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Solution Report For TRANSDUCER, MECHANICAL MESUREMENT...


Represent whole test solution with correct and incorrect answers.

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Q. No
Q.1

Question Status
When the reading of pH meter changes from 6 to 9 the hydrogen ion concentration of the solution
a. Increases 3 times
b. Decreases 3 times
c. Increases 1000 times
d.

Attempt

Q.2

Decreases 1000 times

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

Match the contents of List-I (Transducer) with the contents of List-II (application for which they are used)
List-I

List-II

1. Dielectric Gauge

A. Temperature

2. Reluctance pick-up

B. Thickness

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3. Pirani Gauge

C. Gas Flow

4. RTD

D. Position

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

a.

b. b
c. c
d. d

Attempt

Q.3

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

The load cell which can measure easily upto 18 kN is


a. Pneumatic Load cell
b.

Bourden cell

c.

Both a and b

d. Bourden cell

Attempt

Q.4

Incorrect

Your Ans.

Correct Ans.

Solution

A piezoelectric crystal has a sensitivity of 200 pC/N and a capacitance of 150 pF. The output voltage
produced by the crystal when a force of 5 N is applied across the crystal, is

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a. 3.12 V
b.

6.67 V

c. 7.26 V
d. 5 V

Attempt

Q.5

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A parallel plate capacitive transducer has plate of 620 mm2 area which are separated by a distance of
0.20 mm. The resistance of transducer is 15 M. The transducer is operated at 1000 Hz and has air as
the dielectric medium. The time constant of the transducer is
a.

0.41 msec

b. 0.56 msec
c. 0.75 msec
d. 1.23 msec

Attempt

Q.6

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

Which of the statement is correct for manometer?


a.

They have a wide range of measurement typically upto 10 MN/m2

b.

They have poor dynamic response

c. Errors in measurement in case they are not made absolutely horizontal


d. They have robust construction

Attempt

Q.7

Incorrect

Your Ans.

Correct Ans.

Solution

Which of the following is a variable area flowmeter


a. Venturimeter
b. Ultrasonic flowmeter
c. Orifice meter
d.

Rotameter

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Attempt

Q.8

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

Discharge over a rectangular notch is proportional to


a.

H1.5

b. H2.5
c. H3.5
d. H0.5

Attempt

Q.9

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

RTDs presents no problems in measurement of temperature because


a. They have a robust construction
b. There are no self-heating effects when using them
c. There are no errors caused by resistance of leads when the resistance of element is measured
d.

Attempt

Q.10

None of these

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A Mcleod gauge has volume of bulb and capillary tube down to its opening as 60 cm3 . The pressure
indicated by reading of 3 cm on capillary tube of diameter 0.5 mm, is
a.

2.21 103 mm of Hg

b.

11.49 103 mm of Hg

c. 2.94 103 mm of Hg
d. 5.86 103 mm of Hg

Attempt

Q.11

Incorrect

Your Ans.

Correct Ans.

Solution

Which of following statement is true about Reynolds number?


a. Dimensionless
b. Double when density gets half

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c. Double when viscosity gets half

Q.12

d.

Both a and c

Attempt

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

Stem of a seismic transducer vibrates at a frequency of 35 Hz with a peak amplitude of 3 mm. The peak
acceleration produced in the transducer is _______ m/sec2

Attempt

Q.13

Incorrect

Your Ans.

145.083

Correct Ans.

73.94 (73.85 to 74.00)

Solution

Pressure drop in a pipe having water flow is estimated with the help of U-tube manometer having uniform
cross-section across both the legs. The area of the legs is 4.23 cm2 and the volume of the measuring
fluid filled in the U-tube is 90 cm2 . The frequency of oscillation of the mercury about the final position if
the water flows through the pipe is ______ rad/sec.

Attempt

Q.14

Incorrect

Your Ans.

3.035

Correct Ans.

