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Home » The Whole Truth About Ginseng

The Whole Truth About Ginseng
What You Need to Know About Ginseng 

The Myth of Ginseng: Ginseng Does NOT
Boost Sexual Performance
Ginseng is a wonderful herb with many fine properties, but despite what you may
have heard, ginseng has little real effect on libido or sexual performance. The
supposed sexual enhancement properties of ginseng are without much
foundation, at least in the annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Though
there are Chinese herbs, such as Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium), or GOU QI ZI,
that do boost sexual performance, ginseng is not one of them.. Nonetheless,
many individuals attest to the use of ginseng for sexual prowess. But which
ginseng? There are three types of ginseng. Traditional Chinese medicine
classifies ginseng according to the type and its properties. The true properties of
ginseng are stated below.

Panax Ginseng
REN SHEN
Also known as Oriental Ginseng, it is prized
because, it alone can strengthen the Original
Qi.
The Original Qi (also known as the Yuan Qi) is the vital energy with which we
are born. When we have Yuan Qi, we are alive. When it's gone, life is gone.
Additionally, ginseng has been proven to extend endurance, making it a
favorite of many athletes.
The legendary power of ginseng to boost sexual performance has never been
proven, and is in fact, unknown to Chinese medicine. Kidney strengthening

04/01/2016 23.15

Therefore Ren Shen can tranquilize and can treat palpitations and insomnia.  Though it can't boost Original Qi. but the fact is that both Chinese and Korean ginseng can be of varying quality. Most notably. Effects: Invigorating Qi. American Ginseng is highly prized throughout China and Asia. slightly warm in nature. promoting the production of the body fluid. etc. This herb is bitter and slightly sweet in flavor.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. nourishing Yin. It can strongly invigorate the original Qi (yuan qi). treating collapse. Ginseng is sweet and slightly bitter in flavor. clearing heat and promoting the generation of body fluid. are much more useful as sex-tonics. as a heat-clearing tonic with tonification as well as purgation. nourishing the lung. and acts on the heart. quenching thirst. cold in nature. Large doses of Panax Ginseng can raise blood pressure. Siberian Ginseng CI WU JIA Siberian Ginseng Benefits: This herb is a mild qi booster that has gained favor in the 04/01/2016 23. reinforcing the spleen. Sweet and cold for invigorating Qi and nourishing Yin. spleen and lung channels. Eucommia. it does have other very useful properties. When the original Qi is invigorated the nervous system is calmer. The best quality is grown in Wisconsin.com 2 di 13 http://drshen. this herb strongly nourishes the Yin and generates fluids. and bitter and cold for clearing heat and fire. while patients with fire of excess type in the interior are contraindicated to use Panax Ginseng which is slightly warm in nature. patients with cold of deficiency type in the spleen and stomach are contraindicated to use American ginseng root.15 . Korean ginseng is noted for its high quality. People who aredry or hot due to yin or blood deficiency will probably benefit from its properties. It is the first important herb to treat collapse due to extreme deficiency of original Qi caused by overwork. American Ginseng XI YANG SHEN Like its cousin Panax Ginseng. Antler. promoting the production of the body fluids. tranquilizing the mind and improving intelligence. It invigorates spleen-qi and lung-qi. lung and kidney channels.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng herbs such as Epimidi. it is indicated for deficiency of Qi and Yin with pathogenic fire. However. quickly restore collapse and slowly tonify the deficiency. Effects: Invigorating Qi. Very small doses have a mild sedative effect. and acts on the heart. Both American ginseng root and Panax Ginseng have the effects of invigorating Qi and nourishing Yin and are indicated for deficiency syndrome of Qi and Yin.

