You are on page 1of 12

Boiler Feed Water Control

1 of 20

http://www.slideshare.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control

SlideShare Explore Search You

Upload
Login
Signup

Home
Technology
Education
More Topics
For Uploaders
Collect Leads
Get Started
Tips & Tricks
Tools
For Business

24/09/2015 3:40 PM

slideshare.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 2 of 20 http://www.

net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 3 of 20 http://www.slideshare.

Boiler Feed Water Control 4 of 20 http://www.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .slideshare.

net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 5 of 20 http://www.slideshare.

slideshare.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 6 of 20 http://www.

net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 7 of 20 http://www.slideshare.

5 × 1 of 7 24/09/2015 3:40 PM ...Boiler Feed Water Control 8 of 20 http://www.slideshare.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control Upcoming SlideShare Loading in.

12 hours ago Delete Reply Spam Block Are you sure you want to Yes No Your message goes here Be the first to comment Krishna Sharma 5 months ago Michael Lee .slideshare.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control Boiler Feed Water Control 2. Business. Project Manager at Oil & Gas Services 1 year ago 24/09/2015 3:40 PM .Boiler Feed Water Control 9 of 20 http://www.312 no suhaila. Full Time Student Engineering Follow Published on Sep 02. 2013 Published in: Education. Technology 0 Comments 3 Likes Statistics Notes Full Name Comment goes here.

. A two element system controlling the feedwater control valve from the steam flow signal and resetting the drum level signal is able to handle some of the less difficult systems. Gilman has returned with a second boiler control contribution.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control amol shirsat 1 year ago No Downloads Views Total Views 2. F. whereby water flow is matched with steam flow and reset from the drum level signal. Larger units with small storage capacity related to throughput.isa. This is a simple feedback control loop (Figure 1). 1 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 24/09/2015 3:40 PM . rapid load swings.isa.Boiler Feed Water Control 10 of 20 http://www. The feedwater control regulates the mass water flow to the boiler. usually require three element control. Single element control is used on boilers during startup or low load regardless of capacity or rapid load swings.. Single element feedwater level control Single element drum level control measures drum level only. The effects of Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www.312 On Slideshare 0 From Embeds 0 Number of Embeds 0 Actions Shares 0 Downloads 151 Comments 0 Likes 3 Embeds 0 No embeds No notes for slide Boiler Feed Water Control 1.slideshare. The mass of the water flow and the steam flow must be regulated so mass water flow equals the mass steam flow to maintain drum level.org/intech/20100806). January/February 2011 Web Exclusive Boiler feedwater control Editorial note: Following the positive response InTech and author Jerry Gilman received when his “Boiler drum level control” article ran in the magazine in 2010 (www. and units experiencing severe. By G.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa. (Jerry) Gilman Some boilers utilize a reasonably steady load so only drum level control from single element drum level measurement is possible. A majority of the larger sized units and those subject to rapidly fluctuating loads require different methods of control. 1.org /PrinterTemplate. Single element control has often been unsatisfactory because some of the newer boiler designs have minimum water storage compared to the steaming rate of the boiler.

