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WTM/PS/136/ERO/JAN/2016

BEFORE THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE BOARD OF INDIA


CORAM: PRASHANT SARAN, WHOLE TIME MEMBER.
ORDER
Under sections 11, 11(4), 11A and 11B of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act,
1992, in the matter of Mondal Construction Company Limited (PAN:AAECM1125F) and its
Directors, viz. Shri Samarjit Mondal (DIN - 00320539; PAN: AEOPM6302D), Shri Swapan
Kumaar Mondal (DIN - 00320633; PAN:AEDPM6336A), Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal (DIN03501833; PAN: AVSPM3542L), Shri Sanjiv Jain (DIN- 00376008; PAN: ACSPJ9999H) and
Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay (DIN:03068256;PAN:AEEPC5718H).

1.1

Mondal Construction Company Limited(hereinafter referred to as '"MCCL" or "the


company") having its registered office at Uttarayan, Chinsurah Station Road, P. O. Chinsurah (RS), P. S. - Chinsurah, West Bengal- 712102,

was incorporated

on

July01,2004,

with

as

with

the

RoC,

Kolkata,

West

Bengal,

CIN

No.

U45203WB2004PLC099007.
1.2

On receipt of communication dated February 21, 2014 from Office of the Sub-Divisional
Magistrate (SDM), Sadar, West Tripura enclosing certain complaints forwarded by SDM,
Khowai, Tripura regarding Redeemable Preference Shares ("RPS") issued by t h e
C o m p a n y and subsequent enquiry by SEBI, it was observed that MCCL had issued RPS
to 3981 persons during the period of 2005-06 to 2012-13 and collected an amount of Rs.
2,51,94,100/-.

1.3

As the above said issuance of RPS was found prima facie in violation of respective
provisions of the SEBI Act, 1992 ("SEBI Act"); the Companies Act, 1956, SEBI passed
an interim order dated December 15, 2014 (hereinafter referred to as the interim order)
and issued directions mentioned therein against MCCL and its directors, Shri Samarjit
Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri
Indranil Chattopadhyay.

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2.1

Prima facie findings/allegations: In the said interim order, the following prima facie
findings/allegation were recorded.
a. MCCL issued RPS of face value Rs.100/-each inter alia in terms of following terms and
conditions:Table 1
Plan

2.2

Issue Price minimum


100 preference shares

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

Redemption Period

3yrs.

6yrs.

9yrs.

13.5yrs.

15.5yrs

Redemption Premium

310

1000

2000

7000

9000

Maturity value
Annualised yield
on Investment

1310

2000

3000

8000

10000

9.45%

12.25%

12.96%

16.65%

16%

MCCL has made an offer of RPS and pursuant allotment collected money to the extent
of Rs. 2,51,94,100/- from the public, as shown in the following Table.
Table 2
Year

No. of
Securities

Series of
allotments
(tranches)

2005-06

9035

Amount
Per
Share(Rs.
)
100

2006-07

24450

2007-08

30347

2008-09

364

Total
Amount
Raised(
in Rs.)
9,03,500

100

585

24,45,000

100

586

30,34,700

40466

100

649

40,46,600

2009-10

59156

12

100

883

59,15,600

2010-11

37721

12

100

407

37,72,100

2011-12

28448

12

100

296

28,44,800

2012-13

22318

11

100

211

22,31,800

251941

69

100

3981

2,51,94,100

Total

2.3

No. of persons to
whom RPS issued

The Offer of RPS was a deemed public issue of securities under the first proviso to Section

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67(3) of the Companies Act, 1956, Accordingly, the resultant requirement under Section
60, Section 56(1) and 56(3), Sections 73(1), (2) and (3) of the Companies Act, were not
complied with by MCCL.
2.4

In view of the prima facie findings on the violations, the following directions were issued
in the said interim order dated December 15, 2014 with immediate effect.
i.

MCCL shall not mobilize funds from investors through the Offer of RPS or
through the issuance of equity shares or any other securities, to the public and/or
invite subscription, in any manner whatsoever, either directly or indirectly, till
further directions;

ii.

MCCL and its present Directors, viz. Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan
Kumaar Mondal and Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal along with its past Directors viz.
Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay are prohibited from issuing
prospectus or any offer document or issue advertisement for soliciting money
from the public for the issue of securities, in any manner whatsoever, either
directly or indirectly, till further orders;

iii. MCCL and the abovementioned Directors, are restrained from accessing
the securities market and further prohibited from buying, selling or otherwise
dealing in the securities market, either directly or indirectly, till further directions;
iv. MCCL shall provide a full inventory of all its assets and properties;
v.

