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Question&Answers
Category:Marriage(http://islamhelpline.net/qa/74)

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Sunnah way of Nikaah


Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and
Blessings be upon all of you)

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:


assalam wa alaikum brother,
hope things arre fine with you and may Allah answer all your prayers, I have read
and have seen also how nikah are performed lately. I would like to follow the
sunnaht way by performing nikah in a masjid, my question is, is the bride
supposed to be present in the masjid during nikah? or can she stay home while
the groom does it in the nikah with her witnesses? please answer quickly
jazakhAllah

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The
forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements
received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

Answer:

Sunnah way of Nikaah


In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness.
Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray,
none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no
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person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but


Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and
the seal of His Messengers.

Your Question: I would like to follow the sunnaht way by performing nikah in a
masjid,
In light of the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah, the following acts are
considered the obligatory conditions of a marriage or nikaah contract:
The proposal by the groom and the acceptance by the bride
The determination of the mehr gift.
The presence of two witnesses to the nikaah contract
The presence and consent of the guardian or wali (there is a difference of opinion
amongst the scholars in Islam whether this is obligatory or not.)

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.395 Narrated by Anas


The Prophet (saws) seeing a yellow mark (of perfume) on the clothes of 'AbdurRahman bin 'Auf, said, "What about you?" 'Abdur-Rahman replied, "I have married
a woman with a Mahr of gold equal to a date-stone." The Prophet (saws) said,
"May Allah bestow His Blessing on you (in your marriage). Give a wedding
banquet, (Walima) even with one sheep."

And it is the preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to offer a walima
or marriage banquet after the Nikaah. The Messenger of Allah (saws) strongly
advised the believers not to invite only the rich to the banquet, but make sure
that even the poor are invited.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 7.106 Narrated by Abu Huraira


The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: The worst food is that of a wedding banquet
(walima) to which only the rich are invited while the poor are not invited. And he
who refuses an invitation (to a banquet) disobeys Allah and His Messenger (saws).

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The Sunnah is to make the marriage an easy and affordable affair, but
unfortunately today a lot of customs and rituals have crept in the process of
marriage, most of which have absolutely no basis in Islam. Most of these
processes are no more than a boast and a show, one party trying to outdo the
others wedding, and an open ground for the spread of indecency, and the mix
gathering of the sexes; thus playing straight into the hands of the Shaytaan. So
much wealth is squandered in such marriages that it tends to become a burden
on the poor of society when it is their turn to get married.

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verses 26-27:
26 And render to the kindred their due rights as (also) to those in want and to the
wayfarer: but squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift.
27 Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Shaytaan; and the Shaytaan is to his
Lord ungrateful.

If there is one term which would describe a marriage according to Sunnah in


todays time, then that word would have to be simple! The simpler the marriage,
the closer it would be to the Sunnah.

Your Question: is the bride supposed to be present in the masjid during nikah? or
can she stay home while the groom does it in the nikah with her witnesses?
It is not obligatory for the bride to be present herself during the Nikaah ceremony,
if she does not wish to be present; but her consent to the marriage is absolutely
obligatory.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.79 Narrated by Aisha


I asked the Prophet (saws), "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! Should the women be
asked for their consent to their marriage?" He (saws) said, "Yes." I said, "A virgin, if
asked, feels shy and keeps quiet." He (saws) said, "Her silence means her consent."

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The bride can be present at the ceremony if she wishes to do so, or she can
appoint a wakeel or advocate her consent to her guardian (preferably in front of
the witnesses). If the Judge or the person performing the Nikaah is satisfied with
the witness of the guardian regarding the consent of the bride, he may perform
the marriage. If the Judge or the person performing the Nikaah smells any foulplay or is not completely satisfied regarding the witnesses to the brides consent to
her marriage, he is well within his rights to seek clarification from the bride
herself.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and

Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the
Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,

Burhan

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