You are on page 1of 28

Talk on Calibration of

Temperature Chamber

Presented by :

Standards and Calibration Laboratory (SCL)

Innovation and Technology Commission

The Government of the HKSAR

IEC 60068-3-5

Title is Confirmation of the Performance of Temperature


Chambers.
Applies
to
temperature
chambers
used
for

environmental conditioning or environmental testing.

environmental conditioning or environmental testing


means exposure to environments under which
components or equipment are to be assessed.

Scope of IEC 60068-3-5

To provide a uniform and reproducible method for


testing temperature chambers.
Test to be conducted under no load condition.

Some Definitions

Temperature Test Chamber


Enclosure where required temperature condition can be achieved

Temperature Set Point


Desired temperature set in chamber

Achieved Temperature
Temperature in working space after chamber becomes stable

Temperature Stabilisation
Temperature in working space maintained within a tolerance from
the set point

Working Space

Portion of the chamber where the required condition can


be kept within the tolerances.

L3

X2
X3

L1

X1

L2

Working Space

Volume of Chamber
(litre)

Distance Xi
(i=1,2,3)
(mm)

< 1000

Li/10 or 50
whichever is larger

1000 to 2000

Li/10 or 100
whichever is larger

> 2000

Li/10 or 150
whichever is larger

Temperature Fluctuation

After temperature inside chamber becomes stable.

The difference between the maximum and minimum


temperature at any point within the working space
measured for a specified time period.

It is a measure of the stability of the chamber with


respect to time.

Temperature Fluctuation

40.15

Temperature (C)

40.10

Temperature

Fluctuation

40.05

40.00

39.95

39.90
16:49

16:54

16:59

17:04

17:09

Time

17:14

17:19

17:24

Temperature Gradient

After temperature inside chamber becomes stable.

Maximum difference in mean temperature between any


two points inside the working space.

It is a measure of the spatial uniformity of temperature

Temperature Variation

in Space

After temperature inside chamber becomes stable.


Difference in mean temperature between the centre of
the working space and any other points inside the
working space.

40.15

Temperature (C)

40.10

Temperature
Gradient

Temperature recorded at other place in working space

40.05
Temperature recorded at centre of working space

40.00
Temperature
variation in space

39.95
Temperature recorded at other place in working space

39.90
16:49

16:54

16:59

17:04

17:09

Time

17:14

17:19

17:24

Test area environment

Test should be performed under standard atmospheric


conditions.

Chamber not exposed to direct sunlight

Chamber not exposed to EMI

Chamber should be leveled

Chamber should be free from vibrations

Manufacturers advice on power and environmental


conditions should be noted.

Temperature

Measurement System

The temperature measurement system


traceable to international standards.

Either

should

be

Resistive type (IEC 60751)


Thermocouple (IEC 60584-1)

In temperature range -200 C to 200 C, the uncertainty


of the sensors should meet IEC60751 class A
Class A : (0.15 + 0.002 |t| )

Ch. 3

Ch. 2

L3

Ch. 4
Ch. 1
Ch. 0
Ch. 6

Ch. 7

Ch. 8

L2
X2

Ch. 5
X3

L1

X1

Example of Measurement

Equipment

Measurement Period

Due to the design of the temperature controller, the


temperature of a chamber will exhibit cyclic behaviour.
There will be some up and down temperature fluctuation
around the set point. The measurement period should
be adequate to cover at least two cycles.

Temperature of Chamber

84.50

Temperature (C)

84.45

84.40

84.35

84.30

84.25

84.20
14:06

14:11

14:16

14:21

14:26
Time

14:31

14:36

Temperature of Chamber
20.60

Temperature (C)

20.50

20.40

20.30

20.20

20.10

20.00
14:41

14:48

14:55

15:02

15:10

15:17
Time

15:24

15:31

15:38

15:46

15:53

Example of Measurement

Results

Measurement Results
Temperature recorded inside chamber

Channel 0

69.60

Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
Channel 5

69.50

Channel 6
Channel 7

69.40

Channel 8

Time

16
:0
0

15
:5
0

15
:4
0

15
:3
0

15
:2
0

15
:1
0

69.30

15
:0
0

Temperature (C)

69.70

Temperature Fluctuation

For each channel, obtain the maximum and minimum

temperature recorded during the measurement period.

Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel

Raw Data Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()
Maximum Temp. 69.38

69.43

69.53

69.53

69.48

69.38

69.60

69.54

69.41

Minimum Temp. 69.36

69.41

69.52

69.52

69.47

69.37

69.59

69.54

69.39

Temperature Fluctuation

Obtain the temperature fluctuation for each channel by


taking the difference between the maximum and
minimum temperature.
Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel

Raw Data Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()
Maximum Temp. 69.38

69.43

69.53

69.53

69.48

69.38

69.60

69.54

69.41

Minimum Temp. 69.36

69.41

69.52

69.52

69.47

69.37

69.59

69.54

69.39

Temp.
0.02
Fluctuation of

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.02

Temperature Fluctuation

The largest temperature fluctuation of the 9 channel is

reported as the temperature fluctuation of the chamber.

Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel

Raw Data Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()
Maximum Temp. 69.38

69.43

69.53

69.53

69.48

69.38

69.60

69.54

69.41

Minimum Temp. 69.36

69.41

69.52

69.52

69.47

69.37

69.59

69.54

69.39

Temp.
0.02
Fluctuation of

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.02

Temp.
0.020
Fluctuation of

Temperature Gradient

For each channel, calculate the mean temperature


recorded during the measurement period
Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel
Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()

Mean Temp. 69.89


f

69.83

69.79

69.82

69.77

69.89

69.95

69.94

69.90

Temperature Gradient

Apply correction for each temperature sensor.

Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel


Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()

Mean Temp. 69.89

69.83

69.79

69.82

69.77

69.89

69.95

69.94

69.90

Correction of
0.00
Sensor

-0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

-0.01

0.00

0.02

Corrected Temp. 69.89

69.81

69.81

69.84

69.79

69.92

69.94

69.94

69.92

Temperature Gradient

Obtain the maximum and minimum mean temperatures.


The difference is the temperature gradient of the
chamber
Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel

Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()

Mean Temp. 69.89

69.83

69.79

69.82

69.77

69.89

69.95

69.94

69.90

Correction of
0.00
Sensor

-0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

-0.01

0.00

0.02

Corrected Temp. 69.89

69.81

69.81

69.84

69.79

69.92

69.94

69.94

69.92

Max/Min Temp.
Temp. Gradient 0.15
T

Diff f

69.79

69.94

Temperature Variation in

Space

Obtain the temperature difference between each


channel and channel 0 which is at the centre of the
working space. The maximum value is the temperature
variation in space of the chamber.
Summary of Measurement Results for Each Channel
Ch.0 () Ch.1 () Ch.2 () Ch.3 () Ch.4 () Ch.5 () Ch.6 () Ch.7 () Ch.8 ()

Mean Temp. 69.89

69.83

69.79

69.82

69.77

69.89

69.95

69.94

69.90

Correction of
0.00
Sensor

-0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

-0.01

0.00

0.02

Corrected Temp. 69.89

69.81

69.81

69.84

69.79

69.92

69.94

69.94

69.92

-0.08

-0.08

-0.05

-0.10

0.03

0.05

0.05

0.03

Temp. Diff. from


0.00
Ch.0
Temp. Variation
in Space 0.10