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Badminton

History
Origins of the Game
The sport of badminton has its origins in ancient civilizations in Europe and Asia. The ancient
game known as battledore (bat or paddle) and shuttlecock probably originated more than 2000
years ago.
In the 1600s Battledore and Shuttlecock was an upper class pastime in England and many
European countries. Battledore and Shuttlecock was simply two people hitting a shuttlecock
backwards and forwards with a simple bat as many times as they could without allowing it to hit
the ground.
Contemporary Badminton
A contemporary form of badminton - a game called ‘Poon’, was played in India in the 1800s
where a net was introduced and players hit the shuttlecock across the net. British officers in the
mid 1800’s took this game back to England and it was introduced as a game for the guests of
the Duke of Beaufort at his stately home ‘Badminton’ in Gloucestershire, England where it
became popular.
In March 1898, the first Open Tournament was held at Guildford the first 'All England'
Championships were held the following year. Denmark, the USA and Canada became ardent
followers of the game during the 1930s.
IBF Established in 1934
Then in 1934, the International Badminton Federation was formed, with the initial members
including England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Denmark, Holland, Canada, New Zealand and
France, with India joining as an affiliate in 1936.
The first major IBF tournament was the Thomas Cup (world men's team championships) in
1948. Since then, the number of world events has increased with the addition of the Uber Cup
(women’s team), World Championships (individual events), Sudirman Cup (mixed team), World
Junior Championships and the World Grand Prix Finals.
Commonwealth Games Sport - 1966
Badminton was introduced as a Commonwealth Games program sport in Kingston Jamaica in
1966 and has been part of every Commonwealth Games program since then. Initially all five
disciplines were included – singles (men, women), doubles (men, women) and mixed doubles
with the Teams Event included in the program in later Commonwealth Games.
Olympic Games Sport - 1992
Badminton is a relatively new Olympic Games sport. After being a demonstration sport in
Munich in 1972, badminton became an Olympic sport in Barcelona in 1992 with the singles and
doubles disciplines introduced for the first time in the Olympic Games. In Atlanta in 1996, a
mixed doubles event was included and this is the only mixed doubles event in all of the Olympic
sports.

The army men introduced the game to friends. Since a small army of badminton players had been recruited. the Badminton Association (of England) was formed to take over the authority of the Bath Badminton Club. Denmark. but the new sport was definitely launched there at a party given in 1873 by the Duke of Beaufort at his country place. Shuttlecock. a group formed itself into the Bath Badminton Club. made the game applicable to English ideas and the basic regulations. the game had no name. Origin It was invented long ago. During that time. Shuttle. from the English viewpoint. and British Army Officers stationed there took the Indian version back to England in the 1860's. Until 1887 the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in India. Interestingly. Korea. but it was referred to as "The Game of Badminton. still guide the sport. drawn up in 1887. Japan." and. including the handle. India.China. and feathers protruding from it to help it float when it is hit high into the air Shoes special court shoes are worn to allow players to move quickly across the court. but weighs much less. and230 mm (9 inches) in overall width. Indonesia. In the same Olympic Games. somewhat contradictory and confusing. which now govern the game throughout the world. In 1895. thereupon. it is badminton’s version of a tennis ball. "Badminton" in Gloucestershire. Susi Susanti from Indonesia won the women’s singles in Barcelona. Malaysia and Russia. It has a small ball at the front to give it speed. the racquet is shaped like a tennis racquet and has strings. Badminton became its official name. Birdie whatever it is called. The game was called "POONA" in India during the 18th Century. They were. a form of sport played in ancient Greece and Egypt. in which two players hit a feathered shuttlecock back and forthwith tiny rackets. Equipment & Accessories Racquet used to hit the bird. the best Badminton Shuttlecocks are made from feathers from the left wing of a goose.The following countries have won medals in badminton at an Olympic Games since its introduction in 1992 . and to give them traction for quick movements around the court Parts of the shuttlecock A shuttlecock shall have 16 feathers fixed in a cork base covered in kid leather. Most racquets are made from light man-made materials such as aluminum or graphite. and are strung with synthetic material such as nylon. becoming Indonesia’s first medallist in the 40 years Indonesia had competed at the Games. Bird. Badminton came from a child's game called battledore and shuttlecock. Alan Budi Kusama won Indonesia’s second gold medal in the men’s badminton singles. . and the new group made rules. standardized the rules. The frame of the racket.75 inches) in overall length. is not to exceed 680 mm (26. The overall length of the head is not to exceed 290 mm.

