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Śrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta, Ādi-līlā 1.

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Māyāpur, March 25, 1975
Prabhupāda:

vande gurūn īśa-bhaktān
īśam īśāvatārakān
tat-prakāśāṁś ca tac-chaktīḥ
kṛṣṇa-caitanya-saṁjñakam
[Cc. Ādi 1.1]
Kṛṣṇa Caitanya is Kṛṣṇa.
That
was
observed
by Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya. He composed one hundred verses
praising
the
glories
of
Lord Caitanya,
but
becauseCaitanya Mahāprabhu was playing the part of a devotee, He
threw away theślokas, because "This is not for Me." That
was Caitanya Mahāprabhu's humbleness. But the devotees know that
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is KṛṣṇaHimself. Śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya rādhākṛṣṇa nahe anya. Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa combination
of
Śrī Caitanya...
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu means Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa combined. In the
beginning
there
is Kṛṣṇa,
and
then Kṛṣṇa divided
into
two, Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa. And then again combined, that is
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
rādhā-kṛṣṇa-praṇaya-vikṛtir hlādinī śaktir asmād
ekātmānāv api (bhuvi purā) deha-bhedaṁ gatau tau
caitanyākhyaṁ prakaṭam adhunā tad-dvayaṁ caikyam āptam...
[Cc. Ādi 1.5]
So the Gosvāmī's siddhānta, that Kṛṣṇa is one. There is no rivalry
with Kṛṣṇa. God is one. Eka-brahma dvitīya nāsti. There cannot be
many Gods. So when God,Kṛṣṇa, wants to enjoy His pleasure potency,
that is Rādhārāṇī. So He manifests Himself, manifests His energy... His
energy and He, there is no difference. Śakti-śaktimator
abhedaḥ. The śāstra says śakti and the śaktimat—means one who
possesses the śakti (śakti means power, potency)—they are equal.
There is no difference. Just like the sun. Sun is the powerful, and the
sunshine is the power. So there is heat in the sun and there is heat also
in the sunshine. There is light in the sun and there is light in the
sunshine also. Therefore qualitatively they are one so far heat and light
is concerned. But the temperature of the sun and the temperature of
the sunshine may be different. May be not. Actually there is difference.

66]. gives us the opportunity to inquire about the Absolute Truth.21].. . Out of His causeless mercy.Tasmād guruṁ prapadyeta jijñāsuḥ śreya uttamam [SB 11.. So that respect is offered to Kṛṣṇa. Sākṣād means directly. People are interested in material engagements and they have created different varieties of engagements." Sarva-dharmān means in the material world we have created so many so-called duties. but he collects the devotional services of the disciples to offer to Kṛṣṇa.. "You give up all material. Yadā yadā hidharmasya glānir bhavati bhārata [Bg. many duties they have created. Sākṣād-dharitvena samastaśāstrair uktaḥ **. the plants." that "ism. We have got the intelligence. So that is described here. He has expanded Himself as gurūn. to inquire about the Supreme Absolute Truth.. athāto brahma jijñāsā. and abheda means nondifferent. respects. That is guru's business. That is all material. the spiritual master. The one is there. 18. But instead of doing that. This is our material disease. bheda means different. Eko bahu syām. 4. (children crying) Stop that children. He descends. internationalism.In all the śāstras. they have created so many "isms. We cannot approach Kṛṣṇa directly. but He has expanded Himself in different way. The whole situation. to guru. This is the process. out of His causeless mercy." That is their misfortune. so. Guru's business is to canvass on behalf of Supreme Lord. So. The guru. vande gurūn.. This human life. Kṛṣṇa-caitanyasaṁjñakam. altruism. nature. and this "ism. nationalism—many. Just like you offer your devotion. That is the injunction of the śāstra. God." philanthropism. Kṛṣṇa. The cats and dogs. the aquatics. The trees. guru is accepted as Kṛṣṇa.7]. they have no intelligence to inquire about the Absolute Truth. Human life is meant for one thing.Acintya means inconceivable. that one should approach the guru who can transfer the service from the disciple to the Supreme Person. engage. Acintyabhedābheda. Then guru creates many devotees. Kṛṣṇa says.. Sociology. Sākṣāddharitvena.This is the basic principle of all philosophies. Therefore the first offering is guru. Kṛṣṇa CaitanyaMahāprabhu.3. communism. he's also Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Glānir. this is glānir... He comes. Real business is athāto brahma jijñāsā. Guru also does not think himself that he is Kṛṣṇa. sarvadharmān parityajya mām ekaṁ śaraṇaṁ vraja [Bg. We should approach through guru.

