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Russell was well written with lots of good information. I also travel on b usiness and didn't see anything I disagreed with but I would add a couple of ite ms if you care to link my comments to the article. 1) No matter how well you plan, if you travel much over the road you are going t o be places where the fuel in your tank is not enough to get you home. Be that b ecause of the distance you are from "home" or that traffic congestion or your at tempts to find back road routes burns more fuel than normal. The assumption is t hat obtaining fuel, especially along interstates during a melt down will be Neig h on impossible as either the electricity is out and they cant pump fuel or the lines are so long that waiting puts you in danger. Build your own 12 volt fuel transfer pump (better yet build two). Go to your loc al auto parts supply store and order or purchase a fuel pump with as much GPM as you can afford. The one I got was about $100 for the pump. Then purchase a good fuel filter, a cigarette lighter "plug" with an in line switch and 25 feet of t ubing. I mounted mine to plywood squares that are about 10" X 10". With that dev ice you can pull up next to another vehicle or even into the gas station and put your hose down into the ground tanks at the station and transfer fuel into your tank. I am not suggesting stealing the fuel...this device has saved my bacon al ready. 2) Cary a bicycle with you. You can go to pawn shops and get pretty decent bikes for $40. Put some extra tubes and patch kits and bike pump in your BOB. I frequ ently travel to a city that is 180 miles from home. That's only a three hour dri ve but it would take someone even in good shape a long time to walk. IF you coul d cover 20 miles a day it would take you nine straight days to walk home. That's a long walk. On a bike however its a much different matter. Riding a bike 100 m iles in a day is a hell of a workout but it can be done. 3) Consider putting an EMP ground on your vehicle, especially if you perceive hi gh risk time frames. Carry an extra ignition coil, points, condenser, and spark plug wires to EM P-proof your vehicle. (pre-efi and computer), later vehicles will be inoperable in an EMP situation. 4) If you have the resources, this may not be the ultimate road warrior machine but its up there. I travel in a 2007 Itasca Navion (The Winnebago "View" is basi cally the same vehicle) At 24 feet in length its not much longer than my pickup and on the Sprinter chassis its more maneuverable than my pickup. Its Mercedes B enz 5 cylinder turbo diesel engine and Mercedes transmission run like a sewing m achine. There are stories of people getting 22 MPG. I haven't done as well but d id get around 19 MPG. Small enough that you can parallel park in downtown name t he city but large enough to be fully self contained and carry a lot of stuff. Re st stops and truck stops are dangerous places...you don't need to "go there" as you have your bathroom and your kitchen with you...the only stops you need to ma ke are for business and fuel. If you have a large distance to cover in an emerge ncy you can run that engine for days without shutting it off..do that in gas mot or car and you could be in for trouble. Regards,
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List of 50,000 watt "clear channel" AM stations. Frequencies are in kilohertz (K Hz) 540 WFLF ORLANDO, FL 580 KMJ FRESNO, CA 640 KFI LOS ANGELES, CA 650 WSM NASHVILLE, TN / KENI ANCHORAGE, AK 660 WFAN NEW YORK CITY, NY / KTNN WINDOW ROCK, AZ 670 WSCR CHICAGO, IL / KBOI BOISE, ID 680 KNBR SAN FRANCISCO, CA / WRKO BOSTON, MA / WPTF RALEIGHT, NC 700 WLW CINCINNATI, OH 710 WOR NEW YORK CITY, NY / KIRO SEATTLE, WA / WAQI MIAMI, FL 720 WGN CHICAGO, IL / KDWN LAS VEGAS, NV 740 KCBS SAN FRANCISCO, CA / KTRH HOUSTON, TX / WQTM ORLANDO, FL 750 WSB