Its cooler nature won't aggravate hot or inflammatory conditions. lozenge.15 . because marketers can sell it as "Ginseng" at inflated prices. should cost only a fraction of the price of either Oriental or American ginseng. the herb is suitable for syndromes of prolonged wind-dampness disease. promoting diuresis to alleviate edema.com 3 di 13 http://drshen. asthenia of muscle. Note: Ginseng will slice easily after it has been warmed in the oven for a few minutes or in the microwave for a few seconds (alternatively. Effects: Expels wind-dampness. This is unprocessed Panax Ginseng.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. It has a warm nature. and acanthopanax senticosus. tonifying the muscle and bone. Ginsenosides characteristic of Panax ginseng are not found in the roots of Ci Wu Jia. it acts on liver and kidney channels. bitter and dry for eliminating dampness. Milder White Ginseng is more appropriate when the user has too much heat. Ginseng Value: How To Buy Ginseng. First cut it into dime sized slices. Chinese herbalists use the skin of the root of this plant mainly to treat Bi-Syndrome (arthritis). Two different species are used. deficiency of liver and kidney. Neither is similar in properties to either American or Oriental ginseng. use 3-9 grams per person. pill. you can buy it already sliced). swallowed or stewed. Also available is White Ginseng. The price of Oriental or American can vary 04/01/2016 23. The slices can now be chewed or brewed. No matter if it is taken as a tea. What You Need to Know Siberian ginseng. Unlike Panax Ginseng or American Ginseng (which are roots and also hard to cultivate). powder. Pungent and bitter. This is called red ginseng. eleuthrococis senticosis. muscles and tendons. Note that Panax Ginseng is sometimes steamed with aconite or other herbs to enhance its strength. Slow boil herb slices for about one hour. Double boiling is preferred. brewed.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng West. Sucking and swallowing slices of Ginseng provides a quick method of dosage and oral satisfaction. Being pungent for dispersing exopathogens. Siberian Ginseng(Ci Wu Jia) is a cheap and abundant weed that grows in many areas. and drink the tea on an empty stomach. a common weed. muscular spasm. How to Take Ginseng Ginseng can be chewed. warm in nature. or food. warm for dispersing cold and tonifying liver and kidney. To brew tea with Ginseng. it is always best to use a good quality root. Using the dried ginseng root is best.

Low-temperature water extracts. Besides. which have not been chemically manipulated in order to standardize ginsanocides. while the highest grades will bring over $10. and potency.com 4 di 13 http://drshen. • Roots that resemble a human form are more valuable than those that do not. • Old roots are more prized than fresh ones.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng greatly. and should cost only a fraction of what Oriental or American ginseng costs.000 per root. taste. herbs that can't be sold whole due to poor appearance. Scientists believe these chemicals create ginseng's effects. What determines the value of Oriental or American ginseng? • Ginseng roots gathered from the wild are far more costly than those cultivated on a farm. believe that the effects of any herb depend on many chemical components interacting together. extracts are usually taken from inferior herbs. Marketers believe that standardization is favored by consumers. • Big roots are better than small ones. Organic Ginseng Ginseng that is truly gathered in the wild (wildcrafted) is likely free of fertilizers and pesticides.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. Thick roots are preferable to thin roots. Wildcrafted roots will not contain traces of the fungicides which are used on cultivated roots. ginseng must be certified by a 04/01/2016 23. ginseng is made up of hundreds of different chemicals. to be called "organic". However. • Strong characteristic taste and smell also indicate the strength of Ginseng roots. Standardized ginseng extracts are rated by the percentage ginsanocides they contain. That is why most herbologists prefer whole herbs or simple water extractions to standardized extracts. however. are more like the herb as it is found in nature. • Siberian ginseng is cheap. Soup grade ginseng can sell for a few dollars at the grocery. Ginseng Extracts (Ginseng pills and liquids) Like every other herb.15 . Herbalists.

oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications.com Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and complications affecting the eye. and until very recently. On the other hand. Hong Kong Baptist University. total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. School of Chinese Medicine. there were no Chinese certification agencies recognized by federal authorities. 7 Baptist University Road. It was found that treatment by ginsenoside Re restored the levels of both glutathione and malondialdehyde in the eye and kidney to those found in the control rats. there was a significant reduction in blood glucose. when diabetic rats were treated with ginsenoside Re of Panax ginseng C. nerve and blood vessel. • Leung AW. kidney.indexed for MEDLINE] 04/01/2016 23. China.A. • Lee SK. and prevents the onset of oxidative stress in some vascular tissues. Our data also provide evidence that ginsenoside Re could be used as an effective antidiabetic agent particularly in the prevention of diabetic microvasculopathy. These extracts are. williamcscho@gmail. only as potent as the herbs from which they came.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng third party organization recognized under the Organic Food Production Act (OFPA). Our results demonstrated that ginsenoside Re could lower blood glucose and lipid levels.gov/afsic/pubs/ofp/ofp. More and more batches of certified organic ginseng are becoming available. as markets adapt to the demand for organic herbs. Methods of certification vary from state to state. We have previously demonstrated the occurrence of oxidative stress of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.shtml.nal. preceded by a depletion in the tissue level of glutathione.15 . • Yue KK. This law can be accessed through the USDA website at: http://www. Hong Kong. In this study. • Chung WS.usda. and exerts protective actions against the occurrence of oxidative stress in the eye and kidney of diabetic rats. of course. This picture is beginning to change. This is the first report demonstrating ginsenoside Re has significant antioxidant efficacy in diabetes.com 5 di 13 http://drshen. Meyer. • Cho WC.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. Ginseng Research Ginsenoside Re of Panax ginseng possesses significant antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic efficacies in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. • Cheng CH. PMID: 17027742 [PubMed .

