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HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing

University of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire Business School
Centre for Academic Skills Enhancement (CASE)

CASE Harvard Referencing Guide
This guide has been produced by CASE Academic Advisers to promote accurate Harvard referencing in
the Hertfordshire Business School (HBS). Harvard referencing style has many varieties. This version has
been developed to ensure conformity with the basic Harvard referencing conventions and in relation to
feedback from HBS lecturers and students.
Accurate referencing is ESSENTIAL because:
1) Your work must be ‘evidenced' with references to appropriate academic theory and practitioner
experience.
2) Your reader must be able to see which ideas and words are your own and which are not.
3) Your lecturer must be able to check your sources and see which ones you have used to support your
assertions.
4) Your lecturer needs to see if you have read and understood course material and how you have used
the work of others to develop your own ideas.
5) Other readers might want to find and read some of the sources you have used.
6) If you do not reference, you might be accused of stealing the work/ideas of others - this is plagiarism.

Revised: 20/07/15.

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© HBS CASE, 2015.

HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing

You should note that Harvard is a modern ‘author-date’ referencing system and should not be used in the same
document with the older numerical /footnote systems that use numbers in the text and corresponding footnotes.
The Harvard referencing system requires referencing in two places in your work. First, you must give a
partial reference within your work (referred to as an in-text citation or reference) and secondly, you must
give a full reference in a final list of references.

BASIC ORDER OF INFORMATION AND FORMAT FOR HARVARD
In-text
citation

REFERENCING

Author/s surname/s (Year)…. or …..(Author/s surname/s, Year).
e.g., Smith (2015) suggests that…
or
It has been suggested (Smith, 2015) that…

List of
referenc
es

Author/s surname/s, initials. (Year) Title. Place of publication:
Publisher.
e.g., Smith, J. (2015) Business Studies. London. Pearson.

You can reference ANY sources using Harvard - the rule is to always use the basic order of information given
above. If you do not have any part of this information, you will have to leave it out and indicate that you do not
have it. However, this should happen only rarely: you should always know who the author is, even if it is a
corporate author rather than a specific person. For all your sources you should make sure you know the
answers to the following questions:



WHO WROTE THE WORK?
WHEN DID THEY WRITE IT?
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE WORK?
WHERE CAN IT BE FOUND?

Citing and Quoting

‘Citing’ means referring to an author’s work; this acts as your supporting evidence. ‘Quoting’ means using the
author’s exact words in your writing. Generally, quoting is not recommended, but an example is given in this
guide of how to correctly quote using the Harvard system.
Key points for in-text citations

If you use the author as the subject of your sentence, put only the year in brackets.
e.g. Fisher (2004) suggests that motivation research should establish the personal constructs of employees.
If the author is not the subject or your sentence, put both the author and year in brackets with a comma to
separate the two elements, and a full-stop outside the brackets to finish the whole sentence.
e.g. When researching employee motivation, personal constructs should be investigated (Fisher, 2004).

Primary and secondary sources
A primary source is the original source of information, e.g. the original experiment or report. A secondary source
is when primary information is used or cited by another author. Ideally you should try to consult primary sources.
Whether you use a primary or secondary source, the golden rule is to make clear which source you have
actually read. If you use a secondary source, you must therefore use the phrase ‘cited in’ in your citation and
Revised: 20/07/15.

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© HBS CASE, 2015.

The important thing is to be consistent. for example. (2015) Study skills for Chinese students. & Du. Junior. In the reference list. In Journals . M.’ for one page and ‘pp.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing references. unless it is the first word in the title. and they are similar in that they both use the Harvard system and have full references. ‘in’ is used to indicate a chapter or article within a book and ‘cited in’ is used to indicate when one author is citing another.) should not be included but generational titles and Roman numerals in name titles are included (e. e. as long as the referencing is consistent in style. except in journals. 3 © HBS CASE. e.g. after consultations with many subject staff over many years. but. followed by their initials only (not full first names). magazine and newspaper titles.g. not words such as and.g.g. pp..page numbers appear as the final item of the citation. Dr. London: Sage. e. Brown (2010) suggests that… Difference between a list of References and a Bibliography Your lecturer may ask you to give either or both of these at the end of your assignment. and also full-stops to separate the main information elements. In this case. However. Bibliography = all the books and other sources of information that you have used as background reading for your assignment but have not used explicitly and so not cited in your work.g. case studies. Students and lecturers should not be overly concerned with small variations in punctuation styles. even within this university. only include items that you think provide useful information for the reader. Academic /professional titles (e. The generally accepted conventions are: Author or authors’ names Use the author’s surname/family/given name. 2015. Revised: 20/07/15. apart from a book’s place of publication and publisher. X.1112.g. book chapters and journal articles. The style used in the examples below is recommended for HBS. Courtney. the. followed by a full stop.g. listed in alphabetical order of the author(s) surname(s). use the abbreviation ‘p.’ for a page range. Page numbering Books . Do not make a long bibliography to impress. some tutors may require page numbers for certain types of writing. which requires a colon: e. Use of present tense to show attribution As a general rule use the present tense. Punctuation and format for your list of References Harvard has no one true style of punctuation and it is not prescriptive about punctuation. capitalise only content words. (Smith. However. you can use a colon to preface the page number. Separating information elements Use a full-stop after author initials.g. so you will see variations between different publishers and researchers. because the concept(s) referred to by the author(s) were current when the source was originally published. a list of references is NOT the same as a bibliography in terms of which sources you include: References = a list of all the sources you have actually used and cited in your work. The HBS CASE system uses the italics method for article and book titles. where the name of the journal is italicised and the article title is put in single inverted commas. e.page numbers are not usually needed in the final list of references. e. Note that for HBS Harvard referencing. but you should not underline and italicise. Titles of work For books. even when the reference is not a current one. The New Way To Do Business (X) The new way to do business () For journal. Senior. . keep the capitalisation as it appears in the publication. 2014:33). and slightly different conventions. George V). Some forms of Harvard underline the title.