ATLANTA, GA / KFQD ANCHORAGE, AK 760 WJR DETROIT, MI / KFMB SAN DIEGO, CA 770 WABC NEW YORK CITY, NY / KKOB ALBUQUERQUE, NM 780 WBBM CHICAGO, IL / KKOH RENO, NV 810 WGY SCHENECTADY, NY / KGO SAN FRANCISCO, CA / WKVM PUERTO RICO 820 WBAP FT WORTH-DALLAS, TX 830 WCCO MINNEASPOLIS, MN 840 WHAS LOUISVILLE, KY 850 KOA DENVER, CO / WEEI BOSTON, MA 870 WWL NEW ORLEANS, LA / KAIM HONOLULU, HI 880 WCBS NEW YORK CITY, NY / KRVN LEXINGTON, NE 890 WLS CHICAGO, IL 940 KWRU FRESNO, CA 950 KJR SEATTLE, WA / WWJ DETROIT, MI 1000 WMVP CHICAGO, IL / KOMO SEATTLE, WA 1010 WINS NEW YORK CITY, NY 1020 KDKA PITTSBURGH, PA / KINF ROSWELL, NM / KTNQ LOS ANGELES, CA 1030 WBZ BOSTON, MA / KTWO CASPER, WY 1040 WHO DES MOINES, IA 1050 WEVD NEW YORK CITY, NY 1060 KYW PHILADELPHIA, PA 1070 KNX LOS ANGELES, CA 1080 WTIC HARTFORD, CT / KRLD DALLAS, TX 1090 WBAL BALTIMORE, MD / KAAY LITTLE ROCK, AR / KYCW SEATTLE, WA 1100 WTAM CLEVELAND, OH / KFAX SAN FRANCISCO, CA 1110 WBT CHARLOTTE, NC / KFAB OMAHA, NE 1120 KMOX ST LOUIS, MO / KPNW EUGENE, OR 1130 WBBR NEW YORK CITY, NY / KWKH SHREVEPORT, LA 1140 WRVA RICHMOND, VA / KHTK SACRAMENTO, CA 1150 KXTA BURBANK, CA 1160 KSL SALT LAKE CITY, UT 1170 KFAQ TULSA, OK / WWVA WHEELING, WV
1180 1190 1200 1210 1220 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1560 1580
WHAM ROCHESTER, NY KEX PORTLAND, OR WQAI SAN ANTONIO, TX WPHT PHILADELPHIA, PA WHK CLEVELAND, OH KSTP ST PAUL-MINNEAPOLIS, MN / WTOP WASHINGTON DC KGA SPOKANE, WA / WLAC NASHVILLE, TN / WWZN BOSTON, MA KOMA OKLAHOMA CITY, OK / WWKB BUFFALO, NY KFBK SACRAMENTO, CA / WSAI CINCINNATI, OH KXEL WATERLOO, IA / WPTR ALBANY, NY WQEW NEW YORK CITY, NY KBLA SANTA MONICA, CA / KMIK PHOENIX, AZ
Additional information about AM/FM broadcasting including this list of "clear ch annel" stations obtained here. International Shortwave Broadcasting: Nearly every country broadcasts on shortwave ( 2.3 - 26.1 MHz ). Many of these c ountries transmit powerful signals that are some times beamed toward North Ameri ca. These broadcasts can often be heard on portable shortwave radios. Internatio nal broadcasters often cover stories not reported in the American media. If you use or are learning another language there are many non-english broadcasts. Thes e signals travel thousands of miles via the upper atmosphere and they may have s tatic, fading or interference. These signals are also affected by the seasons, t ime of day and solar activity (sunspots etc). Broadcasters often change frequenc ies, languages and times. Any schedule would soon become out of date. I have nev er used a "schedule. In stead, I just tune around the dial and listen to any int eresting stations. Usually good only at night: 2.300 - 2.495, 3.200 - 3.400, 3.900 - 4.000, 4.750 - 5.060, 5.900 - 6.200, 7.100 - 7.450 Usually good day or night: 9.400 - 9.900, 11.600 - 12.100, 13.570 - 13.870, 15.100 - 15.800 Usually good when sun is active: 17.480 - 17.900, 18.900 - 19.020, 21.450 - 21.850, 25.670 - 26.100 Listing of English shortwave broadcasts sorted by time. Listing of English shortwave broadcasts sorted by country. Listing of English shortwave broadcasts sorted by frequency. An excellent web site: "Shortwave Monitoring Guide" SHORTWAVE EMERGENCY FREQUENCIES There are many shortwave frequencies used for long distance emergency communicat ions. AM and International broadcaster's transmit a carrier with two sidebands [ lower / carrier / upper ]. Both sidebands have the same information therefore r edundant. Shortwave frequencies use single sideband modulation ( SSB ). SSB remo ves the carrier and one sideband, only one sideband is transmitted. The advantag e of SSB is a narrower more powerful signal. Disadvantages: SSB signals are hard er to tune, when mistuned they sound "quacky" and when the talking stops the ent ire signal disappears. Almost all signals on shortwave are upper sideband ( USB ).
