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International Journal of Information & Computation Technology.

International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

Design and Development of Suraksha-A Women Safety


Device
1-Department of Electronics and Communication, ITM UNIVERSITY,
Huda Sector 23-A Gurgaon, Delhi (NCR), India.

Abstract:
India which sees itself as a promising super power and an economic hub, is still trapped in the
clutches of various patriarchal evils like molestations, dowry, crime against women, worst among all is
Rape. The atrocities against the women can be now brought to an end with the help of a device called
suraksha. This paper explains the basic idea underlying suraksha which is to flash a warning giving an
instant location of the distressed victim to the police so that the incident could be prevented and the
culprit apprehended. This would help reduce crime against women. This paper also summaries other
significant works in this field and hence forth discussed suraksha device in a greater detail.
In the light of recent outrage in Delhi which shook the nation and woke us to the safety issues for our
daughters, people are gearing up in different ways to fight back Here we introduces a device which
ensures the safety of women. This helps to identify defend and call on resources to help the one out
of dangerous situations. Anytime you senses danger, all you have to do, is press on the button of the
device. The project has 2 parts. A women security device (client side)and a server unit. The device
consists of a microcontroller, GSM module, GPS modules and a shock circuit.

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

Introduction
The device, named as Suraksha is a security system specially designed for women in distress. It is a
simple and easy to carry device with magnanimous functionality. The basic approach is to intimidate
instant location and a distress message to the cops and registered number, so that unfortunate
incidents would be averted and to provide real time evidence for swift action against the perpetrators
of crime against women. Currently the work is under process to miniaturize it so that it could be
embedded in jewelleries, mobile phones etc in order to make it a versatile instrument for masses. It
can play a major role in the upcoming projects such as CCTNS (crime and criminal tracking network
and system) in which all the police records all over India are digitized and all the police station
throughout the country will be integrated.

Women are adept at mobilizing diverse groups for a common cause. They often work across ethnic,
religious, political, and cultural divides to promote peace. We are all aware of importance of women's
safety, but we must realize that they should be properly protected. Womens are not as physically
strong as men, in an emergency situation a helping hand would be a relief for them. The best way to
minimize your chances of becoming a victim of violent crime (robbery, sexual assault, rape, domestic
violence) is to identify, defense and call on resources to help you out of dangerous situations. If you're
in trouble or get separated from friends during a night out and don't know how to get back home, this
device with you will protect you and can reduce your risk and bring assistance when you need it.
There are several apps developed to reduce the risk of sexual assault on women by informing control
center and their friends through SMS, but in place of those this device have much more efficient way
to inform respected personals and also has a defending system which cannot be provided by existing
app

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM:

AT89S52 is a high-performance, low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of insystem programmable Flash memory. The device is built using Atmels high-density and non-volatile
memory technology, and is compatible with the industry-standard 80C51 instruction set and pin-out.
The on chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed by a conventional non-volatile
memory programmer.
In this block diagram, mainly five processes will takes place. First is as hock given to the attacker,
second is aloud sound made by a buzzer. Third is the messages to the numbers stored (numbers of
friends, family and neighbors) in the controller, four this an automatic call to a particular friend
whose number is stored in the controller and the fifth is sending location of victim to the nearby
Police Station a n d o t h e r n u m b e r s w h i c h s t o r e d i n t h e d a t a b a s e o f s e r v e r . A l l these
operations can be done by using a single push on a button. The block diagram mainly consists of two parts.

1)Client side.
2)Server side

In the client side(the device), when the switch is pressed, the shock circuit and buzzer gets activated
by the microcontroller (PIC). Shock circuit gives shock to the attacker by using of low current with high
voltage as seen in the laser or a stun gun. The loud sound of buzzer will get the attention of the
surrounding peoples. Microcontroller process the signal according to the program set by the
programmer. The third fourth and the fifth processes can be done by GPS module and GSM module.
GPS used to trace the victim location. GPS receiver gets the location from satellite. GSM is a digital
cellular communication system. It is used for transmitting messages or voice call to the receiver side.
The output of the microcontroller is transmitted wirelessly by using GSM module to the receivers
Mobiles and server.