or the abbreviations op. Do not include a reference in-text which is not in the final reference list. Usually. Check with your lecturer if you are unsure about their requirements for small points of style or format 2. Both the list of references and bibliography must be arranged alphabetically. Always note the full details of any source you read. 3. 8. year]. If there is more than one reference to the same author and year. e. (2015b) 13. and vice versa. 7. you should always be able to find a responsibility for the information. etc. month and year that you accessed the web source. inverted commas and full stops) for the different types of sources (e.’ intext. Do not use numbering. e. and chronologically for several entries by the same author. books and journals). Also. Mixed systems. separated by semicolons. 15. No author? Usually. Multiple references. If your source is an electronic version rather than a paper copy. according to author’s surname. paraphrase. 14. Other key points to remember 1.Calvin Thomas (Both names could be first names). latest entry first. Enclose any brief phrase associated with the reference within parentheses.). using the same style and format throughout your work.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Note: there is no full stop after the publication year in brackets. ordered chronologically by date. 2015.g. T. in both the in-text citation and in the references list. Punctuation. and give the Available at: URL (uniform resource locator) and the date you accessed the website. instead of the first name(s) in full (e. is an abbreviation for et alia (and others). joined by ‘and’. Full forms.: Mintel. 6. latest first (Bryant. use the name of the magazine. journals and newspapers are put in italics. cit. giving the day. 5. and not their first name. Take care to use the correct punctuation. Large numbers of authors. Variations.g. 2015. or loc. cit. insert a. First name initials should be used in the list of references. spacing and format (e. If more. 4. Sources that you have not used or cited explicitly in your work should go in a separate bibliography. McCauley. A series of references can be enclosed within a single pair of parentheses (brackets). Bryant. italics. newspaper or sponsoring organisation. Do not mix HBS Harvard with other referencing systems. use ‘et al. (2015a) Mintel. if three or more authors. Two places. endnotes. . summarise or quote as you do your reading and note-making rather than wait until you come to write your list of references. you need to include: [Online] to show that you read it online instead of a hard copy. Note the punctuation: there is usually no capitalisation and only one stop after al. give both names. for repeated in-text citations. several researchers have claimed this (see Fisher.g. 11. HBS Harvard referencing does not use the Latin abbreviation ibid. 2004: 151). Revised: 20/07/15. Alphabetically. For apparently authorless articles or studies.g. 2014. The key point is that you should be consistent. e. footnotes. journal. Series of in-text references. and not the title of the article. 10. and differences in what individual lecturers want. [Accessed: date month. 2012) and alphabetically by author surnames in the references list. then list the first three authors and represent the rest by ‘et al. Check that you are using the author’s correct surname. Sometimes it is easy to mistake family names for first names. Examples. Smith et al. e. 4 © HBS CASE. 12.g. Where there are two authors. First names and surnames.’ rather than write them out in full. The titles of books. It is used in formal writing to avoid a long list of names.g. (2014). Courtney. The titles of articles within journals are put in inverted commas. Bibliographies.g. You will find variations of Harvard referencing in course books. 9. b. et al. Electronic.et al. the convention is that up to six authors may be listed in a final reference list. Check that you have referenced all the sources you have used in two places: in-text and in your list of references.

When two references share the same surname. If you are referring to an author cited by another author in a ‘secondary’ reference. T. It is better style to use the full word ‘and’ rather than abbreviations. are listed under D and V respectively. C. and C.06. G. Only capitalise the first letter of each author’s last name and each first name initial.g. Revised: 20/07/15. As long as you are consistent. Green (2015) Business Organisation. Surnames. Pearson.. .g. (2003)…) 21. UPPER CASE. Put the edition of the book after the title of the book (e. It gives examples of both intext and final references for a wide variety of common information sources. (2003) before Brown W. (2014)) When references contain two or more authors sharing the same surnames. 2012). 27. Pearson. 17.g. De la. 2010. & / and. Dates. G.2015 or 30. 18. (2009) before Brown. No need to reference.. T. G. van.. 5 © HBS CASE. contact a CASE academic adviser for guidance. F. Start with the oldest publication (Bryant..  Information drawn from a variety of sources to summarise what has happened over a period of time and when the summary is unlikely to be a cause of dispute or controversy. Note that edn is not normally capitalised. Smith. Same author. and Green. 19. etc.) (if the edition is available). there is one exception: when referencing academic journals.. Hughes J. Italics. 20. there should be no new references in a conclusion. Normally. 2015. 24. It is a convention used by some author date systems. 28. von. Citations from personal communications are usually only included in the text and not in the final reference list.g. the first letters of all main words in the title of a journal and all first letters of a place name and publisher. You must be consistent. separate the dates with a comma. London. Personal communications. use the phrase ‘cited in’ rather than just ‘in’. If you have to reference other types of information sources. any of the forms below are acceptable: 30th June 2015 or 30.  When synthesising information that you have introduced and referenced earlier in the assignment. etc. Be careful that you do not ‘over-reference’. and the title of the article is put in inverted commas. If two or more references by the same author are cited together. Edition numbers. It is common practice with Harvard to emphasise the title of the work by using italics. 2nd edn.  When stating or summarising generally undisputed ‘correspondence’ facts (e. and you cannot follow an example here. and Lewis S. Resist the temptation to capitalise everything in a title. they should be positioned in the list of references in date order (e... Brown W. London. There is no need to reverse the order of the last author’s name in a multi author reference. Brown. for example: Internet shopping has now become a major form of consumerism in the UK. Last author. Kent T. reference in alphabetical order according to the second author’s name (e. the title of the journal is put into italics. However.6. e. particularly in conclusions and recommendations. Smith. 2011. These are some areas of your assignment writing which will not require a reference. Also capitalise the first letter of the publication title written in italics.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 16. Brown. (2015) Business Organisation. √ Brown. However.g. it is your responsibility to make this judgement. Names should be in upper and lower case and not completely in upper case. 26. Cited in. The following list of examples is not meant to be complete. Same surname. 25. Surnames containing de. but is not mandatory in Harvard.15. Capitalisation. and Kent T. 22. 23. De. Von. Van. or create your own reference in the correct Harvard information sequence. London is the capital city of the UK) circulating freely in the public domain and when there is unlikely to be any significant public disagreement.

HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Revised: 20/07/15. 6 © HBS CASE. . 2015.