It takes a better and more costly receiver to correctly copy SSB signals. If you purchase a shortwave radio I recommend it be capable of receiving SSB signals. Practice listening to USB signals by tuning to amateur radio operators ( Hams ) between 14.150 - 14.350 MHz. When you hear a signal slowly tune back and forth u ntil the voice sounds normal. ( Read the radio owner's manual ). The frequencies listed are the suppressed carrier, which is not transmitted. The actual USB signal will be centered about 1.4 KHz higher or lower sideband ( LSB ) signals will be centered about 1.4KHz lower. SECURE ( State Emergency Communications Using Radio Effectively ) is a secondary emergency back-up communications network. Each state in the network may operate base and mobile stations, transmitting in USB voice, data and maybe morse code. I do not know of any scheduled drills or net operations. Suggest monitoring the interstate coordination frequency 2.326 MHz. SECURE; Listed by states ( 33 states in network ) AL 2.326 CA 2.326 CO 2.326 CT 2.326 FL 2.326 ID 2.326 IL 2.326 IN 2.326 LO 2.326 ME 2.326 MA 2.326 MI 2.326 MS 2.326 MO 2.326 MT 2.326 NE 2.326 NV 2.326 NH 2.326 NJ 2.326 NM 2.801 NY 2.326 NC 2.326 OH 2.326 OK 2.801 OR 2.326 RI 2.326 SC 2.326 TN 2.326 TX 2.326 7.935 VT 2.326 VA 2.326 WA 2.326 WY 2.326 2.487 2.419 2.466 2.419 2.439 2.414 2.414 2.487 2.812 2.414 2.411 2.414 2.535 2.411 2.804 2.804 2.487 2.414 2.411 2.804 2.812 2.411 2.419 2.804 2.414 2.411 2.422 2.419 2.419 2.411 2.411 2.411 2.414 5.135 2.422 2.471 5.135 2.463 2.471 2.569 2.511 5.192 5.135 2.414 2.804 2.569 2.414 2.812 2.812 2.511 5.135 2.587 5.135 5.135 5.135 2.422 5.135 2.801 2.419 2.511 2.474 2.422 2.419 2.463 2.414 2.419 5.192 2.804 2.274 5.192 5.140 2.535 2.804 5.135 7.477 5.192 2.419 5.140 5.195 2.419 7.477 5.192 5.195 5.192 5.195 5.140 7.477 7.477 5.140 5.135 5.135 5.135 5.135 2.587 5.135 2.511 2.587 5.195 7.805 2.812 5.135 7.477 7.805 2.804 5.135 5.140 7.480 7.805 5.135 7.477 7.477 2.439 7.480 7.805 7.480 7.805 7.805 7.477 7.935 7.477 5.195 5.192 7.480 5.140 2.801 5.192 2.587 2.801 7.805 7.480 7.480 7.477 7.932 5.195 2.804 7.805 7.802 7.805 7.935 7.805 7.480 7.805 7.932 2.812 5.140 5.192 5.195 7.802 7.805 7.932 7.935 5.140 7.802 7.805 7.932 5.135 5.140 7.802 7.805 5.195 7.480 7.802 7.805 7.805 5.140 5.195 7.477 7.805 7.932 5.192 7.480 7.802 7.932 7.935 7.805 7.935
5.192 7.447 7.805 7.805 7.805 2.463 5.140 5.192 7.477 7.802 7.805 7.935 7.805 7.935 7.805 7.932 7.480 7.805
7.477 7.805 2.801 2.812 5.140 5.192 5.195 7.805 5.192 7.805 7.935 7.932
SECURE: Listed by frequency 2.326 2.411 2.414 2.419 2.422 2.439 INTERSTATE COORDINATION FREQUENCY ONLY MA MO NJ NC RI VT VA WA ID IL ME MA MI MO NH OR WA WY CA CT MA MO OH RI TN TX VT WY CA OH SC TX FL MO
2.463 2.466 2.471 2.474 2.487 2.511 2.535 2.569 2.587 2.801 2.804 2.812 5.135 5.140 5.192 5.195 7.477 7.480 7.802 7.805 7.932 7.935
FL MO VA CO CO ID AL CO TN AL IN NV IN NV SC VA ID MS IL MS NJ TX VA WA NM OK OR TX VA WA CA ID IL MI MT NE NM OK TX CA LA MT NE NY TX VA INTERSTATE COORDINATION FREQUENCY ONLY (ALTERNATE) CA FL ID IL IN MI MO NM OK TN TX VA INTERSTATE COORDINATION FREQUENCY ONLY CA ID MA MS NV NJ OR TN TX VA WY CT ID LA MA MI MS MO MT NM NY NC OK RI VT CA IL LA MT NV NM OK OR SC TN CA CO IL IN MO OR TX (DAY ONLY) INTERSTATE COORDINATION FREQUENCY ONLY FL ID IL NV SC TN TX WY AL IL IN MO NE NC OR TX WA (DAY ONLY)