The abovementioned Directors of MCCL shall provide a full inventory of all


their assets and properties;

vi. MCCL and its abovementioned Directors shall not dispose of any of the
properties or alienate or encumber any of the assets owned/acquired by that
company through the Offer of RPS, without prior permission from SEBI;
vii. MCCL and its abovementioned Directors shall not divert any funds raised
from public at large through the Offer of RPS, which are kept in bank account(s)
and/or in the custody of MCCL. However, this direction shall not prohibit the
company from redeeming the securities issued to the investors in view of the
declaration by them that they have redeemed securities worth Rs. 2.40 Cr. and
that only Rs. 11.89 Lacs is still remaining to be redeemed The company shall
also file a report regarding all such redemptions along with their reply.
3.1

Vide the said interim order, MCCL and its abovementioned Directors were given

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opportunities to file their reply, within 21 days from the date of receipt of the said interim
Order. The order further stated that the concerned persons may also indicate whether they
desired to avail themselves an opportunity of personal hearing on a date and time to be fixed
on a specific request made in that regard.
4.1

Service of interim order: The copy of the said interim order was sent to the above mentioned
entities by letter dated December 16, 2014 through speed post acknowledgement due.
Except for Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay, the interim orders sent
were duly delivered

5.1

Subsequently, vide letter dated May 04, 2015 all the persons against whom the above said
interim order was passed, were intimated that they shall be given an opportunity of personal
hearing on May 21, 2015. The letters sent to Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal and Shri Indranil
Chattopadhyay came back undelivered. The letters sent to Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri
Swapan Kumaar Mondal and Shri Sanjiv Jain were delivered. The letters sent to others are
presumed to be delivered as they have not come back.

6.1

Subsequently, vide letter dated May 19, 2015 the Company on its behalf and on behalf of
the directors sought for an adjournment of the hearing. SEBI vide letter dated May 21, 2015
intimated the Company and the directors that they would be given another opportunity of
personal hearing on July 16, 2015. Thereafter vide letter dated July 8, 2015, SEBI intimated
the Company and the directors that the said hearing scheduled on July 16, 2015 is adjourned.
SEBI vide letter dated July 09, 2015 intimated the Company and the directors that they
would be given another opportunity of hearing on July 29, 2015. The letters dated July 09,
2015 sent to Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay came back undelivered. The letter sent to the
Company, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain, got
delivered. The letter sent to Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal did not come back undelivered.

6.2

Hearing and submissions: Ms. Meera Manubhai Patel, Advocate and Mr. Patel Mayur Shailesh
appeared on behalf of the Company. Ms. Meera Manubhai Patel undertook to file vakalat
on behalf of the directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain
and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay. The counsels filed written submissions and made oral
submissions on the lines of the written submissions. Subsequently, vide letter dated August
10, 2015 the vakalathnama on behalf of Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri

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Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay were sent to SEBI. However, in the said
Vakalath filed by the counsel, in one of the vakalaths, the name of the persons is written as
Indranil Chatterjee and a signature has been made accordingly. It is noted that in the interim
order name is mentioned as Indranil Chattopadhyay. Vide the covering letter dated August
10, 2015, the counsel for the noticees stated that Indranil Chatterjee is the correct name
instead of Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay. On perusal of the PAN copy of the said persons, I
find that the name is shown as Indranil Chatterjee. Therefore, I consider the vakalath has
been filed in the name of Indranil Chatterjee properly.
6.3

The written submissions of the Company and the directors in brief are as follows:
a.

SEBI has initiated action against MCCL on the basis of a copy of a show cause notice
dated July 31, 2013 forwarded to it by the office of Sub Divisional Magistrate, Sardar,
Sub Division, West Tripura. The said show cause notice mentions complaints received
by it from several investors, however there is no disclosures of the names and
addresses of even one of such persons in the said notice. The copy of its reply dated
August 14, 2013 to office of Sub Divisional Magistrate, Sardar, Sub Division, West
Tripura was enclosed. MCCL denied each and every contention mentioned in the said
notice.

b. SEBI till date has also never received any complaints from any investors that MCCL

has been collecting deposits from the public and / or promising any lucrative returns
as alleged in the notice.
c. MCCL in paragraph 6 of the said reply has categorically stated that the company has

redeemable preference share amounting to Rs. 76,57,800/-. Further, it stated in the


reply that it has started redeeming preference shares including pre-mature redemption
even prior to the receipt of the shown cause notice. This act by itself evidences the
MCCL had no intention to defraud its allottees.
d. SEBI has acted in an arbitrary and coercive manner for wholly extraneous reasons.

MCCL has furnished all relevant documents/ information as sought for by SEBI.
Further, the interim order dated 15/12/2014 is passed in complete breach of
principles of natural justice in as much as no opportunity of hearing was granted before
the passing of the order.

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e. No hearing was given before coming to the alleged conclusion that MCCL was

involved in collecting of deposits from public and /or promising lucrative returns.
There is a complete breach of natural justice since SEBI has proceeded to pass an
interim order dated December 15, 2014 based on a copy of this show cause notice and
the contents available on MCA 21 portal without giving an opportunity to MCCL to
be heard in the matter. The said order is therefore in violation of the principles of
natural justice.
f.

MCCL has never issued any pamphlets or brochures of offer of redeemable preference
shares. The offer of redeemable preference shares by MCCL cannot be termed as
collective investment scheme, and in this context the case of Sahara differs from that
of MCCL on factual basis. In any event, in view of its Board Resolution dated March
28, 2014, MCCL had resolved to redeem all preference shares outstanding as on March
31, 2014, irrespective of their maturity / due date of redemption and in view of
continuous process of payment, the interim order becomes irrelevant.

g. So far the emphasis has always been on an offer to 50 or more persons.

