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Original Title: Design Data Book

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You are on page 1of 20

Design

Data Book

Faculty In Charge

Head of Department

Page 1

POWER SCREWS-

Page 2

Sr.No.

Table

Screw

2

Screw (T)

Equation

2.p .N .T

.......watt

60

N - r. p.m......T - Torque ( N .m)

Power =

T = P.

2

2) Considering Screw and Collar

d

T = P. + m1.W .R

2

m1 - Coefficient of friction for collar

W- Load on the Screw

1) To Raise or Lift the Load,-

tana + tanf

P = W tan (a + f ) = W

...( N )

1 - tana .tanf

(P)

tanf - tana

P = W tan (f - a ) = W

...( N )

1 + tanf.tana

tana + tanf1

P = W tan (a + f1 ) = W

...( N )

1 - tana .tanf1

m

tan f1 =

cos b

tana =

Helix angle

np

pd

p-pitch of the Screw

d- Mean diameter of the screw

Friction Angle

m = tanf

Page 3

d=

(d)

d0 + d c

p

p

= d0 - = dc 2

2

2

p- Pitch of the Screw

dc- Core or Root Diameter

Screw

m = tan a

R1 + R2

2

R1 Outer Radius of Collar

R2 Inner Radius of Collar

R=

10

11

Effort Required at the end of

12

Speed of the Screw per

13

revolution

T = P1. l

T Total Torque

D

T = P1. ........D - Diameter of Hand Wheel

2

N=

......(r. p.m)

Pitch (mm)

h=

W .tan a .

d

2

d

2

2) Considering Screw and Collar

d

W .tan a .

2

h=

d

P. + m1.W .R

2

P.

14

HELICAL SPRINGS-

Page 4

Sr.No.

Table

Equation

Using Spring Index C = D/d

D = C. d

Outer Diameter of Spring Coil (Do) = D + d

Inner Diameter of spring Coil (Di) = D - d

8WD

pd3

4C - 1 0.615

K=

+

4C - 4

C

2) When load is variable (W1 And W2),

then for Maximum loadD p

T = Wmax . = .t .d 3

2 16

t = K.

Page 5

Sr.No.

Table

Equation

d=

8.W .C 3 n

G.d

d- Deflection of Spring

C- Spring Index = D/d

n- no. of turns of coil

3

G- Modulus of Rigidity

d- diameter of Spring Wire

1) If the Load variation is given Wmin to Wmax

Then W in above Equation is W= (Wmax- Wmin)

For Squared and Ground Ends;,

n = n + 2

(Wmax Wmin) then

dmax is calculated for Maximum load (Wmax)

Pitch =

Free Length

n' - 1

1

U = W .d

2

t - t 2.t

1

= m v+ v

F .S

ty

te

8.Wm .D

........

p .d 3

Wmax + Wmin

1

.K s = 1 +

......Wm =

2

2C

8.Wv .D

tv = K

.......

p .d 3

Wmax - Wmin

4C - 1 0.615

..K =

+

......Wv =

C

2

4C - 4

t m = Ks

7

fatigue Loading

Page 6

LEAF SPRINGS-

Sr.No.

Table

Equation

2 L = 2 L1 - l

Spring

l- width of the Band

n = nF + nG

2W

Load on each spring (2W)

nG- No. of Graduated Leaves

nt

b

5

and b Width of the plate

When Leaves are Equally stressed

i)

Stress, s =

6.W .L

n.b.t 2

Stress, s =

18.W .L

b.t (2nG + 3nF )

2

Page 7

Deflection, d =

ii)

6.W .L3

n.E.b.t 3

Deflection, d =

12.W .L

E.b.t (2nG + 3nF )

3

length and graduated leaves

C=

spring is assembled (Wb)

Wb =

2.W .L3

n.E.b.t 3

2.nF .nG .W

n.(2nG + 3nF )

Knuckle Joint

A knuckle joint is used to connect two rods which are under the action of tensile loads. However,

if the joint is guided, the rods may support a compressive load. A knuckle joint may be readily

disconnected for adjustments or repairs. Its use may be found in the link of a cycle chain, tie rod

joint for roof truss, valve rod joint with eccentric rod, pump rod joint, tension link in bridge

structure and lever and rod connections of various types.

