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STANLOW

SHELL HAVEN

DOC: No.

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

ETS 219

Page 1 of 61

Rev C

Specification for Civil Construction Work and its Quality Control


- PAINTING -

REV

AMD

DESCRIPTION

Overall doc update as


described in Revision Log

DATE

Feb 2011

APPROVED BY

SIGN.

ENG/00/06
Jon Mason

AUTHORISER:

ENG/00/06

Jon Mason

Engineering Assurance Manager

TECHNICAL APPROVAL:

ENG/50/06

Andy Ratcliffe Civil Manager

CUSTODIAN:

ENG/50/06

Andy Ratcliffe Civil manager

CONTROLLER:

ENG/17A/01 Stan Davies

QMS Focal Point

DISTRIBUTION: Held as an electronic document as part of the Site Engineering/Maintenance


Quality System

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Rev

REV.
AMD
NO.

Jul 94
Nov 94

O
O/1

Feb 98

O/2

July 99
Oct
2001

Sept.05

ETS 219

Page 2 of 61

Document Revision Log


New ETS - see cover sheet page 1.
Additional notes added to Specifications N2, E15, E16 & E17.
Also new Specification E25 and page number changes as result of
new Specification.
Custodian was EIS/41/06.
Put into electronic format and onto LAN
Custodian now OME/60/06
Revisions and additions, new passages on high temperature paint
application , inclusion of slurry blasting as an option and a section
dealing specifically with floating roof tanks.

19.2.1
scope &
extent of
painting,
para. 5

-Systems indicated in Appendix1 and 2:


This is a firm requirement for all maintenance, project and shutdown
work on insulated equipment and piping with the following two
exceptions:
1. For emergent shutdown work, insulated equipment and piping
should be painted if it is practical to do so.
2. Where the elevated surface temperature is considered too hot
to safely apply protective coatings whilst on line.
In both cases the inspection frequency shall be reviewed to
reflect this lack of protection against future corrosion.

Steel
structures
Appendix 1

Silver grey Shell standard colour 26 included, B.S 4800 added to


index.
Specification Nos. changed to reflect additional specifications: N2
new spec. for temperatures up to 230 deg. C.
Interzinc 72 changed to Interzinc 52.
Temperature reduced to 230 deg. C. coating changed to Intertherm
228
Note 2 added.
Previously N2 with dft of zinc dust graphite increased and aluminium
coating deleted. Additional note regarding site application over zinc
silicate primer.
Previously N4.
Previously N5.
Previously N6. with carbon steel deleted.
Previously N7.
Previously N7a.
Previously N7b.off site preparation of roof plates: spec. No. changed
to N9. dft increased to intermediate coat, finish coat changed to
Interthane 990 with reduced dft.
Previously N8.
Previously N9.Temperature changed to up to 540 deg. C. Interplate
11 replaced to Interplate 855 or 937.
Interplus 770 changed to Interseal 670, finish names and Nos added.
Specifications Nos. changed to reflect additional/deleted
specifications. E15a added, E26 deleted.
Note 4 added re- new build tanks.
Finish coat changed to Interthane 990, with reduced dft.

Spec. N1.
Spec. N2.
Spec.N3
Spec. N4
Spec. N5
Spec. N6
Spec. N7
Spec.N8
Spec. N8a
Spec.
N8b
Spec.N9
Spec.
N9a
N11
Appendix 2
Spec. E13
Spec.E13a

WARNING

DOC: No.

Rev C

SIGN.

BR

RLT

Jon Mason
M
Ravenscroft
S. Pain

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
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Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING Spec. E13b
Spec. E14
Spec. E15
Spec. E15a
Spec. E18
Spec. E21
Spec. E22
Spec. E23
Spec. E26
Spec. IL1
Spec. IL2
Spec. IL3
Spec. IL4

Feb.2011

19.21

Rev. C

19.3.1
19.5.8
19.10

ETS 219

Page 3 of 61

Rev C

Finish coat changed to Interthane 990 with reduced dft.


Intertherm 50 aluminium coating deleted.
Overcoating times at elevated temperatures included. Notes repracticality of blasting and addition of thinners added.
New specification for surface temperatures 100-150 deg. C.
Coal tar coating replaced by high-build bitumen.
Intermediate coat changed to Interseal 670.
Primer changed to Interseal 670 .
Intermediate coat changed to Interseal 670, finish products and Nos.
added.
Specification deleted (included in Spec. E15)
Alternative lining (Interline 984) added.
Lining changed to Interzone 1000.
Holding/stripe coat dfts reduced, alternative lining (Interline 399)
added.
Intermediate coat dfts added, alternative lining (Interline 975) added.

Spec. N3
Spec. N4
Spec. N6
Spec. N8A

Spec. N8B

Spec. N9
Spec. N10
Spec. N11
Appendix 2
Spec. E13

Spec.E13plus
Spec. E13a

WARNING

DOC: No.

Engineering procedure included for piping, variations included


para 3.
Attention to field weld procedure, new specification E 25
b. para.1 375 mm changed to microns.
Silver grey added to tanks etc, Emergency egress added, note on
lustrous aluminium added.
Note 3 added.
Specification changed.
Addition of thinners required to attain recommended DFT
Inclusion of spec. E 25 procedure for field welds. Primer dft
st
reduced to 75 microns, 1 . intermediate coat changed to
nd
aluminium epoxy, 2 intermediate to shade, weldable primer
changed to Interplate 398, non-slip changed to Intershield 851.
nd
Inclusion of spec. E 25 procedure for field welds. 2 . Stripe coat
nd
included (MIO), 2 . Intermediate to shade, weldable primer
changed to Interplate 398.
Weldable primer changed to Interplate 398.
No. of coats deleted.
Additional coat of finish included.
Spec. E13 plus added, Spec. 25 changed to field weld procedure.
Hand/power tool clean to a MINIMUM standard of St2 added,
primer changed to Interseal 670, Note 5 to depict minimum DFT,
non-slip changed to Intershield 851. Alternative product for
extended overcoating time included.
Specification added.
Hand/power tool clean to a MINIMUM standard of St2 added,
intermediate coat DFT increased, alternative product for extended
overcoating time included. Note 3 to depict MINIMUM dft, primer

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
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Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING Spec. E13B

Spec. E14
Spec. E15
Spec. E15A
Spec. E16
Page 43
Spec. E19
Spec. E20
Spec. E21
Spec. E22
Spec. E23
Spec. E25
Appendix 3
Spec. IL3
Spec. IL4
Spec. IL5
Spec. IL6
Page 61

WARNING

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Page 4 of 61

Rev C

changed to Interseal 670 aluminium.


