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How to operate and control

1. Key switch( See Figure 1)

Open: Turn the key to right, the main circuit is through when the key hole is in ON.
Close: Turn the key to left, the main circuit is cut when the key hole is in OFF.
Please pull out the key.
2. Press the forward/backward direction switch( See Figure 2)
Please choose forward/backward direction switch according to your need.
is forward direction switch. is backward direction switch. When you press
forward direction switch,the car goes forward;When you press backward direction
switch ,the car gets back.And the reversing light is on and the car makes a alarm
3. Accelerator pedal (See Figure 3)
Turn on the key ,choose the direction switch and loose the hand brake.Then put your
right foot on the accelerator pedal and start slowly. Please dont start too fast.
4. Brake pedal(See Figure 3)
Please put your right foot on the brake pedal and step it slowly when the car will stop.
Notice: Please make sure your car is stopped when you change the direction switch. Please put the direction
switch to the middle and stopped 1-2 seconds ,then change the switch. Please operate it slowly otherwise the
master contactor will be damaged.

5.Combination switch(See Figure 4)

A. Combination switch is include cornering lamp, head light ,loudspeaker, danger warning light
B .When boosting up the left switch ,the right cornering lamp turns on. The left cornerning lamp
turns on when push down it.
C .When the right switch clockwise rotation, the Lo ,Hi gear of rain wipe will turn on. They will
close when the direction is opposite. The loudspeaker will turn on when boost up the switch.
D .When the left switch clockwises rotation, the head light will turn on.It will close when the
direction is opposite.
E .When you press the red button ,the hazard warning lamp will turn on. On the contrary, it turns
6.Parking braking( See Figure 5)
A .Parking: pull up the hand brake and make the pallet between the third and sixth ratchet ,the
rear tire will stop.
B .Release the parking brake: pull up the hand brake and press the button on the top of hand
shank, push the hand shank to the bottom, then the rear tire will release.
C .You need release the parking brake completely when you driving. And you should strain the
hand shank if you parking.
7.Combination instrument(See Figure 6)
A .Combination instrument is include battery indicator, voltage indication ,mileage indicator ,total
mileage indicator, speeding indicator,temperature indicator, steering indicator, headlight
indicator etc.
B . Power displays how much the power supplies and remind the user to charge. The light flicker,
it means it need charging
Notice: when you stop the car, please pull the parking brake, and make the direction switch in the middle

8.Operating steps about the charger

A. Please put the charger in a dry and clean condition and make sure its well
ventilated and heat dissipated.
B. Make sure the input voltage of the charger is in normal value and the charger
is well grounded.
C. Connect the output plug to battery according to polarity. When both the red
lights on, the charging get started.
D. The battery will be fully charged when the charging indicator turns green from
Please notice that the charger will shutdown automatically if it works more than
12 hours, and it will restart after a power cut.
9.Lifting/stevedoring of the body
Forklift tools are essential in a standard stevedoring method. Park the forklift
steadily on the center of gravity of vehicle first, stretch the fork to the four square
tubes underneath it, and then lift the fork steadily and slowly(refer to pic. 7). When
a forklift is deficient during the stevedoring, a lift platform or similar equipment
becomes necessary. After docking the lift platform with loading device, a driver can
load or unload the vehicles on the lift platform.
For safety, the driver who works on the forklift must be professional and hold the
Forklift Driver License.

Maintenance and service

1.Checking of a new vehicle
Every new vehicle is upon strict inspection before it leaves the factory. But, the irregular usage state during the transport
might have effects on vehicles systems. For security, the following checks must be followed before its getting used.
A. Check the connecting and fastening on each part, especially on swerve, transmission, braking, suspension and wheel nut,
B. Check that the tire pressure is proper and the tire is good.
C. Check the level and density of the accumulator and if there is a leakage.
D. Check if the braking system and the rear axle are oil leaking.
E. Check if there is damage or bonding on wire harness where it has friction with the other parts.
2.Essentials during run-in period
A refined running-in is not necessary for a new vehicle, but, the abidance by the suggestions is helpful to expand service
and improve its performance if the first distance traveled is no more than 1000 km.
A. Try to avoid a sudden starting, speeding up and keep a stable running speed.
B. Try to avoid pushing the accelerator frequently.
C. Avoid a sudden braking in the first 300 km.
D. Check the battery, controller and the cables frequently to prevent from getting loose and heated. Tighten it up if
E. Check the temperature of the rear axle motor and the brake drum often. If there is a overheating(over 60), you should
check and carry out the troubleshooting process.
F. During or after the running-in period, an over discharging is not permitted, for that an over discharging will shorten the
service of the battery.
G. Check the fastening on swerve, transmission, braking, suspension and wheel nut, etc. in the 500 km. Tighten it up if
necessary. Check if the braking systems are oil leaking, eliminate it if there is any.
F. The owner should change the rear axle housing lubricating oil after the running-in period or traveling more than 1000 km.

