You are on page 1of 6

Pharmaceutical Care- The

Concept & The Practice


Abdullah Al-Dahbali, B.Pharm, MPharm (Clin.Pharm), PhD (Clin.Pharm)
Assistant Professor of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacy Practice
Faculty of Pharmacy, Sanaa University

Introduction
There is no future in the mere act of dispensing
o can and will be taken over by other means

Pharmacists should start serving public by providing care


To provide this care
1) Pharmacists should have an academic training
2) Legislations should exist

Then, pharmacist can act as health care professionals, and


Should be responsible & accountable in serving the
community in a better way than they currently do
2

The Paradigm Shift

Forty years ago, pharmacy practice was merely


dispensing/compounding
Nowadays, pharmacy practice includes patient care
o Providing drug-related services & information

Patient care provided by the pharmacist is Pharmaceutical Care

The aim of pharmaceutical care is to ensure that the


patients drug therapy
1)
2)
3)
4)

is appropriately indicated
the most effective available
the safest possible
convenient for the patient/the society

Pharmaceutical care should contribute into improving the


overall medical care & patients QOL
3

The Emergence of Pharmaceutical Care


Forty years ago, pharmacy Pharmaceutical care aims to ensure
that the patients drug therapy
practice was merely
1) is appropriately indicated
dispensing/compounding
2)
the
most
effective
available
Nowadays, pharmacy
3) the safest possible
practice includes patient
4) convenient for the patient/the
care
society
o Providing drug-related Pharmaceutical care should
services & information
1) Achieve definite outcomes
Patient care provided by the
2) contribute into improving the
pharmacist is called
overall medical care
Pharmaceutical Care
3) Improve/maintain patients QOL
4

In the Pharmaceutical Care System/Process


1) Assessing/evaluating the
2) Identifying drug-related
patients drug-related
problems (DRPs)
needs
o Actual DRPs (ADRs)
o Reviewing Rx
o Potential DRPs
o Retrieving medical Rec.
o DRPs d/t drug
o Talking to patient
o DRPs d/t NO drug
o Responding to symptoms

In the Pharmaceutical Care System/Process Cont


3) Creating a plan (called the
pharmaceutical care plan) to
meet these needs
o Resolving actual DRPs
o Preventing potential DRPs
o Setting goals/targets
o Using drug/nondrug
o Monitoring (for both
effectiveness & safety) using
relevant clinical parameters

4) Documenting these steps


to show responsibility &
accountability
5) Reevaluating the plan
o In a proper time-line
o With anticipation in
accordance with the
predetermined goals &
patient-related factors

End Any Question?


6