Inclusion of spec. E25 for the preparation of field welds,
hand/power tool clean to a minimum of St2 added, weldable
primer changed to Interplate 398, primer changed to Interseal 670
aluminium. Note for extended overcoating times.
Power tool clean to a minimum of St2 added, primer/finish with
increased DFT, finish coat deleted.
Change of overcoating times
Preparation to a minimum of St2 added, No.of coats deleted
prime/intermediate.
Uninsulated added to scope, note 3 added for finish coating.
Removed, alternative suppliers page 61
No. of coats deleted.
Preparation to a minimum of St2 added, No. of coats deleted.
Preparation to a minimum of St2, finish coat as depicted on page
15, primer/intermediate changed to Interseal 670.
Additional coat of finish.
Additional coat of finish.
Change of specification, from galvanised cladding to field weld
specification.
IL5/IL6 added, Internal tank/vessel lining guidelines added.
Interline 961 deleted.
Interline 925 deleted.
Specification added.
Specification added.
Alternative suppliers.

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This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING 19.

DOC: No.

Page 5 of 61

ETS 219

Rev C

PAINTING - CONTENTS
19.1

INTRODUCTION

19.2

GENERAL

19.3

19.4

19.5

WARNING

19.2.1

Scope and Extent of Painting

19.2.2

Approved Manufacturers

SURFACE PREPARATION
19.3.1

Hand and Power Tool Cleaning

19.3.2

Blast Cleaning

19.3.3

Preparation Grades

19.3.4

Rust Grades

19.3.5

New Steelwork and Piping

19.3.6

Abrasives

19.3.7

Surface Profile

PAINT APPLICATION
19.4.1

General

19.4.2

Environmental Conditions

19.4.3

Priming Coat

19.4.4

Thinning

19.4.5

Brushing, Roller and Spraying

19.4.6

Preparation Between Paint Coats

INSPECTION AND TESTING


19.5.1

Surface Preparation

19.5.2

Salt Contamination Test

19.5.3

Assessment of Surface Cleanliness


(After Hand/Blast Cleaning)

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Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

19.6

DOC: No.

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

19.5.4

Surface Profile Test

19.5.5

Wet Film Thickness

19.5.6

Dry Film Thickness

19.5.7

Adhesion Test

19.5.8

Pinhole Testing

19.5.9

Degree of Cure

19.5.10

Steel Temperature

19.5.11

Relative Humidity and Dew-point

Page 6 of 61

ETS 219

Rev C

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT,


PIPING, TANKS, LPG SPHERES AND STEEL STACKS
19.6.1

General

19.6.2

Prefabricated Weldable Primers

19.6.3

New Structural Steelwork

19.6.4

Underground Piping

19.6.5

Non-Standard Paint Specifications for Internal Linings

19.7

MISCELLANEOUS MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, FIREFIGHTING AND


FIRST AID EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUMENTS, INSTRUMENT PANELS, CONSOLES AND
CABINETS

19.8

PLANT BUILDINGS

19.9

MARINE FACILITIES

19.10

COLOUR SCHEMES

APPENDIX 1 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW WORKS - EXTERNAL COATINGS


APPENDIX 2 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR EXISTING WORKS - EXTERNAL COATINGS
APPENDIX 3 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTERNAL LININGS - BOTH NEW AND EXISTING WORKS

WARNING

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Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING 19.1

DOC: No.

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Page 7 of 61

ETS 219

Rev C

INTRODUCTION
The ETS has been introduced to cover Painting Specifications for both new and existing works.
It shall be used in conjunction with the Standards specified in the Painting D.E.P. Technical
Specifications as follows :D.E.P. 40.48.00.30-Gen - Paints and Paint Materials
D.E.P. 30.48.00.10-Gen - Painting and Coating
D.E.P. 30.48.00.31-Gen - Painting and Coating for New Construction
Projects
WHERE THE DOCUMENTS ARE IN CONFLICT, ORDER OF PREFERENCE SHALL BE
THE ETS FOLLOWED BY THE D.E.P's.

19.2

GENERAL

19.2.1

Scope and Extent of Painting


This ETS covers the general requirements for painting structures, plant equipment, piping
(Engineering procedure and work instruction applies for on-line preparatory work), tanks and
buildings for both new and existing works.
For all external paint coating specifications for new and existing works refer to Appendices 1
and 2 of this ETS.
For internal paint linings to new and existing tanks and vessels containing crude oil, motor
gasoline, kerosine, gas oil, aromatics hydrocarbons, industrial water and demineralised water,
refer to Appendix 3.
Specifications for any other type of cargo and variations of the above in tanks and vessels will
be classified as a 'non-standard' specification. In this case a specification will be recommended
by the Civil Inspection Section of EIS. The specification will be based on information data from
the Unit Technologist which shall include type of cargo, chemical analysis including trace
elements in parts per million, pH value, any water content and the design and operating
temperatures of the tank or vessel.
All thermal and acoustic insulated surfaces of equipment and piping of carbon steel, low and
intermediate alloy steel and stainless steel for both high and low temperature services shall be
protected before insulation is applied with one of the paint systems indicated in Appendix 1 and
2.
This is a firm requirement for all Maintenance, Projects and shutdown work on insulated
equipment and piping, with the two following exceptions;
1. For Emergent shutdown work, insulated equipment and piping should be
painted if it is practical to do so.
2. Where the elevated surface temperature is considered too hot to safely apply
protective coating whilst on line.
In both cases the inspection frequency shall be reviewed to reflect this lack of
protection against future corrosion.
The following surfaces shall not be painted unless otherwise specified by the Engineer :-

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

19.2.2

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Page 8 of 61

Rev C

(a)

Uninsulated stainless steel, non-ferrous metals such as aluminium, copper, brass and
similar weather resisting materials.

(b)

Galvanised mild steel surfaces of structural steel, sheet metal, fencing and galvanised
pipework.

(c)

Nameplates and pushbuttons except Emergency stop buttons.

(d)

Thermal insulation coverings such as galvanised mild steel, polished steel or


aluminium.

(e)

Operating parts of machinery including instrument valves and valve spindles.

Approved Manufacturers
Paints shall be obtained from manufacturers on the Company's list of approved suppliers for
the type of paint to be used. Current copies of this list are available to the Contractor upon
request.