Page 8

DESIGN PROCEDURE

Sr.No.

Table

Equation

P=

p 2

d .s t

4

P- Load Transmitted,

st - Tensile Stress

d1 = d

d2 = 2 d

d3 = 1.5 d

t = 1.25 d

t1 = 0.75 d

t2 = 0.5 d

P = (d 2 - d1 ).t.s t

10

P = (d 2 - d1 ).t.t

11

P = (d1 ).t.s c

12

P = (d 2 - d1 ).2t1.s t

13

P = (d 2 - d1 ).2t1.t

14

P = (d1 ).2t1.s c

P = 2.

p 2

d1 .t

4

If the induced stresses are less than the given design stresses, therefore the joint is safe

Page 9

S.No

Table

Equation

Stress

P

A

P = Forceor load acting on a boby

A = Cross sec tional Area of thebody

Strain

dl

l

d l = Changeinlength of body

l = original length of the body

s=

e=

sae

3

Elasticity (E)

s = E.e ......E =

E=

P.l

P.l

.....d l =

A.d l

A.E

t=

4

Shear Stress

p 2

.d

4

p

For Double Shear , A = 2. .d 2

4

ta f

t =C f

f = Shear Strain

C = Modulus of Rigidity

Rigidity

F .S =

Working or Design stress

F .S =

Ultimate stress

Working or Design stress

Factor of Safety

Impact stress

P

A

s

e

si =

W

A

2.h. A.E

1 + 1 +

W .l

Page 10

10

11

12

13

Diameter d

Diameter d

shaft

Bending Stress in

straight Beam

Bending Stress in

straight Beam

Page 11

Page 12

Page 13

Sr.No.

Table

14

Bending stress in

Curved Beams

Equation

15

Resultant Bending

Stress

s Ri = s t + s bi

s Ro = s t + s bo

Page 14

16

17

Maximum Bending

stress at the inside

fibre

18

Maximum Bending

stress at the

outside fibre

st =

W

...A - Area of Cross SectionGiven .( see AboveTable)

A

Page 15

Page 16

RIVETED JOINTS:S.No

Table

Tearing Resistanceof

Rivet (Pt)

Shearing resistance of a

Rivet (Ps)

Crushing resistance of a

Rivet (Pc)

Equation

Pt = ( p - d ) .t.s t

p - pitch of rievt, d - diameter of rivet hole,

t - Thickness of plate, s t - PermissibleTensile stress

p

Ps = n.x. d 2 .t

4

n - no. of rievt , x - no. of shear,

d - diameter of rivet hole, t - Permissible shear stress

Pc = n.d .t.s c

n - no. of rievt , t - thickness of rivet plate,

d - diameter of rivet hole, s c - PermissibleCrushing stress

WELDED JOINTS:-

Page 17

Page 18

S.No

Table

Equation

P = A.s t ......kN

s t - Permis si ble tensile stress

P = 0.707.s.l.s t

Strength of a single

Transverse fillet weld

l - Length of weld

s t - PermissibleTensile Stress

P = 1.414.s.l.s t

Strength of a Double

l - Length of weld

s t - PermissibleTensile Stress

P = 1.414.s.l.t

Strength of a Parallel

fillet weld

Strength of single

5

Fillet weld

l - Lengthof weld

t - Permissible Shear Stress

P = 0.707.s.l1.s t + 1.414.s.l2 .t

s - size of weld = Thicknes of plate

l1 and l2 - Length of Transverse and Parallel fillet weld

For Starting and Stopping of weld run 12.5 is added to the lengths

Page 19

s t (max)

t

...... t = (max)

Kt

Kt

Kt - Stress concentration Factor

st =

sc =

W

p

....... Ac = .d c 2

Ac

4

dc = (d o - p)

do - Nomimal dia. or outside dia.

p - pitch of the screw

t=

16.T

p .dc 3

T - Torque ( N .mm)

Maximum shear Stress in

3

t max =

Screws

Pb =

1

s c 2 + 4t 2

2

W

p .n.d .t

h

p

pitch p

t - thickness of screw =

=

2

2

Page 20

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