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Acknowledgement

The team would like to thank wholeheartedly the following persons who had given much
of their helping hand:
I would like to thank our families for giving us strength, guidance, and support for our
research. We appreciate their love and care.
To Mr. Jeffrey Policarpio for assisting, critiquing and making this research possible.
To Ms. Princeville Lanza, our research adviser, for giving us knowledge and guidance for
our research.
To Mr. Jose Juan Presingular V, for giving us guidance for our preliminary defense.
To our subject teachers, for understanding us and lending our time to finish our research.
To our classmates, for helping and supporting us even in every little way.
Lastly, to God, for we owe and thank him for everything. This is all for You, for we are
discovering and improving Your creations.

maintain soil level. namely container A and container B. these containers differ in size and container B will receive a home-made insecticide. and provide seed oil. Potassium deficiency might cause abnormalities in plants. whereas there are two containers. only a little area of this urban place is plant-able. This is a problem. the pigment responsible for the color of the leaves. The group conducted a preliminary experimentation. Knowing this. and Potassium are the primary needs of plants. With the same amount of peanut shells. The chlorophyll. being present both in the atmosphere and in land. for there is only a little number of plants which provide fresh air and counter the smog the vehicles produce. is essential for building up the plant tissue and cell materials. Commercial soils are sold and put inside pots so people can grow their plants. Another one is the Potassium – which is required the large amounts for proper growth and reproduction of plants. also needs Nitrogen to carry out its function. . Sulfur is another element that plants need. Sulfur. which contains a piece of red bird’s eye chili pepper (Labuyo) in a 75 ml water and put inside a spray bottle (this was to prove if the substitute soil would grow molds or will be attacked by insects). It is commonly considered as the quality nutrient. The Metro Manila is covered with asphalted and cemented sidewalks and roads. banana peelings and water. It helps plants to lessen the sodium level in plants.ABSTRACT Nitrogen. but not all people can afford this soil. Nitrogen.

which is the commercial soil. these can be used as a compost or a fertilizer that boosts plant growth.The researchers will the T-test method to determine the effectiveness of the substitute soil by means of comparing the number of leaves and the length of the stem to another set-up. Luckily. Commercial soils are sold and put inside pots so people can grow their plants. Chapter I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND A. Sulfur. Banana peelings and peanuts are a waste – a part of plant which cannot be eaten. is essential for building up the plant tissue and cell materials. being present both in the atmosphere and in land. and Potassium are the primary needs of plants. The chlorophyll. It helps plants to lessen the sodium level in plants. and provide seed oil. Another one is the Potassium – which is required the large amounts for proper growth and reproduction of plants. for there is only a little number of plants which provide fresh air and counter the smog the vehicles produce. Potassium deficiency might cause abnormalities in plants. Sulfur is another element that plants need. Nitrogen. The Metro Manila is covered with asphalted and cemented sidewalks and roads. the pigment responsible for the color of the leaves. . It is commonly considered as the quality nutrient. maintain soil level. also needs Nitrogen to carry out its function. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nitrogen. This is a problem. only a little area of this urban place is plant-able. Knowing this. but not all people can afford this soil.

banana peelings and peanut shells can be planted. . even without the presence of soil.There are no studies conducted. but hypothetically.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The study is conducted whether the substitute soil will not be as effective. Some people with green thumbs have to buy commercial and plant-able soils. which hinders our capability to plant. Number of leaves produced? b. D. How will the substitute soil affect the plant. undeniably. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The problem is in urban places like in Metro Manila. Length of the stems produced? C. Is the substitute soil as effective as the commercial soil? 2. or more effective that commercial soil. The study focuses on the effectiveness of the substitute soil so people in urban places can access and can grow their plants. HYPOTHESES H: The substitute soil is as effective as or more effective than commercial soil. Ho: The substitute soil is not as effective as commercial soil. soil is limited. But this soil is. which they put in pots then grow whatever plants they want to grow.B. as effective. Almost the whole place is covered with cemented and asphalted roads. in terms of: a. expensive and much harder to access. . The study attempts to answer the following questions: 1.

the compound by which plants use sunlight energy to produce sugars from water and carbon dioxide. structural.E. Sulfur is another primary element needed by plants. The problem is only limited in determining the effectiveness of the substitute soil. Nitrogen is an important component of many important. and helps maintain soil levels. Potassium deficiency might cause abnormalities in plants. the genetic material that allows cells (and eventually the whole plant) to grow and reproduce. it can be readily used by plants. Each set-up will receive the same amount of elements (water. It also assists the seed oil production. one container with the substitute soil and another with a commercial soil. 2. 3. F. air & sunlight) needed for plant growth. Sulfur Found mostly near and in volcanoes. It is commonly considered as the quality nutrient. genetic and metabolic compounds in plant cells. DEFINITION OF TERMS Nitrogen Though nitrogen is abundant in the air. Finally. Potassium Required the large amounts for proper growth and reproduction of plants. nitrogen is a significant component of nucleic acids such as DNA. . It is a major component of chlorophyll. It helps lessen the plants sodium content. The experimentation will only employ two set-ups wherein monggo seeds are planted in a container. SCOPE AND DELIMITATIONS 1.