19.3

SURFACE PREPARATION

19.3.1

Hand and Power Tool Cleaning


Prior to hand and power tool cleaning any heavy layers of rust shall be removed by chipping or
needle gunning. Oil, grease and dirt, all sharp points and weld spatter shall also be removed.
Manual cleaning to remove all loose scale, rust or other foreign matter by using hand wirebrush
or mechanically operated cleaning tools using grinders, chippers, scrapers or wirebrushes.
Care shall be taken to avoid burrs, sharp edges or cutting into the steel. Special attention shall
be paid to rivet heads, welds (see specification E 25 for field weld procedure), angles etc.
In providing a clean abraded surface to the required specification it is most important that a
'polished surface' is avoided.
After hand and power tool cleaning to the specified standard, the surface shall be cleaned from
loose dust and debris prior to applying the priming coat.

19.3.2

Blast Cleaning
Prior to blast cleaning any heavy layers of rust shall be removed by chipping. Visible oil,
grease and dirt, all sharp points and weld spatter shall also be removed.
Blast cleaning to remove all millscale, rust and other foreign matter can be by open blast,
closed blast, slurry blast and small areas by vacuum blasting.
After blasting the surface shall be cleaned from loose dust and debris prior to applying the
priming coat.

19.3.3

Preparation Grades
HAND CLEANING
The two preparation grades (as per International Standard ISO 8501-1) are as follows :-

WARNING

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Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

DOC: No.

Page 9 of 61

ETS 219

Rev C

ST2 - Thorough hand and power tool cleaning


The surface shall be free from visible oil, grease and dust and from poorly adhering millscale,
rust, paint coatings and foreign matter. Refer to photographs CST2 and DST2 within ISO 85011.
ST3 - Very thorough hand and power tool cleaning
As for ST2 but the surface shall be treated much more thoroughly to give a metalic sheen
arising from the metalic substrate. Refer to photographs CST3 and DST3 within ISO 8501-1.
BLAST CLEANING
The four preparation grades (as per International Standard ISO 8501-1) are as follows :SA 1 - Light Blast Cleaning
The surface shall be free from visible oil, grease and dirt and from poorly adhering millscale,
rust, paint coatings and foreign matter. Refer to photographs BSA1, CSA1 and DSA1 within
ISO 8501-1.
SA 2 - Thorough Blast Cleaning
The surface shall be free from visible oil, grease and dirt and from most of the millscale, rust
paint coatings and foreign matter. Any residual contamination shall be firmly adhering. Refer
to photographs BSA2, CSA2 and DSA2.

SA 2.1/2 - Very Thorough Blast Cleaning


The surface shall be free from visible oil, grease and dirt and from millscale, rust, paint
coatings and foreign matter. Any remaining traces of contamination shall show only as slight
stains in the form of spots or stripes. Refer to photographs ASA2.1/2, BSA 2.1/2, CSA2.1/2
and DSA2.1/2 within ISO 8501-1.
SA 3 - Blast Cleaning to Visually Clean Steel
The surface shall be free from visible oil, grease and dirt, and shall be free from millscale, rust,
paint coatings and foreign matter. It shall have a uniform metallic colour. Refer to
Photographs ASA3, BSA3, CSA3 and DSA3 within ISO 8501-1.
19.3.4

Rust Grades
The condition of the steel surface prior to surface preparation is defined in 4 rust grades (as per
International Standard ISO 8501-1), as follows :-

WARNING

A-

Steel surfaces largely covered with adhering millscale but little, if any, rust.

B-

Steel surface which has begun to rust and from which the millscale has begun to flake.

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Work and its Quality Control painting;

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19.3.5

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 10 of 61

Rev C

C-

Steel surface on which the millscale has rusted away or from which it can be scraped but
with slight pitting visible under normal vision.

D-

Steel surfaces on which the millscale has rusted away and on which general pitting is
visible.

New Steelwork and Piping


The surface preparation shall be by blast cleaning.

19.3.6

Abrasives
Abrasive type and particle size shall be selected to best suit the type of priming material and to
satisfy the paint manufacturers recommendation bearing in mind the surface profile required.
Suitable captive abrasives are chilled iron grit, chilled iron shot, steel grit and shot and cut wire.
Suitable expendable abrasive is copper slag and shall be in accordance with BS.7079
(Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of Paints and Related Products - Part F3 Specification for Copper Refinery Slag). The content of free Crystalline Silica in copper slag
shall not exceed 1%. Copper slag abrasives have a predominantly angular shape.
Aluminium oxide is the abrasive recommended for blasting stainless steel.
All abrasive material shall be free from corrosive constituents and adhesion impairing
contaminants.

19.3.7

Surface Profile
The required degree of surface profile on peak-to-valley height of the surface depends on the
thickness of the coating to be applied.
The surface profile shall be kept within 30 to 80 microns unless specified otherwise by the paint
manufacturers data sheet.

19.4

PAINT APPLICATION

19.4.1

General
The paint application shall be carried out strictly to the paint manufacturers product data sheet
which will include mix ratio, method of application, whether thinners can be used, and
overcoating times.
The various paints shall be applied to the dry film thicknesses as specified in the paint
specifications, (see Appendices 1, 2 & 3).
Paints shall not be applied within 50mm of edges prepared for field welds subject to later field
testing except when a weldable primer is specified. The prepared weld areas shall be taped for
a distance of 50mm either side of the weld line. The protective tape shall be of sufficient
quality to protect the surface preparation cleanliness. Coated surfaces which require further
fabrication shall have all coatings completely removed 50mm either side of the line of burning
or welding. The remainder of the paint shall be abraded back for a further 100mm.

WARNING

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Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

19.4.2

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 11 of 61

Rev C

Environmental Conditions
Paints shall not be applied under the following conditions :a)

The surface temperature is less than 3 deg.C above the dew-point.

b)

The relative humidity is higher than 85%.

c)

The air temperature is less than 4 deg.C.

d)

When the temperature is expected to fall to 0 deg.C before the paint has dried or when
there is the likelihood of an unfavourable change in weather conditions within two hours
after coating.
Generally paint shall not be applied when the surface temperature is greater than 40
deg.C. Above this temperature specification E15 shall be used.

19.4.3

Priming Coat
Irrespective of the method of cleaning, all cleaned surfaces shall receive the priming coat as
soon as practical and shall never be left uncoated overnight unless agreed by the paint
manufacturer. Cleaning shall be limited to areas which can be cleaned and primed comfortably
within a normal working day.

