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# Excel Review Center

1.

7.

3.057 x 1017
3.057 x 1018
3.057 x 1019 *
3.057 x 1020

## A metal cylinder with rigid walls contains

1 kg of oxygen gas. The gas is heated
until the pressure doubles from 101.325
kPa. Calculate the work done by the gas
considering the volume of the cylinder to
be 1 m3.
A.
B.
C.
D.

0*
1
2
3

A.
B.
C.
D.
9.

420.123 J
421.398 J
424.014 J *
425.298 J

0.0224 *
0.0327
0.0447
0.0581

## A doughnut contains 3 grams of protein,

18 grams of carbohydrates and 7 grams
of fat. The average food-energy values
of these substances are 4 kcal/gm for
protein and carbohydrates and 9
kcal/gm for fat. During heavy treadmill
exercise, an average person uses
energy at a rate of 510 kcal/hr. How
long would an average person exercise
in an electronic treadmill in order to burn
the fats of one doughnut?
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.41 min *
7.55 min
8.21 min
8.88 min

## 10. A car tire is filled to a gage pressure of

24 psi when the temperature is 22o C.
After the car has been running at high
speed, the tire temperature rises to
60o C. What is the new gage pressure
within the tire, if the tires volume does
not change?
26.34 psi
27.48 psi
28.98 psi *
29.34 psi

## 11. What is the velocity of sound in 66o C

water of bulk modulus of elasticity of
2.26 x 106 kPa? Use density of water as
980 kg/m3.
A.
B.
C.
D.

1329.4
1489.2
1518.6
1678.2

m/s
m/s
m/s *
m/s

## 12. A 0.15 m of water is compressed to 35

MPa(gage). What is the decrease in
volume (in m3) of water if the
temperature is 15.6oC? Note: Bulk
modulus of water at 15.6oC is 2.26 x 106
kPa.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Three moles of an ideal gas are cooled

at constant pressure at 45 degrees
Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius. Calculate
the work done on the gas. Universal gas
constant = 8.314 J/mol-K.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## The condition called STP (Standard

temperature and pressure) where clean
rooms are based, the temperature of the
gas must be at 0oC and a pressure of 1
atmosphere. If a mole of an ideal gas is
to be kept at STP, how big (in m3) is the
container needed? Note: Universal gas
constant = 8.314 J/mol-K

A.
B.
C.
D.

146 *
148
150
152

## How many nuclei are there in a 0.01

gram of gold whose atomic weight is
196.97 and atomic number of 72?
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

82
84
88
92 *

## The atomic number of a certain uranium

isotope is 92 and the mass number is
238. Compute the number of neutrons in
one atom of uncharged uranium.
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.

20
30 *
40
50

## The atomic number of a certain uranium

isotope is 92 and the mass number is
238. Compute the number of electrons
in one atom of uncharged uranium.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

0.12
0.18
0.22
0.26 *

## A gas of mass 2.1 grams occupies a

volume of 1.72 liters at 30 degrees
Celcius ad 101.325 kPa. Compute the
molecular weight of the gas in gram per
mole.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

8.

## Oxygen is a diatomic gas of molecular

weight of 32. If the universal gas
constant is 8.314 J/mol-K, what is the
gas constant of oxygen in J/g-K?
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

FB 15 - GEAS

0.0012
0.0023 *
0.0032
0.0044

## 13. A systolic blood pressure is found to be

120 mm of Hg. If the standard
atmospheric pressure is 14.7 psi,
compute the ratio of the systolic blood
pressure to the standard atmospheric
pressure.
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.12
0.14
0.16 *
0.18

## 14. Compute the dynamic viscosity of oil of

specific gravity of 0.8 and kinematic
viscosity of 1.3 x 10-8 m2/s.

A.
B.
C.
D.

0.00104 Pa-s *
0.00298 Pa-s
0.00321 Pa-s
0.00443 Pa-s

## 15. An oil with kinematic viscosity of 0.0005

m2/s flows at 3 m/s through a 3-inch
diameter pipe. Which of the following is
true about the flow of fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## The flow is laminar

The flow is turbulent
The flow can never be laminar nor
turbulent
The fluid cannot flow because of very
small Reynolds number

## 16. What is the diameter of a droplet of

water if the pressure within it is 700 Pa
greater than the outside pressure?
Surface tension, at 20o C = 0.0728
N/m.
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.122 mm
0.247 mm
0.382 mm
0.416 mm *

## 17. The mercury column in a barometer has

a measured height of 740.35 mm. The
temperature is 5.0oC, at which
temperature the density of mercury is
1.3608 x 104 kg/m3. The free fall
acceleration g at the site of the
barometer is 9.7835 m/s 2. What is the
atmospheric pressure in torr?
A.
B.
C.
D.