............................................. blogs.........................................................................12 19 Author citing another author in an electronic newspaper........................................................................................................................... Tumblr................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................g....................................................................................................................................................................................................................)........20 52 Full conference proceedings – referencing a specific talk within a conference (hardcopy)..............................13 24 Online images (e...........................................21 60 Exhibition Guides / Catalogues....................................................................................................................13 25 YouTube Videos (uploaded by self).......................................................................................................16 Other Sources.................................................................g....g.............................................................g........................................20 51 Full conference proceedings (hardcopy)............11 18 Using an acronym to reference a website................................................................10 13 Information database (citing a report – author unknown.............................................................................................................................................................................17 38 No date (n....)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Mintel).......................................... Studynet site..........22 62 Television............................................................................................................10 14 e-Journal................................................................................................................22 63 Radio.......................................11 16 Organisation website......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... iTunesU).......published on the Internet......................................................................................... PowerPoint slides................................................16 33 UK Government statutes (post 1963)..............................................................................................................................23 65 Quoting other students............................................................... etc............................................8 Journals (hard copies)......................................... Weibo................22 64 Quotations.............................................................................................................................................................................21 58 Translation (by a student............19 47 Podcast (e..................................12 22 Virtual learning environments (e............................................. DVD........19 48 Research Reports.................................................................................................................... Emerald etc........................................... dictionary....g..........................................................................................................20 55 In-house Publications (hard copy).....................................................................14 28 iTunesU.................................................................10 11 e-Book......................................................g.............................................................................................................18 44 Lecture Notes (e.......................15 Government and Legal sources.......................8 6 Primary source/Seminal work/Reprints/Abridged editions.........................18 41 Newspaper or Magazine Article ............................................................................................................14 29 Social networking sites (i...............................................................................................................................................................................................................g............................................................................................................................................................................... LinkedIn..................................9 9 Author citing another author.......................................17 39 Page numbers and chapters........................22 61 Tables and Figures..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................g..........13 23 Conference proceedings ...............................................................16 32 Government / EU publications...............................................................7 2 Two authors.........14 26 YouTube Videos (uploaded on behalf of someone else)............................ 7 © HBS CASE.................................... diagrams........................................................................................... ........................... magazine or newsletter........................................................ Lucy Zhao)........................................................................................................................................................unspecified author (hard copy).............................................................................................................................................................21 56 Thesis / Dissertation.........9 Electronic / Online Sources........................................16 36 Case Law...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 4 Edited book/Chapters of a book...............................................................15 31 LinkedIn................21 57 Translation (by a translator).............................................................................................................. photos......... encyclopaedia) (hard copy).........................................................................specified author (hard copy)............................................................9 8 Two authors................................... Internet forums...............................................................................................................................................................................10 15 Website page ..............................................).......................................................................18 43 Corporate Author (hardcopy).........................................................................g.................................................................................................................................................................. wikis.................................. magazine or newsletter – unspecified author.............................................................................18 45 Personal email/Skype communication.............................................................. drawings............................................7 3 Several authors........................................................................................................................................12 21 Bulletin boards.............................................. Business Source Complete..................................................................d........................................................................................................HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Table of Contents 1 One author..............................................................................16 35 National Archives (Crown copyright).........................................................................................)................ StudyNet)...........11 17 Multiple references to the same website.......................... etc...........................................................................................e.author known.............. e..........................................18 42 Reference material (e............................................................................14 27 Social media sites (e....................................................17 40 Newspaper or Magazine Article .....................................................................................................................................10 12 Information database (e.......9 10 Two articles by same author in same year.............................................20 54 Research reports.....................................20 53 Referencing a guest speaker.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Facebook.................................................................................................................................................................................. Video film)...........................................21 59 Encyclopaedias and Wikipedia................................................... iTunesU......................................................................9 7 One author...........................17 37 No author (Anon).............................19 50 Film (e...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................23 Revised: 20/07/15.......... lecture hand-outs).................................................... 2015....................................... etc......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... iPlayer............................. etc...................................................................19 49 CD-ROM.....................................................15 30 Facebook (Company or Group page).......................12 20 Electronic newspaper.............................................................................................................16 34 Legislation..........................................g..................................................19 46 Unpublished research interviews..........................................................................................).....................................................7 5 More than one book by the same author in the same year................................... e............................................................................Twitter........... graphs.....................................................................................................................................

...... and Javidan.... Note: These are books which consist of separate chapters by different authors. M. Oxford: Elsevier. with brackets. Quinn........ References Soscia......’ or ‘eds’.... H... 8 © HBS CASE......... I. Note: only use ‘et al.. Revised: 20/07/15.... put together by an editor(s)... London: Sage... is from the Latin phrase ‘et alia’ meaning ‘and others’ and as al..... X. Lampel....g. consumption behaviour is an important area for marketing research. the term ‘globalisation’ has many definitions. M.. (eds. contexts........... (2014) Study skills for Chinese students. R.. Note: Indicate the editors with the abbreviation ‘ed.... 2nd European edn.. cases. 2 Two authors In-text citation Courtney and Du (2014) stress the universal aspects of academic skills requirements. (2003) discuss the issue in detail... (2003) The Strategy Process: Concepts... J. Hitt.... and Ghoshal.. 2nd edn) if a book has several reprints...HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 66 Works in other languages.. M.... Note also that the title of the chapter is put in inverted commas. cited in Javidan et al. (2007) ‘Leading with a global mindset’.B. Et al.lower case....... J. In Javidan.. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. and Du...23 Books (hard copies) 1 One author In-text citation As Soscia (2013) suggests. S... 2015. You need to reference both the chapter author(s) and the editor(s). and the title of the book is put in italics. A.. and Steers........... M. 4 Edited book/Chapters of a book In-text citation As Beechler and Javidan (2007....’ if there are three or more authors... Harlow: Pearson Education/Prentice Hall. 2007) suggest........ Note: It is important to include the edition number (e.......... ..... (2013) Emotions and Consumption Behaviour..... References Mintzberg.......... S... References Courtney.... References Beechler. is an abbreviation..... it needs a full-stop..... 3 Several authors In-text citation Mintzberg et al..... ) (2007) Advances in International Management: The Global Mindset.

J. (2008) Oxford: OUP. Vol. McLellan. Note: use ‘a’ and ‘b’ if there is more than one reference to the same author in the same year 6 Primary source/Seminal work/Reprints/Abridged editions In-text citation Marx (1867) produced one of the most globally influential denunciations of mid-Victorian capitalist society. 2015. References Marx. In the example above. Stevens.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 5 More than one book by the same author in the same year In-text citation As Stevens suggests (2008a and 2008b). D. (2008b) The Online Market Place. Revised: 20/07/15. (1867) Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. References Stevens. New York: Randall. J. London: Sage. . The Process of Capitalist Production. 9 © HBS CASE.e-commerce business models must include the realisation that initially. It has also proved to be one of the most influential works in the social sciences in the twentieth century and did for social science what Darwin had done for biology. K. you need to insert all relevant information. using the ‘cited in’ convention. However. the original work has been abridged (shortened) by a later author. I. (2008a) E-commerce: The Future of Selling. Note: You will usually refer to ‘seminal’ (strongly influential) works from secondary sources. transaction security is more important than market exposure. Abridged edn. if you want to consult primary sources (this is always recommended).

References O'Hara. (1992a) 'Barter and hierarchy in Northern Kenya'. 2006) but these multiple source references are not common. 12(2) pp. if you do not have the referencing details for Javier and Corcoran in the example above. (2005) 'Management Accounting for Global Growth'. 2015. it is acceptable to only reference the work that you have seen. 18-26. (2007) 'Making Market Microstructure Matter'. G. M. Cited in Javier and Corcoran. Ethnography Today. W. If Javier and Corcoran had also cited an author (Author X). Using ‘Cited in’ shows that the journal article you have actually read was that written by Poole and Corcoran. pp indicates the page range of the article within the journal. 2002). However. R. Nairobi. the title of the article is put in inverted commas. 2005. 8 Two authors In-text citation Differing perceptions of organisational fairness provide grounds for resistant behaviour (Folger and Starbuck. 10 © HBS CASE. References Bryant. in which case the final reference list entry would only be for Poole and Roose. FIRCAN. 33(10) pp. Journal of Organisational Change Management. 9 Author citing another author In-text citation Current levels of competition demand that companies consider new ways of organising their accounting systems (Javier et al. Bryant. A. 15 November. cited in Poole et al. 7 One author In-text citation As O'Hara's survey (2007) shows marketing microstructures are not well understood. and Starbuck. References Javier. (2002) 'Constraints on Change'. your in text reference entry would be Author X (Year.. T. there's money'. T. 2(3) pp. pp. References Folger. Cited in Poole.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Journals (hard copies) Note: Only the title of the journal is put in italics. (1992b) 'Where there's blood. and Roose. Proceedings of the First International Research Conference on African Nomads.) (2006) Journal of Business Finance and Accounting. Cited in Poole and Roose. Financial Management.140-143. and Corcoran. 3445. M. 10 Two articles by same author in same year In-text citation Bryant's research studies (1992a and 1992b) of the Samburu economy in Northern Kenya remain seminal works. 2006.. 12-27. 28(2) summer. . 25-48. Note: Your reference list should contain complete details of ALL sources. However. Note: 28 indicates the volume number and 2 indicates the edition number in that year. 83-91. Revised: 20/07/15. (eds. D. M. 12(1) pp. pp. Financial Management. 2005. 2006).

