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- Finite Element Analysis Using ANSYS Mechanical APDL & Workbench
- MD Nastran 2010 Linear Static Analysis User's Guide
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You are on page 1of 33

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION-APRIL-2013

RASIPURAM-637505

DEPARTMENT

OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

NAME

: .

REG NO

YEAR/SEM

Vennandur, Namakkal-637505

of Work done by the above

Student of the

. Laboratory during

the academic year 2012-2013.

Held on

Internal Examiner

Examiner

S.NO

DATE

External

P.NO MARKS

SIGN

S.NO

DATE

What is FEA?

Finite Element analysis is a way to simulate loading conditions on a design and

determine the designs response to those conditions.

The design is modeled using discrete building blocks called elements.

Each element has exact equations that describe how it responds to a certain load.

The Sum of the response of all elements in the model gives the total response of the

design.

The elements have a finite number of unknowns, hence the name finite elements.

The finite element model, which has a finite number of unknowns, can only

approximate the response of the physical system which has infinite unknowns.

How good is the approximation?

Unfortunately, there is no easy answer to this question, it depends entirely on what you

are simulating and the tools you use for the simulation.

Why is FEA needed?

To reduce the amount of prototype testing.

Computer Simulation allows multiple what ifscenarios to be tested quickly and

effectively.

To simulate designs those are not suitable for prototype testing. E.g. Surgical Implants

such as an artificial knee.

About ANSYS:

ANSYS is a complete FEA software package used by engineers worldwide in virtually all

fields of engineering. ANSYS is a virtual Prototyping technique used to iterate various

scenarios to optimize the product.

General Procedure of Finite Element Analysis:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Discretization of geometry or continuum using preprocessor.

Checking for convergence of elements and nodes using preprocessor.

Applying loads and boundary conditions using preprocessor.

Solving or analyzing using solver

Viewing of Results using postprocessor.

Build Geometry:

Construct a two (or) three dimensional representation of the object to be modeled and

tested using the work plane co-ordinate system in Ansys.

Define the necessary material from the library that composes the object model which

includes thermal and mechanical properties.

Generate Mesh:

Now define how the model system should be broken down into finite pieces.

Apply Loads:

The last task in preprocessing is to restrict the system by constraining the displacement

and physical loading.

Obtain Solution:

The solution is obtained using solver available in ANSYS. The computer can understand

easily if the problem is solved in matrices.

Present the Result:

After the solution has been obtained there are many ways to present Ansys result either in

graph or in plot.

Specific Capabilities of ANSYS Structural Analysis:

Structural analysis is probably the most the common application of the finite element

method such as piston, machine parts and tools.

Static Analysis:

It is the used to determine displacement, stress etc. under static loading conditions. Ansys

can compute linear and non-linear types (e.g. the large strain hyper elasticity and creep

problems).

Transient Dynamic Analysis:

It is used to determine the response of a structure to time varying loads.

Buckling Analysis:

It is used to calculate buckling load and to determine the shape of the component after

applying the buckling load. Both linear buckling and non linear buckling analysis are

possible.

Thermal Analysis:

The steady state analysis of any solid under thermal boundary conditions calculates the

effect of steady thermal load on a system (or) component that includes the following.

a) Convection.

b) Radiation.

c) Heat flow rates.

d) Heat fluxes.

e) Heat generation rates.

f) Constant temperature boundaries.

Fluid Flow:

The ANSYS CFD offers comprehensive tools for analysis of two-dimensional and three

dimensional fluid flow fields.

Magnetic:

Magnetic analysis is done using Ansys / Electromagnetic program. It can calculate the

magnetic field in device such as power generators, electric motor etc. Interest in magnetic

analysis is finding magnetic flux, magnetic density, power loss and magnetic forces.

Acoustic / Vibrations:

Ansys is the capable of modeling and analyzing vibration system. Acoustic is the study of

the generation, absorption and reflection of pressure waves in a fluid application.

Few examples of acoustic applications are

a) Design of concert house, where an even distribution of sound pressure is

possible.

b) Noise cancellation in automobile.

c) Underground water acoustics.

d) Noise minimization in machine shop.

e) Geophysical exploration.

