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~3

Engineerin ( Sectibn (200 28) +-+--Name:


S/c W~rM<L.
Student Number
QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE

APSC 131
Chemistry and Materials
Mi erm Examination for Weeks 1 - 4 of Course
October 15th, 2014, 7:00 p.m.
Duration: 2.0 h
CASIO 991 AND AP

OVED GOLD STICKER CALCULATORS ARE PERMITTED.

Please note: Proctors e unable to respond to queries about the interpretation of exam questions. Do
your best to answer ex
questions as written.
Some useful equation , data and a periodic table may be found at the end of this examination
paper.
The mark breakdown fl r each part is shown below.
Part A:
Multiple Choic
'(20 marks)
Part B: Written
Question 1

(6 marks)

Question 2

(4 marks)

Question 3

(6 marks)

Question 4

(4 marks)

Question 5

(7 marks)

Question 6

(8 marks)

Total

M.C.==

/20: Written==

Instructor: Wm. Ne stead

/35: Total=

155

' :

I
The answers to the mlitiple choice questions will be placed on a computer-marked sheet.
To answer these questiJns:
I
You must use a soft-lead pencil (HB or softer). The scanner will not read ink no matter
how black a mark ifi makes.
Do not bend or fold the answer sheet in any way or it will become jammed in the
scanner.
I
Write and code your name and student number on the computer marked answer sheet in
the upper left-hand borner.
Do not mark the c~mputer answer sheet in any way except to code in the answers. You
will have difficulty yrasing any mistakes once they 've been coded.
Make sure you've cbded in all of the answers.

Part A:

Multiple Response Questions (1 mark each/ 10 marks total)


1_ Which compound is

r correct/y named?

a)

NaBr03: sodium bromate

b)

KI02: pot ssium iodite

Ca(CI0)2: calcium chlorite

d) NaCI03: s dium chlorate


e) they are a I correct

2_ Which of the

followin~ is a chemical property:

a) Water frJezes to form ice


b) Zinc meti l can be hammered into a thin film

@ Gold do~ not react with water


d)

3.

Water b ils to form steam

In Europe, the vol um of a soda is given in


labeled "75 cL"?

@150
b)

75

c)

7.5

d)

7500

cL. How many mL are contained in a can of soda

! .

4.

All of the following are intensive properties of a substance except


@mass

5.

b)

melting point

c)

colour

d)

density

A reaction run at con~tant pressure releases 512 kJ of heat. At constant volume, the same
reaction releases 518' kJ of heat. Assuming no mechanical or electrical work is done, what is
LlH for this reaction?
a)

-518 kJ

b)

-6 kJ

@
d)
6.

-512 kJ
+6 kJ

How much heat, in joules, must be added to 0.250 mol of Ar(g) to raise its temperature from
20.0 to 36.0C at constant pressure?
a)

50.0

@)

83.1

c)

187

200

d)

333

e)

7. What is the change in i;nternal energy of a system in which 10 kJ of work is done by the system
on the surroundings an? 5 kJ of heat is gained by the system from the surroundings?
!

a)

fI 5 kJ

b)

-!1 5 kJ

-~

kJ

115 kJ

d)

f10 kJ

e)

8. The "nb" term in th~ van der Waals equation (see information sheet) allows for the fact
that:
:
a) real gases liqueft
I
b) molecules in reai gases have mass
I

@nolecules in real gases have volume

d) molecules m rel gases attract each other

9. What mass, in grams, of a solution containing 12% by mass sodium chloride is needed for a
process that requires 8 g of sodium chloride?
a)

12

b)

150

67

d)

10. Calculate the value of Af1 for the reaction


CuCh(s) + Cu(s) -+ 2 CuCl(s)
given the information
Cu( s) + Ch(g)

2 Cu(s) + Ch(g)

a)

-242 kJ/mol

+170 kJ/mol

c)

-170 kJ/mol

d)

-188 kJ/mol

e)

+242 kJ/mol

CuCh( s)

-+ 2 CuCl(s)

i'.1Hf = -206 kJ/mol


L1Hf = -36 kJ/mol

Multiple Response Questions (2 mark each/ 10 marks total)