When it’s hot.50 grams. the shuttle shall weigh between 4. with singles reaching 17 feet and doubles reaching 22 feet. Size of the Net A mesh net divides the badminton court into two sides. If you’re playing at high altitude. If you are playing in an air-conditioned hall. The length may vary depending on whether doubles or singles are playing. Stringed Area . use a slightly faster shuttle. . Parts of the Racket Handle - The athlete grips the racquet with the handle. The strings are flat and uniformly interlaced. use a slower speed shuttle. This length can be between 62mm and 70mm. altitude and temperature.74 to 5. The speed at which the shuttle travels is also affected by the weather.The feathers shall be measured from the tip to the top of the base and each shuttle shall be of the same length.The stringed area is the section with which the athlete hits the shuttlecock. The net is 30 inches wide with a 3-inch white tape doubled over the top. the shuttle move slower. The handle is allowed to be attached to the wrist or hand for security purposes. and the area cannot be larger than 280mm by 220mm. the shuttle will fly faster and when it’s cold. A badminton net is placed lower than a volleyball net at five feet and one inch high on the sides and five feet high in the center.

. preferably in white or yellow color . either with or area and keeps it in place.1 in width. without a further portion called the throat. The Badminton Court Dimensions are of 13. shaft and throat (if present) combine to form the frame. Parts of the court The Badminton Court shall be a rectangle laid out with lines of 40 mm wide. It cannot be larger than 680 millimetres in length and 230 millimetres in width. head. Frame - The handle. Not every racquet contains a throat.4m in length and 6.Head - Shaft The head is the ovoid part of the - The shaft extends from the handle to racquet that surrounds the stringed connect it to the head. Throat - The throat is a triangular extension of the shaft that further connects it to the head for extra support.

and right if it is even. the full depth of the net should be tied at the ends. the side which gains a 2 point lead first. Doubles  A side has only one ‘service’. players have a 60 second interval. the server scores a point and then serves again from the alternate service court.  If the receiver wins a rally. the server serves from the left service court. the server serves from the right service court.  In the third game.  If the server wins a rally. . At 20 all. The recommended surface for a badminton court is wood and bituminous material. The top of the net shall be edged with a 75mm white cloth.  The service passes consecutively to the players as shown in the diagram. players change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points. the serving side scores a point and the same server serves again from the alternate service court. When it is odd. the server serves from the right service court. Avoid concrete or carpet as playing on it will easily injure you.55m in height from the surface of the court and shall remain vertical when the net is strained. the receiver scores a point and becomes the new server. the side scoring the 30th point.  If the serving side wins a rally.1m wide. At 29 all. If necessary. The side winning a rally adds a point to its score. When the server’s score is odd.The post shall be 1. Every time there is a serve – there is a point scored.  At the beginning of the game and when the score is even.55 (5ft 1in) over the side lines for doubles. Interval and Change of Ends  When the leading score reaches 11 points. The top of the net from the surface of the court shall be 1.524m (5ft) at the center of the court and 1. They serve from the appropriate service court – left if their score is odd.  A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed. The side winning a game serves first in the next game. Rules and Regulation Scoring System       A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points. the net shall be 760mm in depth and at least 6. There shall be no gaps between the ends of the net and the posts. Singles  At the beginning of the game (0-0) and when the server’s score is even. wins that game. The net shall be made of fine cord of dark color and even thickness with a mesh of not less than 15mm and not more than 20mm. the server serves from the left court. wins that game.

C serves to B C& D C & D win a point. Being the score of the serving side is odd. C & D will stay in the same service courts. A to serve to C. C & D will change service courts.  Course of Score action / Explanation Service from Service Court Love All Server & Receiver Winner of the rally Right Service Court. the error is corrected when the mistake is discovered. A serves to D C& D . 3-2 Left Service Court. Being the score of the serving side is even. A & B will change service 4-3 courts. A & B won the toss and decided to serve.  The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point when their side is serving.  In a doubles match between A & B against C & D. A serves again from Right service court. A serves again from Left service court. Being the score of the serving side is even. A& B A & B win a point and also right to serve. A & B will stay in the same service courts. Left Service Court. C & D will stay in the same service courts. Nobody will change their respective service courts. 1-1 Left Service Court. A serves to C A& B A & B win a point. 2-1 Right Service Court.  If players commit an error in the service court. 3-3 Left Service Court. Nobody will change their respective service courts. the receiving side scores a point. Nobody will change their respective service courts. Being the score of the serving side is even. A & B win a point. C serves from Left service court. Being the score of the serving side is odd. C serves to A A& B A & B win a point and also right to serve. Being the score of the serving side is odd. D serves to A. B serves to C C& D C & D win a point and also right to serve. If the receiving side wins a rally. Being the score of the serving side is odd A serves to D C& D C & D win a point and also right to serve. A serves A & to C A and B C are the initial server and receiver. Being the score of the serving side is even. A shall be the initial server while C shall be the initial receiver. A & B will change service 1-0 courts. 2-2 Right Service Court. Nobody will change their respective service courts. The receiving side becomes the new serving side. Right Service Court.