Available at: http://academic. (2014) ‘The effect of supply chain knowledge spill-overs on audit pricing’. Journal of Management Accounting Research. 2015]. J. if there is no hard copy of the book. (2014) suggest that these effects are difficult to quantify.) In-text citation Macedo (2015) examines new ways of designing the structure of a manufacturing system. (2005) Critical Thinking – a concise guide.com/bsi/detail? vid=3&sid=0fbf2357-f08d-4e64-bc0c-8b67deddc4ca%40sessionmgr114&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9YnNpLWxpdmU %3d#d [ Accessed: 27 June.C. 356-378. e. However. Emerald etc.com/display/698082/ [Accessed: 25 June. 2015. J. 2015].HERTS. . Mintel.. 45(17) pp. 13 Information database (citing a report – author unknown.ebscohost. and Kemp. 2nd edn. International Journal of Production Research.b. 2015].mintel. H. References Chen. (2015) ‘Unified structural procedural approach for designing integrated manufacturing systems’. 26(1) pp.com/EBLWeb/patron/?target=patronandextendedid=E_13 [Accessed: 25 June. Revised: 20/07/15.83-100 [Online] Available at: http://web. References Macedo. 2015]. G. you do not need to use [Online]. Note: The addition of [Online] in the reference indicates that you used the online version and not the hard copy.g. T. 12 Information database (e. Chen.ebscohost. as above. New York: Routledge [Online] Available at: http://www. and Kim. References Mintel (2015) Smartphone and Tablet Gaming. 14 e-Journal In-text citation Chen et al. H. 11 © HBS CASE. S.g. References Bowell. Chang. Business Source Complete [Online] Available at: http://web. Note: When using a Database. Business Source Complete.com/bsi/results?vid=2andhid=113andsid=5c0a86c6-ece7-48cd-8a61f24bce43b9f0%40sessionmgr103 [Accessed: 25 June. Mintel) In-text citation A recent Mintel report (2015) shows the increasing popularity of smartphone and tablet gaming in the UK.eblib. you should put the name of the database in the list of references.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Electronic / Online Sources 11 e-Book In-text citation Bowell and Kemp (2005) stress the importance of developing critical thinking in academic writing..

uk/business-services/access-ourexpertise/knowledge-transfer_home [Accessed: 27 June. just like Toyota. Available at:http://www.ac.com/about/press/articles/e3369507-22f1-49e2-8a94-62dfa0809e99. References University of Hertfordshire (2014a) About Us. but because the article author’s name is given. Tesco. 2015].uk/apply/schools-of-study/business/our-mba [Accessed: 27 June. A. Coca-Cola. Available at: http://www. 2015]. . References Roberts.morganstanley. 2014a). Available at: http://www. Research is carried out by three dedicated research institutes (University of Hertfordshire.herts. the data is referenced to the author. 2014). 2015]. Available at: http://www.ac. Arts and Humanities Research Institute (SSAHRI). McDonalds. L’Oreal.uk/business-services/access-our-expertise [Accessed: 27 June. etc. 2014b). Note: The data comes from the Bloomberg website.html [Accessed: 27 June. 12 © HBS CASE. 17 Multiple references to the same website In-text citation The University of Hertfordshire is ranked amongst the top 100 universities in the world under 50 years old (University of Hertfordshire.html [Accessed: 27 June.herts. 2015]. are the corporate authors of their own websites.author known In-text citation Roberts (2014) charts the continued global predominance of LV in the luxury goods market. References Morgan Stanley (2014) Morgan Stanley Reports First Quarter 2014 [Online] Available at: http://www. 2014c): Health and Human Sciences Research Institute (HHSRI) Science and Technology Research Institute (STRI) and Social Sciences.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 15 Website page . 2015]. Bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-20/less-is-more-as-vuitton-stays-top-luxury-brand-in-ranking.bloomberg. University of Hertfordshire (2014b) Business Services. Note: Morgan Stanley is the name of the organisation so ‘Morgan Stanley’ is the ‘corporate author’ and thereby responsible for the information. not the website. (2014) Less Is More as Vuitton Stays Top Luxury Brand in Ranking. The Knowledge Transfer team at the University has a distinguished track record in a range of partnerships with over 100 companies (University of Hertfordshire. 16 Organisation website In-text citation The diversity of risk factors affecting CEOs today has placed risk management at the forefront of CEO concerns (Morgan Stanley. University of Hertfordshire (2014c) Research. 2015. Revised: 20/07/15.ac.herts.

org/cs/ContentServer?c=FAFContent_C&pagename=Foundation%2FFAFContent_C %2FFAFNewsPage&cid=1176164028223 [Accessed: 28 June. 21 Bulletin boards In-text citation The UH Careers.uk/students/jobs/search?query=&typeofwork=3511&location= [Accessed: 24 June. Employment and Enterprise Service (CEE) weekly placement jobs bulletin shows a number of student employment services positions this month (University of Hertfordshire. 2015]. 19 Author citing another author in an electronic newspaper. 2014.careerhub.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 18 Using an acronym to reference a website In-text citation The Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF) is responsible for the oversight. 4 October. 2014). References FAF (2014) Financial Accounting Foundation issues. and then the short form in brackets. and finances of both the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and its counterpart for state and local government. 2014). 2015].com/sites/default/files/brochures/dec05. 2014). the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB). References University of Hertfordshire (2014) Sandwich Year Placements (6 or 12 months).28. 2014 [Online] Available at: https://www.sri. (1966) ‘SWOT Analysis for Management Consulting’. A.herts. The short form can then be used for all other references to the organisation. 13 © HBS CASE.com/uk/business [Accessed: 28 June.ac. The Foundation is also responsible for selecting the members of both Boards and their respective Advisory Councils (FAF. Guardian Business. 2015]. magazine or newsletter – unspecified author In-text citation Germany's seasonally-adjusted jobless total has jumped by almost 24. [Online] Available at: http://www.pdf [Accessed: 15 June. opportunities and threats (SWOT). 28 May. Revised: 20/07/15. 20 Electronic newspaper. administration.accountingfoundation. . cited in SRI. Note: An ‘acronym’ is the short form of an organisation name.000 this month. California: SRI [Online] Available at: http://www. CareerHub. References Humphrey. The short form can be used in the manner illustrated above – you must give the full form first. p. Cited in SRI (2005) SRI Alumni Association Newsletter December 2005. References The Guardian (2014) Business live: Surprise rise in German unemployment. weaknesses.theguardian. 2013 Report [Online] Available at: http://www. 2005). Menlo Park. the biggest rise in five years (The Guardian. 2015]. a useful analytical model for management consultancy is to separate issues in to 4 sections which he identified as strengths. 2015. magazine or newsletter In-text citation According to Humphrey (1966.

