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PA8

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR

INTERNAL COATINGS FOR STEEL SMALL BORE
PIPES (BELOW 100 mm NOMINAL SIZE)

APRIL 1993
J018 ( Rev 08/98 )

. .

2 Pickling (descaling) 3 7. SCOPE 1 2. SURFACE PREPARATION 3 7.1 Treatment of steel prior to coating 2 4.5 Coating 4 8. HANDLING OF PIPES PRIOR TO COATING 3 7. MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS 2 4.1 Monitoring of process fluids and rinse baths 2 5.2 Testing and sampling of coating material 2 6. SAMPLING OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT 4 APPENDICES A PROPERTIES OF THE COATING 5 B METHODS OF TEST 6 J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) -i- . DEFINITIONS 1 4.1 Degreasing 3 7.2 Surface coatings 2 5. REFERENCES 1 3.3 Phosphating 3 7. QUALITY CONTROL AND METHODS OF TEST 2 5.PA8 CONTENTS Page FOREWORD iii BRIEF HISTORY iv 1.4 Drying 3 7.

ii - J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) .PA8 .

when necessary. It reflects the identity and organizational structure of Transco . by the issue of new editions. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) .a part of BG plc. Compliance with this engineering document does not confer immunity from prosecution for breach of statutory or other legal obligations. Where this engineering document is used by any other party. This Transco specification has been approved for use throughout Transco.PA8 FOREWORD This specification has been adopted by Transco and is an editorial revision of the former British Gas TransCo specification GBE/PA8.iii - . Comments and queries regarding the technical content of this Transco specification should be directed to: Lead Engineer Transco Norgas House PO Box 1GB Killingworth Newcastle upon Tyne NE99 1GB Further copies of this Transco specification can be obtained from Dataform Print Management using the print requisition form G004 quoting the Form Number of this Transco engineering document (not the designation) and your cost code. Contractors and other users external to Transco should direct their requests for further copies of Transco engineering documents to the department or group responsible for the initial issue of their contract documentation. Users should ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition by referring to the Transco Register of Engineering Documents available on the Transco Information Library. it is the responsibility of that party to ensure that the engineering document is correctly applied. Transco engineering documents are revised. DISCLAIMER This engineering document is provided for use by Transco and such of its contractors as are obliged by the terms of their contracts to comply with this engineering document.

PA8 BRIEF HISTORY First issued as BGC/PS/PA8 Amended issue published as GBE/PA8 June 1979 April 1993 © BG plc 1993 This Transco specification is copyright and must not be reproduced in whole or in part by any means without the approval in writing of BG plc.iv - J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) . .

Cross-cut test Part F2 .1 This Transco Technical Specification* specifies the protection of the internal surface of steel small bore pipes (below 100 mm nominal size) for use at pressures up to 70 bar.PA8 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR INTERNAL COATINGS FOR STEEL SMALL BORE PIPES (BELOW 100 mm NOMINAL SIZE) 1. European Standard BS EN 535 - Method for the determination of flow time of paints by use of flow cups BS 3189 - Method for specifying phosphate conversion coatings for metals BS 3900 - Methods of test for paints: Part Al . shall apply.Surface drying test (ballotini method) Part C3 .Resistance to continuous salt spray Part G5 .Determination of resistance to liquids BS 6001 - Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes BS CP 3012 - Code of practice for cleaning and preparation of metal surfaces.Impact (falling weight) resistance Part E6 . SCOPE 1. * Hereinafter referred to as 'this specification'.Sampling Part B2 . including all addenda and revisions. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) -1- .Determination of fineness of grind Part El .Through dry test Part C6 .a part of BG plc.2 The protection specified involves treatment of the steel by a phosphating process and a subsequent application of a suitable surface coating (see Appendix A). REFERENCES This specification makes reference to the documents listed below. DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this specification the following definitions shall apply: Transco: Transco .Scratch test Part E3 . Unless otherwise specified the latest editions of these documents. 2. 1.Determination of resistance to humidity (cylic condensation) Part F4 . British Standards 3. The degree of internal surface protection depends upon the integrity of both phosphate treatment and surface coating.Determination of volatile matter and non-volatile matter Part C2 .Bend test (cylindrical mandrel) Part E2 .

including the Contractor's personal representatives.1.1 Immediately prior to use and after thorough mixing. using methods given in Appendix A. 4. medium weight.3 When recommendations for the make-up of solutions are initiated.2. 5.2 -2- Each batch of coating material shall be tested using the methods given in 4.1 Treatment of steel prior to coating Degreasing systems shall conform to the requirements of BS CP 3012. (methods Fl or F2) and shall incorporate wetting agents. b) Fineness of grind. 4.PA8 Contractor: the person.1 4.1.1.2 Acid pickling baths shall conform to the requirements of BS CP 3012. 5. however.1 Monitoring of process fluids and rinse baths 5.1 A reliable method of monitoring all process fluids. 4.2 Testing shall be carried out and records shall be kept of all observations and analyses.2.2. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) .2 Each batch of coating material shall be tested.4 Rinse baths shall contain a wetting agent. firm or company with whom Transco enters into a contract to which this specification applies. MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS 4. if the external coating is formed by adhesive wrapping tape or polyethylene covered mastic coating. The temperatures of all baths shall be recorded and. 4. records shall be kept of all additions and renewals that have been made. QUALITY CONTROL AND METHODS OF TEST 5.2.2 4. where appropriate.1 Surface coatings All materials to be used shall conform to the requirements of Appendix A of this specification.2 Testing and sampling of coating material 5. 5.1. successors and permitted assigns. the coating material shall be sampled using methods laid down in BS 3900: Part A1 and then tested to ensure that its viscosity and pigment dispersion is within limits. a) Viscosity. 4.1. 4. This is not necessary.2. controlled at suitable levels. such as pickling and phosphate bath solutions and rinse baths shall be instituted and maintained. This shall ensure that contamination or dilution does not accumulate to a degree which is detrimental to the protection afforded to the pipe. shall have all traces of zinc phosphate removed from its outer surface. d) Drying times.3 Phosphate bath solutions shall conform to the requirements of BS 3189 except that the phosphate treatment shall be equivalent to 'Bonderite 75' and be suitable for application of a Type 2 coating.1. 5. according to the following schedule: 5. NOTE .Any pipe to be subsequently associated with cathodic protection and to be externally coated with coal tar (either hot or cold applied) or epoxy resin. c) Non-volatile content.2.1.

