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ISSN 1830-8147
Compact guides
Data are available free of charge on the Eurostat website: one or more locations and may comprise one or more legal 2. Special topics: 2. Complete database European business: facts and figures, Statis
tical b
ooks units. Note that enterprises that are active in more than one Presentation of a number of special topics (SMEs, regional More detailed statistics can be downloaded through open 2007 edition European
Facts and

economic activity (and the value added and turnover they business statistics, business demography, foreign controlled tables, with the help of Eurostat’s data extraction utility. Format: paper, PDF
The website is organised into nine themes: this guide presents generate and the persons they employ, etc.) will be classified enterprises, factors of business success, business services, Language versions: EN only
structural business statistics, which are available from the Advanced query functions are available to those who
under the NACE (statistical classification of economic globalisation, entrepreneurship indicators, etc.) with latest register on the website – allowing downloads in a variety of Catalogue number: KS-BW-07-001-EN-C
industry, trade and services domain. activities in the European Community) heading which is their results, links to publications, data, methodology and policy ISBN: 978-92-79-07024-2 2007 editio

file formats (text, HTML, Excel, etc.). Data are presented in



European industrial policy is conducted by the European principal activity, normally the one that generates the largest documents for each topic. multidimensional tables, with total flexibility to preselect ISSN: 1830-8147 EUROPE

Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise amount of value added. and extract data. Tables containing all the detailed SBS data This publication gives a comprehensive
Included are a wide range of activities relating to the picture of the structure, development and characteristics of
and Industry; further information may be found at: SBS data are collected within the framework of a Regulation development of SBS. Development projects are usually run on can be accessed by following the link to Access to all detailed SBS data on the data part of the dedicated section and then European business and its different activities: from energy
on structural business statistics according to the definitions a voluntary basis, with a limited set of countries participating, and the extractive industries to communications, information
and breakdowns specified in the Commission Regulations with the results of pilot surveys being used as the basis for browsing through the data tree by using the +/– icons to
Structural business statistics (SBS) choose a particular table. services and media. It presents the latest available statistics
implementing it. deciding whether or not to pursue the data collection effort from a wide selection of statistical sources describing for each
Structural business statistics (SBS) describe the structure, and to formalise it within statistical law. activity: production and employment; country specialisation
SBS covers the business economy, which includes industry,
conduct and performance of economic activities, down to construction and market services. Note that financial services 3. Publications: STATISTICS IN FOCUS and regional distribution; productivity and profitability; the
the most detailed activity level (several hundred sectors). SBS are usually kept separate because of their specific nature and Access to all publications recently released in relation to importance of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs);
with a breakdown by size class is the main source of data for the limited availability of most types of standard business structural business statistics. The telecom sector in the EU workforce characteristics; external trade, etc.