Further, it

is not clear as to what happens when a company does not make an offer or invitation
to the public, but only issues its securities to more than 49 persons at their instance.
h. MCCL is not dealing in any securities as defined under the SEBI Act, 1992 or

Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956 (SCRA), it is therefore, submitted that it


is not connected with the securities market in any manner and that its affairs are
government by Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India as per the
provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. The business operations of the MCCL
are not covered by any of the provisions of the SEBI Act, SCRA or CIS Regulations
in question. Therefore, no certificate of registration was required to be obtained by
MCCL in terms of the above said Acts or the CIS Regulations.
i.

As per the interim order, the issue of Redeemable Preference Shares falls under a
Collective Investment Scheme. However the same is denied by it. MCCL has never
launched any scheme nor has it made any promises to the investors about the returns.
The main business on MCCL is construction of residential and commercial flats. All
necessary legal formalities including agreements are duly executed by the MCCL and

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the concerned purchasers. Therefore all the ingredients of a sale as defined under
the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 are present in the instant case.
j.

MCCL had raised its preference share capital to the extent to Rs.2,51,94,100, MCCL
had altered its Memorandum of Association after complying with all necessary
formalities for increasing its authorized capital to the extent of Rs. 600 lacs prior to
raising its preference share capital in the form of allotment of preference shares.
MCCL had allotted preference shares from time to time aggregating to 2,51,941 shares
and had filled Form 2 with Registrar of Companies, West Bengal relating to such
allotments.

k. It has never raised any money from public either by issue of preference shares, fixed

deposits, selling any products having colour/ characteristics of Collective Investment


Scheme. No prospectus or offer document was filed with the Registrar of Companies
as the preference shares allotted were not to be listed in any stock exchange.
l.

Further, it had redeemed most of the preference shares and a sum of Rs. 20,26,800
was the only sum due for redemption. The Board of Directors of MCCL had decided
to transfer the said redemption amount to an ESCROW account to be opened in the
name of MCCL with ICICI Bank, Chandannagore Branch, and any amount which may
be claimed subsequently will be paid out of the ESCROW account. MCCL further
informed SEBI that necessary steps are being taken by MCCL to redeem the balance
amount in preference shares as early as possible. MCCL accordingly, approached
ICICI Bank for opening escrow account which the Bank said it is not possible in the
case of MCCL as the Bank needs a mandate from the shareholders. The ICICI Bank,
alternatively, helped MCCL to open a separate account for payment of amount due to
the investors. MCCL accordingly opened a separate account with the ICICI bank and
transferred the balance redemption amount to that Account. Payments on redemption
have been made from this Account.

m. As on 31.03.2014 its net-worth was Rs. 5,56,59,513/- including preference share

amounting to Rs. 90,79,400/- whereas as on date, Rs. 9,00,000/- was outstanding for
the preference share. MCCL stated that as on March 31, 2014 its paid up capital was
Rs. 2,72,77,400/- consisting of 18, 19, 800 equity share capital of Rs. 10 each and

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90,794 preference share capital of Rs. 100 each.


n. As per letter dated March 3, 2015 of the Company to SEBI, it had redeemed an amount

of Rs. 2,41,40,600/-. Thus a sum of Rs. 10,53,500/- was pending redemption at that
point of time. It further stated that vide its letter dated May 21, 2015 to SEBI, the
amount outstanding for redemption is only Rs. 9,85,500/-. MCCL submits that as on
date a sum of Rs. 9,00,000/- is outstanding for redemption and MCCL is ready to
redeem the shares to the said allotees but it is not in a position to do so, as no allottee
is coming forward claiming refund, despite the request from the MCCL.
o. The penal action should be in proportion to magnitude of the offence committed.

The clean intentions of MCCL and its directors are amply borne out by the fact that
amounts so raised have been promptly refunded with interest and even before their
maturity period.
p. It is further stated that the parallels sought to be drawn by the interim order of Whole

Time Member with the SAHARA case also have no factual applicability in the current
matter. In that case the promoters of the SAHARA group have neither refunded the
money to its investors nor have they obeyed the Apex Court directives with respect to
timely payment.
6.4

I have considered the allegations, and material on record. On perusal of the same the
following issues arise for consideration. Each question is dealt with separately under
different headings.
1. Whether the company came out with the Offer of RPS?
2. If so, whether the said issues are in violation of Section 60, Section 56(1) and 56(3),
Sections 73(1), (2) and (3), the Companies Act,1956?
3. If the findings on question No.2 are found in the affirmative, who are liable for the
violation committed?

7.1

Whether the company came out with the Offer of RPS?: I have perused the interim order dated
December 15, 2014 for the allegation of Offer of RPS. The Company vide its letter dated
March 3, 2015 did not dispute the issuance. The said reply was sent by the Company on
behalf of all the directors. SEBI in its letter dated May 04, 2015 while intimating the date of

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personal hearing also recorded in the said letter that the reply dated March 3, 2015 was sent
by the Company on behalf of all the directors. The said letters got delivered to all the
directors except Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay. Further the
written submissions filed on behalf of the company and the directors also did not dispute
the issuance of the preference shares as alleged. In view of this, I find that the Company
or other directors have not disputed the issuance.
7.2

I have also perused the documents/ information obtained from the 'MCA 21 Portal'. I have
perused the available Form 2s filed by the Company and the letter dated December 5, 2014
submitted by the Company on its behalf and on behalf of the directors, I find that the
Company has made allotment of RPS as shown in the following table.

Table No.3
Sl. No.