The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. • Shim JH. plasma glucose decreased in a dose-dependent manner. A. using the inhibitor for choline uptake (hemicholinium-3). Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology. ginseng root by 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperdine methiodide (4-DAMP) suggested that the site of action is the muscarinic M(3) receptor. ginseng root mediates the release of ACh from nerve terminals to enhance insulin secretion. ginseng root to fasting Wistar rats. Simultaneous with the reduction in plasma glucose. • Choi JH. The present study was designed to ascertain the effect of Panax ginseng root on plasma glucose and investigate the possible mechanisms for the effect. the results suggest that P. an increase in the plasma level of insulin and C-peptide was also observed. Department of Nursing Sciences. physostigmine. ROC. • Cho SK. • Cheng JT. Ninety minutes after the oral administration of P. 300 Yong-Bong Dong. ginseng root.as supplied by publisher] Pesticide multiresidue analysis in Panax ginseng (C. • Liu IM. Taiwan. Republic of Korea.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng Increase of acetylcholine release by Panax ginseng root enhances insulin secretion in Wistar rats.com 6 di 13 http://drshen. Natural Products Chemistry Laboratory. • Su CF. Chonnam National University. • Park YS. An analytical multi-residue method using gas chromatography coupled with 04/01/2016 23. or the inhibitor for vesicular choline transport (vesamicol). enhanced the metabolic effect of P. • El-Aty AM. ginseng root. Gwangju 500-757. Buk-Ku. National Tainan Institute of Nursing. at a concentration sufficient to inhibit acetylcholinesterase. which in turn lower plasma glucose. abolished the metabolic actions of P. • Shin DH. Tainan City 70201. Blockade of the actions of P. Meyer) by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with electron capture and nitrogenphosphorus detection. It is possible that P.15 . Conversely. Moreover. PMID: 17123721 [PubMed . ginseng root has the ability to increase the release of ACh from nerve terminals in rats so as to stimulate muscarinic M(3) receptors activity located in the pancreatic cells for the secretion of insulin. Taken together. disruption of the available synaptic acetylcholine (ACh).