g. 2013. 2014). you should include the date and location of the conference.13-15 June. 2015]. P.. and Snasel. Available at: http://ieeexplore. IEEE Xplore. plus the organisation (in this example. ‘pictures’. 24 Online images (e. Note: When referring to images in your text. Platos. graphs.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 22 Virtual learning environments (e. diagrams.co.studynet. V. IEEE Xplore) that published the proceedings. J. 23 Conference proceedings . . 2015]. Revised: 20/07/15.google.uk/go/CASE [Accessed: 28 June. References CASE (2015) CASE Guide to Essay Writing [Online] Available at: www. 2013 IEEE International Conference on Cybernetics (CYBCONF).jsp?punumber=6599033&sortType%3Dasc_p_Sequence %26filter%3DAND%28p_IS_Number%3A6617421%29&pageNumber=2 [Accessed: 29 June.uk/search? q=university+of+hertfordshire+graduation+photos&biw=1440&bih=740&tbm=isch&imgil=NrUpK9UvhOJPUM%253A %253Bhttps%253A [Accessed: 29 May. 14 © HBS CASE. Lausanne. Note: For references to conference proceedings. 2014) shows graduating UH students at St Albans Cathedral.g. 2014]. Available at: https://www. Switzerland. etc.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue. References University of Hertfordshire (2014) Graduation photos. (2013) have stressed the growing industrial importance of ‘big data’.ieee. they are either ‘Tables’ or ‘Figures’ – not ‘photographs’.herts. photos.ac. drawings.) Figure 1: Graduation of University of Hertfordshire students (University of Hertfordshire. In-text citation Figure 1 above (University of Hertfordshire. StudyNet) In-text citation CASE (2015) stresses the importance of good paragraph structuring using the PEEEL technique. etc.published on the Internet In-text citation Kromer et al. 2015. (2013) Mining multi-class industrial data with evolutionary fuzzy rules. References Kromer.

2012.com/gb/podcast/understanding-customer-journey/id827759919?i=263872772&mt=2 [Accessed: 8 July. 28 iTunesU In-text citation Hyseni (2014) argues that understanding touch-points in a customer journey are essential in order to achieve a greater conversion rate. References Henton. YouTube. D. to set up branches in London. A. YouTube. 2014]. particularly from China.html? utm_hp_ref=uk-business [Accessed: 28 February. blogs. Available at: https://www. H. 12:19 pm. 2014].youtube. 27 Social media sites (e.apple. Available at: https://www. you will have to use the title of the item and the uploaded date at the beginning of the full reference in the reference list.g.co. foreign banks with UK branches will need to give the PRA detailed financial information so they can judge how dangerous it would be if they got into difficulties. Note: It may be necessary to attribute an organisation to a blog. References Hyseni. 2010. 2012. (2014) Understanding Customer Journey 2014. References Bennett. etc.youtube. Note: If the name of the presenter is not available.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 25 YouTube Videos (uploaded by self) In-text citation According to Massey University (2010) your review should be brief but focused. 26 February. Uploaded by: Conferenz NZ Training. 2014. .huffingtonpost. iTunesU. wikis. Available at: https://itunes.com/watch?v=jKL2pdRmwc4&list=PL4AM8XI3Hh5REuGinW0ksHac8hWGvL1Gx&index=8 [Accessed: 21 March. Huffington Post UK. Internet forums. (2014) Bank Of England Could Kick Rogue Foreign Banks Out Of The City. 26 YouTube Videos (uploaded on behalf of someone else) In-text citation Henton (2012) stresses the importance of prior visualisation of ideal outcomes when dealing with difficult people. 14 February.uk/2014/02/26/banks-foreign-city-boe_n_4856557. Available at:http://www. 2015]. in addition to the blogger. Uploaded: 17 May. 15 © HBS CASE. iTunesU. Revised: 20/07/15. It may also be difficult to find the actual name of the uploader since this is often a web-name. New Zealand CIO Summit. References Massey University (2010) The Literature Review. UK Edn. 4 April. 2015. 2014. (2012) Managing difficult situations – and people. This comes at a time when government ministers are trying to lure more financial institutions.com/watch?v=0DrA5mTbbHA [Accessed: 29 May. as the example above shows.) In-text citation Bennett (2014) blogs that under the Prudential Regulation Authority’s (PRA) new rules. showing your ability to synthesise a body of literature. 2014].

) In-text citation Obama (2014) tweets that business leaders are starting to realise that America is a better place to invest and create jobs instead of China. Facebook. 2015.twitter. India. LinkedIn. Available at: https://www.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 29 Social networking sites (i. 2014). References Obama.Twitter. Note: Company or group links may be very useful for up-to-date information for your Industry Practice and Employability assignments.linkedin. Weibo. 30 Facebook (Company or Group page) In-text citation IBM CEO. etc. fastest in China.e.490518774371743. Tumblr. Note: Personal Facebook pages are unlikely to be good reliable information sources and should not be used except to illustrate opinion on a topic. 2014. (2014) Barack Obama @BarackObama. However. 2014. B.com/company/36213/comments? topic=5877445222308265985&type=U&scope=36213&stype=C&a=l1sU&goback= [Accessed: 3 October. 31 LinkedIn In-text citation Mary Meeker presents 2014 Internet Trends: "Internet user growth now under 10% and slowing. Brazil. 29 January. References IBM Facebook (2014) IBM News. 2014). 2014]. Company Facebook or group pages may be very useful for up-todate information for your Industry Practice and Employability assignments. Available at: https://www. Facebook. 27 May. References KPCB (2014) KPCB Internet Trends 2014. 28 May. LinkedIn. 7:14pm.168597536563870/630487070374912/?type=1 [Accessed: 29 May. Ginni Rometty.facebook. 2014]. 2014]. 2014.com/BarackObama/status/428607084578369537 [Accessed: 28 February.com/IBM/photos/a. said that: "Growth and comfort will never coexist" (IBM Facebook. 16 © HBS CASE. Indonesia" (KPCB.1073741825. Twitter. Revised: 20/07/15. in a speech to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute graduates. Available at: https://mobile. .