.isa. the changes in pressure would affect feedwater control. Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www.isa.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control 2.or direct-acting controller.Boiler Feed Water Control 11 of 20 http://www. therefore measuring what is being controlled.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa. 6. The output signal is modified and adjusts the final control device.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa. the feedwater equals steam flow to maintain drum level over the Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www.isa. This is a simple feedback plus feedforward control system (Figure 4) with a secondary variable that has a predictable relationship with the manipulated variable. and cascade control loop.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa. Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www. The desired feedwater is maintained and overrides shrink and swell and variations in feedwater header pressure (Figure 8). Speed control is used to reduce line pressure drop and is also used in combination with a control valve to establish greater turn down. the summer equation is used although the equation is not functioning as a summer. The process variable (input signal) to the controller is compared to the set point (SP). When the system consists of single and two or three element control. Three element feedwater adds the feedwater flow measurement to the control loop.. Control system configuration The drum level controller is configured to be either a reverse. Three element feedwater level control Three element control utilizes steam and water flow in addition to drum level (Figure 7). The diagram for a P&ID would typically be in ISA symbols (Figure 2). 2 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 3. If the control valve fails open.org /PrinterTemplate. steam flow. since firing rate also affects steam temperature and feedwater flow affects the steam pressure. and the level in the drum would be maintained..slideshare. 4 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 5. feedforward. the level transmitter (LT) sends a signal to the level controller (Figures 1 and 2). In Figures 4 and 7. Summer A summer occurs when two or more values come into an equation and the output equals the sum of the inputs in percent based on the K values. The functions are referred to as function blocks or algorithms. Some companies use multiplication or division equations. 2. If the boiler operates under varying steam pressure. the measured variable is the feedback to the controller. 5 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 6.) If the conditions are ideal. Single element control is the minimum feedwater control system. This is a simple feedback. the calibration of the liquid level transmitter will also vary with steam density.isa. When a single element control system is implemented. the feedwater flow would be equal to steam flow. two controllers are required because the controller tuning is different. Control is improved by adding mass flow compensation to drum level. speed control. redundant transmitters are not shown on the P&ID drawings. As the steam flow increases or decreases. If feedwater pressure is not constant. 3 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 4. steam flow. pump speed control.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa. the steam flow adjusts the output of the summer and directly sets the feedwater controller set point. The overall system must be applied and coordinated in a manner to minimize the effects of these interactions. boiler control range. The significant advantage in adding a feedwater controller is the measurement of the controlled variable. as in Figure 4. The interactions can be greatly affected by the control system design. 3.. the steam flow adjusts the output of the summer and directly sets the feedwater final element. 4. as seen in Figure 5. (See “Summer” section for further discussion. The summer can be configured 24/09/2015 3:40 PM . or a combination of both. the input control actions interact.org/PrinterTemplate.. As the steam flow increases or decreases.org /PrinterTemplate. The final control element may be a control valve. By measuring the feedwater flow and controlling it to a flow set point.The final control device can be a control valve. the controller is configured to be a direct-acting controller. or a combination of both. Two element feedwater level control The two element control scheme utilizes steam flow in addition to drum level. which is the final arbiter of firing rate demand.. causes the manipulated variable to change the primary variable. 5. Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www. and water flow. By adding feedwater flow. If the control valve fails closed. The steam flow adjusts the feedwater control valve based on steam flow signal and the drum level controller signal. The steam flow adjusts the feedwater control valve based on the steam flow signal and the drum level controller signal. The secondary variable... For simplicity. This depends on the configuration of the final control device and the failsafe mode of the control valve. the controller is configured to be a reverse-acting controller.org /PrinterTemplate.

cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa.783 24/09/2015 3:40 PM . K (a) + K (b) + K (c) ± Bias = output Considering two inputs to the summer. the steam flow signal input to the summer will equal the summer output.42 Fossil Fuel Power Plant Feedwater Control System – Drum-Type http://www. This is a common type of equation that may have two or more inputs depending on the vendor algorithm/function block. The drum level controller becomes a trim controller adjusting the output of the summer to control the level at the set point.isa.org /Template.cfm?Section=____&Template=/Ecommerce/ProductDisplay. RESOURCES Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www. Considering a pound of steam equals a pound of water.isa. 2nd Edition www.. including the number of inputs.org/boilereng Related Files JF11 Web Excl Web Exclusive: Boiler feedwater control | ISA http://www. A licensed professional engineer.cfm?Section=Find_Books1&Template=/Ecommerce /ProductDisplay.isa. 6 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM 7..isa.cfm?Section=InTech_Home1&templa.slideshare. The 50% output is offset by the -50% bias in the summer equation. (Jerry) Gilman’s career has spanned more than 37 years with Procter & Gamble (P&G) and its subsidiaries. ANSI/ISA-77. b and c. Gilman is the developer of the “ISA Boiler Control Systems Engineering” and “ISA Burner Management Systems Engineering” training courses. With the drum level controller in manual mode and the drum level at the desired set point. Set the bias to -50%. Only two inputs are used in Figure 7. 7 of 7 2/9/2011 11:22 AM Recommended More from this author Drum level measurement Lalit_943240 1.521 Introduction to Boiler Control Systems no suhaila 1. the steam flow modifies the feedwater rate.org/PrinterTemplate.net/nosuhaila/boiler-feed-water-control using a basic summer equation. set the controller output to 50%. The equation below represents three inputs: a.. The equations used will vary with the control systems specified.org/Template. Even though swell and shrink may occur on load swing. the drum level would be maintained during all load changes. 7. set both K values to 1. Therefore.cfm&ProductID=2770 Control Systems Engineering.Boiler Feed Water Control 12 of 20 http://www. ABOUT THE AUTHOR G. Gilman provides training for ISA and consulting to utility plants. A basic equation performing the same function should be available with most control systems.cfm& ProductID=2978 The Control of Boilers http://www.isa.. industrial power plants and engineering contractors.org /PrinterTemplate. F.