

=0.186 m3

1

1000

489.47

1

X

=0.16 m 3

3.05

1000

Mass of w ater

1

1000

= [a (b+ c) ]

= 1- (0.16 + 0.186 ) = 0.654 m 3

coarse aggregate x 1000

= 0.654 x 0.624 x 2.68 x1000 = 1093.69 kg

f) Mass of fine aggregate = 0.654 x volume of fine aggregate x Specific gravity of fine

aggregate x 1000

= 0.654 x 0.376 x 2.4 x1000 = 590.16 kg

TRIAL

Volume of 6 cubes, each of (150 x 150 x 150 ) mm with 20% extra volume = 6 x 0.15 3 x 1.2

= 0.0243 m3

Mass of cement

= 0.0243 x 489.47

=11.89 kg

Mass of water

= 0.0243 x 186

= 4.51 kg

=590.16 x 0.0243

= 14.34 kg

TESTING

CUBE 1

CUBE 2

CUBE 3

7 DAYS

ULTRASONIC PULSE VELOCITY

TEST

REBOUND HAMMER

38 s

3950 m/s

19.1 MPa

40s

3750m/s

16.5 MPa

28.3s

3920m/s

19.9 MPa

CUBE 4

CUBE 5

28 DAYS

ULTRASONIC PULSE VELOCITY

TEST

41.4 s

3620 m/s

39.4s

3810 m/s

REBOUND

HAMMER

32.2 MPa

24.7 MPa

CUBE 6

40.3s

3720 m/s

DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

COMPRESSIVE TESTING MACHINE

7 DAYS

CUBE 1

38.66 MPa

CUBE 2

36

MPa

CUBE 3

34.22 MPa

28 DAYS

CUBE 4

46.6 MPa

CUBE 5

40 MPa

CUBE 6

46.6 MPa

26.7 MPa

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