2015). 35 National Archives (Crown copyright) In-text citation “sensitive personal data” means personal data consisting of information in eight areas …. 33 UK Government statutes (post 1963) In-text citation The Human Rights Act (1998) aims to "give further effect" in UK law to the rights contained in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Revised: 20/07/15. more commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights. there is no legal requirement for the vendor to provide a refund or exchange. References Crown (2015) Data Protection Act 1998. 34 Legislation In-text citation EC Council regulations (2011) are very specific about this aspect of trade marking. References EC Council Regulation (2011) No. 17 © HBS CASE. In many jurisdictions. Available at: http://www. (2011) Case C-179/11. References Courtney. References European Commission (2012) Globalisation and free trade. (Crown. Note: The word 'Final' clarifies that this is not one of the earlier drafts. ECR 9-22. T.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Government and Legal sources 32 Government / EU publications In-text citation The European Commission (2012) has made significant adjustments in policy precisely because of the threats that globalisation presents to free trade within the EU. 40/94 of 20th January on the Community Trade Mark. Final.legislation. (1998). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. v Bryant.gov. 36 Case Law In-text citation As a recent case shows (Courtney v Bryant. 2011) the principle of caveat emptor is interpreted differently across the EU. 2015. London: The Stationery Office. 2015].uk/ukpga/1998/29/section/2 [Accessed: 20 March. . M. The Act makes it possible to address alleged breaches of a Convention right. Chapter 42. without the need to go to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. References Human Rights Act (1998) Elizabeth ll.

2015.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Revised: 20/07/15. 18 © HBS CASE. .

d. many in-house publications will not have a visible date. you should normally be able to find the date. However. Therefore. preceded by a colon. by multiple contributors. References Anon. do not give up too easily and use ‘Anon’ too quickly. is being used to exemplify a particular point of view. In any case.). the author can be found. However. you will have to use n. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill.d. 8th edn. With well-known corporate websites for example. Ask a CASE adviser for help if you are unable to find an author.) In-text citation According to the programme regulations (HKU. Ask a CASE adviser for help if you are unable to find a publication date. 39 Page numbers and chapters In-text citation According to Jobber (2014:281): “…the absence of segmentation is called undifferentiated marketing”. This is because with some further research. 2) Page numbers might be required where you are expected to use one particular source extensively.) where possible. when a reference has no author listed and does not have an obvious corporate body responsible. you can assume that the date will be the current year of your access to the website.d. ‘anonymous’ data sources will be academically suspect because of the lack of information about the source. Note: Page numbers and chapter numbers are normally not required for Harvard referencing when a citation accompanies a general description of a book or article. References HKU (n. Most modern texts will have an obvious corporate author if no personal author(s) is/are listed. Hong Kong: HKU Press. Note: As with ‘Anon’.) Advanced Diploma in Business Management. as in the above example. or when a book or article.d. References Jobber.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Other Sources 37 No author (Anon) In-text citation The book (Anon. 19 © HBS CASE. However. D. and you should follow your lecturer’s personal preference in 2 and 3 below: 1) Page numbers must be included in a citation that accompanies a specific quotation from a book or article. 2015. season by season. Note: Try to avoid using ‘Anon’ because there is either a corporate author responsible for the information. as in the example above. as a whole. or a person who can be tracked. with some further searching. you should try to avoid using ‘no date’ (n. Regulations. Revised: 20/07/15. (2011) A Presidential Novel. (2014) Principles and Practice of Marketing. there are exceptions. This is often the case with ancient texts. admit an applicant who does not fulfil all of the criteria. In these cases. Often. 2011) clearly illustrates.' can be used.d. 38 No date (n. New York: Simon and Schuster. . draft and articulate the political discourse that the press pretends it controls. The page numbers follow the year of publication. then 'Anon. the School may. for example. n. in exceptional circumstances. just how effectively presidential campaigners plan. for example a case study or a detailed critique of one article or chapter. 3) Page numbers and chapter numbers might be required in lengthy unindexed books.

2015) stresses the element of complete control by another company. (2014) ‘University marking boycott cancelled with just days to spare’. References The Sunday Times (2015) Editorial.herts. (2014) Quantitative Methods for Management: The MRR Report [4BUS1071.4. 9 May. Science and Technology. This is because their lectures are designed to stimulate you to go to more detailed academic sources. References Department of Industry. UH Students’ Union News. 43 Corporate Author (hardcopy) In-text citation The role of government in promoting the development of SMEs is increasing in importance (Department of Industry.10. References Robins. Harlow: Longman. 20 March. 2014. Quantitative Methods for Management. dictionary. The Times Publishing Group. Universe. 2014]. 20 © HBS CASE. References Longman (2015) Dictionary of Contemporary English. 41 Newspaper or Magazine Article . References Maguire.g.uk/crs/13/4BUS1071-0206.studynet2. p. 42 Reference material (e. Note: Generally. Science and Technology (2015) Government support for SMEs [138756DTI] London: HMSO. 2015.unspecified author (hard copy) In-text citation A recent influential editorial has expressed concerns about the UK housing market (The Sunday Times.g. p. 44 Lecture Notes (e. 2015). encyclopaedia) (hard copy) In-text citation A definition of a 'subsidiary' (Longman. 2014).nsf/Homepage? ReadForm [Accessed: 30 May. 25th edn. . lecture hand-outs) In-text citation Robins (2014) explains how regression analysis can be used to assess product promotion requirements. 2015). and primary sources where possible. PowerPoint slides. 2014] Available at: http://www. lecturers will discourage you from referencing their lecture slides. F. M.specified author (hard copy) In-text citation A proposed marking boycott of UK University student work has been called off after members of the UCU union accepted a new pay offer from employers (Maguire. 25 June.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 40 Newspaper or Magazine Article . 2015.ac. Revised: 20/07/15.

2015. 2014). 2014]. References Eckert. 2014.shtml. 1 May. 2014). 2014. J. so an in-text reference only will suffice. Note: Be consistent in whichever style you use. 46 Unpublished research interviews In-text citation According to interviewee B (2014). there have been important changes in the role of the external examiner in response to increased use of online teaching and learning developments. Radio 4. . a full entry in the final reference list for personal communications is not required for Harvard. 49 CD-ROM In-text citation Eckert (2011) explains how the notion of style is fundamental to copywriting in advertising. (2014) Email to Dr Mike Courtney. 2014. Everyday Creativity’. References Green. E301. 21 © HBS CASE.co. References BBC (2014) Big Data. Revised: 20/07/15. 2014. Milton Keynes: OU. or Green. there have been important changes in the role of the external examiner in response to increased use of online teaching and learning developments. P. Introduced by Quentin Cooper. (2012) Subprime lending: redefining mortgages.bbc. CD-ROM Band 7. Material World. London: MS Intelligence Unit. C. the brand was the most important consideration when purchasing chocolate. C. Studynet site.uk/radio4/science/thematerialworld. Research Report 5489. iPlayer. 29 May. (2014) Skype conversation with Dr Mike Courtney. 29 May. 2012) indicates the extent of subprime lending in the sector. email to the author 29 May. Alternatively. (2011) Messing with Style.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 45 Personal email/Skype communication In-text citation According to Ucover’s CEO Green (2014). B. 48 Research Reports In-text citation A previous report (Mill.g. [Accessed: 10 May. ‘The Art of English. Available at: http://www. References Mill. 29 May. References Interviewee B (2014) Unpublished research interview conducted by Rani. iTunesU) In-text citation Big data has become the most powerful information source in global business (BBC. 47 Podcast (e. For example: According to Ucover’s CEO Green (2014.