. Out of that. vande gurūn īśam." Sarvadharmān parityajya mām ekam [Bg. Now for the last. communism. Guru.. We are a small Kṛṣṇa. Therefore. These demons. But on account of our material association. So even upon the request of Kṛṣṇa we do not give up our designation. that.. take to realdharma. because part and parcel of Kṛṣṇa." "I am black"— these are all designations. Just like a gold is covered by dirty. Real Āryan means." "I am Hindu. you are coming all from foreign countries. by various designations. but they are misinterpreting in different ways and diverting the attention of the people most foolishly. very small. Material disease means.. "That is your real business. dirty things. This is our material disease. Kṛṣṇa said. Sarvadharmān parityajya.66]. They are non-Āryans. "I am Indian. And what to speak of now. Ārya means the person who has got godly qualification. except the Pāṇḍavas and few other devotees. but without Kṛṣṇa. in minute quantity... the beasts. So it is the business of the guru to clear up these designations. advanced. Bhagavad-gītā is popular in your country. And these coverings are going on in different names— socialism. sarvadharmān parityajya mām ekaṁ śaraṇaṁ vraja. first offering because he is the agent ofKṛṣṇa. That is their business. but we are also the same quality. 18." "I am Muslim. five or ten years. Going on. everything was presented adulterated. it has become very easy for you to accept it. But Kṛṣṇa does not force. You know. Āryan.. This is our disease. But nobody understood Kṛṣṇa.400. dirty things." "I am white. the Aryans. That is natural. Āryan does not mean godless society. they are preaching Bhagavad-gītā without Kṛṣṇa. Therefore there was no effect.000 forms and species of life. nobody took it seriously. naturally we have got. the civilized men. . Kṛṣṇa wants this.the animals. say. those qualifications are covered now by upādhi. 8. because we are presenting Kṛṣṇa as it is. This is the difficulty. Before this.." "I am American. In the Bhagavad-gītā Kṛṣṇa is the center. we are actually gold." But even Kṛṣṇa. Nobody preaches about Kṛṣṇa.. and nobody practically. at least amongst the scholars and theosophists and theologists.. Nobody says what Kṛṣṇa wants. Because we are part and parcel of God. the qualities of God. the uncivilized man—so many.. Kṛṣṇa does not fail. and this "ism"—so many. So this is going on.. Ārya. But it is covered. They are talking of Bhagavad-gītā. Unadulterated Kṛṣṇa. That is the difference. scholars of Bhagavad-gītā. Similarly. This is the meaning of Āryan. for the last two hundred years at least. Kṛṣṇa said that "You give up all these designative dharma.

His characteristic. So do not adulterate Kṛṣṇa. We have engaged our scientist students. 10. That is the fact. You may be very good scholar or very good politician or this or that. So he is living force.. It is great fortune for you. 1. So Caitanya-caritāmṛta means that living force is a person. na jāyate na mriyate ka dācit. his characteristics are also living force. Then Kṛṣṇa as Kṛṣṇa Caitanya (is) teaching us how to approachKṛṣṇa.So if you push on this movement. Kṛṣṇa. Caitanya means spiritual.. but you'll never understand what is Kṛṣṇa. And that is amṛta. If you want to pollute Kṛṣṇa. said. that living force means na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre[Bg. We can understand living. because living force. We have got experience what is living force and what is dead matter. 2.. And as soon as you adulterate Kṛṣṇa. Therefore we contradict the so-called scientific theory that life has come from chemicals.234]. when we are alive. matter. And to understand Kṛṣṇa. unadulterated Kṛṣṇa. We are trying our best.. and caritameans character. So Caitanya-caritāmṛta means that the supreme living force. 2. They have already. and they are.. and His caritra. one student has already written one small book. I have given instruction to the scientist students. That was also difficult.. Amṛta means not dead matter. living force. Very nice statement by Kṛṣṇa.. Prabhupāda: Yes. the Kṛṣṇa Himself taught. Mṛta means dead. they areamṛta.20]. that is not fact. That is my request. living.8]. It will not be effective. That we have got experience. we can understand what is living force. 7. In the life. No. It will go on. the body is moving. person.Kṛṣṇa.2. What is the heading of that? Devotees: Life Comes From Life.that living force is not finished even after the annihilation of this body. and amṛta means not dead.20]. So by the grace of Kṛṣṇa you have taken the shelter of the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa. And we can . Nāhaṁ prakāśaḥ sarvasya yoga-māyā-samāvṛtaḥ [Bg. The Scientific Basis of Kṛṣṇa Consciousness. Kṛṣṇa will never be revealed to you. These modern so-called scientific theory that life comes from matter.25]. ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo [Bg. And that is further explained by Kṛṣṇa. That is Caitanya-caritāmṛta. Try to understand Kṛṣṇa. this is Caitanya. this aham word is applicable to a person. Aham. And person means living force. That is explained in the Bhagavad-gītā. Sevonmukhe hi jihvādau svayam eva sphuraty adaḥ [Brs. Because our original person. it will not go on. it will go on. Life Comes From Life. Na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre [Bg. and we are going to publish another book. The living force is Kṛṣṇa.