Coupled Fields:

A coupled field analysis is an analysis that takes into account the interation

between two (or) more fields of engineering analysis. Pressure vessels, Induction

heating and Micro electro mechanical systems are few examples.

EX.NO:1

STRESS ANALYSIS OF RECTANGULAR L BRACKET

DATE:

Aim

To perform stress analysis of rectangular L- bracket and to determine the maximum stress and

maximum deflection.

Procedure

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete > Solid Quad 8Node 82 >

Select > Options > Plane Stress/Thickness.

4. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear >

> Isotropic > EX = 2E5, PRXY = 0.3.

5. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > plane 82> thickness = 12.

6. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Area > rectangle > centre & corner

WP X = 75

WP Y = 0

Width = 150

Height = 50

Apply

WP X = 125

WP Y = -75

Width = 50

Height = 100

Ok

7. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Areas > circle > solid circle >

WP X = 0

WP Y = 0

Radius = 25

Apply

WP X = 125

WP Y = -125, Radius = 25 > Ok

Elastic

8. Preprocessor > modeling > operate > Booleans > Add > Areas > pick all

9. Preprocessor > modeling > create > line > line fillet > select 2 lines > fillet radius = 10

> Ok.

10. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Areas > Arbitrary > By lines > select the three

lines.

11. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Area > circle > solid circle >

WP X = 0

WP Y = 0

Radius = 10

Apply

WP X = 125

WP Y = -125

Radius = 10

Ok.

12. Preprocessor > modeling > operate > Booleans > Subtract > Areas > Select the

rectangle > Apply > select two circles > Ok.

13. Preprocessor > meshing > mesh tool > size control > Areas > Element edge length = 2

mm > Ok > mesh > Areas > free> pick all.

14. Solution > define loads > apply > Structural > displacement > online > select the left

hole (Inside) > apply > All DOF > Displacement value = 0 > ok.

15. Solution > pressure > on line > pick all (Select bottom left of the circle> apply.

Load value = 50; optional value = 25 > apply

16. Solution > pressure > on line > pick all (Select bottom right of the circle> apply.

Load value = 25; optional value = 50 > apply

17. Solution > solve current LS > ok

18. General post processor > plot result > Deformed shaped > Deformed + Undeformed >

Ok.

18. General post processor > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > stress > von

mises > Ok.

19. List result > reaction solution > Ok

Result:

Thus the stress analysis of rectangular L-bracket with circular hole is performed.

Ex. No:2

DATE:

Aim:

To obtain stress analysis of cantilever beam subjected to point load and to determine max. stress

and max. deflection.

Procedure:

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element type > Add/Edit/ delete > beam > 2D elastic 3 > close.

4. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > Area = 100, Izz = 833.33 & Height

= 10 > Ok

5. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear >

> Isotropic > EX = 2E5, PRXY = 0.3.

6. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > nodes > Inactive CS

Node 1

X=0

Y=0

Node 2

X= 20

Y=0

Node 3

X= 40

Y=0

Node 4

X= 60

Y=0

Node 5

X= 80

Y=0

Node 6

X= 100

Elastic

Y=0

7. List > nodes > coordinate only > ok

8. Preprocessor > modeling > create > elements > Auto numbered thru nodes > select

Node 1 & 2

Node 2 & 3

Node 3 & 4

Node 4 & 5

Node 5 & 6 > ok.

9. Solution > define loads > apply > structural > displacement > on nodes > select node 1 > apply >

all DOF > displacement = 0 > ok.

10. Solution > Force/moment > on nodes > node 6 > apply > FY > -100 > ok.

11. Solution > solve > current L.S > ok.

12. General post processor > plot result > deform shape > Deformed + Undeformed > ok.

13. General post processor > element table > define table > add > user table for item

I > by sequence num > NMISC 1 > apply

J > by sequence num > NMISC 3 > apply

I > by sequence num > NMISC 2 > apply

J > by sequence num > NMISC 4 > Ok.

14.