SECURE locations and frequencies obtained from the Federal Communications Commis sion ( FCC ) database. SHARES ( SHAred RESources ) is a network of over 1000 stations representing 93 f ederal, state and industry sharing radio resources. They have standardized messa ge formats and procedures, so any agency can transmit emergency messages for oth er agencies. Each agency maintains their own ( unpublished ) frequencies. Drills and weekly nets are called on Wednesday 1600 - 1800 z ( 1100 - 1300 EST or 1200 - 1400 EDT ). Large scale drills are conducted in April, August and December. 4.490 5.236 5.711 5.901 6.800 7.632 9.064 9.106 10.5865 11.108 11.217 13.242 14.3965 14.455 14.3965 15.094 17.487 20.107 26.812 Information about SHARES found here. FEMA ( Federal Emergency Management Agency ) has a network of shortwave stations between their regional offices: The day primary frequency is 10.493 MHz USB and night primary frequency is 5.212 MHz USB. Net is called almost daily on 10.493 MHz at 1600 z ( 1100 EST or 1200 EDT ). Each Monday, Thursday and Friday by primary net control station in Philadelphia, PA. Also 1st Tuesday in January, April, July, October by primary station in Philadel phia, PA. Also 1st Tuesday in February, May, August, November by 2nd alternate in Denton, TX. Also 1st Tuesday in March, June, September, December by 3rd alternate in Thomasv ille GA. Then 2nd Tuesday in March, June, September, December by 4th alternate in Battle Creek, MI. Finally, every Wednesday an open drill between all regional stations. During any disaster or emergency, the affected state is in authority. FEMA HQ Washington DC Region #1 Boston: CT MA ME NH RI VT Region #2 New York City: NJ NY PR VI
Region Region Region Region Region Region Region Region
#3 Philadelphia: DC DE MD PA VA WV #4 Atlanta: AL FL GA KY MS NC SC TN #5 Chicago: IL IN MI MN OH WI #6 Denton: AR LA NM OK TX #7 Kansas City: IA KS MO NE #8 Denver: CO MT ND SD UT WY #9 Oakland: AZ CA GU HI NV #10 Seattle: AK ID OR WA
2.321 ( Foxtrot 06 ) Regions 8,9,10 2.361 ( Foxtrot 07 ) Regions 6,8,9 2.375 ( Foxtrot 08 ) Region 4 2.446 ( Foxtrot 09 ) Regions 1,3,5,9,10 2.659 ( Foxtrot 10 ) Regions 3,4,7,8,10 3.342 ( Foxtrot 11 ) Regions 4,5,6,7,8 3.380 ( Foxtrot 12 ) Regions 5,6,8,9,10 3.390 ( Foxtrot 13 ) Regions 5,6,7,8 4.603 Region 4 5.212 ( Foxtrot 15 ) All regions, night primary frequency 5.403 ( Foxtrot 16 ) Regions 9,10 5.822 ( Foxtrot 17 ) Regions 1,2 5.962 ( Foxtrot 18 ) Regions 1,2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10 6.050 ( Foxtrot 19 ) Regions 3,5,8,10 6.107 ( Foxtrot 20 ) Regions 3,4,6,7,8,10 6.109 ( Foxtrot 21 ) All regions 6.152 ( Foxtrot 22 ) Regions 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 6.177 ( Foxtrot 23 ) Regions 6,8,10 6.180 ( Foxtrot 24 ) 6.809 Regions 9,10 7.349 ( Foxtrot 25 ) Regions 1,4,5,6,8,9,10 Point-to-point primary frequency 7.428 Region 4 9.463 ( Foxtrot 26 ) Regions 9,10 10.493 ( Foxtrot 28 ) All Regions, day primary frequency, 10.589 ( Foxtrot 29 ) Regions 8,9,10 10.793 Region 9 10.407 ( Foxtrot 30 ) Regions 1,4,6,8 11.802 ( Foxtrot 31 ) Regions 3,6,8,9,10 11.958 ( Foxtrot 32 ) Regions 5,7,8,9 12.010 ( Foxtrot 33 ) Regions 9,10 12.217 ( Foxtrot 34 ) Regions 5,6,8,9,10 14.451 ( Foxtrot 35 ) All regions 14.777 ( Foxtrot 36 ) All regions 14.837 ( Foxtrot 37 ) All regions 14.886 ( Foxtrot 38 ) All regions 14.900 ( Foxtrot 39 ) All regions 14.909 ( Foxtrot 40 ) All regions 16.202 ( Foxtrot 41 ) Regions 9,10 16.431 ( Foxtrot 42 ) Regions 9,10 17.520 ( Foxtrot 43 ) Regions 9,10 17.650 ( Foxtrot 44 ) Regions 5,8,9,10 18.745 ( Foxtrot 45 ) Regions 9,10 19.758 ( Foxtrot 46 ) Regions 9,10 19.970 ( Foxtrot 47 ) Regions 9,10 20.028 ( Foxtrot 48 ) All regions 20.405 Philadelphia, PA ( Primary Net Control ) to Washington DC 21.919 Denver, CO ( 1st Alternate ) to Mt. Weather VA 27.850 Philadelphia, PA ( Primary Net Control ) to Washington DC FEMA information and frequencies obtained here. Additional information about FEMA and SHARES can be found here.
AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS operates shortwave base stations and mobile units fo r long-distance emergency communications. The listed locations and frequencies, from the FCC dat abase. Washington DC, Austin TX, Kansas City MO and Berryville VA. 2.326 2.463 2.801 3.170 3.201 5.135 5.140 6.858 7.480 7.549 7.697 7.932 7.935 Gretna LA has only one frequency listed: 3.201 MHz, USB only AMATEUR ( Ham ) RADIO NETS handle emergency messages during disasters. Amateur r adio stations do not have assigned frequencies. All frequencies listed are appro ximate. ARRL ( American Radio Relay League ) during a communications emergency transmits hourly bulletins from their station W1AW in Newington, CT. VOICE hh:00 MORSE CODE hh:30 1.855 LSB 1.8175 3.990 LSB 3.5815 7.290 LSB 7.0475 14.290 USB 14.0475 18.160 USB 18.0975 21.390 USB 21.0675 28.590 USB 28.0675 See the ARRL web site. ARRL has an online search for amateur radio nets. Hurricane Watch Net is active whenever a hurricane is within 300 miles of land i n the northern western hemisphere. Amateur radio station WX4NHC located at the N ational Hurricane Center in Miami, FL. 3.977 LSB nights 7.265 LSB nights 14.265 USB daytime More information about National Hurricane Center at http://www.fiu.edu/orgs/w4eh w/ Additional hurricane net frequencies can be obtained at http://www.hurricanefreq uencies.com SATERN The Salvation Army Team Emergency Radio Network is called on 14.265 MHz d aily ( except Sundays ) at 1500 z ( 1000 EST or 0900 EDT ). 3.740 LSB 3.977 LSB 7.265 LSB 14.265 USB - daytime primary frequency See web site http://www.satern.org/net further information RADIO FREQUENCY SCANNERS I own two radio scanners yet seldom have them turned on. During an emergency bot h scanners would be operated 24x7. The first scanner is programmed with local pu blic safety ( air, fire, police and medical ) channels. The other scanner is a w
ide-band receiver ( 1 - 1500 MHz ) is currently programmed for shortwave broadca sting and two-way channels. Here are a few frequencies I will monitor during an emergency. All frequencies u se FM voice. MEDCOM ( Medical Communications ) Nation-wide most hospitals and ambulance services use these frequencies. 463.000 463.025 463.050 463.075 463.100 463.125 463.150 463.175 462.950 ( Dispatch 1 ) 462.975 ( Dispatch 2 ) Many local Red Cross chapters operate on 47.42 MHz for disaster relief and damag e assessments. Many CERT Community Emergency Response Teams use FRS channel 1 ( no sub-channel ). If there is a disaster near your area CERT maybe engaged in search and rescue . DO NOT TRANSMIT non-emergency messages on channel 1. Monitoring channel 1 ( 46 2.5625 MHz ) could provide important information. Amateur radio national FM calling frequency = 146.520 MHz and local repeater cha nnels. Here are two web sites for finding local frequencies: http://www.fcc.gov/searcht ools.html and http://www.ac6v.com TWO - WAY COMMUNICATIONS Disaster planning should include using two-way communications. Anything said on a radio is not secure. Keep all transmissions short! Instead of "cute handles" u se false names. Example; Bob could always be called Jim on the radio. Anybody li stening would assume Jim is on the radio. If available, use the "automatic roger " feature that sends a "beep" at the end of each transmission. Request repeats o nly if transmission was not fully understood. Use a prearranged phrase that is said at the end of the message, such as; " Good day! ". If that