Date of allotment
(DD/MM/YYYY)

Amount ( Rs.)

As per details
submitted by co.

1
2

31/12/2005
31/03/2006

196500
707000

111
253

903500
249500
253000
481000
387000
684000
390500
2445000
598900
638000
347500
494000
447300
509000
3034700
35000
479600
511000

364
92
70
112
77
120
114
585
116
102
79
76
104
109
586
5
79
99

3
4
5
6
7
8

31/05/2006
31/07/2006
30/09/2006
30/11/2006
31/01/2007
31/03/2007

9
10
11
12
13
14

31/05/2007
31/07/2007
30/09/2007
30/11/2007
31/01/2008
31/03/2008

15
16
17

31/05/2008
31/05/2008
31/07/2008

Page 9 of 24

Sl. No.

Date of allotment
(DD/MM/YYYY)

Amount ( Rs.)

As per details
submitted by co.

18
19
20
21
22
23
24

30/09/2008
30/09/2008
30/11/2008
30/12/2008
31/01/2009
28/02/2009
31/03/2009

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

30/04/2009
31/05/2009
30/06/2009
31/07/2009
31/08/2009
30/09/2009
31/10/2009
30/11/2009
31/12/2009
31/01/2010
28/02/2010
31/03/2010

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48

30/04/2010
31/05/2010
30/06/2010
31/07/2010
31/08/2010
30/09/2010
31/10/2010
30/11/2010
31/12/2010
31/01/2011
28/02/2011
31/03/2011

49
50

30/04/2011
31/05/2011

334000
122000
1082500
151400
401000
503600
426500
4046600
390500
230900
269000
202500
313200
649500
462900
293000
588000
730000
807500
978600
5915600
333000
953000
138500
115000
167000
82000
185500
98400
143000
408500
498000
650200
3772100
286000
79000

62
33
114
28
62
78
89
649
61
49
44
33
41
87
61
43
82
59
118
205
883
43
72
27
22
27
17
23
18
18
48
39
53
407
23
15

Page 10 of 24

Sl. No.

Date of allotment
(DD/MM/YYYY)

Amount ( Rs.)

As per details
submitted by co.

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

30/06/2011
31/07/2011
31/08/2011
30/09/2011
31/10/2011
30/11/2011
31/12/2011
31/01/2012
29/02/2012
31/03/2012

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71

30/04/2012
31/05/2012
30/06/2012
31/07/2012
31/08/2012
29/09/2012
31/10/2012
30/11/2012
31/12/2012
31/01/2013
28/02/2013

175000
155000
379000
60000
305000
135000
650700
140500
190000
289600
2844800
245200
352000
235000
184600
173000
70000
295000
253000
26000
312500
85500
2231800
25194100

25
26
32
14
29
19
45
28
18
22
296
24
31
14
18
18
13
16
15
5
37
20
211
3981

Total
8.1

If so, whether the said issues are in violation of Section 60, Section 56(1) and 56(3), Sections 73(1) (2)
(3), the Companies Act,1956?: The provisions alleged to have been violated and mentioned in
Issue No.2 are applicable to the offer made to the public. Therefore, the primary question
that arises for consideration is whether the issue of preference shares covered in Issue No 1
is a public issue. At this juncture, reference may be made to sections 67(1) & (3) of the
Companies Act, 1956:
"67. (1) Any reference in this Act or in the articles of a company to offering shares or debentures to
the public shall, subject to any provision to the contrary contained in this Act and subject also to the
provisions of sub-sections (3) and (4), be construed as including a reference to offering them to any

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section of the public, whether selected as members or debenture holders of the company concerned or as
clients of the person issuing the prospectus or in any other manner.
(2)any reference in this Act or in the articles of a company to invitations to the public to subscribe for
shares or debentures shall, subject as aforesaid, be construed as including a reference to invitations to
subscribe for them extended to any section of the public, whether selected as members or debenture
holders of the company concerned or as clients of the person issuing the prospectus or in any other
manner.
(3) No offer or invitation shall be treated as made to the public by virtue of sub- section (1) or subsection (2), as the case may be, if the offer or invitation can properly be regarded, in all the
circumstances(a) as not being calculated to result, directly or indirectly, in the shares or debentures becoming available
for subscription or purchase by persons other than those receiving the offer or invitation; or
(b) otherwise as being a domestic concern of the persons making and receiving the offer or invitation

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply in a case where the offer or invitation
to subscribe for shares or debentures is made to fifty persons or more:
Provided further that nothing contained in the first proviso shall apply to non-banking financial
companies or public financial institutions specified in section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of
1956).
8.2

The following observations of the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Sahara India Real Estate
Corporation Limited & ORs. Vs. SEBI (Civil Appeal no. 9813 and 9833 of 2011) (hereinafter
referred to as the 'Sahara Case'), while examining the scope of Section 67 of the Companies
Act, 1956, are worth consideration:"84. Section 67(1) deals with the offer of shares and debentures to the public and
Section 67(2) deals with invitation to the public to subscribe for shares and debentures and how those
expressions are to be understood, when reference is made to the Act or in the articles of a company.