Plot result > line element result > I > J > first result > deformed shape & undeformed shape > ok

15. General postprocessor > list result > nodal solution > DOF solution > UY > displacement result

( Table 1)

16. General postprocessor > contour plot > line element res. > Ok.

Nodes

1

2

3

4

5

6

UY

0

-1.0667 e-01

-0.39619 e-01

-0.82286 e-01

-0.13410

-0.19048

Result:

Thus the stress analysis on cantilever beam subjected point load is performed.

Ex. No: 3

DATE:

Aim:

To perform Stress analysis of simply supported beam.

Procedure:

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element type > Add/Edit/ delete > beam > 2D elastic 3> close.

4. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > Area = 100, Izz = 833.33 & Height

= 10 > Ok

5. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear >

> Isotropic > EX = 2E5, PRXY = 0.3.

6. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > nodes > Inactive CS

Node 1

X=0

Y=0

Node 2

X= 25

Y=0

Node 3

X= 50

Y=0

Node 4

X= 75

Y=0

Node 5

X= 100

Y=0

17. List > nodes > coordinate only > ok

Elastic

18. Preprocessor > modeling > create > elements > Auto numbered thru nodes > select

Node 1 & 2

Node 2 & 3

Node 3 & 4

Node 4 & 5

Node 5 & 6 > ok.

19. Solution > define loads > apply > structural > displacement > on nodes > select node 1 & node 5

> apply > UY > displacement = 0 > ok.

20. Solution > Force/moment > on nodes > node 3 > apply > FY > -100 > ok.

21. Solution > solve > current L.S > ok.

22. General post processor > plot result > deform shape > Deformed + Undeformed > ok.

23. General post processor > element table > define table > add > user table for item

I > by sequence num > NMISC 1 > Apply

J > by sequence num > NMISC 3 > Apply

I > by sequence num > NMISC 2 > apply

J > by sequence num > NMISC 4 > Ok.

24. Plot result > line element result > Smax I > Smax J > first result > deformed shape &

undeformed shape > ok

25. General postprocessor > list result > nodal solution > DOF solution > UY > displacement result

( Table 1)

26. General postprocessor > contour plot > line element res. > Ok.

Table 1: Displacement Deflection

Nodes

1

2

3

4

UY

0

-0.81846 e-2

-0.11905 e-1

-0.81846 e-2

Result:

Thus the stress analysis of simply supported beam is obtained.

Ex. No: 4

DATE:

Aim:

To obtain the mode frequency analysis on Cantilever beam and to determine its natural

frequency.

Procedure:

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element type > Add/Edit/ delete > beam > 2D elastic 3> close.

4. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > Area = 100, Izz = 833.33 & Height

= 10 > Ok.

5. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear > Elastic >

Isotropic > EX = 2.068 E5, PRXY = 0.3 & Density = 7.83E-6.

6. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > key points > inactive CS

Key point no.1 = (0, 0)

Key point no.2 = (1000, 0)

7. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > lines > straight lines > select 1&2.

8. Meshing > mesh tool > lines > Element edge length > = 100 mm > mesh > pick all

9. Solution > analysis type > new analysis > modal > ok > analysis options > subspace =

5 > ok.

10. Solution > define loads > apply > structural > displacement > on key points > select

first point > apply > all DOF > displacement = 0 > Ok.

11. Solve > current L.S > close

12. General postprocessor > result summary.

13. General postprocessor > read result > first set > Ok.

14. General postprocessor > plot result > deform shape > deformed + undeformed > Ok.

15. General postprocessor > plot control > animate > modal shape.

Table :

Result:

S.No.

Time/Frequency

1

2

3

4

5

8.3

52.011

145.64

285.51

427.54

Load Sub

Cumulation

Shape step

1

1

1

1

2

2

1

3

3

1

4

4

1

5

5

Ex. No: 5

DATE:

Aim:

To perform the model frequency analysis on simply supported beam.

Procedure:

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element type > Add/Edit/ delete > beam > 2D elastic 3 > close.

4. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > Area = 100, Izz = 833.33 & Height

= 10 > Ok.

5. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear > Elastic >

Isotropic > EX = 2.068 E5, PRXY = 0.3 & Density = 7.83E-6.

6. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > key points > inactive CS

Key point no.1 = (0, 0)

Key point no.2 = (1000, 0)

7. Preprocessor > Modeling > create > lines > straight lines > select 1&2.

8. Meshing > mesh tool > lines > Element edge length > = 100 mm > mesh > pick all

9. Solution > analysis type > new analysis > modal > ok > analysis options > subspace

= 5 > ok.

10. Solution > define loads > apply > structural > displacement > on key points > select

first point & second point > apply > UY > displacement = 0 > Ok.

11. Solve > current L.S > close

12. General postprocessor > result summary.

13. General postprocessor > read result > first set > Ok.

14. General postprocessor > plot result > deform shape > deformed + undeformed > Ok.

15. General postprocessor > plot control > animate > modal shape.

Table :

S.No.

Time/Frequency

1

2

3

4

5

0

23.298

93.191

209.73

373.16

Load Sub

Cumulation

Shape step

1

1

1

1

2

2

1

3

3

1

4

4

1

5

5

Result:

Thus the mode frequency analysis of simply supported beam is obtained.

Ex. No: 6

DATE :

AIM

To conduct the harmonic analysis of a 2D component by using ANSYS software.

PROCEDURE

1. Preprocessor - Element type - Add/Edit/Delete Add Beam, 2D elastic 3 Ok Close.

2. Real constants - Add/Edit/Delete Add Ok Area 0.1e-3, Izz 0.833e-9, Height 0.01 Ok Close.

3.

Material props - Material Models Structural Linear Elastic - Isotropic EX 206e9, PRXY

4. Modeling Create Key points Inactive CS Enter the coordinate values - Ok. Lines lines

Straight Line Join the two key points Ok.

5.

Meshing Size Cntrls manual size lines all lines Enter the value of no of element

6. Solution - Analysis type New analysis Harmonic Ok. Analysis type Analysis options

Full, Real+ imaginary Ok Use the default settings Ok

7. Solution Define Loads Apply Structural Displacement - On nodes Select the node point

Ok All DOF Ok. Force/Moment On Nodes select the node 2 Ok Direction of force/mom

FY, Real part of force/mom -100 Ok. Load step Opts Time/Frequency Freq and Substps Enter

the values of Harmonic freq range 1-100, Number of sub steps 100, Stepped Ok.

8.

9.

TimeHist postpro Variable Viewer Click Add icon Nodal Solution DOF Solution Y-

Component of displacement Ok Enter 2 Ok. Click List data icon and view the amplitude list.

Click Graph icon and view the graph. To get a better view of the response, view the log scale of

UY. Plotctrls Style Graphs Modify axes Select Y axis scale as Logarithmic Ok. Plot Replot

Now we can see the better view.

10. File Report Generator Choose Append OK Image Capture Ok - Close. (Capture all images)

RESULT

Thus the harmonic analysis of a 2D component is done by using the ANSYS Software.

Ex. No:7

DATE :

AIM

To conduct the thermal stress analysis of a 2D component by using ANSYS software.

PROCEDURE

1.

plane strs w/thk Ok Close.

3. Real constants - Add/Edit/Delete Add Ok THK 100 Ok Close.

4. Material props - Material Models Structural Linear Elastic - Isotropic EX 2e5, PRXY 0.3

Ok Thermal expansion Secant coefficient Isotropic ALPX 12e-6 Ok.

5. Modeling Create Areas - Rectangle by 2 corners Enter the coordinate values, height, width Ok.

6. Meshing Mesh tool Areas, set select the object Ok Element edge length 10 - Ok Mesh

tool- Tri, free - mesh Select the object Ok.

7. Solution Define Loads Apply Structural Displacement - On lines Select left boundary of

the object Ok Temperature Uniform Temp select all boundaries - Enter the temp. Value 50 Ok.

8. Solve Current LS Ok Solution is done Close.

9. General post proc Plot results Contour plot Nodal solution Stress 1st principal stress

Ok Nodal solution DOF Solution Displacement vector sum - Ok.

10. File Report Generator Choose Append OK Image Capture Ok - Close.

RESULT

Thus the thermal stress analysis of a 2D component is done by using the ANSYS Software.

Ex.No: 8

DATE :

Aim

To perform stress analysis of a plate with a circular hole.

Procedure

1. Utility Menu > Change Job Name > Enter Job Name.

Utility Menu > File > Change Title > Enter New Title.