3.Scheduled maintenance
All the vehicles requires a scheduled maintenance that needs to be recorded which is helpful to expand the
service, lower the use-cost and bring the owners safety and happy usage experience. The owners should do
the maintenance all by themselves after three days counting from the purchasing date.(we can also provide
the maintenance by our after-sale service department, which charges according to the situation.)
A. The maintaining places should be clean, safe, ventilated and fireproof.
B. Before the maintenance, the power should be off. Pull out the key and keep the parking braking on. It
suggests that a section of battery connecting line should be removed to make sure the main circuit is
disconnected before overhauling the controller and the motor from getting short.
C. While using a lifting jack, getting under the vehicle is not permitted.
D. Be careful when handling the accumulator as which contains flammable and explosive gas and caustic
sulfuric acid solution.
E. Do not smoke or even light a fire nearby the accumulator.
4.Items of the maintenance
A. Maintaining and adjusting of the steering system
B. Tightening up of the bolts of the suspension system
C. Checking and adjusting of the braking system
D. Fastening of the tire bolts, checking of the tire pressure and the abrasion of the tire tread
E. Daily maintenance of the electrical part
F. Daily cleaning up of the vehicle

5.Maintaining project
Symbol description: A=check, adjust when necessary; I=identify, correct and change when necessary; R=replace;
C=cleaning and maintaining. The number of hours in the chart stands for the the cumulative working hours.

natural oscillation momentum of the

Per week

Per month

Per season

Per semi-annual

Per year(or

(or 20hrs.)

(or 80hrs.)

(or 250hrs.)

(or 250hrs.)


steering wheel
Fastening of the ball pins and bolts of

the Steering Gear Box

Fastening of each parts and holders of

the steering box

Lubricating of rotation joints of steering

Toe-in of front wheel

Rear axle lubrication (only for rear axle )

Fastening of frontmounted toolbar


suspension shock absorber

Fastening of the connection beteen each
parts in front suspension


Per week

Per month

Per season

Per semi-annual

Per year(or

(or 20hrs.)

(or 80hrs.)

(or 250hrs.)

(or 250hrs.)


Fastening of connecting parts in

rear axle(only for rear axle)

Liquid level of braking fluid

Leakage of brake piping and joint

Brake performance of brake lining

and drum brake

Tire pressure and fastening of bolts

Abrasion of the tire tread

Fastening of bolts of accumulator


Connecting of wiring harness

Working condition of each lights

Cleaning up


6.Maintenance and adjustment of steering system

A. Replenish the lubricating grease of steering system semiannually, and the type is #3 lithium
B. Check and fasten the ball head bolts of steering gear box every three months to prevent
from an overmuch natural oscillation and direction hysteresis.
C. Check if that the dust cover of link connector is fractured every three month, for that a
broken dust cover is easy to fill water and dust, which will cause abrasion of ball head and
leading to a stubborn steering. The dust cover should be replaced immediately once found
D. Check and fasten the link bolts in steering part and mounting bracket bolts every three
E. Check and adjust if the steer wheel swings freely more than 25mm every three months.
F. Check and adjust if the value of toe-in of front wheel is under or beyond 31mm every
three months.
7.Check the natural oscillation of steer wheel
Park the vehicle and make sure the front wheel is dead ahead, turn the steer wheel gently, and if the
value of the natural oscillation is higher than a specified value, it need to be adjusted. Notice: turn the
steer wheel gently and forcefully.