9.60 (9.50 to 9.70)

Solution

Volumetric flow rate of a liquid flowing through a tube was found by rotameter. The rotameter indicates a
flow rate of 15 gallons/min for a float movement of 6 mm. The flow rate of the fluid if the float moves to 9
mm is _____ gallons/min.

Attempt

Q.15

Correct

Correct Ans.

22.50 (22 to 23)

Solution

A single sensor type ultrasonic flaw detector uses a frequency of 200 kHz. When testing a specimen an
echo from the flaw is recorded 0.06 msec after the transmitted pulse. If the flaw is at the depth of 25 cm.
The velocity of sound in the test object is _____km/sec.

Not Attempt

Correct Ans.

8.30 (8.20 to 8.40)

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Solution

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Q.16

A C-type bourdon tube made of metal is used for pressure measurement upto 10 MPa. Modulus of
elasticity is 205 GN/m2 . The thickness of the tube is 0.56 mm. If thickness of the tube changes to double
of its initial value, then the deflection of bourdon tube decreases by _____ times.

Attempt

Q.17

Incorrect

Your Ans.

Correct Ans.

9.18 (9.17 to 9.20)

Solution

Match the contents of List-I (materials) with the contents of List-II (approximate sensitivities)
List-I

List-II

A. Chromel-Constantan

1. 49 V/C

B. Copper-Constantan

2. 2.6 1011 /MPa

C. Gold Chrome

3. 9.9 1011 /MPa

D. Manganin

4. 79 V/C

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

a. a
b. b
c.

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d. d

Attempt

Q.18

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A Nickel resistance thermometer (0.0036C1 ) has resistance of 160 and 90 at 100C and 0C
respectively. The temperature of gas if resistance becomes 130 , is
a. 6.25C
b.

7.40C

c. 8.50C
d. 9.15C

Not Attempt

Q.19

Correct Ans.

Solution

Which of the following is incorrect about temperature transducers?


a. Temperature is related to the average kinetic energy of the molecules or atoms
b. Bimetallic thermometer is unsuitable if the temperature changes are rapid.
c.

Vapor pressure thermometers have uniformly divided scales

d. Thermistors are semiconductors which generally have negative temperature coefficient of resistance.

Attempt

Q.20

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A linear resistance potentiometer is 50 mm long and is uniformly wounded with a wire having 10000
resistance. Under normal conditions, the slider is at the centre. Find the linear displacement when the
resistance of potentiometer as measured by Wheatstone bridge is 6520 .
a.

7.60 mm

b. 16.20 m
c. 7.60 m
d. 16.20 mm

Not Attempt

Correct Ans.

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Solution

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Q.21

A pneumatic displacement gauge having orifice and nozzle diameters as 2 mm & 1 mm respectively has
been calibrated using the calibration grade slip gauges. The experimentally obtained linear operating
characteristics with usual notation was
r = 1.15 0.52 (Ax /A0 ) for 0.4 r 0.7
The linear displacement range of measurement of the instrument, is
a. 0.4 x 0.48
b. 0.4 x 0.9
c. 0.86 x 0.9
d.

0.86 x 1.44

Not Attempt

Q.22

Correct Ans.

Solution

A 350 strain gauge with a gauge factor of 2.5 is subjected to a strain of 0.002 in/in. The resulting change
in resistance is
a. 0.001
b.

1.75

c. 0.002
d. 1.25

Attempt

Q.23

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

The output of an LVDT is connected to a 10 V voltmeter, through an amplifier whose gain is 500. An output
of 2 mV appear across the terminals of LVDT, when core move through a distance of 0.5 mm. The millivoltmeter scales have 100 divisions. The scale can be read 1/5 of a division. The resolution of the
instrument in mm, is
a. 5 103 mm
b.

10 103 mm

c. 0.1 103 mm
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d.

Attempt

Q.24

0.5 103 mm

Incorrect

Your Ans.

Correct Ans.