The emphasis in Section 67(1) and (2) is on the section of the public. Section
67(3) states that no offer or invitation shall be treated as made to the public, by
virtue of subsections (1) and (2), that is to any section of the public, if the offer
or invitation is not being calculated to result, directly or indirectly, in the shares

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or debentures becoming available for subscription or purchase by persons


other than those receiving the offer or invitation or otherwise as being a
domestic concern of the persons making and receiving the offer or
invitations. Section 67(3) is, therefore, an exception to Sections 67(1) and (2).
If the circumstances mentioned in clauses (1) and (b) of Section 67(3) are satisfied, then the
offer/invitation would not be treated as being made to the public.
85.

The first proviso to Section 67(3) was inserted by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2000

w.e.f. 13.12.2000, which clearly indicates, nothing contained in Sub-section (3) of Section 67 shall
apply in a case where the offer or invitation to subscribe for shares or debentures is made to fifty
persons or more. Resultantly, after 13.12.2000, any offer of securities by a public company to fifty
persons or more will be treated as a public issue under the Companies Act, even if it is of domestic
concern or it is proved that the shares or debentures are not available for subscription or purchase
by persons other than those receiving the offer or invitation. (Emphasis supplied).
8.3

Section 67(3) provides for situations when an offer is not considered as offer to public. As
per the said sub section, if the offer is one which is not calculated to result, directly or
indirectly, in the shares or debentures becoming available for subscription or purchase by
persons other than those receiving the offer or invitation {(section 67(3)(a)}, or, if the offer
is the domestic concern of the persons making and receiving the offer {(section 67(3)(b)},
the same are not considered as public offer. Under such circumstances, they are considered
as private placement of shares and debentures. It is noted that as per the first proviso to
Section 67(3) Companies Act, 1956, the public offer and listing requirements contained in
that Act would become automatically applicable to a company making the offer to fifty or
more persons.

8.4

In the instant case, except in the case of allotments in serial number at 15, 21, 27, 28, 29, 32,
37, 39-47, 49-71 in Tabular column 3, the allotments were made to more than 49 persons.
As the allotment of RPS has been made by MCCL to more than 49 persons, the said
allotments falls within the first proviso of section 67(3) of Companies Act, 1956. With
respect to the few allotments made to less than 49 persons, it is observed that the sheer
proximity in timing of allotment and the periodicity of splitting the allotments every time at
the end of the month, by deliberately keeping the number of allottees below the statutory

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minimum, shows that the Company wantonly made repeated allotments to less than fifty
persons in order to make an false appearance as if offer and allotment of RPS is a private
placement, to evade the process of law and detection. Therefore, I find that the offer and
allotment of RPS falls within the first proviso of section 67(3) of Companies Act, 1956.
Thereby, such issues are deemed to be public issues and were mandated to comply with the
'public issue' norms as prescribed under the Companies Act, 1956.
8.5

Even if all the individual allotments are considered separately, reference may be made to
Sahara Case, wherein it was held that under Section 67(3) of the Companies Act, 1956, the
"Burden of proof is entirely on Saharas to show that the investors are/were their employees/workers or
associated with them in any other capacity which they have not discharged." In respect of those issuances,
the Company or the directors have not placed any material that the allotment was in
satisfaction of section 67(3)(a) or 67(3)(b) of Companies Act, 1956 i.e., it was made to the
known associated persons or domestic concern. Therefore, I find that the said issuance
cannot be considered as private placement.

8.6

In terms of section 56(1) of the Companies Act, 1956, every prospectus issued by or on
behalf of a company, shall state the matters specified in Part I and set out the reports
specified in Part II of Schedule II of that Act. Further, as per section 56(3) of the Companies
Act, 1956, no one shall issue any form of application for shares in a company, unless the
form is accompanied by abridged prospectus, containing disclosures as specified. Section
2(36) of the Companies Act read with section 60 thereof, mandates a company to register
its 'prospectus' with the RoC, before making a public offer/ issuing the 'prospectus'. As per
the aforesaid Section 2(36), prospectus means any document described or issued as a
prospectus and includes any notice, circular, advertisement or other document inviting
deposits from the public or inviting offers from the public for the subscription or purchase
of any shares in, or debentures of, a body corporate.

8.7

The allegation of non-compliance of the above provisions was not denied by the company
or directors or the promoters. Neither the company nor the directors or promoters,
produced any record to show that MCCL has issued Prospectus containing the disclosures
mentioned in section 56(1) of the Companies Act, 1956, or filed a Prospectus with ROC or
issued application forms accompanying the abridged prospectus.

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8.8

However, it was contended by the Company and directors that the issue was not meant to
be listed and primarily the allotment and raising of money is not from the public. It also
raised the question as to what happens when a company does not make an offer or invitation
to the public, but only issues its securities to more than 49 persons at their instance.

8.9

In this context it may be mentioned, as per Sahara Judgment, it is not only the offer but also
the issue to more than 49 persons attract the obligations of the public issue since they are
deemed as public issue. Therefore, I find that, MCCL and its directors and promoters
responsible for the failure to issue prospectus,thus having failed to coply with Section 56(1),
56(3) and 60 of the Companies Act, 1956.

