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Broadcast Engineering is the field of electronics engineering, which deals with radio and television broadcasting.

Broadcast engineering involves both the studio end and the transmitter end as well as remote broadcasts.
Broadcast means to send out in all directions
Radio Broadcasting is the transmission of modulated video and/ or audio signal to the public using the atmosphere as the
communications medium. It is a one-way wireless transmission over radio waves intended to reach a wide audience.
History
The earliest broadcasting consisted of sending telegraph signals over the airwaves, using Morse code.
Audio broadcasting began experimentally in the first decade of the 20th century.
By the early 1920s radio broadcasting became a household medium, at first on the AM band and later on FM.
In 1934, the Federal Communications Commission is created.
Television broadcasting started experimentally in the 1920s and became widespread after World War II, using VHF and UHF
spectrum.
In 1945, commercial television was born.
Satellite broadcasting was initiated in the 1960s and moved into general industry usage in the 1970s, with DBS (Direct
Broadcast Satellites) emerging in the 1980s.
The first known photograph of a moving image produced by Baird's "televisor", circa 1926
In 1977, the SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers ) Study Group on High Definition Television
was formed.
The first demonstration of HDTV in the United States took place in 1981 and generated a great dealof interest.
In March 1990, when it became clear that a digital standard was feasible.
In the late 2000s the transition to digital television started.
Pioneers of Broadcasting
One of the first signals of significant power that carried voice and music was accomplished in 1906 by Reginald Fessenden
when he made a Christmas Eve broadcast to ships at sea from Massachusetts.
Edwin Howard Armstrong was an American electrical engineer and inventor. He has been called "the most prolific and
influential inventor in radio history".
Armstrong was also the inventor of modern frequency modulation (FM) radio transmission.
TELEVISION PIONEERS Alan Archibald Campbell-Swinton Alan Blumlein Allen B. DuMont Antonio Quirino Assis
Chateaubriand Boris Grabovsky Boris Rosing Charles Francis Jenkins Constantin Perskyi David Sarnoff Guillermo
Gonzlez Camarena John Logie Baird Klmn Tihanyi Kenjiro Takayanagi Lon Theremin Lubo Micic Earl Muntz
Manfred von Ardenne Paul Gottlieb Nipkow Philo Taylor Farnsworth Siegmund and David Loewe Ulises Armand
Sanabria Vladimir Zworykin Walter Bruch (PAL television)
History of Broadcasting in the Philippines
In 1922, Mrs. Redgrave, an American, began test broadcasting from Nichols air field with a five-watt transmitter. (1st Radio
Station)
KZKZ (729 kHz AM), a 50-watt station was founded by Henry Hermann, owner of the Electrical Supply Company in
Manila.(2nd Radio Station)
1924 The first two call letters KZ (call sign) was assigned to all radio stations in the Philippines in accordance with the laws
of the USA applicable to the country, which was then an American colony.
KZKZ was upgraded to a 100-watt station and its call letter, KZKZ, were adopted. Later that year, the station was sold to the
Radio Corporation of the Philippines.
In 1926, RCP began constructing two of the largest radio stations in Asia with the idea of maintaining direct Manila-San
Francisco service. After Philippine independence, it changed its call sign to DWKZ, but changed in 1960 to DZCA (1170).
In 1929, RCP launched KZRC in Cebu broadcasting with a 100-watt transmitter, but was later sold to store owner Isaac Beck
(Its now DYRC owned by the Manila Broadcasting Company).
The first two call letters KZ was used until 1947 when Francisco Koko Trinidad, regarded by broadcasters and
broadcast faculty and students as the Father of Philippine broadcasting, represented the country in a conference of the ITU in
Atlantic City in USA.
In that conference, Trinidad insisted the change of KZ to RP for Republic of the Philippines.
The union rejected it and allow the Philippines to use the letter D (Deutscheland), the German name of Germany.

Types of Radio Broadcast Station There are four types of radio broadcast station in the Philippines and these are the
following:
Medium Frequency broadcast station (AM)FM broadcast station International broadcast station Television broadcast
station
Radio Broadcast Standards
In the formulation of technical standards for domestic broadcasting, the most important considerations must include:
Prevention of harmful signal interferences
Provision for better signal quality, and
Properly utilize the broadcast spectrum.
International Telecommunication Union
3 Sectors and their function
Regulation (ITU-R)

spectrum management and coordination

Radio Regulations

Standardisation (ITU-T)

ITU Recommendations

seamless interworking of systems on a global basis

technical characteristics/specifications, operational procedures, best practices

Development (ITU-D)

assistance to developing countries

improving telecoms infrastructure in the developing world

catalyst for forging development partnerships

increasing awareness of todays technologies

ITU TELECOM

General Secretariat

www.itu.int
Federal Communications Commission
The Federal Communications Commissionregulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire,
satellite and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. An independent U.S. government agency
overseen by Congress, the commission is the United States' primary authority for communications law, regulation and
technological innovation.
https://www.fcc.gov/
National Telecommunications Commission (NTC)
Grant certificates of Public convenience and Necessity/Provisional Authority Grant licenses Allocate/sub-allocate and assign
frequencies Type-approve/type-accept all radio communications equipment Conduct radio communications examination
Prepare, plan and conduct studies for policy and regulatory purposes Monitor operation Enforce applicable domestic and
international laws, rules and regulations www.ntc.gov.ph/
Kapisananng mgaBrodkastersa Pilipinas Foremost broadcast media organization in the Philippines, composed of owners
and operators of radio and television stations (Regular Members) and the radio and television stations themselves (Associate
Members).
www.kbp.org.ph/
The KBP was organized to; elevate professional and ethical standards in Philippine broadcasting, promote social
responsibility in broadcasting, work for the advancement of the broadcast industry and protect the rights and interests of
broadcasters, seminars and conferences