Madhya 6. vairāgyavidyā-śikṣārtham. His devotee. they will understand Kṛṣṇa CaitanyaMahāprabhu. Śrī CaitanyaMahāprabhu's mission is described by Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya. why the body was moving and why the body is not now moving. "Now this living force is gone out of this body. We should always remember. the original Personality of Godhead. So they are all living force. So the guru belongs to that living force. Caitanyasaṁjñakam. The Lord. the followers of Rūpa Gosvāmī. they belong to the spiritual platform. like that. Ādyaṁ Purāṇa-puruṣaḥ. So. Gurūn. I just now forget the verse.. If you follow Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. therefore the body is no longer moving and it is a dead matter. Kṛṣṇa.. that living force. everyone. That personification of all living forces is Kṛṣṇa Caitanya. So this Caitanyacaritāmṛta means we are talking of the living force. SārvabhaumaBhaṭṭācārya. Simply we have to understand. That is mistake. living force. Caitanya means living. not of the dead matter. His representative. īśa. Yes: vairāgya-vidyā-nija-bhakti-yogaśikṣārtham ekaḥ puruṣaḥ purāṇaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-śarīra-dhārī kṛpāmbudhir yas tam ahaṁ prapadye [Cc. Īśa means controller. Rāga means attachment. This false attachment .. That is called vairāgyavidyā. If we simply study this difference of position we can understand what is living force. he understood Him. And one who understands or follows the path enunciated by KṛṣṇaCaitanya Mahāprabhu. śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-śarīradhārī. Purāṇa-puruṣaḥ. It is not very difficult. for them Kṛṣṇa is very easily obtained. Purāṇa-puruṣaḥ. So. Because we are suffering here on account of so many designations. So everyone.. so Śrī Kṛṣṇa CaitanyaMahāprabhu came to purify us from all these nonsense designations. Purāṇa means very old. very old. and all the Gosvāmīs. So Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya. This is calledCaitanya-caritāmṛta. he understood Him. Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Similarly.254] So Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya is the same Kṛṣṇa.understand further when the body does not move—that difference. And Īśa. Purāṇa-puruṣa means Kṛṣṇa.īśa-bhaktān. īśa-bhaktān and īśam.." This is this. Kṛṣṇa Caitanya means the original living force. People mistakeKṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu because by misfortune they understand KṛṣṇaCaitanya as a devotee or just like socalled sādhu or yogi.. Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī. And virāga.

