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Impedance and Admittance Formulas for RLC Combinations
Here is an extensive table of impedance, admittance, magnitude, and phase angle equations (formulas) for fundamental series and parallel combinations of resistors, inductors, and capacitors. All schematics and equations assume ideal components, where resistors exhibit only resistance, capacitors exhibit only capacitance, and inductors exhibit only inductance. For those unfamiliar with complex numbers, the "±j" operator signifies a phase of ±90°. Voltage across a  capacitor lags the current through it by 90°, so -j is used along with its capacitive reactance (-j/ω C). Voltage across an inductor leads the current through it by 90°, so +j is used along with inductive reactance (jω L). "M" is the mutual inductance between inductors. "ω " is frequency in radians/second, and is equal to 2 π times frequency in cycles/second. This is probably one of the most comprehensive collections you will find on the Internet. Z = R + jX           |Z| = (R2 + X2)½            
Circuit Configuration RF Cafe: Impedance Z = R + jX Magnitude {Z} = (R + X )
2 2 ½

 

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= tan-1(X/R)           Y = 1/Z
Phase Angle = tan (X/R)
-1

Admittance Y = 1/Z

R jωL -j/ωC jω(L1+L2±2M) -(j/ω)(1/C1+1/C2) R+jωL R-j/ωC j(ωL-1/ωC) R+j(ωL-1/ωC)

R ωL 1/ωC ω(L1+L2±2M) (1/ω)(1/C1+1/C2) (R2+ω2L2)½ (1/ωC)(1+ω2C2R2)½ (ωL-1/ωC) [R+(ωL-1/ωC)]½

0 π/2 -π/2 π/2 -π/2 tan-1(ωL/R) -tan-1(1/ωCR) ±π/2 tan-1[(ωL-1/ωC)/R]

1/R -j/ωL jωC -j/[ω(L1+L2±2M)] jωC1C2/(C1+C2) (R-jωL)/(R2+ω2L2) (R+j/ωC)/(R2+1/ω2C2) jωC/(1-ω2LC)

R1R2/(R1+R2)

R1R2/(R1+R2)

0

1/R1+1/R2

π/2

-j/ω(C1+C2)

1/ω(C1+C2)

-π/2

jω(C1+C2)

ωLR/(R2+ω2L2)½

tan-1(R/ωL)

1/R-j/ωL

R(1-jωCR)/(1+ω2C2R2)

R/(1+ω2C2R2)½

-tan-1(ωCR)

1/R+jωC

jωL/(1-ω2LC)

ωL/(1-ω2LC)

±π/2

j(ωC-1/ωL)

[(1/R)2+(ωC-1/ωL)2] -½

tan-1[R(1/ωL-ωC)]

1/R+j(ωC-1/ωL)

Impedance Z

Magnitude |Z|

Phase Angle

Admittance

Impedance Z

Magnitude |Z|

Phase Angle

Admittance

Impedance Z

Magnitude |Z|

Phase Angle

Admittance

Impedance Z

Magnitude |Z|

Phase Angle

Admittance

Impedance Z

Magnitude |Z| Phase Angle Admittance
(source Reference Data for Engineers, 1993)

tan-1(X1/R1)+tan-1(X2/R2)-tan-1[(X1+X2)/(R1+R2)] 1/(R1+jX1)+1/(R2+jX2)

Webmaster: Kirt Blattenberger, BSEE, UVM 1989
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