19.4.4

Thinning
Thinning will not normally be permissible unless recommended in the paint manufacturers data
sheet.

19.4.5

Brushing, Roller and Spraying


Application of paints by brush, roller and spraying shall be as recommended by the paint
manufacturers.
In spraying application, before spraying each coat, all areas such as corners, edges, welds,
small brackets, bolts, nuts etc., shall be precoated by brush to ensure that these areas have at
least the minimum specified dry-film thickness.
In spraying, air pressuring, jets and nozzles shall be as recommended by the paint
manufacturer. Each coat is to be applied uniformly and completely over the entire surface and
without runs, sags or pin-holing. The spray gun shall be held so that the tip is 300-600mm from
the surface being painted.

19.4.6

Preparation Between Paint Coats


The Contractor to ensure that there is no contamination such as dust, salt spray etc. on the
surface.

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 12 of 61

19.5

INSPECTION AND TESTING

19.5.1

Surface Preparation

ETS 219

Rev C

Prior to any preparation operations commencing the surface shall be free of oil, grease and any
other foreign matter and all weld spatter and sharp edges removed.
19.5.2

Salt Contamination Test


When blast cleaning heavily rusted and rust-pitted steel, rust-spotting at points corresponding to
the rust pitting can take place an hour or two after blasting. For thes types of surfaces,
especially inside a tank or vessel, a salt contamination test shall be carried out in accordance
with BS.5493 Appendix G. The cause is the presence of rust-producing soluble salts of iron
which are practically colourless and are located at the lowest point of the rust pits.

19.5.3

Assessment of Surface Cleanliness (After Hand/Blast Cleaning)


This is a visual comparison of the hand/blast clean surface with the photographic standards
included in the International Standard ISO 8501-1 : 1988 (E).

19.5.4

Surface Profile
Regular measurements of the roughness of the blasted surface shall be carried out using one of
the following methods :a)
b)
c)

19.5.5

The roughness of the blast cleaned surface can be measured with a surface profile
meter such as the Elcometer Profile Gauge 123.
Optical method using a profile comparator in accordance with ISO Standard 8503.
The Elcometer 122 Testex tape is used in conjunction with the Elcometer 124 foil
thickness gauge is another method to give peak-to-valley height. This method enables a
replica of the profile to be produced which can then be attached to a report for future
reference.

Wet Film Thickness


Spot checks to be carried out during the course of the operation to ensure thickness is being
maintained. The measurement is most commonly carried out using a comb gauge.

19.5.6

Dry Film Thickness


The initial inspection is visual and will reveal application defects such as overspray, misses, dirt
inclusion, blisters, sags and runs.
Non-destructive measurement of film thickness shall be carried out using electro-magnetic
induction instruments such as the Elcometer 256. These instruments shall be calibrated on the
standard provided by the instrument manufacturer.

19.5.7

WARNING

Adhesion Test

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Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 13 of 61

Rev C

The standard test methods for measuring adhesion by tape test shall be in accordance with
ASTM D3359-92a. The lattice pattern test within this Standard shall not be used for films
thicker than 125 microns.
19.5.8

Pin-hole Testing

The whole of internal tank linings shall be tested for continuity of coating. Battery operated equipment is
available for detecting defects using the following equipment :a)

Low Voltage Test


The wet sponge method to be used for thin coatings up to 375 microns. Method of
operation is to draw the moistened sponge over the surface in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions.
The wetting agent used in the sponge usually consists of a 3% NaC1 (Sodium Chloride)
solution to which a suitable detergent (e.g. 1% Teepol) is added to enhance the wetting
properties of the electrolyte.
If the substrate is austenitic stainless steel, Chloride containing salt solutions shall not be
used. A solution of 3% Ammonium Sulphate to be substituted.
It is important that this test is not applied before the lining has cured for the
recommended time.
This test will only reveal defects that go all the way through to the steel.

b)

High Voltage Spark Test


For thicker coatings (greater than 375microns) a higher voltage is required to detect
individual pin-holes or voids. The high voltage spark detector should be set at 100 volts
per 25 micron thickness.
When a lining has a flaw consisting of reduced thickness or an air bubble the dielectric
strength of the lining at the flawed area is reduced. Thus, if a specified high voltage is
applied to this flawed area, a spark will penetrate this weakened area and the flaw is
detected.

19.5.9

Degree of Cure
For testing degree of cure the following method shall be adopted :If, after holding the solvent against the surface by means of cotton wool swab and gentle
rubbing for 1 to 2 minutes, no coating is removed then the cure is satisfactory.

19.5.10

Steel Temperature
Coatings have different minimum curing/drying or film forming temperatures. In each case the
steel temperature shall be above the minimum at the time of application and during curing.

19.5.11

WARNING

Relative Humidity and Dew-point

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This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 14 of 61

Rev C

The dew-point is a temperature where water is spontaneously deposited on the substrate and
therefore the substrate shall always be a minimum of 3 deg.C above the dew-point.
A maximum relative humidity is 85%. The instrument which gives readings of relative humidity
is the whirling hygrometer.
19.6

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT,


PIPING, TANKS, LPG SPHERES AND STEEL STACKS

19.6.1

General
All new equipment and piping shall be blast cleaned as hand preparation will not remove all the
adhering millscale.
Refer to section 19.3 for surface preparation.
For specifications covering a range of equipment surface temperatures for both lagged and
unlagged carbon steel, low and intermediate alloy steel and stainless steel refer to Appendices
1, 2 and 3.
The external finish to all tanks containing "White Oil" products to have a total radiant heat
reflectance minimum of 70%.
Austenitic stainless steel shall be painted with a zinc-free paint system.

19.6.2

Prefabricated Weldable Primers


The life of a prefabricated weldable primer is limited because of its very thin coating and the
environmental conditions during storage, therefore, the following shall apply :a)

Prefabrication weldable primers, less than three months old and still in good condition
shall be cleaned thoroughly with clean fresh water before applying the paint system.

b)

Prefabricated weldable primers exposed longer than three months to the atmosphere
shall require approval by the Engineer before applying the specified system.

c)

Because of the life limitation of a weldable primer, the primer specified in the detailed

full
specifications (see Appendices), shall be the preferred primer providing that shop and
site welded areas, subject to later testing, are taped for a distance of 50mm either side
of
the weld line.
19.6.3

New Structural Steelwork


Hot-dip galvanising is the preferred method of protecting new steelwork. The hot-dip
galvanising shall be to BS.729 and give a minimum specified weight of 610 g/m2.