Department of Veterinary Medicine. Except in one sample. where several insecticides and fungicides were applied. China. Of the ginsenosides studied. Rc and Rb2 when compared with the control (immunized with OVA only). LPS and OVA as well as the production of both IL-5 and IFN-gamma stimulated by OVA were also detected in mice immunized with OVA co-administered with Rg1 but not with Rb1. • Sun J. Rb1. with determination coefficients higher than 0. Meyer were evaluated for their adjuvant effects on the immune responses to ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. Recoveries at concentrations between 0. Samples were previously extracted with an acetonitrile and cleaned up by solid-phase extraction (SPE). The results indicated that OVA-specific antibody responses were significantly higher in mice immunized with OVA co-administered with Rg1. Re. with precision. • Hu S. The calibration curves were linear. Rb2.2%. Hangzhou. at values lower than 5%.3 to 117. taken from four different agricultural areas of Jeonnam province. Rg2. Rg2.989. Rb1 and Rb2) and protopanaxatriol saponins (Rg1. Zhejiang University. Re or Rg2 or Quil A (n=5). College of Animal Sciences. Ltd. tolclofos-m was the only pesticide contained at a level lower than the maximum residue limits (MRL) authorized by the Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) in real ginseng samples grown for 4. Rg3 and Rb1 but not with Rd. and splenocytes were harvested for determining lymphocyte proliferation as well as IFN-gamma and IL-5 production 2 weeks after the boosting. Rd. PMID: 17069940 [PubMed . indicating that they are the major constituents contributing to the adjuvant activities of total ginseng saponins. 5 and 6 years. which was expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD). Meyer). Significantly enhanced splenocyte proliferative responses to Con A. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons. Re.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. Rd. IgG1 and IgG2a. The proposed method was applied to the determination of pesticide levels from 12 ginseng samples.A. Rc.as supplied by publisher] 04/01/2016 23.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng electron capture and a nitrogen-phosphorus detector was investigated for the simultaneous determination of 18 commonly used insecticides and fungicides in Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C. Protopanaxadiol saponins (Rg3. Re and Rg2) isolated from the root of Panax ginseng C. A.15 . • Song X.as supplied by publisher] Adjuvant effects of protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol saponins from ginseng roots on the immune responses to ovalbumin in mice. BALB/c mice were subcutaneously injected twice at a 3-week interval with 10mug of ovalbumin or 10mug of OVA plus 50mug of ginsenosides Rg3. Blood samples were collected for measuring specific total-IgG. Re and Rg3.01 and 14. Varieties of ginsenosides in adjuvant activity might be attributed to the varieties of molecular conformations determined by the side sugar chains attaching to their dammarane skeleton. Rg1. Rg3 and Rb1 have more potent adjuvant properties than the others.9 ppm ranged from 72. Zhejiang 310029. Rg1. Rc. PMID: 17120302 [PubMed .com 7 di 13 http://drshen.

Tokyo 113-0033. However. Yonsei University. refering to the roots of the species of the genus Panax ginseng. • Ebizuka Y. Republic of Korea. Department of Biochemistry. • Cho YL. • Kushiro T. • Lee SJ. Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol. anti-tumorigenic. Panax ginseng produces triterpene saponins called ginsenosides. Dammarane-type ginsenosides dominate over oleanane type not only in amount but also in structural varieties. the first dedicated enzyme for ginsenoside biosynthesis.15 . their sapogenin structure is restricted to two aglycones. ginseng by homology based PCR method.com 8 di 13 http://drshen. the genes encoding oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC) responsible for formation of dammarane skeleton have not been cloned.indexed for MEDLINE] 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 prevents endothelial cell apoptosis via inhibition of a mitochondrial caspase pathway. A new OSC gene (named as PNA) obtained was expressed in a lanosterol synthase deficient (erg7) Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain GIL77. Seoul. So far. • Pyun BJ. demonstrating PNA to encode dammarenediol-II synthase. Ginseng. • Min JK. LC-MS and NMR analyses identified the accumulated product in the yeast transformant to be dammarenediol-II. which are classified into two groups by the skeleton of aglycones. such as anti-inflammatory. • Park JH. College of Sciences. • Tansakul P. has been widely used in traditional oriental medicine for its wide spectrum of medicinal effects.Kwon YG. adaptogenic. 7-3-1 Hongo. although OSC yielding oleanane skeleton (beta-amyrin synthase) has been successfully cloned from this plant. The University of Tokyo. • Kim YM. In this study. namely dammarane type and oleanane type. • Kim JH. cDNA cloning of OSC producing dammmarane triterpene was attempted from hairy root cultures of P. PMID: 16962103 [PubMed . in Panax ginseng.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng Dammarenediol-II synthase. • Shibuya M. and 04/01/2016 23. • Maeng YS. Japan.