Akṛṣṇa means white. you can become advanced. It is not very difficult. But His complexion is not Kṛṣṇa. very elaborately described.7]. golden avatāra. Everything. So study this Caitanya-caritāmṛta. So. Kṛṣṇa. Blindly or openly. S o if you simply understand... that gurūn. if you simply understand. Kṛṣṇa-varṇam: He belongs to the same category... It is not that because I blindly accept Kṛṣṇa as the Supreme Person. mattaḥ parataraṁ nānyat kiñcid asti dhanañjaya: [Bg. Advanced means at least one should understand that Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. you can. anyone. Tepus tapas te sasnur āryā [SB 3. 7.7] "My dear Arjuna. What is that understanding? That Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. "Kṛṣṇa. So there is no such edition ofCaitanya-caritāmṛta. following the footsteps of our Guru Mahārāja. And therefore He is described in the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam. Because the . Anyone who understandsKṛṣṇa." Mattaḥ parataraṁ nānyat kiñcid astidhanañjaya [Bg. it will act. It can be..5. What is that understanding? Kṛṣṇa says. And so. īśam.33. it doesn't matter. Even if you have accepted Kṛṣṇa blindly. the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This sāṅgopāṅgāstra-pārṣadam is described here.we have to give up. golden. 7.. then you are advanced. Advanced. This is sāṅgopāṅga. But it can be understood by the advanced student. That is the characteristic of ŚrīKṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Akṛṣṇa. it will act.akṛṣṇa. tviṣākṛṣṇaṁ sāṅgopāṅgāstrapārṣadam.īśa-bhaktān. That is practically being manifested by practical life. that Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. either blindly or openly. there is no more superior authority or person or truth than Myself. Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura Prabhupāda. One of the colors was pīta... No. We have written in our Kṛṣṇa book. all Vedic literature. 15. then your study of Vedas— finished. It will act. Because Kṛṣṇa had many colors. Eleventh Canto. how to approach Him. kṛṣṇavarṇaṁ tviṣākṛṣṇam [SB 11. īśāvatārakān tat-prakāśāṁś ca tatchaktiḥ.." If you become convinced.32]. very elaborately described.7]. Because if you touch fire. that will not act. Or He is describing Kṛṣṇaalways.. it will act.15]. they are meant for understanding Kṛṣṇa. Vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyam [Bg. His only business is to describe Kṛṣṇa. If you simply understand these two words. Now we have got this English edition. how to love Kṛṣṇa. These few words.

" then you are advanced student in spiritual life. Just like Kṛṣṇa has many forms. tantras. there may be many gurus. śva means dog. Ṣaṭ-karma-nipuṇo vipro mantra-tantraviśāradaḥ. Śrī Advaita. So śvapaca. But if he does not know what is Kṛṣṇa or if he's not a devotee of Kṛṣṇa. śvapaca. and to approach all these five supreme persons. So there may be thousands of gurus. but the guru's business is to teach the disciple that Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. very expert.. but that does not mean Kṛṣṇa is different.. This is the test . thatKṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead—these few words. ŚrīKṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu. plural number. this is fact. Therefore the guru is offered first the respectful prayers. in Vedic culture. No.even a person is coming from the śvapaca family. He's trying personally. So all these persons associated with Kṛṣṇa.. But one person who is coming from the family of dog-eaters. that many gurus.Ṣaḍ-vaiṣṇavaḥ śvapaco guruḥ. guru. That is the test of guru. all of them. Either you accept in open eyes or blind eyes. and paca means eater or cooker. So therefore guru is first offered. he is very expert in his business. Śrīvāsa. One in this sense. If guru is teaching something else. Advaita Prabhu. On the other side. vandegurūn. Tattva-darśibhiḥ. they are considered to be the lowest of the human beings. Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya. but their philosophy must be one: to teach everyone that Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. And gurūn. and if he's a Vaiṣṇava. So. that "Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. it doesn't matter. Vedic mantras. So therefore guru is very important because he has accepted Kṛṣṇa. that he is very learned. Avaiṣṇavo gurur na sa syāt. if you accept this theory—it is not theory. Gadādhara. But they are not many. So. he has seen the truth. mantra-tantra-viśāradaḥ. That is the test of thebrāhmaṇa. ŚrīNityānanda. immediately. they are trying to help..thing is the same. nonsense. So similarly.. even born in abrāhmaṇa family and very expert in Vedic ritualistic performances. they are all interested how to push on Kṛṣṇa consciousness. Take it from me.. bahu-vacana. they are one.. The dog-eaters. you require the help of guru. Similarly. Kṛṣṇa is one. he cannot become guru. if he's a devotee of Kṛṣṇa.. So ṣaṭ-karma-nipuṇo vipro mantra-tantraviśāradaḥ. A brāhmaṇa. then he is not guru. they are one. then you are advanced student. And Nityānanda Prabhu. Viśārada. that simply this conviction. gurutattva. the Supreme Personality of Godhead. he can become guru.. Gurur na sa syāt. and Gadādhara and Śrīvāsa. he cannot become guru if he does not understand Kṛṣṇa.

Then we shall describe later on." This is sign of guru. but he canvasses door to door to induce that "You become devotee of Kṛṣṇa. Īśa-bhaktān. Vande gurūnīśa-bhaktān. (end) .of guru. Thank you very much. Guru does not become Kṛṣṇa himself.