phrase IS NOT said, ( or the WRONG phrase is said), then that c ould indicate trouble without alerting people outside your group. Do not call ba ck and ask if they are okay. Instead ask for a repeat, like you did not understa nd their last transmission. If the phrase is omitted again take pre-planned acti on. PLAIN OLD TELEPHONE SERVICE ( POTS ). Have at least one telephone that is powere d by the phone line. These telephones will continue to function during power out ages. However storm damage can cause service outages. Do not place unnecessary calls during a disaster. Too many people trying to use the telephone at the same time can deny dial tone to everyone. Reserve the phone lines for real emergencies. CELLULAR TELEPHONES: Everybody has them. Easy to use, reliable until disaster st rikes! Too many people using their phones at the same time will crash the networ k. Disasters can take down towers and disturb power. Do not depend on cellular t elephones for emergencies. Federal law prohibits listening to cellular telephone conversations and most scanners have those frequencies blocked. CITIZENS BAND: ( CB ) Unlicensed 40 channels limited to 4 watts for AM or 12 wat ts for SSB voice modulation. If you decide to use CB install a good base station antenna. Every vehicle used during a disaster should be equipped with a CB radi o. A good base station has a range of 10 miles or more. A big disadvantage of CB
is interference and lack of security. CB could be used to communicate with nearby sites or groups. Every site monitors the national emergency channel 9 ( 27.065 MHz ). Place a call on channel 9 usin g tactical call signs or handles. If the conversation lasts longer than a few se conds move to another [pre-arranged] channel. When the call is finished all site s return to monitoring channel nine. CITIZENS BAND FREQUENCIES 1 - 26.965 8 - 27.055 rc - 27.145 23 - 27.255 32 - 27.325 2 - 26.975 9 - 27.065 16 - 27.155 24 - 27.235 33 - 27.335 3 - 26.985 10 - 27.075 17 - 27.165 25 - 27.245 34 - 27.345 rc 26.995 11 - 27.085 18 - 27.175 26 - 27.265 35 - 27.355 4 - 27.005 rc - 27.095 19 - 27.185 27 - 27.275 36 - 27.365 5 - 27.015 12 - 27.105 rc - 27.195 28 - 27.285 37 - 27.375 6 - 27.025 13 - 27.115 20 - 27.205 29 - 27.295 38 - 27.385 7 - 27.035 14 - 27.125 21 - 27.215 30 - 27.305 39 - 27.395 rc 27.045 15 - 27.135 22 - 27.225 31 - 27.315 40 - 27.405 rc = remote control / no voice Rules and regulations for CB operations can be found here. FAMILY RADIO SERVICE ( FRS ) is unlicensed 14 channels ( 1 - 14 ) limited to 1/2 watt with frequency modulation ( FM ) voice. FRS has a range of only 1/2 to 2 m iles. Do not believe the mileage claimed on the handheld packaging! The commonly available FRS/GMRS handhelds have 22 channels. Do not use channels 15 - 22 unle ss you have a GMRS license. Have your older child(ren) carry a FRS radio in their school back-pack(s). In ca se of an emergency ( school lock-down ) your child may be able to communicate wi th you. They may not have access to their back-packs so you need to wait for the m to call you! Learn more about using FRS radio for emergencies here. GENERAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICE ( GMRS ) is licensed 15 channels ( 1 - 7 & 15 - 22 ) limited to 50 watts with FM voice. GMRS requires a no-test license, obtainable with an application and fee. GRMS can provide greater base to mobile range with far less interference then CB and FRS. The costs may be higher but a base stati on with external antenna and repeaters are allowed with GRMS. Unless you plan to use a higher powered base station or repeater I see no reason to