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From the Eurostat homepage, statistical Themes may be is also intended to function as a showcase for and introduction
employee within the hotels and restaurants sector?; how
productive is the chemicals industry and how does it fare in
terms of profitability?
accessed from the left-hand menu. Click on the link to
Industry, trade and services in order to access industry, trade
and services information.
Data access
There are two ways of accessing data, through pre-defined
(issue number 30/2008)
Shipbuilding and repair: from tankers to pleasure boats
(issue number 16/2008)
to the data available in this field. The focus is on structural
business statistics: both traditional business statistics which are
disseminated regularly, as well as specific information compiled
European structural
SBS comprises annual enterprise statistics, enterprise statistics
broken down by size class, regional enterprise statistics, and
statistics on financial services such as credit institutions,
A link at the top of this theme page goes straight to a Dedicated
Section which contains a comprehensive presentation
but automatically updated tables and through detailed open
tables which allow users to make their own selection among
the full range of statistics available.
Innovation as a factor in business success
(issue number 15/2008)
EU-27 business services: thriving in the wake of outsourcing
on a multi-yearly basis and the latest results from development
projects on topics of key political interest.
Structural business statistics may also be found in a range of
business statistics
insurance services and pension funds, as well as a variety of of European structural business statistics with links to 1. Predefined tables and liberalisation (issue number 76/2007) horizontal publications produced by Eurostat, such as:
special topics including: publications, data and background information – click on There are a set of SBS pre-defined tables which provide an Exports of business services
the link to European business. Alternatively, follow this link: Europe in figures – Eurostat yearbook
overview of business structures in the countries and/or for (issue number 74/2007)
• Business demography Regions: statistical yearbook
the EU as a whole, as well as tables which provide selected The impact of foreign-controlled enterprises in the EU
• Factors of business success data for specific sectors: sorted under the headings industry (issue number 67/2007) Key figures on Europe – statistical pocketbook
• Foreign control of enterprises The Dedicated Section is divided into five main parts,
covering: and construction, distributive trade, services and financial Inter-enterprise relations in selected economic activities
• Business services services. Most tables contain data by country and years; these (issue number 57/2007)
• Demand for services 1. Annual statistics: are only available with a limited activity breakdown. They are
• Statistics on environment protection Presentation of the main SBS, which can be used to analyse Manufacturing of optical, medical and other precision
complemented by some tables which show a more detailed instruments in the EU (issue number 51/2007) Eurostat-OECD manual on business demography statistics, 2007
• Intangible investment and subcontracting the structure, conduct and performance of European business, activity breakdown only for the EU-27 aggregate. Format: PDF only
• Purchases of energy products with data covering topics such as: the size and structure of Business demography: the impact on employment
(issue number 49/2007) Language versions: EN only
• Distributive trades: breakdown of turnover by product the business economy; specialisation ratios; gross operating To access the SBS pre-defined tables, select the link on the Catalogue number: KS-RA -07-010-EN-N
and tangible investment expenditure; and productivity and data part of the dedicated section that provides access to pre- Business demography: growth in the population of
SBS describe the economy through the observation of units enterprises (issue number 48/2007) ISBN: 978-92-79-04726-8
profitability. defined tables. Expand/collapse the data tree by using the +/– ISSN: 1977-0375
engaged in an economic activity, which in SBS is generally the icons. Select the information required by clicking on the table, Innovation and globalisation effects in European banks
enterprise. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at graph, map icon . (issue number 47/2007)
© European Communities, 2008
Share of value added and employment Selected indicators, non-financial business economy, 2005 Share of employment by size class, EU-27, 2005 Most specialised regions in chemicals and man-made fibres, Breakdown of employment in chemicals and man-made Enterprise birth and death rates, average of available
in the non-financial business economy, EU-27, 2005 (%) EU-27 Member States and Norway, 2005 fibres, EU-27, 2005 countries, 2005 (%) (1)
Apparent Average 0% 25% 50% 75% 100%
0 3 6 9 12 15
(% share of non-financial business economy employment) (1) Pesticides & Other 0 3 6 9 12 15
labour personnel Man-made
Non-financial business economy 0 3 6 9 12 15 other agro- chemical fibres
productivity costs Gross Investment Pharma-
Other business activities chemical products 2.5% Real estate, renting & business act.
(EUR 1000 (EUR 1000 operating (% of ceuticals,
Wholesale trade per rate value Construction Rheinhessen-Pfalz (DEB3) products 10.7%
per person medicinal Construction
Construction employed) employee) (%) added) Motor trades Prov. Brabant Wallon (BE31) 1.5% chemicals &
Financial intermediation
EU-27 42.0 28.9 10.6 17.8 Real estate Prov. Antwerpen (BE21) botanical
Retail trade Paints,
BE 59.6 42.8 11.4 20.9 Wood & wood products Haute-Normandie (FR23) products Electricity, gas & water supply
Post & telecoms varnishes &