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

For connecting GSM module to the microcontroller, IC MAX 232is used to interface the serial
communication port RS 232.This RS 232 is directly connected with the GSM module. All the operation
except the fourth are done by the device alone. For doing the fourth operation it need the help of the
server.
In the server side, there will be a GSM module to receive the signal coming from the device (client
side).The server has a data base in which lots of numbers were saved based on region. The incoming
signal consists of GPS coordinates. By comparing this with the database, the server. Suppose the
server receive the message 180N125S then using its database the server will find out that the location
of the victim is Thrissur. Then it will automatically sent message to those numbers stored in the
Thrissur (the first number will be police stations number in Thrissur circle and others will be
individual persons in Thrissur).This is done by the server by the program written in it.

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

INTELLIGENT WOMEN SECURITY SYSTEM

BLOCK DIAGRAM

LCD 2 X 16

MATRIX
KEYBOARD

EMERGENCY
SOS

GPS
RECEIVER

SERIAL
INTERFACING

GSM
MODEM

MCU

AUDIO
ALARM

VOLTAGE
MULTIPLIER
(HIGH VOLTAGE)

RF Tx

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

Receiver:

DCODER

RF Rx

AUDIO ALARM

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

Microcontroller:
AT89S52 is a high-performance, low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in- system
programmable Flash memory. The device is built using Atmels high-density and non-volatile memory
technology, and is compatible with the industry-standard 80C51 instruction set and pin-out. The on
chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed by a conventional non-volatile memory
programmer.

Force sensor:
This is a small force sensitive resistor. It has a 4 mm diameter active sensing area. This FSR will vary its
resistance depending on how much pressure is being applied to the sensing area. The greater the
force, the lower is the resistance. When no pressure is being applied, the resistance of force sensor
will be larger than 1M with full pressure applied the resistance will be 2.5k.

Transmitter-Receiver:
This High Speed CC2500 Based Wireless module is a plug and play replacement for the wired Serial
Port (UART) supporting baud rates up to 38400.It works on 2.4 GHz Carrier Frequency. It contains 255
possible Channels frequencies. It has 30+ meters range Line of Sight / 10 meters range indoors.

GSM Module:
This GSM Modem can accept any GSM network operator SIM card and act just like a mobile phone
with its own unique phone number. The plus point of using this modem will be that you can use its
RS232 port to communicate and develop embedded applications. It can be used to send and receive
SMS or make/receive voice calls. It can also be used in GPRS mode to connect to the internet and use
all the applications for data logging. In GPRS mode you can also connect to a remote FTP server and
upload files for data analysis. Supports features like Voice, SMS, Data / Fax, GPRS and integrated
TCP/IP stack
7

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

Testing

Figure 2. Shows the latitude of the


location of crime.

Figure 3. Shows the longitude or the


location of crime.

Figure. 4 Shows the message containing location of the coordinates which is received from suraksha.

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792

International Journal of Information & Computation Technology. International Research Publications House

___________________________________________________________________________________

CONCLUSION

This paper has mainly focused on security issue for women in India and showed a prototype using
different modules which are combined to develop an important application called women safety
system.
With crime rate going up like never before, it is need for women to arm and protect themselves in a
way that gives them a true sense of safety and security. While the society may or may not change for the
better, the power to be independent, confident and truly free can come with arming oneself with the best
possible device. We hope our project is c a p a b l e f o r d o i n g t h a t . T h e c o s t o f t h e d e v i c e w i l l b e
less than the cost of a branded spray when it produced bulky.

REFERENCES
[1] Technology,Sunrom.model,no.1180.Speech Recognition System www.sunrom.com.2012.
http://www.sunrom.com/201 .
[2] Atmel Corporation. www.atmel.in.1999.http://www.atmel.in/Images/DOC1486.PDF.
[3] SURAKSHA, A Device To Help Women In Distress: An Initiative By A Student Of ITM University,
Gurgaon efytimes.com .2013.http://efytimes.com/e1/118387/SURAKSHA-A-Device-To-Help-WomenIn-Distress-An-Initiative-By-A-Student-Of-ITM-University-Gurgaon.

ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 4, Number 8 (2014), pp. 787-792