11 . Oxygen masks produce 02 in emergency situations by a reaction of potassium superoxide,
K02. It reacts with C02 and H20 from the wearer's breath to produce oxygen:

4 K02(s) + 2 H20(g) + 4 C02(g) ----> 4 KHCQ3(s) + 3 02(g)


If the person wearing the lmask exhales 0.758 g of C02 per minute, how many grams of K02 are
consumed in five minutes? (Assume that H20 is NOT limiting .)
a)

0.364

b)

0.485

c)

1.82

6.11

12. Cyclohexanol, CsH120, has a heat of combustion of-890.7 kJ/mol. 0.708 g of cyclohexanol
undergoes complete combustion in a bomb calorimeter that has a heat capacity of 2.70 kJ/K.
What is the final temperature, in C, if the initial temperature of the calorimter is 27C?

a)

24.7

29.3

c)

26.6

d)

31.4

13. For the reaction, H2(g) + Y2 02(g) ~ H20(g), ~H -241.8 kJ/mol, What quantity of heat, in
kJ, is evolved when a 72.0 g mixture containing equal parts of hydrogen and oxygen, by
mass is burned?
a)

4860

b)

1088

c)

272

544

14. If a 2.00 L flask of N2 at 20 C and 1.00 atm pressure is connected to a 3.00 L flask of 02 at
20 C and 1.50 atm pressure, and the gases are allowed to mix, the final pressure in the
system (in atm) is:
a)

0.400

b)

0.900

c)

1.20

1.30

15. A gas expands against a constant external pressure of 202 kPa, increasing its volume by
3.40 L. Simultaneously, the system absorbs 400 J of heat from its surroundings. What is ~u.
in joules, for this gas?

a)

c)
d)

-689
-287
400
1087

(35 marks)

Part B: Answer each question in the space provided.


Question 1
Write a correct chemical formula for each of the following .

(3 marks)

a. mercury (I) sulfite

b. cuprous oxalate

Cu, C;..,Of

c. hypoiodous acid

HClO
(3 marks)

Write a correct name for each of the following.


a. Pb(Br04)4 (ous, ic)

rnM cMAJ

b. Hg2Se03 (IUPAC)

C.

Lr J~do..
/oJ~

Mg(l03)2 (IUPAC)

Question 2
Balance each of the following equations.

V"
KCI03(aq)

V'

~ HCI (aq)

v
+ 2.._H3P04(aq)

(4 marks)
V'

..........

KCl(aq)

v
2_Na3P04(aq)

_5 H20(al)

v
Cl2(g)

Question 3

(6 marks)

3. A mixture consisting of only sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium chloride (KCI) has a mass of 1.0000 g.
When the mixture is dissolved in water and an excess of silver nitrate is added, all of the chloride ions
associated with the original mixture are precipitated as insoluble silver chloride (AgCI). The mass of silver
chloride is found to be 2.1476 g.
a. Write the equations showing the reactions between sodium chloride and silver nitrate and then between

~ta~i~ ~rL~~ silve:itra~ N03 ~i) -- ~ Cf (i) t rJ~ N~{,.;) v

b. Calculate the mass percentage of sodium chloride and potassium chloride in the original mixture.
(4 marks)

n,Ntt CA
\'\Net

LI :;;
;

I-

'

I~
)

/.~3-.x.._ ~

_L .~
5 'S'1$'

/y,,~~

t'\ '\) lf .z,,.. r ~ C1)

?L

()

~1)
"IL. -=

o a

tf2,59o

a-o-trO J -~

YnNo..ef
)

_'{ 7.

fo kC-- {

(4 marks}

Question 4
When glucose, a sugar, reacts fully with oxygen, carbon dioxide and water are produced.
t.H 0 = -2820 kJ

Suppose a person with a mass of 50 kg (mostly water, with specific heat capacity 4.18 J/(K.g)) eats a candy
bar containing 14.3 g of glucose. If all the glucose reacted with oxygen and the heat produced were used
entirely to increase the person's body temperature, what temperature increase would result? (As an aside,
most of the heat produced is lost to the surroundings before such a temperature increase occurs.)