2015. R. except for the addition of [online] ‘Available at’ and ‘Accessed (date)’. and expectations are central to the decision making. and Davies. Mauner. Eckstein. R. (2015) Network Effects in Telecommunication Markets. Distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures/Celador Films. 2011. 2007. Leeds: ISBA.’ Proceedings of the 33rd ISBA SME Policy and Research Conference. Video film) In-text citation Following its success at the 81st Academy Awards. and Biddle. References ISBA (2011) ‘SMEs: Small is no longer beautiful.. except for the addition of [online] ‘Available at’ and ‘Accessed (date)’. 51 Full conference proceedings (hardcopy) In-text citation An ISBA conference (2011) highlighted the issue of the excessive regulatory environment in the UK as being of increasing concern. 54 Research reports In-text citation Evans (2015) identifies pension funding as a major constraint on research and development for small and medium sized enterprises. References Boyle. 2015. J. but also to which one. 53 Referencing a guest speaker In-text citation According to Münter (2015) if there is more than one network.: IEEE Computer Society.13-14 May. and Tandan. 2008) topped the worldwide box office (barring North America). Hertfordshire Business School Europe Week 2015.C. P. D. E. L. consumers must decide whether or not to enter a network.) 13 -17 August. References Münter. (eds. (2007) ‘The Social Nature of Agile Teams’. Proceedings of the Agile Conference (AGILE). the film Slumdog Millionaire (Boyle and Tandan. Note: The last element gives the abbreviation of the organisation that published them. 52 Full conference proceedings – referencing a specific talk within a conference (hardcopy) In-text citation Whitworth and Biddle (2007) highlight the importance of positive sources of motivation.g. T. Revised: 20/07/15. The online reference is the same. J. The online reference is the same. Washington D. Guest Lecture from HTW Saar.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 50 Film (e. J. Brown.) University of Hertfordshire. References Evans. grossing $16 million from 34 markets in the week following the Academy Awards. . DVD. M. (2008) Slumdog Millionaire. References Whitworth. (ed. 22 © HBS CASE. (2015) Case studies of pension funding constraints in SMEs [SME/110234] Institute of Small Business Research. Germany. This is usually (but not always) the same organisation as the conference itself. 6 March.

and Freeman. Service philosophy in a global marketplace. (2010) ‘Marketing segmentation’. 23 © HBS CASE. With the growth of these ‘collaborative’ encyclopaedia sources.D.. but for academic work. Unpublished PhD thesis [HVN11225645] Hertfordshire Business School. and Courtney. References Scott. and Martinez. etc. 2015. J. 58 Translation (by a student. April. Lucy Zhao) In-text citation A report from the Bank of China (2012) shows that the issue of bad loans at the time. M. The New Business Encyclopaedia. output and interaction. although they may be useful as a more general guide to a subject and may contain references to other more acceptable original sources. (2014) emphasise that the main thing to remember about referencing is to use the correct order of information and to be consistent in the application of this information. was of great concern to the Chinese government. 4. Document number BOC2398. M.. 59 Encyclopaedias and Wikipedia.g. they should not be used for references. If the encyclopaedia entry does not have an author. R..com [Accessed: 9 June. 2010). M. P. Francis. Kosser. e. J. . Translated from French by C. References Crowther.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 55 In-house Publications (hard copy) In-text citation Bryant et al. In-text citation Market segmentation can be defined as the process in marketing of dividing a market into distinct subsets (segments) that behave in the same way or have similar needs (Hitchen et al. K. London: Phoenix. References Bryant. M. London: Macmillan. Wikipedia) should not be used for academic references. use the corporate author style: Encyclopaedia Britannica (2015) ‘Marketing Segmentation’ [Online] Available at: www.britannica. Hertfordshire Business School CASE. Revised: 20/07/15. McCauley. there has been a slow acceptance of their general usage. 57 Translation (by a translator) In-text citation As Crowther and Martinez (2007) show that the struggle for centre ground in French politics seems to be a defining feature. 12th revised edn. H. References Bank of China (2012) Quarterly Report. 56 Thesis / Dissertation In-text citation Scott (2013) indicates the reification of service strategy has often created the very conditions it was designed to alleviate. Note: It is acceptable to include a translation from other languages but the reference details should be in English. (2007) The Struggle for France. T. 2015]. Note: Online collaborative encyclopaedias which do not attribute work to specific authors and are not refereed by subject specialists (e. (2013) Input. (2014) CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing. References Hitchen. Vol. Translated from Chinese by Lucy Zhao.g.

com/stocks/ftse100 [Accessed: 30 May. 2014.00 24. 8. Available at http://www. BBC Radio 4. Exhibition Guide. photographs. 63 Radio In-text citation The Director General of the CBI is apparently not confident that the skills gap can be closed (BBC. 25 January. References BBC (2014) ‘A Modern Slave Trade’. the slave trade is far from over.50 Admiral Group PLC 1452. 8.31 -12. etc.00 ______________________________________ Source: Moneyextra. 2015. References BBC (2014) Business Today. The Tate Gallery (2015) has to take marketing more seriously now. 2014). shares. Panorama. Revised: 20/07/15. BBC1.00pm. 3 February. 62 Television In-text citation As a recent Panorama programme (BBC. 12 – 23 April. 61 Tables and Figures Tables are anything organised in vertical/horizontal boxes. . 2014]. etc.com (2014) FTSE 100.98 Biggest Risers (FTSE100) . i.com (2014) References Moneyextra. References Tate Gallery (2015) Baroque to Bauhaus: An architectural footprint. London: Tate Gallery.00pm. 30 May. 2014. 2014) shows.50 21. 2014. Figures are graphs.moneyextra. with exchange rates. 2014. Smith & Nephew PLC 1050. Note: provide a date in the References list when data may change on a regular basis. 2015.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 60 Exhibition Guides / Catalogues In-text citation As the preface reveals. In-text citation Table 1 below shows the current FTSE position: Table 1: Current FTSE position (Data collected 11:30am on 30 May. 24 © HBS CASE.e.) _____________________________________ FTSE100 6858.