but in the experiment. These were usually used for fertilizer. Peanut Shells Peanut shells behave like wood shavings. . Substitute soil This is the soil that is composed of banana peelings and peanuts shells which will be used as a replacement for a commercial soil. It possess certain nutrients. one of the primary needs of plants. it will be used as a substitute soil. like Sulfur and Nitrogen. which are essential for plants.Banana peelings Banana peelings have a high concentration of Potassium.

. But this soil is. Banana peelings have a high concentration of Potassium (K). expensive and much harder to access. which are used for sandwich filling. which hinders our capability to plant. and sometimes called the “vegetarian’s meat” for it is also a good source of protein. Almost the whole place is covered with cemented and asphalted roads. Here in the Philippines. such as peanut shells and banana peelings. The banana peelings and peanuts shells can be used as an alternative soil. which they put in pots then grow whatever plants they want to grow. those three elements are the most essential nutrients needed by plants. They are made into several types of products. Peanuts are a good source of nitrogen and. while peanut shells possess Sulfur (S) and Nitrogen (N). It is essential for humans. The problem is in urban places like in Metro Manila. whereas it can provide the three essential nutrients without the presence of the soil. These plants leave wastes. Reusing these waste will drastically decrease the spaces in landfills. is an example. Some people with green thumbs have to buy commercial and plant-able soils. These plants are fast-growing and easy to cultivate. for it is a good source of potassium our body needs. soil is limited. undeniably. banana is cultivated widespread – so widespread that the country exports it on other countries including Japan and some parts in Europe. But these can be used as a compost – a fertilizer to boost plant’s growth. Using it as a substitute will eradicate the need of people in urban areas to access commercial soil.Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Banana is a very popular fruit. Peanut butter.

structural. one of the primary needs of plants. It possess certain nutrients. Peanut Shells Peanut shells behave like wood shavings. and helps maintain soil levels. Banana peelings Banana peelings have a high concentration of Potassium. Potassium Required the large amounts for proper growth and reproduction of plants. Potassium deficiency might cause abnormalities in plants. It helps lessen the plants sodium content. it will be used as a substitute soil. . It also assists the seed oil production. Sulfur Found mostly near and in volcanoes. but in the experiment. Finally. it can be readily used by plants. the genetic material that allows cells (and eventually the whole plant) to grow and reproduce. the compound by which plants use sunlight energy to produce sugars from water and carbon dioxide. It is a major component of chlorophyll. which are essential for plants. These were usually used for fertilizer. Sulfur is another primary element needed by plants. nitrogen is a significant component of nucleic acids such as DNA. Nitrogen is an important component of many important. like Sulfur and Nitrogen.The following terms will help you understand the components of the substitute soil: Nitrogen Though nitrogen is abundant in the air. It is commonly considered as the quality nutrient. genetic and metabolic compounds in plant cells.

Procedures The group conducted a preliminary experimentation.Chapter III METHODOLOGY A. Plants are measured on Sunday. The amount of banana peelings and peanut shells was also stressed in the conducted experiment. Research Design The experimental design will be used in the study. but only when they are dry. B. which contains a piece of red bird’s eye chili pepper (Labuyo) in a 75 ml water and put inside a spray bottle (this was to prove if the substitute soil would grow molds or will be attacked by insects). In addition. All set-ups were exposed to sunlight and were given 3 cups of water. namely container A and container B. The researchers observed each set-up for a week (October 5 – October 9). The descriptive method will be used in the research work. With the same amount of peanut shells. the study will involve the feasibility of a certain plant to grow on this substitute soil. banana peelings and water. The principal aim is to know whether the substitute soil will be an effective replacement for a commercial soil. . Identifying the effects of this experiment to plants is significant. these containers differ in size and container B will receive a home-made insecticide. whereas there are two containers.

Statistical treatment of data The researchers will the T-test method to determine the effectiveness of the substitute soil by means of comparing the number of leaves and the length of the stem to another set-up. air and sunlight. The constant variables were the amount of water.C. D. and the amount of commercial soil to be used. While the dependent variables are the length of the plant and the number of its leaves. . which is the commercial soil. Variables used in the experiment The independent variables are the amount of banana peelings and peanuts shells.

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