19.6.4

Underground Piping
For the recommended coatings to protect external surfaces of underground piping refer to ETS
603 - Pipework - External Protection of Buried or Submerged Pipework.

WARNING

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19.6.5

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 15 of 61

Rev C

Non-Standard Paint Specifications for Internal Linings


Refer to Notes in section 19.2.1.

19.7

MISCELLANEOUS MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, FIREFIGHTING AND


FIRST AID EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUMENTS, INSTRUMENT PANELS, CONSOLES AND
CABINETS
All the aforementioned equipment including machinery, pumps, motors, switches, transformers,
etc., shall be prepared and painted in accordance with the manufacturers standards, unless
specified otherwise by the Engineer.

19.8

PLANT BUILDINGS
Refer to Appendix 1 and 2 for Paint Specifications for Woodwork and Metalwork and Structural
Steelwork.

19.9

MARINE FACILITIES
Refer to Appendix 1 and 2 for Paint Specifications for Steelwork to Jetties in Permanent
Submerged Zone Including Tidal and Splash Zones.

19.10

COLOUR SCHEMES
General
Where applicable e.g. for marine and offshore facilities, colour schemes shall be in accordance
with Local Rules and Customs.

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 16 of 61

Rev C

Otherwise the following shall apply :COLOUR

B.S. 4800 OR
SHELL STANDARD
COLOUR N0.

Steel Structures

SILVER GREY
ALUMINIUM
(if not galvanised)

26

Tanks/vessels/columns/
heat exchangers/piping/
pumps and machinery
(up to 100 deg.C)

ALUMINIUM
BLUSH GREY OR
SILVER GREY

Handwheels, ladders,
handrails and stairways

BLACK
(if not galvanised)

Pump bedplates

BLACK

22-B-15
26

Electrical Equipment
Motors

ALUMINIUM

Control valves (bonnet of valve)


a)

Air Fail OPEN

BRIGHT BLUE

27

b)

Air Fail CLOSED

OLIVE GREEN

16

c)

Emergency Shut Valves

SHELL RED

11

Control valves (remainder of valve)

ALUMINIUM

Safety Colours
Where appropriate for safety reasons, the following colour scheme shall be adhered to :Dangerous obstructions

BLACK AND YELLOW


(in alternative bands)

-/4

Dangerous or exposed parts


of machinery

ALERT ORANGE

33

Fire equipment and services

SHELL RED

11

First Aid equipment

DARK GREEN

Emergency egress points

Fluorescent orange

NOTE: Aluminium to be lustrous (shade ref. PHA906) except for elevated temperature use.

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 17 of 61

Rev C

APPENDIX 1 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW WORKS - EXTERNAL COATINGS


SPEC.No.
ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT/TEMPERATURE RANGE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------N1

External Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping, columns,
vessels, heat transfer equipment and steel stacks up to skin temperature of 100.C.

N2

External Insulated & Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping,
columns, vessels, heat transfer equipment for skin temperature from 100C to 230C

N3

External Insulated & Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping,
columns, vessels, heat transfer equipment for skin temperature from 200C to 540C

N4

External Insulated & Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping,
columns, vessels and heat transfer equipment, where application is onsite and spraying could
be impracticable. 40 to 570C.

N5

External Insulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping, columns, vessels
and heat transfer equipment, for skin temperatures from 40C up to 150C.

N6

External Insulated Stainless Steel Piping and Equipment for skin temperatures from 40C up
to 150C.

N7

External. Insulated Stainless Steel to piping, columns, vessels and heat transfer equipment for
skin temperatures from 150C to 540C

N8

Off site manufactured External Uninsulated above ground, Steel Storage Tanks and LPG
Spheres for skin temperatures up to 100C.

N8A

Site erected external Uninsulated above ground steel storage tanks and LPG Spheres but
excluding floating roofs and underside of tank bottoms.

N8B

Site erected external Uninsulated new build floating roofs on above ground steel storage tanks
for skin temperatures up to 100C

N9

Prefabricated Weldable Primer for Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel for piping,
columns, vessels and tanks, for skin temperatures 0-100C.

N9A

Prefabricated Weldable Primer for Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel for piping,
columns, vessels and tanks, for skin temperatures 0-540C.

N10

External Paint Specification for Buried Storage Vessels and Steelwork to Jetties in Permanent
Submerged Zone, including the Tidal and Splash Zones.

N11

Galvanised Steel requiring 'Day-Glo' Finish.

N12

External Paint Specification for Plant Buildings. (Woodwork and Metalwork).

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 18 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N1
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNINSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE
ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
AND STEEL STACKS UP TO SKIN TEMPERATURE OF 100C.
PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat Zinc Rich 2-Pack Epoxy - 50 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat Low Temperature Cure 2-Pack Epoxy MIO - 125 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2-Pack Recoatable Polyurethane - 50 microns DFT

NOTE: The finishing Coat to be Aluminium colour.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Interzinc 52


Intermediate - Intercure 384 MIO
Finish - Interthane 990 -

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 19 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N2
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNINSULATED & INSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND
INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT
TRANSFER EQUIPMENT AND STEEL STACKS FROM 100C TO 230C.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat Crosslinked HB Epoxy Phenolic

100 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Crosslinked HB Epoxy Phenolic

100 microns DFT

NOTE: This system has excellent thermal shock resistance

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer/Finish Intertherm 228

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 20 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N3
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNINSULATED & INSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND
INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT
TRANSFER EQUIPMENT AND STEEL STACKS FROM 150 C TO 540 C

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Zinc Ethyl Silicate - 50 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Modified Silicone Aluminium - 25 microns DFT

NOTE:
1.The modified Silicone Aluminium Coating shall not be over-applied. Application at 40 microns per Coat
results in blistering when taken to high temperatures.
2. For site application where spraying is impracticable use System N4 for temperatures up to 450C
3. Where thermal cycling conditions prevail the use of Cold spray aluminium (Intertherm 898) should be
considered)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Interzinc 22


Finish - Intertherm 50

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 21 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N4
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED & UNINSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND
INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT
TRANSFER EQUIPMENT AND STEEL STACKS WITH SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM -40C-450C
WHEN APPLICATION IS ON SITE AND APPLICATION BY SPRAY IS IMPRACTICABLE.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

2 Coats cold spray aluminium

- 200 microns DFT

NOTE:
If brush applied multiple coats will be required to attain recommended dry film thickness.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish Intertherm 898

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

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Work and its Quality Control.
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Page 22 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N5
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE
ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM -40C UP TO 150C.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat Surface-tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 100 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Surface-tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 100 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish - Interplus 256

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

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Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 23 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N6
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED STAINLESS STEEL PIPING AND EQUIPMENT
FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM 40C UP TO 150C.

