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Inputs

Material of Valve Body


Material of Bolt Material
Gasket/'O-Ring' Type : Elastomer
Reference Document- (From Sec. VIII, Div. I)

ASTM A36
ASTM A193
Nitrile Rubber O-ring

Gasket Factor

Gasket Joint Contact or Unit Seating Loa

1.4

MPa

Inside Diameter Of Gasket

Di

1548

mm

Outside Diameter Of Gasket

Do

1696

mm

Inside Diameter of Flange

1542

mm

Outside Dia. Of Flange

1854

mm

Thickness of Hub at the back of Flange

g1

30

mm

Thickness of Hub at the small end (Shell

g0

16

mm

Hub Length Min

14

mm

Hub stress Correction Factor

3.3

Thickness of Flange (assumed)

38.6

mm

Factor for Integral T

= (g1/g0) Vs (h/h0) =

0.905

Factor for Integral Type Flanges


Factor
(From Sec. VIII, Div. I, 2004 Pg. 356)
Value

V
K

=
=

0.445
1.20

mm

5.49

mm

Factor T

1.84

Factor U

11.69

Factor Y

10.64

Max. Allowable Stress for Body / End Co

Sn

355

MPa

Allowable Bolt Stress Value at atmosphe

Sa

178

MPa

1.1

MPa

2440

mm

M52

Calculations

(Reference. Section II, Part D :2004 Pg. No. 383)

Design Pressure at Room Temperature

PD

( Reference. ANSI B 16.34 Pressure-Temp. Rating )

Bolt Circle Diameter

Size of Bolt / Stud


Stress Area of one Bolt

Atb1

1735.643

No. of Bolts

Nb

52

g1 / g0

1.875

Ratio
Factor

ho

Ratio
Actual Total Tensile Stress Area of Bolts

157.07

mm2

mm

h / ho

0.09

Ab

90253.43

mm2

Diameter at location

1622.00

mm

Total Hydrostatic En

2229735

Actual Width of Gas

( Do - Di ) / 2

74.00

mm

Basic Gasket Seatin

bo

N/2

37.000

mm

or Joint-Contactb
=
Surface Seating
( When bo =< 0.25 inch , b = bo
Hydrostatic End
Force on Area
Inside of Flange
Total Joint Contact
Surface
Compression Load
Load for
OPERATING

bo

=
3.041
mm
OR When bo > 0.25 inch , b = (0.5) * s

HD

= ( 0.785 ) x B2 x PD =

2015210

Hp

2=
x b x 3.14 x G x m x=PD

33447

Wm1

H + Hp

2263183

Minimum Required
Bolt Load for
GASKET SEATING

Wm2

3.14 x b
xGxy

21697

Bolts at root of the


thread for GASKET

Am1

Wm1 / Sa

12750.32

mm2

Bolts at root of the


thread for GASKET

Am2

Wm2 / Sa

122.24

mm2

12750.32

mm2

Am
Total Cross Sectional
= MAX (Am1, Am2) =
( taken as Greater of Am1 and Am2 )
FLANGE MOMENTS
For
OPERATING
Radial
Distance Conditions :from Bolt Circle to
point of
R
=
Intersection of hub
and back of flange

((CB)/2)g1

419

mm

Gasket Load

HG

Wm1 - H

33447

End Force and


Hydrostatic End

HT

H - HD

214525

hD

R + (0.5 x g1)

434.00

mm

hG

(C-G)/2

409.00

mm

hT

= ( R + g1 + hG ) / 2 =

429.00

mm

Moment Arms :-

Flange Moments for OPERATING Conditions :-

MD

HD x hD

###

N-m

MG

HG x hG

###

N-m

MT

HT x hT

###

N-m

Total Flange Moment


For OPERATING Cond Mo

MD + MG + M T

###

N-m

FLANGE STRESSES
Factor e

F / h0

0.01

Factor K

A/B

1.20

Factor d

= (U/V) x h0 x g02 =

###

Factor L

((t
= x e+1) / T) + (t3 / =
d)

0.72

Factor Z

= (K2 + 1) / (K2 - 1) =

5.49

Longitudinal Hub Str

SH

(f x Mo) / (L x g12 x B)
=
=

3239.80

MPa

Radial Flange Stress

SR

2
((1.33xtxe+1)xMo)/(Lxt
=
=
xB)

768.44

MPa

Tangential Flange St

ST

(Y x=Mo / t2 x B) - (Z x S=x R)

321.14

MPa

FLANGE STRESSES INDUCED


Longitudinal Hub

SH

3239.80

<

Radial Flange Stre

SR

768.44

<

Tangential Flange

ST

321.14

<

A = ( SH + SR ) /2

2004.12

B = ( SH + ST ) /2

1780.47

Greater A and B

2004.12

Conclusion :
" Design of Flange is Safe "

<

1.5 x Sf
=
Sf
=
Sf
=

Sf
=

532.5
355
355

355