You are on page 1of 12

6th Biomass Asia Workshop, Hiroshima Japan, November 18-20, 2009

Utilization of Palm Wastes
for Biodiesel

2009. 11. 19

Jin-Suk Lee
Korea Institute of Energy Research

2009 What is Biodiesel? Vegetable oil Biodiesel Base Catalyst Biodiesel is the important green diesel fuel from all vegetable oils . Hiroshima Japan. November 18-20.6th Biomass Asia Workshop.

2009 Bi di Biodiesel lO Outlook tl k Korea W ld World . Hiroshima Japan. November 18-20.6th Biomass Asia Workshop.

2009 Edibel Feedstocks for Biodiesel? Edible Feedstocks (Rapeseed.6th Biomass Asia Workshop. Hiroshima Japan. Soybean and Others) 120 x 106 KL 100 80 60 40 Ethanol Biodiesel 20 0 1970 1980 1990 Fuel 2000 2010 2020 Food . November 18-20.

% Waste Palm oil > 10 Palm sludge oil 30~70 Palm distillate > 90 Potential amount. November 18-20. Hiroshima Japan.6th Biomass Asia Workshop.5 x 106 . ton/yr 1. 2009 Palm Oil Wastes Plantation Farms Abandoned Palm Fruits due to High Free Fatty Acids (FFA) From Oil Refining CPO Palm sludge oil (PSO) RBD Palm distillate Characteristics of Palm Oil Wastes Waste fats FFA content.

5hr h > 4hr h Catalysts NaOCH3. Hiroshima Japan.How handle the high free fatty acids in palm oil waste? .Waste generation including low grade glycerine with homogeneo s catal homogeneous catalyst st .6th Biomass Asia Workshop. NaOH H2SO4 R&D Issues on biodiesel from palm oil wastes . KOH. 2009 Commercial Biodiesel Catalysts Base catalyst y Acid catalyst y Feedstock Refined oil Waste fats (high free fatty acid) Reaction condition < 100oC < 5 atm 200-300oC 50-80 atm Reaction i Time i < 0. November 18-20.

6th Biomass Asia Workshop. November 18-20. 2009 General Scheme for Biodiesel Production from Waste Fats Triglycerides in Waste fats Step 2 Alcohol (Methanol/ Ethanol) Transesterification (Base Catalyst) Biodiesel: Fatty Acid (M)ethyl Esters f om nat from natural al origin o igin Step 1 Alcohol Al h l (Methanol/ Ethanol) Esterification (Acid Catalyst) F tt Acids Fatty A id in i Waste W t Fats F t . Hiroshima Japan.

Hiroshima Japan.6th Biomass Asia Workshop. 2009 MFS T Technology h l b by S Solid lid C Catalyst t l t . November 18-20.

2009 Performance of the Process (Biodiesel purity) BD Concen B ntration (% %) .8 98.2 99 98 8 98. Hiroshima Japan. November 18-20.2 98 97.6 98.8 99.4 98.6th Biomass Asia Workshop.Final biodiesel concentration in product is expected over 98 % 99.6 99.High conversion is achieved in the process in all range of fatty acid content in CPO even 100 % of fatty acid .8 2 4 10 20 30 50 100 150 Aci d val ue of V egetabl e oi l ( Feeds tock) 200 .4 99.

2009 Durability of Catalyst . 4 – 15) Conver s i on Aci d Val ue 3 2. 5 90 80 2 70 1. November 18-20. 5 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 P eriod  (d (d ay) Acid Value C onvers iion (%) 100 .Catalytic activity is maintained for a long period with high yield . Hiroshima Japan.6th Biomass Asia Workshop. while acid value is got around 1 (Initial AV .Conversion of 1st step reaction is reached about 95 %. 5 60 50 1 40 30 0.

h l utilization ili i of palm oil wastes may be another important component for Palm Refinery • An innovative biodiesel p process for p palm oil wastes needs to be developed • The process employing solid catalyst is a promising option . Hiroshima Japan. November 18-20. 2009 Summary • Like ik the h palm l cellulosic ll l i wastes for f ethanol.6th Biomass Asia Workshop.

November 18-20. Hiroshima Japan.6th Biomass Asia Workshop. 2009 Thank you! y .