2. Preference > Structural > OK.

3. Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete > Solid Quad 4Node 42 >

Select > Options > Plane Stress/Thickness.

4. Preprocessor > Material Properties > Material Model > Structural > Linear >

> Isotropic > EX = 2E5, PRXY = 0.3.

Elastic

5. Preprocessor > Real Constant > Add/Edit/Delete > plane 42> thickness = 10

6. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Rectangular by Dimension >

X1, X2 = 0, 50

Y1, Y2 = 0, 50.

7. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Circle > Solid circle > WP X = 0, WP Y =

50 & Radius = 10 > OK.

8. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Subtract > Areas > Select rectangle >Apply >

Select Circle > Ok.

9. Preprocessor > Meshing > Element Edge Length = 2 > Mesh > Areas > Free.

10. Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Static > OK.

11. Solution > Define Load > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On lines > Select

Bottom Line > UY > Displacement value = 0 > OK.

10. Solution > Define Load > On Lines > Select left line > Ok > UX > Displacement

value = 0 > OK.

11. Solution > Pressure > On Line > Select Right line > Ok > Value [100] > Ok.

12. Solution > Solve > Current LS > Ok.

13. Utility menu > Plot control > Style > Symmetry Expansion > Periodic > Reflect about

XY.

14. Plot control > Animate > deformed shape > Ok.

13. General Postprocessor > Plot Result > Deformed shape > Ok.

14. Plot Result > Plot Result > Contour Plot > Nodal Solution > Stress > Von Mises >

Ok.

Result:

Thus the stress analysis of a plate with a circular hole is performed.

Ex. No:9

DATE :

Aim:

To perform the thermal analysis on a given block with convective heat transfer coefficient (h) of

10 W/m C and the thermal conductivity (k) of the material is 10 W/m C.

Procedure:

1. Preference > thermal > Ok.

2. Preprocessor > Element type > Add/edit /delete > Select thermal mass solid, Quad 4 node 55

(Plane 55) > close.

3. Preprocessor > material properties > Material Models > Thermal conductivity > Isotropic >

KXX = 10 (thermal Conductivity )

4. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Areas > Rectangle > By 2 Corners > X = 0, Y = 0, width

= 1, Height = 1 > Ok.

5. Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh tool > Size Controls > Manual Size > element edge length

= 0.05 > mesh > Areas > Free > Pick All

6. Solution > Analysis type > New analysis > steady state > Ok.

7. Solution > Define loads > Apply > Thermal > Temperature > on lines > click the top of the

rectangular box > temperature > 500 > apply > click the left side of the rectangular box > ok

> temperature > 100 > Ok.

8. Solution > Define loads > Apply > Thermal > convection > on lines > click the right side of

the rectangular box > Ok.

9. Solve > current L.S > Ok.

10. General Preprocessor > Plot results > Contour Plot > Nodal Solution > DOF solution > nodal

temperature (TEMP) > Ok.

Result:

Thus convective heat transfer analysis is performed.

Ex. No: 10

DATE :

AIM

To conduct the convective heat transfer analysis of a 2D component using ANSYS software.

PROCEDURE

1. Preference Thermal - h-Method - Ok.

2. Preprocessor - Element type - Add/Edit/Delete Add Solid, Quad 4 node 55 Ok Close.

3. Real constants - Add/Edit/Delete Add Ok.

4. Material props - Material Models Thermal Conductivity Isotropic KXX 16 Ok.

5. Preprocessor > modeling > create > Areas > Rectangle > By 2 Corners > X = 0, Y = 0, width = 1,

Height = 1 > Ok.

6. Meshing Mesh tool Areas, set select the object Ok Element edge length 0.05 - Ok Mesh

tool- Tri, free mesh Select the object Ok.

7. Solution Define Loads Apply Thermal Temperature - On lines Select the lines Ok

Temp. Value 300 Ok Convection On lines select the appropriate line Ok Enter the values of

film coefficient 50, bulk temperature 40 Ok.