723.74
728.44
739.29 *
741.20

## 18. A projectile is fired upward with a

muzzle velocity of 200 m/s at an angle
of 30 degrees with the level ground.
With what velocity will it hit the ground?
A.
B.
C.
D.

180 m/s
200 m/s *
210 m/s
220 m/s

## 19. A water tank has an orifice of 8 cm2 in

one vertical side 3 m below the surface
level of the tank. What is the rate of
discharge assuming that there is no
wasted energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.67 m/s
7.67 m/s *
8.21 m/s
9.43 m/s

## 20. A 40 kg rests at the top of an inclined

smooth plane whose length is 4 m and
whose height is 0.5 m. How long will it
take for the block to slide to the bottom
of the plane when released?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1.45 s
2.05 s
2.55 s *
3.15 s

## 21. The parents planned for their son to

receive P50,000 ten years from now.
What amount in pesos should they
invest now if it will earn interest of 12%
compounded annually for the first five
years and 15% compounded quarterly
during the next five years?

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A.
B.
C.
D.

P 12,673.22
P 13,586.82 *
P 13,250.33
P 12,302.11

## 22. If the bank teller informs you that you

super savings account earns annually
18%, what is the approximate net
per month if a 20% withholding tax is
imposed?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1.2
2.1
1.8
2.8

%*
%
%
%

## 23. What is the book value of an equipment

purchased three years ago for P15,000
if it is depreciated using sum of the
years digit method? The expected life is
15 years.
A.
B.
C.
D.

P 2,500
P 2,800
P 3,000 *
P 3,200

## 24. A golf club weighing 1.5 kg strikes a 45

gram golf ball at a speed of 70 m/s. The
club and the ball remain in contact for
0.8 x 10-3 sec. Determine the average
force of the club on the ball.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3940 N *
3490 N
3094 N
3049 N

P 38,459
P 39,120
P 40,710 *
P 41,355

## 26. An absent minded driver traveling at 75

mph suddenly sees a check point ahead
blocking the roadway. The driver applies
the brakes following a 0.75 second
delay. After the brakes are applied, the
car decelerates at 4.2 m/s2. Determine
the stopping distance.
A.
B.
C.
D.

156.21
155.28
158.95
157.89

m
m
m*
m

## 27. A customer buys an electric fan from a

store that charges P 1,500 at the end of
90 days. The customer wishes to pay
cash. What is the cash price if money is
worth 10% simple interest?
A.
B.
C.
D.

P 1,463.41 *
P 1,327.89
P 1,429.12
P 1,387.22

## 28. The air column in a closed pipe is in

resonance with a 312 vps tuning fork. If
the room temperature is 25 degrees
Celsius, what would be the length of the
pipe?
A.
B.
C.

D.

28.45 cm

## 29. Two forces of 30 N at 90 degrees and

40 N at 180 degrees act at the origin.
Determine the magnitude and direction
of the equilibrant force.
A.
B.
C.
D.

50 N at 323 degrees *
50 N at 333 degrees
50 N at 313 degrees
50 N at 343 degrees

## 30. A spring with a normal length of 30 cm

is attached to a block of 2 kg mass. If
the spring is stretched 15 cm, determine
the initial acceleration of the block when
released. Assume a spring constant of
200 N/m.
A.
B.
C.
D.

12
14
15 *
17

## 31. What is the change in the gravitational

attraction between an orbiting object
and the earth if the distance between
them is doubled?
A.
B.
C.
D.

25.34 cm
26.89 cm
27.72 cm *

A.
B.
C.
D.

One-half
One-fourth *
Two times
Four times

305 kN
310 kN
315 kN *
320 kN

## 33. In how many years will P 1000 double if

interest is 10% compounded quarterly?
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.3
5.8
6.1
6.6

x 10-26
x 10-26
x 1026
x 1026 *

2.12
2.41
2.28
2.62

eV
eV
eV *
eV

## 36. A photographer has an 8x magnifier for

examining negatives. What is the focal
length of the magnifier lens?
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.4
5.4
4.4
6.4

mm
mm
mm *
mm

## 38. For a photographic lens, we want to

design a simple antireflection coating
that will be most effective for green light
of = 550 nm. The coating material is
magnesium fluoride, which has an index
of refraction of 1.38. How thick should
the coating be?
98.8 nm
95.4 nm
99.6 nm *
96.4 nm

## 39. A hollow shaft has an inner diameter of

0.035 m and an outer diameter of 0.06
m. Compute for the torque in N-m, if the
stress is not to exceed 120 MPa.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4000 N-m
5000 N-m
4500 N-m *
5500 N-m

## 40. What power would a spindle 55 mm in

diameter transmit at 480 rpm. Stress
allowed for short shaft is 59 N/mm2 ?
A.
B.
C.
D.