Particular care shall be taken to ensure that treatment is effective in all parts of the pipe. 7. Stacking arrangements shall permit the free flow of air. unless arrangements have been made for circulation of the process solution through the pipe bundle. 7. using narrow range pH indicator papers or other technique to ensure that this is not lower than pH 4. The method shall ensure that residues will not produce an undesirable level of contamination to subsequent processes. SURFACE PREPARATION 7. HANDLING OF PIPES PRIOR TO COATING 6.1 Process solutions are applied to pipe surfaces by dipping. the pipes shall be subjected to a pickling (descaling) process which shall remove all traces of mill scale and corrosion products without damaging the pipe. Draining shall be continued until the quantity of rinse water remaining in the pipes is considered negligible in its dilution effect on the phosphating solution. 6. Completion of the rinse operation shall be demonstrated by testing the rinse water which drains from the pipes. both internal and external. the degreasing solvents shall be removed. On completion of this operation. All moisture shall be removed before storage of the pipes prior to a coating process. 7. 6. Pipes shall be completely immersed in the tank solution even when the pipes are at an angle of 25 0 to the horizontal. 6. 6. excess solution shall be drained from the pipes which shall then be subjected to a water rinse.2 Pickling (descaling) After degreasing.PA8 6. The phosphate coating shall comply with BS 3189. filtered air through the pipes.4 Suspension equipment shall permit a 25 0 vertical angular movement of the pipe bundle during immersion.5.. The rinse shall remove acid from the pipes so that residues shall not be detrimental to subsequent processes or to the final protection of the pipe. Completion of the degreasing process shall be indicated by absence of 'water break' on the pipe surfaces.5 Provision shall be made for the complete drying of the pipe bundle after the final rinse. i.2 Provision shall be made for agitation or circulation of the process solutions. the pipes shall be allowed to drain before being rinsed with water.1 Degreasing Oil.3 Phosphating On completion of the pickling process. etc.4 Drying Removal of all moisture shall be effected by blowing heated. Type 2 and shall have a minimum coating weight of 4. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) -3- . 7. shall be removed by degreasing before proceeding with chemical descaling and phosphating. Following this operation.5 g/m 2 . the pipes shall be subjected to a phosphating process in accordance with BS 3189.3 Pipe slings shall be of a material which does not absorb and is not adversely affected by the process solution. After phosphating. The slings shall be of sufficient length to permit movement of the pipes within the bundle to ensure absence of permanent 'dead' pockets. grease.e.

No surface deterioration shall be permitted. runs. 7.PA8 The storage system shall ensure that the maximum period between phosphating and coating is 24 h. SAMPLING OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT A sample shall be taken from the finished pipe and cut longitudinally to ensure that the coating is evenly and satisfactorily applied and to the required thickness. -4- J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) .5.1 The coating material shall be mixed immediately prior to any coating operations in strict accordance with the recommendations of the supplier or his authorized representative. The Contractor shall provide samples for testing.2 The equipment to be used for the application of the coating to the bore of the pipe shall be checked for cleanliness and for correct mode of operation. The coating shall be substantially free of sags. The surface shall have a uniform matt appearance without excessive crystallinity. Should this period be exceeded. The equipment shall be operated to give the required minimum thickness of coating without causing unacceptable imperfections. Sampling rates shall be to BS 6001. Mixing shall be carried out adjacent to the zone of the coating operations and the material shall be tested immediately prior to use to ensure that it complies with the requirements for viscosity and pigment dispersion. pinholes or inclusions and shall have a minimum coating thickness of 15µm .1% of the final production for testing. appropriate test methods are given in Appendix B. 7.5. which shall not exceed 0.5 Coating 7. the pipes shall be reprocessed. 8.

1 PROPERTIES OF THE PAINT A. Testing shall be carried out on panels as specified and prepared in Appendix B.PA8 APPENDIX A PROPERTIES OF THE COATING A. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) -5- .2 PROPERTIES OF THE COMPLETE SYSTEM The required properties of the complete system are given in the following table.

1 GENERAL For production quality control.PA8 APPENDIX B METHODS OF TEST B. B. b) Apply paint by brushing or spraying to give a dry film thickness of 20 ± 5µm .3 SAG RESISTANCE The paint shall be applied at a wet film thickness of 125µm (as determined by BS 3900: Part C5) to degreased and burnished steel panels which.2 RELATIVE DENSITY The determination of relative density shall be carried out using a standard cup at a temperature of 23 ± 2 0 C . shall be placed in a vertical position. J018 ( Rev 08/98 ) . 'Pyrene Bonderite') and prepared according to the following schedule: -6- a) Degrease thoroughly.g.4 TEST PANELS FOR ACCELERATED TESTS Test panels shall be of a proprietary type (e. c) Dry for 24 h. B. There shall be no sags or runs. immediately after painting. B. the preferred methods of test will be those specified in Appendix A.