obtain a GMRS license. MULTIPLE USER RADIO SERVICE ( MURS ) is unlicensed 5 channels limited to 2 watts with FM voice and data. MURS has a range of 1 - 3 miles with low interference. External antennas are allowed to extend the range. MURS handhelds are rarely sol d at retail stores therefore uncommon [and hence slightly more secure than CB an d the other other commonly used bands]. I purchased 8 MURS heldhelds on the Inte rnet and donated them to my church which is a local Red Cross shelter. FRS FREQUENCIES GMRS FREQUENCIES MURS FREQUENCIES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 462.5625 462.5875 462.6125 462.6375 462.6625 462.6875 462.7125 Channels 1 - 7 1 - 462.5625 1 -151.820 shared by FRS 2 - 462.5875 2 -151.880 and GMRS 3 - 462.6125 3 -151.940 4 - 462.6375 4 -154.570 5 - 462.6625 5 -154.600 6 - 462.6875 7 - 462.7125
8 - 467.5625 Channels 8 - 14 9 - 467.5875 FRS only 10 - 467.6125 11 - 467.6375 12 - 467.6625 13 - 467.6875 14 - 467.7125 15 - 467.550 Channels 15 - 22 can be used for repeater Channels 15 - 22 16 - 467.575 output channels. The input channels are GMRS only 17 - 467.600 + 5.0 MHz up from output frequencies. 18 - 467.625 19 - 467.650 20 - 467.675 21 - 467.700 22 - 467.725 Channels and sub-channels? Everybody on same channel shares the same radio frequ ency. Sub-channels are low frequency audio ( below voice ) tones that are transm itted along with the voice. That tone enables the receiver to hear the signal. I f other stations transmitting on the same radio channel but with different sub-c hannels ( tones ) your radio will remain silent. Using a sub-channel does not pr ovide privacy, anybody monitoring the radio frequency channel ( sub-channel off ) can hear all transmissions on that channel. Using a sub-channel only prevents you from hearing their transmissions. During an emergency recommend setting the sub-channel OFF. Amateur ("Ham") Radio. An amateur radio license requires passing written tests, but there is no longer a Morse Code test. Hams have access to many frequency bands and up to 1,000 watt s (or 1.500 watts in SSB). Hams can operate local line-of-sight to global commun ications. Every survival group should have a licensed amateur radio operator. Be cause of their license test studies, hams understand radio theory, propagation, and operating procedures. Amateur Radio Bands 1.800 - 2.000 CW & LSB 3.500 - 3.600 CW & digital 3.600 - 4.000 LSB 5.3305 5.3465 5.3665 5.3715 5.4035 Five channels limited to 50 watts USB only 7.000 - 7.125 CW & digital 7.125 - 7.300 LSB 10.100 - 10.150 limited to 200 watts CW only 14.000 - 14.150 CW & digital 14.150 - 14.350 USB 18.110 - 18.168 CW & USB 21.000 - 21.200 CW & digital 21.200 - 21.450 USB 24.890 - 24.930 12 meter band CW 24.930 - 24.990 USB 28.000 - 28.300 10 meter band CW 28.300 - 29.700 USB FM above 29.5 50.000 - 50.100 6 meter band CW 50.100 - 54.000 USB FM 144.00 - 144.10 2 meter band CW 144.10 - 148.00 CW USB FM There are several more bands of frequencies above 200 MHz.
"CW" means morse code. Rapidly turning the transmitter on and off with a hand op erated switch called a telegraph key. When passed through a beat frequency oscil lator (BFO) in the receiver, it sounds like a series of short and long tones. Ea ch letter or number have an unique Morse Code pattern of tones. More information about amateur radio, see the ARRL web site. About the Author: Ron Y. is an amateur radio operator since 1964 with an Amateur Extra Class and commercial radiotelephone licenses. Retired from a "Bell System Telephone company" after 31 years of service.
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