95.34 kW
96.88 kW *
97.56 kW
99.54 kW

## 41. What must two investments with the

same present worth and unequal lives
have?

D.

## 35. What is the energy in electronvolts of a

photon of green light of wavelength 546
nm?
A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.

5
6
7*
8

## 34. What is the momentum of an x-ray

photon with wavelength 10 nm? Express
A.
B.
C.
D.

## 37. A steel wire is 6 m long, hanging

vertically supports a load of 2000 N.
Neglecting the weight of the wire,
determine the required diameter if the
stress is not to exceed 140 MPa and the
total elongation is not to exceed 4 mm.
E = 200,000 MPa.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## 32. A block weighing 500 kN rests on a

ramp inclined at 39 degrees with the
horizontal. What is the force that tends
to move the block down the ramp?

## 25. What is the amount of an annuity of

P5,000 per year at the end of each year
for 7 years at 5% interest compounded
annually?
A.
B.
C.
D.

FB 15 - GEAS

## Identical salvage value

Different salvage value
Identical equivalent uniform annual
cash flows
Different equivalent uniform annual
cash flows *

owners equity?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Dividends paid
Invested capital
Revenues

## 43. Air has a specific heat of 1 kJ/kg-K. If

100 g of air are heated with a 1500 W
heater, which of the following occurs?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## The air heats up at a rate of 15 K/s.

The air reaches a final temperature
of 1500 K.
The air undergoes a nonisentropic
process.
The air heats up at a rate of 15 K/s
and undergoes a nonisentropic
process. *

3.1 cm *
4.9 cm
3.8 cm
8.1 cm

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## Excel Review Center

44. Which of the following is not true
regarding Blasius boundary layer
solution?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## It is valid only for potential flow. *

It is valid for laminar flow.
It is an approximation solution.
It permits one to calculate the skin
friction on a flat plate.

## 45. How many independent properties are

required to completely fix the equilibrium
state of a pure gaseous compound?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Ti/(Ti + Tj)
Zi/(Zi + Zj)
PiVi/ RT
Pi/(Pi + Pj) *

## 47. The critical point for a mixture occurs for

which of the following cases?
A.
B.
C.
D.

B.
C.
D.

## The vapor and liquid have a single

form. *
The liquid has no absorbed gas.
The vapor phase is stable.
The liquid is completely vaporized.

## 48. In order to assign oxidation states in

polyatomic molecules, which of the
following rules is followed?

B.
C.
D.

## The oxidation of all elements in any

allotropic form is zero. *
The oxidation state of oxygen is
always 2.
The oxidation state of hydrogen is
always + 1.
All other oxidation states are
chosen such that the algebraic sum
of the oxidation states for the ion or
molecule is zero.

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Polymers
Noncrystalline structures
Monomers
Isomers *

## 50. What is the first coordination number of

a body-centered structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.

4
6
8*
10

A.
B.

C.

## 56. Low density polyethylene undergoes

extensive elongation (over 100 %) prior
to rapture, while polystyrene undergoes
only 1 to 2 % elongation. What is the
main reason for this difference?
A.
B.

D.

## The polyethylene is less dense.

The large styrene groups in the
polystyrene prevent slippage. *
More cross linking occurs in the
polystyrene.
Polyetylene is less crystalline.

## 57. As the amount of slip increases,

difficult and decreases until the plastic
flow finally stops. Slip may begin again
only if a larger stress is applied. What is
this phenomenon known as?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Cooling
Crowding
Strain hardening *
Twinning

## 59. Which of the following is NOT an

Rankine cycle over an open Rankine
cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.

(100)
(200)
(110)
(111) *

A.

B.
C.
D.

## It is the elastic limit after which a

measurable plastic strain has
occurred.
It is the stress at which the material
plastically strains 0.2 %. *
It is the stress at which the material
elastically strains 0.2 %.
It is 0.2 % below the fracture point
of the material.

## Lower equipment costs

Increased efficiency
Increased turbine life
Increased boiler life *

## 60. What is the equation for the work done

by a constant temperature system?
A.
B.
C.
D.