8.Check the toe-in of front wheel

Standard: 31mm when weight empty
Measure steps:
A. Shake the vehicle up and down to make it hang steadily.
B. Drive about 5 meters long in a flat ground by making both the front wheels travel in
straight lines.
C. Mark the center of the back tread of the two front wheels and measure the distance
B between the left and right marks.
D. Push the vehicle forward to make the mark that in the back of the tire move to the
same height that in the front area.
E. Measure the distance A between the left and right marks after it was moved to the
front area.
F. The toe-in=B-A
If the toe-in is not in a specific range, then you can correct it by adjusting the length of
the tie-rod.
A. Loosen the locating nut between the tie-rod truss arm and the ball head.
B. Fasten the locating nut when its in a specific range.

9.Check and replace the rear axle lubrication oil(only for the rear axle possessed vehicle) and inspect the oil level
A. The rear axle housing oil level should be inspected semiannually.
B. The vehicle should be parking in a flat ground while inspecting the oil level.
C. Dismount the oil filler plug and check the oil level by your finger. The oil level should be no more than 5mm from
the bottom of the oil hole. Fasten the oil filler plug if the oil level is meeting the standard.
D. After loading the oil filler plug, check whether the rear axle housing is oil leakage or broken visually.
E. Plenish moderate hypoid gear oil if the oil level is low and then fasten the oil filler plug.
10.Maintenance of the drive system(only for the rear axle attached vehicle)
The motor connects the rear axle directly, and the connecting bolts between them should be checked and tightened
up every three months.
11.Maintenance of the suspension system
Check and fasten the bolts and nuts in front and rear suspension systems if found loose every three months.
12.Maintenance of the braking system
Move the adjustment ratchet wheel that on the brake drum outward till that the tire cannot be twirled freely, then
move the ratchet wheel inward about 4 to 5 teeth, twirl the wheel drum to make sure there is no drug brake.
Notice! The lubrication oil should be GL-4 or GL-5, and the viscosity index should be SAE90.

The use and maintenance of the motor

As the only power of an electric vehicle, the correct application of power unit is essential for the normal operation of
vehicles. And here is the requirements for a normal use and relevant contents about how to proceed the maintenance.
Environmental conditions that a motor requires for a normal operation:
A. No more than 1200 meters above sea level.
B. The temperature range should be in -20 to 40.
C. The relative humidity should be less than 100% to prevent from condensing.
A. The power should be cut while checking
B. The motor should not be connected in a no-load condition. If it must be, the voltage should be less than 15% of the
nominal voltage.
C. The cooling air should not contain explosive and caustic gases.
D. The allowable temperature of the anti-friction bearing is 95.
E. The maximum working voltage should be 1.1 times of the nominal voltage, and the minimum should be 87.5% of the
nominal voltage.
F. The maximum permissible short-time current of the motor should be 3 times of the rated current, in which the overload
torque is 4.5 times of the nominal torque, and the working time should be less than 1 minute.
G. The motor should avoid overload and the depth of the water should be lower than the lower edge of the wheel hub.
H. Only the matching controller is available. Also, the motor and the controller should be in the same type.
I. Sweep away the dirt, stratified dust and deposited carbon semiannually in the motor for its heat dissipation and proper
J. Check and fasten if the motor is in a loose condition per month.
K. If found vibrate unusually and make a strange noise, the motor should be power cut and checked immediately.

13.Check of the oil lever of the brake fluid reservoir

A. Check and replace of the brake pipe
Check and replace if you find that the pipe is damaged, outer cover is fractured, the
pipe is oil spilling and there are bubbles in it. Check and replace if you find metal
brake pipes is damaged, fractured, impressed or corroded.

B. Maintenance of the tire

An over-high or over-low inflation pressure will cause a unusual abrasion of tire. So,
a normal pressure is required. The standard pressure is 230 kpa.

C. Check of the wheel tread

The depth of the grooves and the notches should be greater than 1.6 mm and the
tire should be replaced when its less than 1.6 mm. Also, you should check to make
sure there are no iron nails, cobblestones or other stuffs into the tire. Push the tire
inward after the nuts are loaded(the conical end should be inward) by hand, then
fasten the nuts again. Finally, tighten all the nuts by tools as picture 14 shows.