PREPARATION

Light blasting with Aluminium Oxide

PRIMER

1 Coat Surface-tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 50 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Surface-tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 50 microns DFT

Note- The addition of 5% thinners (GTA 220) will be required to attain the recommended dft.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish Interplus 256

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


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- PAINTING -

Page 24 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N7
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED & UNINSULATED STAINLESS STEEL ABOVE
GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES
FROM 150C TO 540C.

PREPARATION

Light blasting with Aluminium Oxide

PRIMER

1 Coat Modified Silicone Aluminium

- 25 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Modified Silicone Aluminium

- 25 microns DFT

NOTE :
The modified Silicone Aluminium shall not be over-applied. Applications at 40 microns per coat results in
blistering when taken to high temperatures.
Blast profile not to exceed 40-50 microns peak to valley measurement.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer / Finish Intertherm 50

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 25 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N8
NEW WORKS
TANKS VESSELS & SPHERES
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNINSULATED ABOVE GROUND STEEL STORAGE TANKS
MANUFACTURED AND PAINTED OFFSITE AND LPG SPHERES FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES UP TO
100C (EXLUDING FLOATING ROOFS AND THE UNDERSIDE OF TANK BOTTOMS SEE SPEC NOS.
N9 & 8B FOR PAINT DETAILS)

PREPARATION

PRIMER

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

1 Coat Low Temperature Cure 2-Pack Epoxy Zinc Phosphate 75 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE:

1 Coat Low Temperature Cure 2-Pack High Build Epoxy MIO 125 micros DFT

FINISH:

1 Coat 2-Pack Recoatable Polurethane 50 microns DFT

NOTE: The finishing Coat for tanks to be Blush Grey (22.B.15)


White for Spheres

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer Intercure 324


Intermediate Intercure 384 MIO
Finish Interthane 990

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 26 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N8A


NEW WORKS
SITE ERECTION: BRUSH & ROLLER PAINT APPLICATION. EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR
UNINSULATED ABOVE GROUND STEEL STORAGE TANKS, LPG SPHERES INCLUDING SHELL
PLATES OF FLOATING ROOF TANKS BUT EXCLUDING FLOATING ROOFS AND UNDERSIDE OF
TANK BOTTOMS FOR SKIN TEMPERATURE UP TO 100c
PREPARATION:

Off Site Preparation of Plates


Blast clean to SA2 external surfaces of plates only

PRIMER:

Apply to external surfaces only. 1 coat of 2 pack epoxy zinc phosphate weldable
primer
25 microns DFT

SITE (Post Erection)


PREPARATION:

Prepare all site welds as specification E25, prepare areas of breakdown/erection


damage in previously applied weldable primer by hand and power tool to ST2.

STRIPE COAT/SPOT PRIMER


Stripe coat all prepared welds and spot prime areas of breakdown/damage.
1 coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy aluminium.
75 microns DFT
ST

INTERMEDIATE

1 coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy alumuminium -

75 microns DFT

2 INTERMEDIATE

1 coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy to shade-

75 microns DFT

FINISH

1 coat 2 pack recoatable polyurethane

50 microns DFT

nd

NON SLIP WALKWAYS


1 coat highbuild, high solids aggregate filled 2 pack epoxy

NOTE: The finishing Coat to be, Hydrocarbon Storage Tanks - Blush Grey (22.B.15)
White for Spheres

International Paint Products :

Weldable Primer Interplate 398


Stripe & Spot Primer Interplus 256
Intermediate Interseal 670HS
Finish Interthane 990
None Slip Intershield 851

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

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Specification for Civil Construction


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- PAINTING -

Page 27 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N8B


NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR SITE ERECTED UNINSULATED NEW BUILD FLOATING
ROOFS ON ABOVE GROUND STEEL STORAGE TANKS ATURE UP TO 100C
PREPARATION:

Off Site Preparation of Roof Plates


External surfaces only to be treated as per ETS 219 specification N9

PREPARATION:

Post Erection Treatment at Site.


Prepare all site welds as specification E 25, prepare areas of erection damage and
break down in off site applied weldable primer by hand and power tool to ST2.

STRIPE COAT/SPOT PRIMER


Stripe coat all prepared welds and spot prime areas of breakdown/damage.
1 coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy aluminium.
75 microns DFT
nd

2 . STRIPE COAT

1 coat surface tolerant MIO -

100 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE

1 coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy (to shade)

150 microns DFT

FINISH

1 coat highbuild, high solids 2 pack polyurethane

75 microns DFT

NOTE 1:

The above specification assumes application by means of airless spray

NOTE 2:

Finish colour to be Blush Grey (22.B.15)

International Paint Products :

Weldable Primer ETS 219 Specification No.9 Interplate 398


Stripe & Spot Primer Interplus 256
2nd. Stripe coat Interplus 770 MIO
Intermediate Interseal 670HS
Finish Interthane 990

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 28 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N9
NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR THE APPLICATION OF A PREFABRICATED WELDABLE
PRIMER FOR CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL FOR ABOVE GROUND
PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS AND TANKS FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES UP TO 100C.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Epoxy Zinc Phosphate Weldable Primer


- 25 microns DFT

Primer is the only coating required to the underside of tank bottom plates

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer Interplate 398

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

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ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


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- PAINTING -

Page 29 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N9A


NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR THE APPLICATION OF A PREFABRICATED WELDABLE
PRIMER FOR CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL FOR ABOVE GROUND
PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS AND TANKS FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES UP TO 540C.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Zinc Ethyl Silicate Weldable Primer


15-20 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer Interplate 855 or Interplate 937

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 30 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N10


NEW WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR BURIED STORAGE VESSELS AND STEELWORK TO
JETTIES IN PERMANENT SUBMERGED ZONE INCLUDING THE TIDAL AND SPLASH ZONES.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

High Build, High Solids, 2-Pack Modified Epoxy


- 500 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Interzone 954 H.Build Epoxy

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


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- PAINTING -

Page 31 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N11

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR NEW GALVANISED STEEL REQUIRING 'DAY-GLO' FINISH

PREPARATION

Degrease and abrade as necessary

PRIMER

Phosphoric Acid Based Etching Solution

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat Surface Tolerant High Build Epoxy White


- 80 microns DFT

FINISH

2 Coats Alkyd Gloss 'Day-Glo' Finish


- 60 microns DFT

and

1 Coat Alkyd Varnish

- 25 microns DFT

NOTE:
Apply 'Day-Glo' Finish to White Epoxy, within 3 days.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Etch Solution GDA 160


Intermediate Interseal 670 HS White
Finish Interlac 668
Interlac 678

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

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ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


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- PAINTING -

Page 32 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. N12

EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR NEW PLANT BUILDINGS - WOODWORK AND METALWORK.