8. Solve Current LS Ok solution is done Close.

9. General post proc List results Nodal Solution DOF Solution Nodal temperature Ok

10. Plot results Contour plot Nodal solution DOF solution Nodal Temperature Ok.

11. File Report Generator Choose Append OK Image Capture Ok - Close.

RESULT

Thus the convective heat transfer analysis of a 2D component is done by using the ANSYS

Software.

EX NO: 11

DATE:

AIM:

To simulation of cam & follower mechanism.

FORMULA:

For simple harmonic motion displacement of follower

,

Lift of the Follower

= Full Rotation

= Cam Rotation

:

Title ('simulation of cam & follower')

phi=0:1:60;

theta=360;

h=0.4;

s=(h./2)*((1-(cos((pi*theta)./phi))));

plot(phi,s);

xlabel ('cam angle (degree)');

ylabel ('follower disp (meter)');

grid;

Result:

Thus the MAT Lab Program has been simulated and output is verified.

EX NO: 12

DATE:

SIMULATION OF AIR CONDITIONING WITH CONDENSER

AND EVAPORATOR, TEMPERATURE AS INPUT TO ESTIMATE COP [VARIATION OF

EVAP, TEMP]

AIM:

Simulation of air conditioning with condenser and evaporator, temperature as input of estimate

COP

FORMULA:

Co-efficient of performance is given by

COP = [1/ (Te/Tc)-1]

Where,

Te = evaporator temperature

Tc = condenser temperature

MAT LAB PRAGRAM:

title ('simulation of coefficient of performance variation of condenser and evaporator temperature')

te=2:0.1:5;

tc=40;

x=(te./tc);

y=x-1;

c=1./y;

plot(te,c);

xlabel ('evap temp (degree)');

ylabel ('COP');

grid;

RESULT:

Thus the MAT LAB PROGRAM has been simulated and output is verified.

EX NO: 13

DATE:

SIMULASTION OF AIR CONDITIONING WITH CONDENSER

EVAPATORTEMPERATURE AS INPUT TO ESTIMATE COP [VARIATION OF COND TEMP]

AIM:

To simulate of air conditioning with condenser and evaporator temperature as input to estimate

COP [variation of condenser temp]

FORMULA USED:

Co-efficient of performance is given by

COP = [1/ (Te/Tc)-1]

Where,

Te = evaporator temp

Tc = condenser temp

Mat lab program:

Title ('simulation of coefficient of performance variation of condenser and evaporator temperature')

tc=35:1:45;

te=5;

x =te./tc;

y=(x-1);

c=(1./(y));

plot(tc,c);

xlabel ('cond temp');

ylabel ('COP');

grid;

RESULT:

Thus the MAT LAB PROGRAM has been simulated and output is verified.

EX NO: 14

DATE:

AIM:

To simulation of heat exchanger processor.

FORMULA:

Heat transfer rate is given, Q = UA

MAT LAB PROGRAM:

title ('Simulation of heat exchanger')

s=1:0.5:5;

q=200000000;

u=4478;

n=30000;

d=0.024;

t= q./(u*2*pi*n*d*s);

plot(s,t);

xlabel ('length of tube (m)');

ylabel ('lmtd');

grid;

RESULT:

Thus the MAT LAB PROGRAM has been simulated and output is verified.

EX NO: 15

DATE:

AIM:

FORMULA USED:

Natural frequency given by,

Fn = [(1/2) x

Where,

Fn = Natural Frequency,

m = mass

MAT LAB PROGRAM:

title ('simulation of spring mass system by varing mass')

m=0:1:500;

K=5000;

f=(sqrt(K./m))./(2*pi);

plot(m,f);

xlabel ('mass (kg)');

ylabel ('frequency (HZ)');

grid;

RESULT:

Thus the MAT LAB PROGRAM has been simulated and output is verified.

EX NO: 16

DATE:

AIM:

To simulation of spring mass system by varying stiffness.

FORMULA:

Natural frequency is given by,

Fn = [1/ (2) x

title ('simulation of spring mass system by varing Stiffness')

K=0:1:500;

m=5000;

f=(sqrt(K./m))./(2*pi);

plot(K,f);

xlabel ('Stiffness (N/m)');

ylabel ('frequency (Hz)');

grid;

RESULT:

Thus the MAT LAB PROGRAM has been simulated and output is verified.

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