8.10 Further, by issuing RPS to more than 49 persons, MCCL had to compulsorily list such

securities in compliance with section 73 of the Companies Act, 1956. As per section 73(1)
and (2) of the Companies Act, 1956, a company is required to make an application to one
or more recognized stock exchanges for permission for the shares or debentures to be
offered to be dealt within the stock exchange and if permission has not been applied for or
not granted, the company is required to forthwith repay with interest all moneys received
from the applicants.
8.11 The allegation of non-compliance of the above provisions was not denied by the company

or directors or promoters. I find that no records have been submitted to indicate that it had
made an application seeking listing permission from stock exchange nor did it refund the
amounts consequent upon such failure. Thus, MCCL has contravened the said provisions.
MCCL has not provided any records to show that the amount collected by MCCL are kept
in a separate bank account. Therefore, I find that MCCL has also not complied with the
provisions of section 73(3) as it has not kept the amounts received from investors in a
separate bank account and failed to repay the same in accordance with section 73(2) as
observed above.
8.12 I note that the jurisdiction of SEBI over various provisions of the Companies Act, 1956

including the above mentioned, in the case of public companies, whether listed or unlisted,
when they issue and transfer securities, flows from the provisions of Section 55A of the
Companies Act, 1956. While examining the scope of Section 55A of the Companies Act,
1956, the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Sahara Case,had observed that:

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"We, therefore, hold that, so far as the provisions enumerated in the opening portion of Section 55A
of the Companies Act, so far as they relate to issue and transfer of securities and non-payment of
dividend is concerned, SEBI has the power to administer in the case of listed public companies and in
the case of those public companies which intend to get their securities listed on a recognized stock
exchange in India."
" SEBI can exercise its jurisdiction under Sections 11(1), 11(4), 11A(1)(b) and 11B of SEBI Act
and Regulation 107 of ICDR 2009 over public companies who have issued shares or debentures to
fifty or more, but not complied with the provisions of Section 73(1) by not listing its securities on a
recognized stock exchange"
8.13 In this regard, it is pertinent to note that by virtue of Section 55A of the Companies Act,

SEBI has to administer Section 67 of that Act, so far as it relates to issue and transfer of
securities, in the case of companies who intend to get their securities listed.
8.14 In view of the forgoing findings, I am of the view that MCCL is engaged in fund mobilizing

activity from the public, through the offer and issuance of RPS and has contravened the
provisions of sections 56, 60 and 73 of the Companies Act, 1956.
9.1 If the findings on question No.2 are found in the affirmative, who are liable for the violation committed:

Section 56(1) and 56(3) read with section 56(4) imposes the liability on the company, every
director, and other persons responsible for the prospectus for the compliance of the said
provisions. The liability for non-compliance of Section 60 of the Companies Act, 1956 is on
the company, and every person who is a party to the non-compliance of issuing the
prospectus as per the said section.
9.2 As far as the liability for non-compliance of section 73 of Companies Act, 1956 is concerned,

as stipulated in section 73(2) of the said Act, the company and every director of the company
who is an officer in default shall, from the eighth day becomes jointly and severally liable to
repay that money with interest at such rate, not less than four per cent and not more than
fifteen per cent.
9.3 SEBI, as per section 27(2) of the SEBI Act, has the powers to proceed against directors of

such companies. In cases of financial fraud, the role of directors in prevention of the same is
of utmost importance. They are required to take diligent measures in preventing the same.

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They are also required not to be neglectful in the affairs of the company which results in the
violation of various laws such as deemed public issue in violation of law. In deemed public
issue in violation of law, money is collected from innocent, ill-informed and gullible public,
without the Company giving the statutory protection available to those investors under the
law such as, full and necessary disclosures about the company, an exit opportunity by way of
listing of the shares. The purpose of refund in such cases as per law, is to protect the investors
who have parted their money without having any opportunity of exit and without full
disclosures about the Company which deprives their informed consent.
9.4 Reference may also be made to the ratio of the Honble High court of Madras in Madhavan

Nambiar vs Registrar Of Companies (2002 108 Comp Cas 1 Mad) which observed In
the matter of proceedings for negligence, default, breach of duty, misfeasance or breach of
trust or violation of the statutory provisions of the Act and the rules, there is no difference
or distinction between the whole-time or part time director or nominated or co-opted director
and the liability for such acts or commission or omission is equal. So also the treatment for
such violations as stipulated in the Companies Act, 1956.
9.5 SEBI also has powers under section 11 and 11B of the SEBI Act to pass direction of refund

along with interest. The Honble Bombay High court in B.P.Plc (Formerly B.P.Amoco

Plc) vs SEBI, (2002 (4) Bom CR 79), held that that SEBI has powers to award interest in
exercise its power under section 11 and 11B of SEBI Act, as stated below:Applying the principles regarding award of interest as has been held by the Apex Court in Secretary,
Irrigation Department vs. G.C.Roy (supra) to the effect "a person deprived of the use of money to
which he is legitimately entitled to has a right to be compensated for the deprivation, call it by any
name. It may be called "interest, compensation or damages," the investors are entitled to be compensated
by way of interest for delayed payment.
Under these circumstances we find no substance that there is no power to award such an interest.
9.6 The Company also stated in the written submissions that it has resolved vide board resolution

dated March 28, 2014 that it would redeem the preference shares irrespective of the date of
maturity and the repayment has started. It stated that only Rs. 20,26,800/- is only remaining
to be redeemed. It stated the said balance amount was transferred to the separate account