5.4 2.3 9.2 56.7 Hotels & restaurants Cheshire (UKD2) 31.3% Hotels & restaurants
BG similar
Real estate
CZ (1) 14.7 9.1 14.3 23.4 Wholesale trade Zeeland (NL34) coatings,
Basic & fabricated metals Distributive trades
DK 64.3 37.9 18.8 20.6 Leather & leather products Darmstadt (DE71) printing ink &
Food, beverages & tobacco Manufacturing n.e.c. mastics Transport & communication
DE 52.3 39.2 9.4 13.1 Münster (DEA3)
Electricity, gas & water supply Renting 9.3% Manufacturing
EE 14.8 8.1 12.7 21.9 Sachsen-Anhalt (DEE0)
Electrical & optical equipment IE (2) 94.0 33.6 25.7 21.8 Textiles & textile products Soap &
Oberbayern (DE21) Mining & quarrying
Transport equipment EL 25.9 22.5 17.7 19.5 Basic & fabricated metals detergents,
Picardie (FR22)
Land transport; pipelines ES 36.9 25.1 14.4 19.2 Computer services cleaning & Birth rate (2)
Prov. Hainaut (BE32)
Pulp, paper, publishing & printing polishing Death rate (3)
Chemicals & man-made fibres FR 52.8 39.6 9.4 20.2 Düsseldorf (DEA1)
Other business activities preparations, Basic Source: Eurostat (SBS)
Machinery & equipment n.e.c. IT 39.5 30.4 13.4 17.3
Centre (FR24) perfumes & chemicals Enterprise birth and death rates: a birth amounts to the creation of a combination
CY (3) 35.3 21.2 22.1 13.3 Retail trade
Computer services Tees Valley and Durham (UKC1) toilet of production factors and a death amounts to the dissolution of a combination of
Land transport; pipelines 30.4% production factors, with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in
LV 10.9 4.3 19.6 44.8 preparations
Hotels & restaurants Rubber & plastics East Yorks. & North. Lincoln. (UKE1) the event; the rates are calculated by taking these values and dividing by the whole
LT 9.5 5.2 14.9 39.1 14.3% population of enterprises for a given reference year.
Motor trades Other non-metallic minerals Karlsruhe (DE12)
LU 63.6 40.5 11.2 12.5 Source: Eurostat (SBS)
Supp. transport act.; travel agencies Food, beverages & tobacco Sud-Est (RO22) Exports of business services (NACE 72 and 74.1-74.5)
HU 16.0 9.6 12.1 33.7
Pulp, paper, publishing & printing Machinery & equipment n.e.c. Lombardia (ITC4) by location of client, average of available countries
MT : : : : Value added generated by foreign-controlled enterprises,
Water transport Köln (DEA2) (% share of total turnover) (1)
Mining & quarrying NL 51.7 33.5 9.8 14.2 breakdown by country of origin, non-financial business
Rubber & plastics R&D Eszak-Magyarorszag (HU31) economy, average of available countries (%) (1) 0 5 10 15 20 25
AT 54.3 36.5 15.0 23.9
Supp. transport act.; travel agencies Gießen (DE72) Other
Renting PL 16.1 7.6 20.2 19.5
Electrical & optical equipment Market research & polling
PT 21.0 13.1 12.3 32.6 Southern and Eastern (IE02) extra-EU-25
Other non-metallic minerals
Mining & quarrying Freiburg (DE13) Japan 4.9% Germany Architectural & engin.
Manufacturing n.e.c. RO 7.0 3.6 13.2 71.2
Chemicals & man-made fibres 2.3% 16.2%
SI 25.0 18.2 9.6 34.1 Tübingen (DE14) Switzerland Computer services
Textiles & textile products Transport equipment
SK 16.3 7.9 13.3 41.6 Schleswig-Holstein (DEF0) 6.6%
Coke, ref. petrol. prod. & nuclear fuel Electricity, gas & water supply Legal activities (2)
FI 61.3 38.6 12.6 16.8 Alsace (FR42)
Wood & wood products Coke, ref. petrol. prod. & nuclear fuel Technical testing & analysis (2)
SE 56.8 43.0 12.2 23.6 Småland med öarna (SE21)
Air transport Post & telecoms The United
UK 56.4 31.5 20.4 14.8 Zapadne Slovensko (SK02) Business & management consult. (3)
Air transport Kingdom
Water transport NO 115.3 48.4 20.8 26.7 Sør-Østlandet (NO03) The United 11.5% Accounting & auditing
R&D (1) 2004. States
(2) Excluding electricity, gas, steam and hot water supply (Division 40). Micro Small Medium-sized Large (1) The Czech Republic, 2004; Malta, not available.
Leather & leather products 22.8% Advertising
(3) Excluding research and development (Division 73). Source: Eurostat (SBS)
Source: Eurostat (SBS)
Source: Eurostat (SBS) Labour recruitment (2)
SMEs are defined as having 1-249 persons employed; micro enterprises are defined The
Share of value added Apparent labour productivity: value added divided by the number of persons as having 1-9 persons employed; small enterprises are defined as having 10-49
persons employed; medium-sized enterprises are defined as having 50-249 persons
Share of employment employed.
employed; large enterprises are defined as having 250 or more persons employed. 8.3%
Source: Eurostat (SBS) Average personnel costs: personnel costs divided by the number of employees. Intra-EU Extra-EU
(1) Average based on information for: Denmark, Spain, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia
Value added: the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating Gross operating rate: gross operating surplus divided by turnover.
and Sweden (all 2005), Germany, Lithuania, Slovakia, Finland and the United Kingdom
subsidies and indirect taxes. Investment: includes all new and existing tangible capital goods having a useful life
(all 2004), Estonia, Latvia and Poland (all 2003); Denmark, provisional; Poland and
of more than one year including non-produced tangible goods such as land.
Number of persons employed: total number of persons who work in the observation Other Sweden, including estimates.
unit, as well as persons who work outside the unit who belong to it and are paid by it. intra-EU-25 (2) Excluding Portugal.
27.4% (3) Excluding Estonia.
(1) Averages based on information for: Spain, France, Cyprus, Lithuania, Hungary, Por- Source: Eurostat (SBS)
tugal, Romania, Slovakia and Sweden (all 2005), Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia,
Information on enterprise turnover by client enables analyses of the location of
Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands and Slovenia (all 2004), and Austria (2003).
clients; turnover is broken down by residence of client.
Source: Eurostat (SBS)