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Kyle Robyn D.


November 17,

8 SJ

Mrs. Katipunan


Historical Background
In 1895, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) by the

name of William Morgan decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball,

tennis and handball to create a game for his classes that would demand less
physical contact than basketball. The "Y" took this new game around the world
and introduced a uniquely American sport to many foreign lands. In 1916, the
Philippines made its own contribution to volleyball by introducing an element of
offense that would forever change the game. A receiving player would pass a
ball in a high trajectory that would then be struck by another player. The set and
spike were born.

In 1900, a special ball was designed for the sport.

In 1916, in the Philippines, offensive styles of passing the ball in a high
trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were

In 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points. In 1920, three hits
per side and back row attack rules were instituted. In 1930, the first two-


man beach team was played.

In 1934, the approval and recognition of national volleyball referees. In

1947, the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FVIB) was founded.

In 1948, the first two-man beach tournament was held.
In 1949, the initial World Championships were held in Prague,

In 1964, Volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo.
In 1974, the World Championships in Mexico were telecast in Japan.
In 1987, the FVIB added a Beach Volleyball World Championships Series.
In 1990, the World League was created.
In 1995, the sport of Volleyball was 100 years old.
In 1996, 2-person beach volleyball was added to the Olympics
Size of the Court


Equipment in Volleyball

THE COURT The official court dimension is 9 meters by 18 meters with

an attack line 3 meters from the center line. Most U.S. outdoor and
recreational courts use a net that is 32' x 3' and a court of 30' x 60' with a
10' attack line on indoor courts.
POLES, NET & STANDARDS Materials: Metal - Wood - Plastic 2"

double thickness of white canvas or vinyl 5 cm (2") shall be sewn along

the full length of the top of the net. 32' x 3' - The net shall be not less than
9.50 m (32') in length and .91 m (3') in width throughout the full length
when stretched 7' 11 5/8" - The height of the net measured from the
center of the court shall be 2.43 m (7'11-5/8") for men. 7' 4 1/8" - The
height of the net measured from the center of the court shall be 2.24 m
(7'4 1/8) for women.

THE BALL 9-10 oz. The ball shall weigh between 9 and 10 oz. (260-280
grams) and shall have 12 or more pieces that measure 25.5"-27" (62 cm68 cm). The ball pressure must be between 4.3 and 4.6 lbs. (0.30 and .325
kg/cm2 )

Officials of the Game



1st Referee
2nd Referee
Assistant Scorer
Line Judges

Volleyball Game
A. Rules
Server must serve from behind the end line. Ball may be served
underhand or overhand. Ball must be clearly visible to opponents
before serve. Serve may be returned by a bump or overhand pass
(Set). Attacking the serve is not allowed.
Rally scoring will be used. There will be a point scored on every score
of the ball. Game will be played to 25 points. Must win by 2 points.
Team will rotate each time they win the serve. Players shall rotate in a
clockwise manner. There shall be 4-6 players on each side.
Maximum of 3 hits per side. A player may not hit the ball twice in
succession (A block is not considered a hit). Ball may be played off the
net during a volley and on a serve. A ball touching the boundary line is
good. A legal hit contact with the ball by a player body above and
including the waist which does not allow the ball to visibly come to a
rest. If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it is
considered on player and the players involved may not participate in
the next play on the ball. A player must not block or attack the serve.
B. Fouls
Stepping on or over the line on a serve.

Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully.

Hitting the ball illegally (Carrying, palming, throwing, etc.)
Touching the net with any part of the body while the ball is in

Reaching over the net unless you are blocking.
Failure to serve in the correct order.