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opened by the company in ICICI and payments on this account has been made from this
bank account. At para 15 of the written submissions, the Company stated that it has
redeemed Rs. 2,41,40,600 and only a sum of Rs. 10,53,500 remains to be paid. This was also
stated in the reply dated March 3, 2015 of the company. The company stated that it has vide
its letter dated May 21, 2015 addressed to SEBI has intimated SEBI that the outstanding
amount for redemption is only Rs. 9,85,500 which according to the Company has come down
to Rs. 9,00,000 as on the date of written submissions. It is noted that no proof of payments
was produced before the SEBI. Further, as submitted by the Company, it has deposited only
Rs. 20,26,800 in the ICICI Bank which according to the Company was the then outstanding
amount. The Company submitted that though it is willing to make the refund, no investor is
willing to receive the payment. However, no copy of the said letter and proof of service was
given by the company.
9.7 The Company and the directors contended that they were not given opportunity of being

heard before the interim order was passed. It is an established position of law that SEBI has
powers to interim orders before an opportunity of being heard is given in appropriate cases.
In the present case an interim order has been passed in view of the urgent situation of
preventing the Company and its directors from further violating the law and preventing them
from dissipating the assets so that in case of an order of refund is passed after hearing, the
same would not become infructuous.
9.8 The Companys submission that MCA Portal 21 documents were relied upon also does not

stand since they are public documents and the Company and directors themselves have
admitted that they have made allotments.
9.9 The Company also raised a defense that it is not dealing in securities. The same does not

stand in view of the fact that they issued redeemable preference shares which fall within the
definition of securities under the Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956.
9.10 It is noted that there is no allegation in the interim order cum show cause notice that there is

a violation of CIS regulations or the Company is running collective investment schemes.


However, the Company submitted that it is in the business of construction of residential and
commercial flats and selling the flats to the purchasers through execution of sale agreement.
It is noted that the Company advanced arguments on that basis in its letter dated March 3,

Page 18 of 24

2015 also. The submissions on this basis that it is not running the CIS made in the written
submissions of the Company, therefore, are irrelevant to the present proceedings.
9.11 From the available information as per the Register of directors, managing directors, manager,

secretary, etc dated December 4, 2014, obtained from RoC, Kolkata before passing of the
interim order, the details of the appointment and resignation of all the directors are given in
the Table 2 below:
Table 4
Name of the Directors
Shri Samarjit Mondal,
Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal
Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal
Shri Sanjiv Jain
Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay

Date of Appointment
July 01, 2004
July 01, 2004
September 03, 2012
July 03, 2006
July 23, 2010

Date of Resignation
July 23, 2010
September 07, 2012

9.12 As per the latest Signatory Details obtained from MCA website on December 28, 2015, it is

observed that Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal has resigned from the directorship of the company and
Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay joined the company as director on December 23, 2014 (i.e. after
passing of interim order).
9.13

Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal were serving as directors while the
impugned issues and allotments were made. Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and
Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay (has been inducted as director again on 23.12.2014 after resigning on
07.09.2012) were acting as directors at some stages of the raising of money by way of issuance
of RPS. Therefore, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal
Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay who acted as directors at the time
of impugned issues, are responsible for the refund along with the Company.

9.14

Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay resigned on
December 23, 2014, July 23, 2010 and September 07, 2012 respectively. The liability of the
company to repay under section 73(2) of the Companies Act, 1956 is continuing and such
liability continues till all the repayments are made. Reference may be made to the judgment
rendered in Honble High court Delhi in Anita Chadha vs Registrar Of Companies {74 (1998)

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DLT 537}. The ratio of this judgment would show that the directors who have resigned still
can be proceeded against for the violations committed by them. Therefore, the subsequent
resignation of Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay will
not discharge them of their liability as persons responsible for the issuance of RPS in violation
of law.
9.15

The liability of the company to repay under section 73(2) of the Companies Act, 1956 is
continuing and such liability continues till all the repayments are made. Therefore, the
directors who join subsequent to the some instances of the impugned public issuances are
also liable if the company does not repay the money collected, as mandated in section 73(2)
of the Companies Act, 1956. Therefore, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri
Indranil Chattopadhyay also become responsible on this ground also for making refunds
along with interest on the basis of their continuing liability. Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay has
joined the company again. These directors also have not exercised necessary diligence after
joining as directors in the Company. Neither did they make any attempts to report the
wrongdoings of the company to appropriate authorities at the time of their joining.

9.16

In view of the provisions of law, MCCL and its directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan
Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay,
are responsible for the issue of RPS in violation of law and regulations and hence co-extensively
responsible along with the Company for making refunds along with interest. The amounts

mobilized through the issue of securities have not been refunded within the time period as
mandated under law. It would therefore be appropriate to levy an interest @ 15% p.a. as
provided for under the above section read with rule 4D (which prescribes that the rates of interest,
for the purposes of sub-sections (2) and (2A) of section 73, shall be 15 per cent per annum) of the
Companies (Central Governments) General Rules and Forms, 1956 on the amounts
mobilized by the Company through its offer and issue of securities from the date when the
same was liable to be repaid till date of actual payment to the investors.
9.17

In view of the foregoing, the natural consequence of not adhering to the norms governing
the issue of securities to the public and making repayments as directed under section 73(2) of
the Companies Act, 1956, is to direct the MCCL and its Directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri
Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil

