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You are on page 1of 4

Q&A questions to be answered on the Physics 15b website before 11pm on Monday, April

4:

8QA-1. Which is the best answer for the magnitude of the magnetic field in Problem 6.4 in

Purcell?

(2 + )I

A:

cr

(2 )I

B:

cr

2I

C:

cr

(1 + )I

D:

cr

E : None of the above.

8QA-2. Which is the best answer for Problem 6.16 in Purcell? Assume that the current density

in the conductor is uniform. As discussed in problem 6.21, this is a good approximation for most

ordinary conductors.

A: 30 gauss to the right

B: 30 gauss to the left

C: 45 gauss to the right

D: 45 gauss to the left

E: None of the above.

1

Problems due at the beginning of class on Thursday, April 7 —

A wire carrying current I runs down the y axis to the origin, thence out to infinity

along the positive x axis. Show that the magnetic field in the quadrant x > 0, y > 0

of the xy plane is given by

!

I 1 1 x y

Bz = + + p 2 2+ p 2 2 (8-1.1)

c x y y x +y x x +y

B (x; y; 0) = + (8-1.2)

c 1 x2 + (y Y )2 3=2 c 0

(x X )2 + y 2

3=2

IZ0 dY IZ1 dX

= (0; 0; x) + (0; 0; y ) (8-1.3)

c 1 x2 + (y Y )2 3=2 c 0 ( x X )2 + y 2

3=2

da 1 a

= 2 2 2 1=2 (8-1.4)

(a2 +b )

2 3=2 b (a + b )

This gives

0 1

I Y y I X x

B~ (x; y; 0) = (0; 0; 1=x)

1=2 + (0; 0; 1=y )

1=2

c x2 + ( y Y ) 2 c (x X ) +

2 y2

1 0

0 1 0 1 (8-1.5)

I y I x

= (0; 0; 1=x) B

@ 1=2 1C B

A + (0; 0; 1=y ) @1

C

1=2 A (8-1.6)

c x2 + y 2 c x2 + y 2

which is the desired result. Notice that nothing in the calculation depends on what quadrant we are

in (I am not sure why Purcell added that restriction) so the result is valid in the whole z = 0 plane

except where it blows up at points on the wire.

a. Plot the result for Bz (a; a; 0) for a = 2 to a = 2. Give a qualitative explanation for the

difference between positive and negative a.

b. Find the magnetic field everywhere, that is for arbitrary (x; y; z ). Hint: This is really no

harder than the calculation shown above of the magnetic field in the plane (though you may have

to fill in a couple of steps that I skipped). See if you can understand how to modify the result above

to the full answer without doing a lot of new work.

B~ (x; y; z ) (8-1.7)

2

and simplify the function

B~ (x; y; z ) B~ ( x; y; z ) (8-1.8)

then explain why the result for this combination must be what you have found.

A coil is wound evenly on a torus of rectangular cross section. There are N turns

of wire in all. Only a few are shown in the figure. With so many turns, we shall

assume that the current on the surface of the torus flows exactly radially on the annular

end faces, and exactly longitudinally on the inner and outer cylindrical surfaces. First

convince yourself that on this assumption symmetry requires that the magnetic field

everywhere should point in the “circumferential” directions, that is, that all field lines

are circles about the axis of the torus. Second, prove that the field is zero at all points

outside the torus, including the interior of the central hole. Third, find the magnitude

of the field inside the torus, as a function of radius.

Consider two electrons in a cathode ray tube which are moving on parallel paths, side

by side, at the same speed v . The distance between them, a distance measured at right

angles to their velocity, is r. What is the force that acts on one of them, owing to

the presence of the other, as observed in the laboratory frame? If v were very small

compared to c, you could answer e2 =r2 and let it go at that. But v isn’t small, so you

have to be careful.

(a) The easiest way to get the answer is this: Go to a frame of reference moving

with the electrons. In that frame the two electrons are at rest, the distance between

3

them is still r (why?), and the force is just e2 =r2 . Now transform the force into the

laboratory frame, using the force transformation law, Eq. 14 of Chapter 5. (Be careful

about which is the primed system; is the force in the lab frame greater or lass than the

force in the electron frame?)

(b) It should be possible to get the same answer working entirely in the lab frame.

In the lab frame, at the instantaneous position of electron 1, there are both electric and

magnetic fields arising from electron 2 (See Fig. 6.26). Calculate the net force on

electron 1, which is moving through these fields with speed v , and show that you get

the same result as in (a). Make a diagram to show the directions of the fields and

forces.

(c) In the light of this, what can you say about the force between two side-by-side

moving electrons, in the limit v ! c?

Suppose we had a situation in which the component of the magnetic field parallel to

the plane of a sheet had the same magnitude on both sides, but changed direction by

90 in going through the sheet. What is going on here? Would there be a force on the

sheet? Should our formula for the force on a current sheet apply to cases like this?

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