W r~= ff',3j ~f/-ii-Or. /


~

1-t-3~8

ls

~(:=:.

j_
vt\

er

_,,
_.

'9

()

Df

_.

1-2-3,,"(;

/c I K
/. f

!<

I~;.,,

l~f

-k
. , /<'6 ;Y

5DoW_,6@

Question 5

(7 marks)

Suppose 2.00 mol of an ideal, monatomic gas is initially at a pressure of 300 kPa and a temperature of 350K.
It is expanded irreversibly and adiabatically against a constant external pressure of 100 kPa until the volume
has doubled.
(2 marks)

a. Calculate the initial and final volumes.

v'"- ~

T _

1r.31L

v>- = 2-(f 1~J1 L-)


==

3~b7<6 L-

b. Calculate w, q and ~U for this process, in joules.

(3 marks)

f;-=D ~re__
w-=- - ~f

b \/

'

) .

~ - (;[){) w().J(.3fl. 1r- t9 .gq '--

-I? 3fJ
__ 1~rctx10 3 :J-'

:::=

6\)

(2 marks)

c. Calculate the final temperature of the gas.

6
,

tJ --

Ci;

~T ~ ~c-/.1qx103J=1 2 .rOr>fl)t~:3/ :r

:: - 77.~k

~:;o -77-~) k
212- k,

Question 6

(8 marks)

A sample of pure solid naphthalene (C10Ha) weighing 0.6410 g is burned completely with oxygen gas to
produced carbon dioxide gas and liquid water in a constant-volume calorimeter at 25C. The amount of
heat evolved is observed to be 25.79 kJ.
~
a. Write and balance the chemical equation for the combustion reaction.

C, 0

(2 marks)

+ 1~0~~) ~ Jo c_o)_,CJ) f tfHJJrtJ

H'6 (s)

b. Calculate the standard change in internal energy


for this reaction.

(~U0)

:: -15., 71 kY
tr &t/r0%

for the combustion of 1.000

~phthalene
(2 marks)

~ -Sf S7 k-T/J
- - S.1~1x10 3 k.J-;J
c. Calculate the standard enthalpy change {Ll.H 0 ) for this reaction per mol of naphthalene
(2 marks)

AJ-/0

6 V

Cl

"

- S/ c;,

t 6fV

t-

flT6f\

7k:J +__

-= <:::_( GYN

heat~of

d. Given the following


f6ffnJrion
formation of naphthalene.
LI.Ht for C02(g)= -393.51 kJ/mol
LI.Ht for H20(1) = -285.83 kJ/mol

s / r, J-~J

'?;svN--{l'i.I)
2- rs/<'.
k
, 5 Jt_j 0
H20~1ate

for bg2(g) and

{f,o n-.d &J ,_) ( -313 ::1

- t_

~I 62

I ~s j

JL17~) f( v-1 u!i- 2 '({.%~

-f C10 H'(

I u /-zw-J

the standard enthalpy of


(2 marks)

r [!~(_/()!Ir,) { t:s!/_f_crof-f8)
6. 1-fc)

==-----

- 3 iJ-5 - ;;t/-J.J)

k'Jjlrd t 10lf<t

APSC 131 Examination Formula Sheet


Constants
R
= 8.3145 kPa.L/mol K
= 8.3145 N m/mol K
= 8.3145 J/mol K
= 8.3145 kg m 2/s2 mol K
= 0.08206 atm L/mol K

f(u)

= 4n (
2nk 8 T

STP = 273.15 Kand 100.000 kPa


No = 6.022 x 1023 mo1- 1

J~ U e -muj{i
2

ksT

f(u)i'm = L\nlno

Urms

u
Ump

=p:y;; =Nm
=

~8RYnM = ~8ks Tlnm

=~2R'YM= ~2k 8 %

( P + a ; : )

(v -

Thermodynamics
L\ H = L\U + L\(PV)
L\U = q + w
W = - Pexti:\V
L\U = nCvi:\T
L\H = nCpi:\T

nb )

nRT

where ks= R!No