Solution

Flow of an open channel slurry was measured with the help of a V-notch. For a notch angle of 60 and a
float height of 0.2 m the discharge through the notch is Q. If the notch is replaced by a new notch of 30
angle. The discharge through the new notch for a float height of 0.4 mm with all other parameters same
as that of previous notch, is
a.

2.6 Q

b. 2.9 Q
c. 3.2 Q
d. 4.5 Q

Attempt

Q.25

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A Thermocouple arrangement is to be used to measure a high temperature of 1400C point out the
thermocouple pair that would be most suitable for the application.
a. Chromyl constantan
b.

Platinum 13% rhodium/platinum (Type R)

c. Iron constantan
d. Chromyl alumel (Type K)

Attempt

Q.26

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A thermistor has a resistance of 10 k at 25C. The resistance temperature coefficient is 0.05/ C. A


weins bridge oscillator uses two identical thermistors in the frequency determining network of the
bridge. The value of the capacitance used in the bridge is 210 pF. The frequency of oscillations when the
temperature around the thermistor is 32C is
a. 74.2 kHz
b.

116.6 kHz

c. 87.3 kHz
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d. 126.5 kHz

Attempt

Q.27

Correct

Correct Ans.

Solution

A second order instrument is subjected to a sinusoidal input. The governing equation is

where the undamped natural frequency is 5 Hz and damping ratio is


0.6. The phase angle for input frequency at 3 Hz is
a. 25.5
b. 33.65
c. 40.20
d.

48.36

Not Attempt

Q.28

Correct Ans.

Solution

The voltage generated from 8 mm thick crystal having a sensitivity of 0.045 Vm/N if a pressure of 2 MPa
is applied to it is _____ Volts

Attempt

Q.29

Correct

Correct Ans.

720

Solution

A flat circular diaphragm with following data is used to measure stress.

Material = mild steel of Youngs modulus 200 GN/m2


Poissons ratio = 0.2, Diameter of diaphragm = 15 mm
Thickness = 0.205 mm

The maximum stress produced if applied pressure is 250 kN/m2 is _____ MN/m2

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Not Attempt

Q.30

Correct Ans.

250.96 (250 to 252)

Solution

A U-tube manometer has a manometric fluid of 40 mm. When a step pressure input is applied it causes a
steady state displacement of the fluid, after this pressure is applied the first, second and third
overshoots have values of 20 mm, 10 mm and 5 mm respectively and the observed period of oscillation
is 1.5 sec. The damping factor for the system is _____.

Attempt

Q.31

Incorrect

Your Ans.

0.779

Correct Ans.

0.22 (0.21 to 0.23)

Solution

Flow of a liquid was observed with the help of a pitot tube. The pitot tube shows a flow rate of 7 m3 /sec for
the fluid density of 80 gm/cm3 . If due to temperature change the density of fluid decreases to 69 gm/cm3 .
The flow rate of the fluid, if the manometer attached shows the same pressure drop as for the previous
case is ______ m3 /sec

Attempt

Q.32

Correct

Correct Ans.

7.53 (7.51 to 7.54)

Solution

Four resistance strain gauges of 120 each at 45 to shaft axis are used in the form of dc wheatstone
bridge with output resistance 1000 for measuring torque transmitted by shaft. Power transmitted is 5
hp. Speed of shaft = 600 rpm, diameter = 2.5 cm, modulus of rigidity of shaft material is 8 1010 N/m2 .
and gauge factor 2.5. The shear stress induced in the shaft, is _______ N/cm2 .

Not Attempt

Q.33

Correct Ans.

1936.79 (1936 to 1937)

Solution

A resistance strain gauge with gauge factor of 2 is fastened to a steel member subjected to a stress of
1050 kg/cm2 ; the modulus of elasticity of steel is 2.1 106 kg/cm2 .The change in resistance of the strain
gauge element due to applied stress is _____ %.

Attempt

Incorrect

Your Ans.

0.1

Correct Ans.

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0.14 (0.13 to 0.15)

Solution
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