Treatment of ethanol augmented the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the stomach. we report a novel anti-apoptotic activity of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 ((20S)Rg3) and its underlying molecular mechanism in human endothelial cells (ECs). BE. GL and GS.ac. kkawa38@hokuyakudai.jp The protective effect of Hangeshashinto (HST) and its major constituents. Oral treatment with HST at the doses of 125 and 250 mg/kg suppressed ethanol-induced gastric lesions. baicalin (BA). ECs undergo apoptosis associated with increased LEHDase (caspase-9) and DEVDase (caspase-3) activity and DNA fragmentation after 24h of serum deprivation.com 9 di 13 http://drshen. Taken together. In this study. GL and GS at the dosage corresponded to HST (125 mg/kg) also suppressed the ethanol-induced gastric lesion in rats. Many of its medicinal effects are attributed to the triterpene glycosides known as ginsenosides. resulting in the inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome c release. berberine (BE). GL and GS (4M). • Kawashima K. which was significantly suppressed by the administration of HST. our results suggest that (20S)Rg3 prevents EC apoptosis via Akt-dependent inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptotic signaling pathway. (20S)Rg3 potently induced a rapid and sustained Akt activation and Bad phosphorylation. • Fujimura Y. Otaru.indexed for MEDLINE] Inhibitory effects of Korean red ginseng and its 04/01/2016 23. Hokkaido Pharmacutical University. in part. saponin fraction of ginseng (GS) and glycyrrhizin (GL) on rat gastric lesion induced by ethanol was examined to clarify its active ingredients and action mechanism. but BA did not. PMID: 16946521 [PubMed . PMID: 16962070 [PubMed . by. the reduction of MPO activity in stomach. BE. • Makino T. Department of Kampo Medicinal Science.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng anti-aging activities. each of BE. These anti-apoptotic activities of (20S)Rg3 were significantly abrogated in cells expressing dominant negative Akt. (20S)Rg3 increased the expression of Bax and conversely decreased Bcl-2. These apoptotic markers were suppressed by the addition of (20S)Rg3. The novel property of (20S)Rg3 may be valuable for developing new pharmaceutical means that will control unwanted endothelial cell death at the site of vascular injury. Japan. GL and GS.indexed for MEDLINE] Pharmacological properties of traditional medicine (XXXII): protective effects of hangeshashinto and the combinations of its major constituents on gastric lesions in rats. These results suggest that the protective effect of HST on ethanol-induced gastric lesion was depended on BE.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen.15 . • Kano Y. The mixture of BA.

Rf. • Zhao Y. the ginsenosides. tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma induced by oxazolone applied to mouse ears.8%. The ginsenoside Rh2 also the most potently inhibited the beta-hexosaminidase release from RBL-2H3 cells induced by IgE with antigen.7 cells. Korea. 34.9% at 16 d. The ginsenoside Rh2 also potently inhibited COX-2 and inducible NO synthetase protein expression in liphopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.05% also potently suppressed mouse ear swelling by 47. Based on these findings. University of Alabama at Birmingham.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng genuine constituents ginsenosides Rg3.com 10 di 13 http://drshen. However. • Shin YW. These ginsenosides also significantly reduced mRNA expression levels of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. • Han MJ. Department of Food and Nutrition. Rf. interleukin (IL)-1beta.15 . Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 04/01/2016 23. Cancer Pharmacology Laboratory. • Wang W.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. Kyung Hee University.indexed for MEDLINE] In vitro anti-cancer activity and structure-activity relationships of natural products isolated from fruits of Panax ginseng.A.1% suppressed ear swelling in an oxazolone-induced mouse contact dermatitis model by 38.5%. However. when these ginsenosides were intraperitoneally administered. • Kim DH. ginsenoside Rh2 showed the most potent inhibition. almost did not notably reduce IL-4 levels. and Rh2 at a concentration of 0. and Rh2 in mouse passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) and contact dermatitis models were measured. • Rayburn ER. Its onstituents ginsenosides Rg3. • Bae EA. Hoegi. family Araliaceae) saponin fraction (KRGS) and its constituents ginsenosides Rg3.8%. respectively. KRGS administered topically at a dose of 0. Rf. PMID: 16946499 [PubMed . Dongdaemun-ku. and 49. MEYER. Orally administered KRGS and its genuine ginsenosides potently inhibited the PCA reaction induced by IgE. • Wang H. The inhibitory effects of the Korean red ginseng (steamed root of Panax ginseng C. and Rh2 in mouse passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction and contact dermatitis models. KRGS and its ginsenosides are suggested to improve atopic and contact dermatitis by regulating expression of cytokines. • Zhang R. • Hill DL. except for ginsenoside Rh2. Seoul. Division of Clinical Pharmacology.