g. Hong Kong: Macmillan China Ltd. 1-2 lines) should be enclosed in quotation marks and written like this: Courtney (2007:34) argues that "The language of business should not be characterised by 'buzz phrases' like 'blue sky thinking' and 'thinking outside the box” (note the additional use of single inverted commas to indicate ‘jargon’ words). 3) Do not use long quotes – these will not be included in word count. Note: page numbers MUST be included. 1999) show the enormous geo-political influence of the floods. L. .168–79. Revised: 20/07/15. References Courtney. Anyone who signals that he or she is 'thinking outside the box' is almost invariably trapped inside it. without quotation marks: Courtney (2007:34) argues: The language of business is excessively dependent on 'buzz words' like 'blue sky thinking' and 'thinking outside the box' which actually have the undesirable effect of encouraging a reliance on stereotypical and simplistic ideas. where possible.perhaps you are part of a team which has to produce a joint piece of work. pp. 25 © HBS CASE. (2014) HBS MScIB Integrated Project Handout (1). Malaysia. websites (where the URL is the page number). 2015. Note: An English translation should also be supplied. Before you use a quotation.g. References Hua. 1. Note: Very occasionally. M. (2007) The Language of Business. 2014) show Malaysia has the highest score for all of the five factors. 66 Works in other languages In-text citation The historical statistics (Hua. except where not possible. 華林甫. you will need to quote or cite from the work of other students . References Zhao. L. Zhongguo shehui kexue 中國社會科學 . 65 Quoting other students In-text citation The statistics supplied for the Business Report in part one of the project (Zhao. (1999) Qingdai yilai Sanxia diqu shuihan zaihai de chubu yanjiu 清代以來三峽地區水旱災害的初 步硏究 [A preliminary study of floods and droughts in the Three Gorges region since the Qing dynasty]. consider the following: 1) Do not use a quotation if you can make the point in another way and paraphrase. Unpublished.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing 64 Quotations To avoid plagiarism use quotations carefully. e. 2) Do not quote just to make up your word count. Long quotations (generally discouraged) would be isolated and indented. Short quotations (e.

Cases. W. Cited in Poole.ac. (2008) Oxford: OUP. 8th edn. M.com/company/36213/comments? topic=5877445222308265985&type=U&scope=36213&stype=C&a=l1sU&goback= [Accessed: 3 October. and also recommends the following publication for more detail on referencing systems: Pears. Available at:http://www.herts. as explained at the beginning of this guide.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing An example of a final list of references Notice the list is in alphabetical order. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill. Acknowledgements CASE are indebted to HBS teaching staff and IH managers for their comments and suggestions. and Shields. This will put your list in alphabetical order. . McLellan. (1867) Capital: A Critique of Political Economy.ac. 2014. (2014) Principles and Practice of Marketing. R. 18-26. D. University of Hertfordshire (2014a) About us.’ Proceedings of the 33rd ISBA SME Policy and Research Conference. Brown.B. (2005) 'Management Accounting for Global Growth'. there are many small variations possible with Harvard referencing.uk/apply/schools-of-study/business/our-mba [Accessed: 27 May. unless you are already very familiar with referencing formats. 28 May. (eds. Mintel. Remember. S. or the style required by your tutor. H. J.com/display/698082/ [Accessed: 25 June. Jobber. Leeds: ISBA. G.M.herts. Revised: 20/07/15. Available at: http://www. but consult a CASE academic advisor for any outstanding issues. as for a doctoral research project. 12:19 pm. Mintzberg. 33(10) pp..13-14th May. Mendeley. References Bennett.) University of Hertfordshire.linkedin. Abridged edn. 12(2) pp.html? utm_hp_ref=uk-business [Accessed: 28 February. Huffington Post UK.uk/business-services/access-our-expertise [Accessed: 27 May. 2nd European edn. (2003) The Strategy Process: Concepts. Endnote. Available at: http://www. Vol..herts. 2014]. Quinn. A. J. so always follow this guide. Marx. University of Hertfordshire (2014c) Research. There are ‘automatic’ referencing systems available.. and Ghoshal. 2011. Mintel (2015) Smartphone and Tablet Gaming. 2014. G. (2003) Cite Them Right: referencing made easy. Finally CASE hope this updated 2015 Harvard referencing guide helps you with all your assignment referencing requirements. 2014]. LinkedIn. with a space between each reference.. and you have many references to continually revise. (2014) Bank Of England Could Kick Rogue Foreign Banks Out Of The City. A. University of Hertfordshire (2014b) Business Services. CASE consulted many UK University websites for Harvard style comparisons in the compilation of this guide. Lampel. The Process of Capitalist Production. UK edn. 2015]. Available at: https://www. and Corcoran. for example.huffingtonpost. KPSB (2014) KPCB Internet Trends 2014. (ed.mintel. Newcastle: Northumbria University.ac. 2014]. ISBA (2011) ‘SMEs: Small is no longer beautiful. 2014]. and Roose. D. etc. 26 © HBS CASE. Financial Management.co.uk/2014/02/26/banks-foreign-city-boe_n_4856557. I. K. 26 February. How to put your list in alphabetical order using Microsoft Word® Highlight all the References in your list and click AZ↓. Available at:http://www. Contexts. Harlow: Pearson Education/Prentice Hall. Available at: http://academic.uk/business-services/access-ourexpertise/knowledge-transfer_home [Accessed: 27 May. 2014]. Javier.140-143.) (2006) Journal of Business Finance and Accounting. but CASE recommends that you do all your referencing without using these software aids. 2015. T.

) (2006) Journal of Business and Financial Accounting.fasb. BMA (2014) ‘The impact of obesity on UK health care funding’. Sydney: Prentice Hall. J. 27 © HBS CASE. Derek Mahoney and Michael Cripps (2008) International business: a managerial perspective. British Medical Journal. (eds.com/sinatra/oxygen_academic/my_reports/display/id=237192andanchor=atom#atom0 O'Hara. G. . 2012]. 11 January (2012). 82(3). R. 5th edn. M. 2015. M. pp 13-16. FASB News Release. et al (2005) 'Management accounting for global growth'. R. Javier. Bergmann. 234-237 [Online] Available at: http://search.com [Accessed: 25 June. (2015) Management. and E. 28(2). (2015) Management accounting and budgetary control. M. Pearson: London. Mintel (2014) Travel and Tourism – Venezuela.org/news/nr100906. Cited in Poole.global. Financial Management. (2008) Macroeconomics.mintel. Hong Kong: Macmillan. 12(2) pp. W.HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing Practice Task Test your referencing skills There is one mistake in each reference in the list below.epnet. Revised: 20/07/15. and Roose. 33(10) pp. Stagg. Available at: http//www.shtml [Accessed: 14 January. Barro. Available at: http://academic. Watson.140143.. M. 32(2) pp. Robbins. D. 18-26. 2015]. (2007) ‘Making market microstructure matter’. Financial Management. Public Finance Quarterly. A. 5th edn. Use this Harvard referencing guide to correct them. Coulter.