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Potter: Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th Edition

Chapter 01: Nursing Today

Answer Key - Review Questions and Rationales
1. Answer: 4.
When giving care, it is essential to provide a specified service according to standards of
practice and to follow a code of ethics. The code of ethics is the philosophical ideals of
right and wrong that define the principles you will use to provide care for your patients.
The code serves as a guide for carrying out nursing responsibilities to provide quality
nursing care and the ethical obligations of the profession.
2. Answer: 3.
Assessment is the collection of comprehensive data pertinent to the patients health
and/or the situation.
3. Answer: 4.
Implementation is completing coordinating care and the prescribed plan of care.
4. Answer: 2.
An advocate protects the patients human and legal right to make choices about his or her
care. An advocate may also provide additional information to help a patient decide
whether or not to accept a treatment or find an interpreter to help family members
communicate their concerns.
5. Answer: 3.
Evidence-based practice integrates best current evidence with clinical expertise and
patient/family preferences and values for delivery of optimal health care.
6. Answer: 4.
Registered nurse (RN) candidates must pass the NCLEX-RN that the individual State
Boards of Nursing administer. Regardless of educational preparation, the examination for
RN licensure is exactly the same in every state in the United States. This provides a
standardized minimum knowledge base for nurses.
7. Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4.
Each of these roles includes activities for the professional nurse. Each of these is used in
direct care or is part of professionalism that guides nursing practice. Some nurses are
lobbyists, but being a lobbyist is not expected of all professional nurses.
8. Answer: 1.
Advanced practice registered nurse functions independently as a clinician, educator, case
manager, consultant, and researcher within his or her area of practice to plan or improve
the quality of nursing care for the patient and family.
9. Answer: 1.
Copyright 2013, 2009, 2005 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

Answer Key - Review Questions and Rationales


Health care reform also affects how health care is delivered. There is greater emphasis on
health promotion, disease prevention, and management of illness.
10. Answer: 2, 3.
Nurse practitioners and certified clinical nurse specialists encompass the role and
preparation of the advanced practice registered nurse. According to the American Nurses
Association standards of practice, prescriptive authority may be granted to these nurses.
11. Answer: 4.
Using decision support systems is one example of using and gaining competency in
12. Answer: 2.
Helping the patients understand the consequences and complications of multiple
medications helps to build the competency in safety.
13. Answer: Genomics describes the study of all the genes in a person and the
interactions of these genes with one another and with that persons environment.
Genomic information allows health care providers to determine how genomic changes
contribute to patient conditions and influence treatment decisions.
14. Answer: 4.
The nurse researcher investigates problems to improve nursing care and to further define
and expand the scope of nursing practice. He or she often works in an academic setting,
hospital, or independent professional or community service agency.
15. Answer: 3.
In-service education programs are instruction or training provided by a health care
agency or institution. An in-service program is held in the institution and is designed to
increase the knowledge, skills, and competencies of nurses and other health care
professionals employed by the institution.

Copyright 2013, 2009, 2005 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.