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Physics 15b Assignment #9

By Monday April 11, read Chapter 7 of Purcell

Q&A questions to be answered on the Physics 15b website before 11pm on Monday, April
11:

9QA-1. Which is closest to the appropriate estimate for  in Problem 7.28 in Purcell?

A: 10 3 centuries
B: 1 century
C: 1000 centuries
D: 106 centuries
E: 109 centuries

9QA-2. Which is the dynamo in Problem 7.31 in Purcell?

A : the illustration on the right


B : the illustration on the left
C : Neither of the above.

In addition, there are some survey questions and feedback questions.

1
Problems due at the beginning of class on Thursday, April 14 —

9.1. Do problem 7.14 in Purcell.

A metal crossbar of mass m slides without friction on two long parallel conducting
rails a distance b apart. A resistor R is connected across the rails at one end; compared
with R, the resistance of bar and rails is negligible. There is a uniform field B ~ per-
pendicular to the plane of the figure. At time t = 0 the crossbar is given a velocity v0
toward the right. What happens then?
(a) Does the rod ever stop moving? If so when?
(b) How far does it go?
(c) How about conservation of energy?


................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..... ..... ..... .....
..... ..
.  ....
...


...

...... 
...
...
...

R .....
..

m 
...

......  B~ b
...... 
...
...
...
...


...
...
...
...
.................................................................................
...

................................................................................................................................... ..... ..... ..... .....


...
... ........
....
.


!
In addition, answer the following question.

9.1-d. Work is being done to slow down the bar. What force is producing this work? Explain
your answer in detail.

9.2. Do problem 7.7 in Purcell.

Calculate the self-inductance of a cylindrical solenoid 10 cm in diameter and 2 meters


long. It has a single-layer winding containing a total of 1200 turns. Assume as a first
approximation that the magnetic field inside the solenoid is uniform right out to the
ends. Estimate roughly the magnitude of the error you will therby incur. Is the true L
larger or smaller than your approximate result.

9.3. Do problem 7.11 in Purcell. Then continue the problem as follows.

9.3-d. Connect the two coils in parallel by connecting the upper wires from each coil to one
external lead and the lower wires from each coil to another. What is the self-inductance of the
resulting system?

9.4. Do problem 7.22 in Purcell.

2
A thin ring of radius a carries a static charge q . This ring is in a magnetic field of
strength B0 , parallel to the ring’s axis, and is supported so that it is free to rotate about
that axis. If the field is switched off, how much angular momentum will be added to
the ring? Supposing the mass of the ring to be m, show that the ring, if initially at rest,
will acquire an angular velocity ! = qB0 =2mc. Notice that, as in Problem 7.18, the
result depends only on the initial and final values of the field strength, and not on the
rapidity of the change.