W
W
W
W

= mRTln(V2 V1)
= mR(T2 T1) ln (V2/V1)
= mRT ln (V2/V1) *
= RT ln (V2/V1)

## 61. If you consider a very small portion of a

material that is the same throughout, the
density of the small sample will be
A.
B.
C.
D.

much less
slightly less
the same *
greater

## 62. The newton-meter is called a joule. The

similar unit in the English system, the
foot-pound is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.

horsepower
slug
gem
foot-pound, with no other name *

is
A.
B.

C.
D.

## equivalent to 3.6 degree Fahrenheit

the energy needed to increase the
temperature of 1 gram of water 1
degree Celsius *
equivalent to a little over 8 joules of
mechanical work
all choices are correct

## 64. Einstein applied Plancks quantum

discovery to light and found
A.
B.

C.

D.

## a direct relationship between the

energy and the frequency of light
that the energy of a photon divided
by the frequency of the photon
always equaled a constant known
as Plancks constant
that the energy of a photon divided
by Plancks constant always
equaled the frequency
all choices are correct *

## 65. Using the laws of motion for moving

particles and the laws of electrical
attraction, Bohr calculated that electron
could
A.

for twinning?
A.

## They are located primarily in high

strained and distorted positions.
They have higher free energy than
atoms in the undisturbed part of the
crystal lattice.
They are oriented so as to attain a
minimum energy state.
All choices are correct *

## 58. Which of the following best describes

the 0.2% offset yield stress?

## 51. How are the closed-packed planes in a

face-centered cubic metal designated?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Grain size *
Creep
Hot-working
Cold-working

## 55. Which of the following correctly

describes atoms located at grain
boundaries?

C.
49. In molecules of the same composition,
what are variations of atomic
arrangements known as?

s = Gb/r *
s = Gbr
s = br/G
s = G/br

## 54. _____ is an important factor to consider

in understanding the properties of
polycrystalline materials because it
affects the area and length of the grain
boundaries.

D.
A.

## It is the most significant form of

plastic deformation.
It cannot be caused by impact or
thermal treatment.
It frequently occurs in hexagonal
close-packed structure. *

## 53. If G is the shear modulus, b is the

Burgers vector, and r is the half the
distance between particles, what is the
local stress, s, required to bend
dislocations around a particle?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1
2*
3
4

## 46. If an ideal gas mixture of constituents i

and j, what is the mole fraction xi equal
to?
A.
B.
C.
D.

FB 15 - GEAS

B.
C.

D.

## move only in orbits of certain

move, as do the planets, in orbits at
any distance from the nucleus
move in orbits at distances from the
nucleus that matched the distances
between colors in the line spectrum
move in orbit at variable distances
from the nucleus that are directly
proportional to the velocity of the
electron

## It occurs at a lower shear stress

than slip.

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## Excel Review Center

66. The label of a container states that the
product contains petroleum distillates.
Which of the following hydrocarbons is
probably present?
A.
B.
C.
D.

CH4
C5H12 *
C16H54
C40H82

gasoline to increase the octane rating by
A.
B.
C.
D.

## increasing the power by increasing

the heat of combustion
increasing the burning rate of the
gasoline
absorbing the pings and knocks
decreasing the burning rate *

## 68. The OH in ROH represents

A.
B.
C.
D.

a functional group *
a hydrocarbon group with a name
ending in -yl
the hydroxide ion, which ionizes to
form a base
the site of chemical activity in a
strong base

FB 15 - GEAS
D.

## 75. The compressibility factor, x, is used for

predicting the behavior of non-ideal
gases. How is the compressibility factor
defined relative to an ideal gas? (c
refers to critical value)
A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

2.5 proof
5 proof
10 proof *
50 proof

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

an alpha particle
a beta particle *
either an alpha particle or a beta
particle
neither an alpha particle nor a beta
particle

## 71. Which of the following is a value of spin

quantum number?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1
Any positive number
1/2 *
Either 1 or - 1

## 72. What principle of physics is considered

as the immediate consequence of the
principle of equivalence?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Gravitational red shift *

Gravitational blue shift
Dopplers effect
Gravitational time dilation

A.

C.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## Newtons second law of motion.

The continuity equation.
The principle of conservation of
energy.
All choices are correct *

## 74. Which of the following flow meters

measure the average fluid velocity in a
pipe rather than a point or local velocity?
A.
B.
C.