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Chattopadhyay, to refund the monies collected, with interest to such investors. In view of the
violations committed by the Company and its directors and promoters, to safeguard the
interest of the investors who had subscribed to such preference shares issued by the Company
and to further ensure orderly development of securities market, it also becomes necessary for
SEBI to issue appropriate directions against the Company and the other noticees.
11.1

In view of the foregoing, I, in exercise of the powers conferred upon me under section 19 of
the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 read with Sections 11(1), 11(4), 11A
and 11B thereof hereby issue the following directions:
a) The Company, namely, Mondal Construction Company Limited and its Directors,
Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri
Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay, shall forthwith refund the money
collected by the Company through the issuance of RPS, including the money
collected from investors, till date, pending allotment, if any, with an interest of 15%
per annum compounded at half yearly intervals, from the date when the repayments
became due (in terms of Section 73(2) of the Companies Act, 1956) to the investors
till the date of actual payment.
b) The Company has claimed to have redeemed the securities and made payments to its
investors. If the Company has actually made any repayments to its investors of the
amounts collected from them along with interest, the above directions shall be
applicable for the amounts due to be returned to remaining investors. However, such
repayments as claimed to have been already made by the Company, shall be certified
by Chartered Accountants, as directed in sub-paragraph (f) below.
c) The repayments and interest payments to investors shall be effected only through
Bank Demand Draft or Pay Order.
d) Mondal Construction Company Limited and its present management is permitted to
sell the assets of the Company only for the sole purpose of making the repayments
including interest, as directed above and deposit the proceeds in an Escrow Account
opened with a nationalized Bank.
e) The Company, namely, Mondal Construction Company Limited and its Directors,

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Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri
Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay, shall issue public notice, in all editions
of two National Dailies (one English and one Hindi) and in one local daily (in Bengali)
with wide circulation, detailing the modalities for refund, including details of contact
persons including names, addresses and contact details, within fifteen days of this
Order coming into effect.
f) After completing the aforesaid repayments, Mondal Construction Company Limited
and its Directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi
Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay, shall file a report of
such completion of repayment with SEBI, within a period of three months from the
date of this order, certified by two independent peer reviewed Chartered Accountants
who are in the panel of any public authority or public institution. For the purpose of
this Order, a peer reviewed Chartered Accountant shall mean a Chartered
Accountant, who has been categorized so by the Institute of Chartered Accountants
of India ("ICAI").
g) If the Company, Mondal Construction Company Limited had repaid any investors as
claimed by it in its written submissions dated July 29, 2015, the Company may include
such repayment in the report to be submitted under para 11.1 (e), provided the
Company had met with the criteria laid down under para 11.1(b) and provided further
that the Company pays interest of 15% per annum compounded at half yearly
intervals, from the date when the repayments became due (in terms of Section 73(2)
of the Companies Act, 1956) to the investors till the date of actual payment.
h) Mondal Construction Company Limited and its Directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri
Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil
Chattopadhyay, are directed to provide a full inventory of all their assets and
properties and details of all their bank accounts, demat accounts and holdings of
shares/securities, if held in physical form.
i) In case of failure of Mondal Construction Company Limited and its Directors, Shri
Samarjit Mondal, Shri Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv
Jain and Shri Indranil Chattopadhyay, to comply with the aforesaid directions, SEBI,

Page 22 of 24

on the expiry of the three months period from the date of this order,i.

shall recover such amounts in accordance with section 28A of the SEBI Act
including such other provisions contained in securities laws.

ii. may initiate appropriate action against the Company, its promoters/directors
and the persons/officers who are in default, including adjudication
proceedings against them, in accordance with law.
iii. would make a reference to the State Government/ Local Police to register a
civil/ criminal case against the Company, its promoters, directors and its
managers/ persons in-charge of the business and its schemes, for offences of
fraud, cheating, criminal breach of trust and misappropriation of public funds;
and
iv. would also make a reference to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, to initiate
the process of winding up of the Company.
j) Mondal Construction Company Limited and its Directors, Shri Samarjit Mondal, Shri
Swapan Kumaar Mondal, Shri Sachi Dulal Mondal, Shri Sanjiv Jain and Shri Indranil
Chattopadhyay, are directed not to, directly or indirectly, access the securities market,
by issuing prospectus, offer document or advertisement soliciting money from the
public and are further restrained and prohibited from buying, selling or otherwise
dealing in the securities market, directly or indirectly in whatsoever manner, from the
date of this Order, till the expiry of 4 years from the date of completion of refunds
to investors as directed above. The above said directors are also restrained from
associating themselves with any listed public company and any public company which
intends to raise money from the public, or any intermediary registered with SEBI
from the date of this Order till the expiry of 4 years from the date of completion of
refunds to investors.
k) The above directions shall come into force with immediate effect.
12.1

This Order is without prejudice to any action, including adjudication and prosecution
proceedings that might be taken by SEBI in respect of the above violations committed
by the Company, its promoters, directors and other key persons.

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12.2

Copy of this Order shall be forwarded to the recognized stock exchanges and depositories
for information and necessary action.

12.3

A copy of this Order shall also be forwarded to the Ministry of Corporate


Affairs/concerned Registrar of Companies, for their information and necessary action
with respect to the directions/restraint imposed above against the Company and the
individuals.

Date : January 15, 2016


Place: Mumbai

PRASHANT SARAN
WHOLE TIME MEMBER
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE BOARD OF INDIA

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