WOODWORK
PRIMER

1 Coat Oil Based Primer

- 25 microns DFT

OVERCOAT

1 Coat Alkyd Undercoat

- 40 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Alkyd Gloss

- 35 microns DFT

PRIMER

1 Coat Zinc Phosphate Primer - 50 microns DFT

OVERCOAT

1 Coat Alkyd Undercoat

- 40 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Alkyd Gloss

- 35 microns DFT

METALWORK

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 33 of 61

Rev C

APPENDIX 2 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR EXISTING WORKS - EXTERNAL COATINGS


INDEX
INTRODUCTION
Technically, the most effective surface preparation is blast cleaning, therefore, a hand preparation shall
only be used when blast cleaning is not feasible. Revert to specifications for new works when preparation is
blast clean.
Due consideration shall be given to surface preparation & applying external coating to on-line equipment &
piping. Adequate wall thickness checks should be carried out first & a job method statement produced by
the maintenance Contractor.
The following specifications are for a hand prepared surface unless stated otherwise.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------SPEC.No.
ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT / TEMPERATURE RANGE
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------E13
External Structural Steelwork and Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel
to piping, columns, vessels, heat transfer equipment, tanks, LPG spheres and steel stacks up to
skin temperatures of 100 deg.C.
E13 plus

External Structural Steelwork and Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel
to piping, columns, vessels, heat transfer equipment, tanks, LPG spheres and steel stacks etc.
up to skin temperatures of 100 deg C. where aggressive climatic/operating conditions prevail.

E13A

External uninsulated floating roofs on steel storage tanks up to 100C skin temperature without
grit blasting for inspection.

E13B

External unisulated floating roofs on steel storage tanks up to 100C skin temperature, blast
clean for inspection purposes.

E14

External Uninsulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping, columns,
vessels, heat transfer equipment and steel stacks up to skin temperatures from 100 deg.C to
400 deg.C.

E15

External Insulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel to piping, columns, vessels
and heat transfer equipment for skin temperatures from -40 deg.C up to 150 deg.C.

E15A

External Uninsulated etc. 100C up to 150C

E16

External Insulated Stainless Steel piping and equipment for skin temperatures from -40 deg.C
up to 150 deg.C.

E17

External Insulated Carbon Steel, Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel and Stainless Steel to
piping, columns, vessels and heat transfer equipment, for skin temperatures from 150 deg.C up
to 400 deg.C.

E18

External Paint Specification for underside of existing tanks (if tank is jacked up) for skin
temperatures up to 100 deg.C.

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


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Page 34 of 61

Rev C

E19

External Paint Specification for buried storage vessels and steelwork to jetties in tidal and
splash zones.

E20

Paint Specification for Structural Steel prior to Concrete/Vermiculite fireproofing.

E21

Paint Specification for Structural Galvanised Steel that is breaking down/corroding.

E22

Paint Specification for Weathered Structural Galvanised Steel requiring 'Day-Glo' Finish.

E23

Paint Specification for Corroded Structural Galvanised Steel requiring 'Day-Glo' Finish.

E24

External Paint Specification for Plant Buildings. (Woodwork and Metalwork).

E25

Paint specification for preparation and protective coating system for field welds.

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


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- PAINTING -

Page 35 of 61

Rev C

SECIFICATION No. E13


EXISTING WORKS

EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR STRUCTURAL STEELWRK, UNINSULATED CARBON STEEL,


LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT
TRANSFER EQUIPMENT, TANKS. LPG SHERES AND STEEL STACKSUP TO SKIN TEMPERATURES
OF 100 DEG.C. (EXCLUDING FLOATING ROOFS, SEE SPEC. E13A & E13B).
PREPARATION

: Hand and power tool clean to a minimum of ST2 *

PRIMER

: 1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-pack Epoxy Aluminium (brush applied)


-100 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE

: 1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-pack


-75 microns DFT

FINISH

: 1 Coat 2-pack Recoatable Polyurethane Finish


-50 microns DFT

Refer to INDUCTION in existing works Paint Spec. Index


Regarding specifying a hand prep. surface.

NOTE 1: The finish coat to be in accordance with 19.10.


NOTE 2: This paint system will upgrade existing Alkyd and Chlorinated Rubber systems.
NOTE 3: Cone roof tanks require non-slip on walkways.
NOTE 4: This specification does not apply to new build tanks, Refer to specification N8A.
NOTE 5: Dry film thickness quoted are MINIMUM standard.

International Paint Products:


Primer

Interseal 670 HS aluminium

(For extended overcoating times Interplus

256)
Intermediate : Interseal 670 HS (colour to suit finish)

Finish

: Interthane 990

Non-slip

: Intershield 851

Or equivalent Products from Shell list of approved alternative suppliers

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Page 36 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E13 PLUS


EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR STRUCTURAL STEELWORK, UNINSULATED CARBON
STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS,
VESSELS, HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT, TANKS, LPG SPHERES AND STEEL STACKS UP TO SKIN
TEMPERATURES OF 100 DEG.C. WHERE AGGRESSIVE CLIMATE/OPERATING CONDITIONS
PREVAIL. (EXCLUDING FLOATING ROOFS, SEE SPECS E13A & E13B).
PREPARATION

Hand/power tool clean to a minimum of ST2 *

PRIMER

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium (Brush applied)


- 100 microns DFT

1st. INTERMEDIATE : 1 coat surface tolerant epoxy MIO - 100 microns DFT
nd

2 . INTERMEDIATE

:1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack


- 75 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2-Pack Recoatable Polyurethane Finish


- 50 microns DFT

* Refer to 'INTRODUCTION' in existing Works Paint Spec. Index


regarding specifying a hand prep. surface.