The use and maintenance of the Maintenance Free Battery

storage battery pack is constituted by many single battery in series, which provide power for the vehicle. The right use of
the battery will expand its service and driving mileage of the vehicle.
Discharging for the battery:
A. Avoid discharging more than 80% of the rated capacity to expand the service and the discharging should be stopped
when the last light in the indicator gauge blinks. The single batterys voltage should be 12V and the voltage of the
batteries ending should be no less than 10V after the discharging finished, and then the battery should be charged
B. If the accumulator discharges too much, then it will need more time to recharge. And the battery will discharge in a low
voltage in the next discharge process. If the circulation continues, the battery will get invalid.
C. After a deep discharging, the battery should get charged as soon as possible and should not be leaved uncharged more
than one day. In addition, an discharging which is more than 80% of the rated capacity will shorten the service.
Charging for the battery:
A. The battery should not be in a working condition and should get cool down before charging.
B. Only the matching charger is available. Also, the charger and the battery pack should be in the same type.
C. The parking braking should be pulled up and the direction switch should be in the neutral position before and during the
charging, switch it off and pull out the key.
D. Connect the output plug and the charging jack first, then connect an A.C. power
E. When the charging indicator off, the battery gets fully charged.
F. Pull out the Charger plug, then pull out the battery connector when the charging finished.
Charging for the batteries long-stalled and occasionally used:
A. A self discharge happens when the battery is not in use and which will lower the charging capacity, cause the
vulcanization and reduce the service of a battery as time goes by.
B. Get the battery fully charged per month and put it in a dry and cool place if the battery is not used frequently.
C. A long-stalled battery should be recharged, the density and the level of the bath solution should be checked when its
get in use again.

The use and maintenance of the charger:

A. Charger should be placed on ventilation, no dust, no corrosive gas, dry and the temperature is not higher
than 40 degrees area.
B. Charger input electric is single-phase AC 220V 50Hz, socket should be 16A.
C. When charging, do not open the case.
D. When charging , where there is voltage is too high or too low, that is over 180V-260V , you should stop
charging, and other electrical,when the

voltage returned to normal range, you can go on the charging.

E. Forbid to lengthen or replace the output cable.

F. Do not block the air inlet and outlet of the charger.
G. When moving the charger , disconnect the electric and charging plug first.
H. When there are abnormal sound or smell, unplug the power cord.

Vehicle cleaning
when cleaning ,Special attention to the vehicle electrical parts, especially drive motors, controllers, etc., they
are can not be wet otherwise it will result in damage to electrical parts.

Common trouble shooting

Instrument panel do not show anything

Reason analysis
Key switch short circuit
Circuit connection loose or turnoff
Battery connection loose
Controlling circuit burned out
Operating procedure error

Maintenance or replacement
Tightening the connection
Tightening the connection
Use right operating procedure

Accelerator breakdown

Maintenance or replace the spare parts

Instrument panel worked well, but the car Direction switch breakdown
Master contactor or reversing contactor
can nor drive
Controller breakdown
Control circuit breakdown
Motor fault
The whole car 12v accessory equipment The converter is working or not
do not work
Protective tube burn out or the switch
Some accessory equipment do not work Electrical equipment fault

The battery do not work

Maintenance or replacement
Maintenance or replace the spare parts
Maintenance or replacement
Examine the circuit and the plug
Check and maintain the motor, replace it
when necessary
Check the converter or replace it.
Replace the protective tube , and
maintain the switch
Maintain or replace it

The charger break down or the wire

loose contact

Replace the charger

The charger socket break down

Maintenance or replacement

The input voltage is too high or too low

Pause charging or use AC voltage

Replace the battery

The battery is break out


Reason analysis


The air pressure of tire is too high or too Adjust the tire pressure to specified value
The wear of tire is not even

Toe-in of front tire is not right

Adjust the toe-in to specified value

The grease of turn system is solidified

After clean, add suitable quantity grease

and replace the dust cover

The turn system is inflexible

Turn system is lacking of adjustment or

Add grease

been wear

The of steering wheel is too muh

Low air pressure in front tire

Adjust the pressure to normal value

Steering linkages bulb wear orloose

Adjustment or replacement

Need adjustment

Adjustment or replacement

The tire pressure is not even

Adjust the tire pressure value to normal

Braking deviation

The brake force of tire is not even

Adjust brake clearance