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2.

5-1

we know that Q = 2N

2N = 65,536

N = 16 bits.

...Ans.

3.

Number of bits per second

= Number of samples/sec. Number of bits/sample

= 15 103 16 = 240 k bits/sec.

Practical sampling rate fs = 44.1 kHz

Number of bits per second = 44.1 16 103 = 705.6k bits/sec.

4.

...Ans.

Ex. 5.15.18 :

A Delta Modulator system operates at 3 times Nyquist rate for signal with 3.3 kHz

bandwidth. The quantisation step is 250 mV. Determine the maximum amplitude of a 1

kHz input sinusoid for which the DM does not show slope overload.

Soln. :

Given :

1.

The condition to avoid the slope overload is

A

Maximum value of A = =

Substituting the values we get,

Amax =

Amax = 0.787

Ex. 5.15.19 :

An audio signal with highest frequency component 3300 Hz is pulse code modulated with

a sampling rate of 8000 samples/sec. The required signal-to-quantisation noise ratio is

40 dB.

1.

2.

3.

Soln. :

Given : fs = 8000 samples/sec. , fm = 3300 Hz.

1.

= 40 dB

To calculate Q and N :

Assuming the input signal to be non sinusoidal we write

S/N = (4.8 + 6 N) dB

40 = 4.8 + 6N

N = 5.86 6

Thus the number of bits per word is 6.

Q = 2N = 26 = 64

...Ans.

...Ans.

5-2

2.

r = N fs = 6 8 103 = 48 kbits/sec.

3.

Transmission bandwidth :

Minimum BW,

Ex. 5.15.20 :

BT = r = 24 kHz.

Delta modulator (DM) gives output pulses + p (t) of p (t). The output of DM is + p (t)

when instantaneous sample is larger than previous sample value and is p(t) when

instantaneous sample is smaller than previous sample value (last sample). The p(t) has

2 microsecond duration and 628 mV amplitude and repeats every 10 microsecond. Plot

the input and output of DM on graph paper one below other to same scale if the input to

DM is 1 Volt sine wave of frequency 10 kHz for one cycle of input wave. What is the

maximum frequency with 1 Volt amplitude that can be used in this system without slope

overload distortion.

Soln.

Part I : To plot the DM signal

The D. M. Signal is as shown in Fig. P. 5.15.20.

Part II : Maximum frequency :

5-3

Given :

A = 1V, fm = 10 kHz,

fs = 1/Ts = 1/10 s = 100 kHz. = 265 mV.

The condition for avoiding the slope overload is

A >

1 =

fmax = 4074.36 Hz

...Ans.

This is the maximum input frequency without introducing any slope overload distortion.

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