Venturi meter
Pitot tube
Hot wire anemometer

carbon *
oxygen
hydrogen
zinc

## Face-centered: (111), bodycentered (110) *

Face-centered: (100), bodycentered (110)
Face-centered: (110), bodycentered (111)
Face-centered: (111), bodycentered (100)

## 78. A shaft made of good quality steel

breaks in half due to fatigue. What
would the surface of the fracture site
look like?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Like a cup and cone

Very jagged and rough
Pokemarked with very small
cavities
Smooth over most of the surface
although it appears torn at the
location of fracture *

## 79. Plastic deformation of a single crystal

occurs either by ______ or by ____, but
is the more common method.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## high pressure; high temperature;

high pressure
high temperature; high pressure;
high temperature
slip; twinning; slip *
twinning; slip; twinning

## 80. How can an ordered solid solution be

distinguished from a compound?
A.

B.
73. Which of the following must be satisfied
by the flow of any fluid, real or ideal?

p/pc
pV/RT *
T/Tc
RT/pV

## 77. What are the most common slip planes

for face-centered cubic and bodycentered cubic structures, respectively?

D.

## 70. Hydrogen-3 is a radioactive isotope of

hydrogen. Which type of radiation would
you expect an atom of this isotope to
emit?

x=
x=
x=
x=

## 76. The _____ from organic matter

generally reacts with copper oxide to
produce carbon dioxide which darkens
limestone.

B.
69. What is the proof of a wind cooler that
is 5 percent alcohol by volume?

C.

D.

## When heated, an ordered solid

solution becomes disordered
before melting. *
An ordered solid solution appears
glassy.
The atoms in an ordered solid
solution from layers in the lattice
structure.
The solute atoms in an ordered
solution substitute for atoms in the
parent lattice.

## 81. How many atoms are there per unit cell

for a face-centered cubic structure?

g/mole?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## 83. One of the disadvantages of this type of

organization is that it has poor crossfeed
of technical information between
projects. What is the type of project
organization?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1
2
3
4*

Projectized organization *
Matrix organization
Functional organization
Coordinated organization

## 84. One of the advantages of this type of

organization is that it serves as training
ground for general management. What
is the type of project organization?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Coordinated organization
Functional organization
Projectized organization *
Matrix organization

A.
B.
C.
D.

0.12 % *
no amount of
0.008 %
0.06 %

## 86. Bronze can be welded using bronze

electrodes by what particular welding
process?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Cold process
Forge process
Arc process *
Friction process

is oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
D.

21.03 %
22.04 %
19.03 %
20.93 % *

carbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Malleable cast iron *

Ductile cast iron
Gray cast iron
White cast iron

## 89. Which of the following materials has the

least modulus of elasticity?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Steel
Glass *
Copper
Aluminum

## 90. Which of the following is true regarding

the effect of the grain size to the
strength of the material?
A.
B.
C.

A.
B.
C.
D.

32
8
4
16 *

D.

## The bigger the grain size, the more

ductile the material.
The smaller the grain size, the
stronger the material. *
The smaller the grain size, the
more it becomes susceptible to
dislocation.
The bigger the grain size, the more
the material be subjected to
embrittlement.

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FB 15 - GEAS

## 91. What is the maximum moment of a

beam supported at both ends and
carries a uniform load of w throughout
its entire length?
A.
B.
C.
D.

93.

A.
B.
C.
D.

END

## few seller and two buyers

many sellers and two buyers *

Preferred bond
Registered bond *
Incorporators bond
Callable bond

## The price at which the callable bond

will be redeemed from the bondholder
is called ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.

95.

I, II and III *
I and II
II and III
I, II, III and IV

## What type of bond where the

corporations owners name are
recorded and the interest is paid
periodically to the owners with their
A.
B.
C.
D.

94.

Quartz
Quark
BEC
Plasma *

I. Essential
II. Natural
III. Accidental
IV. Conditional

wL
2
wL
8
wL2
*
8
wL2
4

there is/are:
A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

par value
call value *
face value
redemption value

## What refers to the present worth of

cost associated with an asset for an
infinite period of time?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Annual cost
Increment cost
Capitalized cost
Operating cost

of bases?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Feel slippery on the skin

Turn litmus paper to blue
Taste bitter
Dissolve metals producing various
salts and hydrogen gas *

## 97. What is the charge of an electron in

coulombs?
A.
B.
C.
D.

1.70217733 x 10-19
1.60217733 x 10-19 *
1.50217733 x 10-19
1.40217733 x 10-19

earths elements.
A.
B.
C.
D.

10 %
25 % *
5%
20 %

## 99. What is a high-energy, electrically

charged gas produced by heating the
gas until the electrons in the outer
orbitals of the atoms separate, leaving
the atoms with a positive charge?

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