In the present study. 20(S)-ginsenoside-Rg(3) (Rg(3. METHODS: Eleven saponins were extracted from P. 5). 20(S)-ginsenoside-Rd (Rd.6alpha. 2). proliferation. 3). and differences in the substituent groups affect their anti-cancer activity. 20(S)-ginsenoside-Rg(2) (Rg(2). • Ichikawa H. 3 and 5 were the most effective inhibitors of cell growth and proliferation and inducers of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. 7). RESULTS: The 11 compounds were identified as 20(R)-dammarane3beta.12beta. the number of sugar moieties. 9). we examined whether post-ischemic administration of SMS can ameliorate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats as well. Compounds 1 and 3 had significant. dose-dependent effects on apoptosis.20. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical constants and NMR spectra. 11). 20(S)-ginsenoside-Rh(2) (Rh(2). 956-8603. PURPOSE: Panax ginseng and its extracts have long been used for medical purposes. 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD. Panax ginseng.15 . Shengmai San (SMS) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) comprising three different herbal components. • Wang L. there is increasing interest in developing ginseng products as cancer preventive or therapeutic agents.25-pentol (25-OH-PPT.20. 10). 1990). Results showed that SMS injected immediately after ischemia also prevented the ischemia-reperfusion injury. 20(S)-ginsenoside-Re (Re. USA. Department of Functional and Analytical Food Sciences. 35294. This information may be useful for evaluating the structure/function relationship of other ginsenosides and their aglycones and for development of novel anticancer agents. daucosterine 4.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng Birmingham. at least twofold lower than for any of the other compounds. Compounds were then evaluated for SAR with their in vitro cytotoxicity against several human cancer cell lines. The present study was designed to determine biological structure-activity relationships (SAR) for saponins present in Panax ginseng fruits. For 1. Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences. 20(S)-ginsenoside-Rg(1) (Rg(1). Japan.12beta. the IC(50) values for most cell lines were in the range of 10-60 muM. Niigata.as supplied by publisher] Prevention of cerebral oxidative injury by post-ischemic intravenous administration of Shengmai San. 8). PMID: 16924497 [PubMed .25-tetrol (25-OH-PPD. Among the eleven compounds.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. 1.) 6). when the effect was evaluated by the 04/01/2016 23. and cell cycle progression.com 11 di 13 http://drshen. Niigata-city. It was shown that SMS effectively prevented cerebral oxidative injury in rats when it administered into the duodenum before cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Higashijima 265-1. Ohiopogon japonicus and Fructus schisandrae and has been used for treating coronary heart diseases (Bensky and Barolet. 1). 20(R)-dammarane3beta. • Konishi T. AL. ginseng fruits and purified by use of D(101) resin and ordinary and reverse-phase silica gel column chromatography. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the type of dammarane. and 20(S)ginsenoside-Rb(1) (Rb(1).

mino@gly.oups. and the loss of glutathione peroxidase (GPX). 23-33 differences were observed compared to other dicotyledonous plants. It is thus suggested that SMS injection might be useful for preventing the progression of injury in cerebral infarction after stroke. PMID: 16880642 [PubMed . This ferredoxin has a unique amino acid sequence.ac.jp The complete amino acid sequence of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin from Panax ginseng (Araliaceae) has been determined by automated Edman degradation of the entire S-carboxymethylcysteinyl protein and of the peptides obtained by enzymatic digestion. it was noted that intravenously administered SMS protected the oxidative injury approximately 30% even after 60 min of reperfusion in terms of protein carbonyl formation.indexed for MEDLINE] Protein chemotaxonomy.indexed for MEDLINE] Be the first to know about new products and specials. This ferredoxin had 18 differences in its amino acid sequence compared to that of Petroselinum sativum (Umbelliferae). Japan. Department of Environmental Analysis. Sign up 04/01/2016 23. In contrast.15 .com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng formation of protein carbonyl and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS).The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. XIII. • Mino Y. Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences. PMID: 16883630 [PubMed .com 12 di 13 http://drshen. The preventative potential of SMS was decreased rapidly dependent on the time lag until SMS was injected after ischemia. This suggests that Panax ginseng is related taxonomically to umbelliferous plants. However. which includes an insertion of Tyr at the 3rd position from the amino-terminus and a deletion of two amino acid residues at the carboxyl terminus. Amino acid sequence of ferredoxin from Panax ginseng.

com 13 di 13 http://drshen. Shen's Blog Practitioner/Reseller Discounts TCM Guide Dr. Shen's Handbook E-mail/Phone Consults CA Prop.com.The Whole Truth About Ginseng – DrShen. 65 Return Policy Contact Us Copyright © 2016 DrShen.com/pages/the-whole-truth-about-ginseng here! Click here to sign-up About Dr. Powered by Shopify 04/01/2016 23. Shen's Catalog Dr.15 .