NOTE 1:

The finishing Coat to be for steel structures as page 15.


Hydrocarbon containing Tanks to be Blush Grey 22.B.15
Spheres to be White

NOTE 2:

This paint system will upgrade existing Alkyd and Chlorinated Rubber systems.

NOTE 3:

Cone roof tanks require non-slip on walkways.

NOTE 4:

This specification does not apply to new build tanks, Refer to Specification N8A

NOTE 5: Dry film thickness quoted are MINIMUM standard.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products :
Primer:

Interseal 670 aluminium (for extended overcoating times Interplus

256)
st

1 . Intermediate: Interplus 770 M.I.O


nd
2 . Intermediate :Interseal 670HS colour to suit finish. (for extended overcoating
times use Interplus 770)
Finish
: Interthane 990
Non-slip
: Intershield 851
or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved alternative suppliers

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Page 37 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E13A

EXISTING WORKS. EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR THE TREATMENT OF UNINSULATED


FLOATING ROOFS ON ABOVE GROUND STEEL STORAGE TANKS UP TO A SKIN TEMPERATURE
OF 100C, WITHOUT GRIT BLASTING FOR INSPECTION.
PREPARATION

Hand/power tool clean to a minimum of ST2.

SPOT PRIMER

1 Coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy aluminium


- 100 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy


- 150 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2 pack recoatable Polyurethane

75 microns DFT

NOTE 1 The above specification assumes application by means of airless spray.


NOTE 2 Finish colour to be Blush Grey (22-B-15)
NOTE 3 Dry film thicknesses are to MINIMUM standard.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Spot Primer Interseal 670 HS aluminium
Intermediate Interseal 670 HS (for extended overcoating times use Interplus
770)
Finish Interthane 990

Or equivalent Products from Shell list of approved alternative suppliers

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Page 38 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E13B

EXISTING WORKS. PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR THE TREATMENT OF UNINSULATED FLOATING


ROOFS ON ABOVE GROUND STEEL STORAGE TANKS UP TO A SKIN TEMPERATURE OF 100C.
Roof blast cleaned for inspection purposes.
PREPARATION

HOLDING PRIMER:

Blast clean to SA2


1 Coat 2 pack epoxy zinc phosphate weldable primer
- 25 microns DFT

Post Inspection and possible repairs.


PREPARATION : Prepare any new welds as specification E 25, prepare all areas of breakdown
damage in previously applied weldable primer by hand/power tools to a minimum of ST2.
Stripe coat / spot primer.

Stripe coat all welds and spot prime areas of breakdown / damage in weldable
primer.
1 Coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy aluminium
- 100 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat surface tolerant 2 pack epoxy


- 150 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2 pack recoatable Polyurethane

- 75 microns DFT

NOTE 1 The above specification assumes application by means of airless spray.


NOTE 2 finish colour to be Blush Grey (22-B-15)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Weldable holding primer - Interplate 398
Stripe / spot primer Interseal 670 HS aluminium
Intermediate - Interseal 670HS (for extended overcoating times use Interplus
770)
Finish Interthane 990

Or equivalent Products from Shell list of approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 39 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E14


EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED AND UNINSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW
AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS, HEAT
TRANSFER EQUIPMENT AND STEEL STACKS FROM 100 DEG.C TO 400 DEG.C.

PREPARATION

PRIMER/FINISH :

Hand/power tool clean to a minimum of ST2 *

1 Coat Zinc Dust Graphite

- 75 microns DFT

* Refer to 'INTRODUCTION' in existing Works Paint Spec. Index


regarding specifying a hand prep. surface.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Intertherm 890 Zinc Dust Graphite

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 40 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION NO.E15
EXISTING WORKS (ON LINE)
EXTERNAL PAINT SYSTEM FOR INSULATED CARBON STEEL LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY
STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS AND HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT FOR SKIN
TEMPERATURES FROM -40C UP TO 150C
Preparation:

Slurry or Grit blast to SA2


If blasting is not practical prepare by means of hand and / power tools to minimum St2.

Primer:

1 coat surface tolerant epoxy aluminium 100 micron DFT

Finish:

1 coat surface tolerant epoxy aluminium 100 micron DFT

Overcoating times when working on line at elevated temperatures


40C-70C

Overcoating of primer coat: not less than 1 hour but within a maximum of 2 hours of
application of primer.

70C-90C

Overcoating of primer coat: not less than 30 mins. but within a maximum of 1 hours of
application of primer.

90C-100C

Overcoating of primer: not less than 15 minutes but within a maximum of 30 minutes of
application of primer.

When application of Primer/Finish is 70C and above add 5% thinners (GTA220) to epoxy aluminium

Over 100C appropriate technical advice shall be sought on each specific case.
Note:
nd
1. Should maximum overcoating period elapse before application of 2 coat, primer must be
thoroughly abraded with medium glass paper or equivalent.
2. At elevated surface temperature recommended DFT may not be attained.
Refer to Introduction in existing Works Paint Spec-Index regarding specifying a hand prep surface.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish - Interplus 256


Or equivalent Products from Shell list of approved suppliers

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


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- PAINTING -

Page 41 of 61

Rev C

Specification No.E15A
Existing Works
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNINSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE
ALLOY STEEL TO ABOVE GROUND PIPING, VESSELS AND HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT FOR
SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM 100C AND UP TO 150C.

Preparation:

Hand/power tool clean to a minimum of St2.

Spot Primer

Surface tolerant epoxy aluminium 100 microns DFT

Intermediate

Surface tolerant epoxy aluminium 100 microns DFT

Finish:

1 coat oleoresinous Aluminium 25 microns DFT

Refer to Introduction in existing Works Paint Spec-Index regarding specifying a hand prep surface.
Note 1 Oleoresinous Aluminium must be applied over surface tolerant epoxy within 3 days.
Note 2 This specification is NOT for Painting the pipe cladding

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products :

Primer Interplus 256


Intermediate Interplus 256
Finish Intertherm 891

Or equivalent Products from Shell list of approved suppliers

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


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Page 42 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E16


EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED STAINLESS STEEL PIPING AND EQUIPMENT
FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM -40 DEG.C UP TO 150 DEG.C.

PREPARATION

Provide a clean abraded surface using hand/mechanical tools Stainless Steel wirewool/wirebrush/rotary wirebrush *

PRIMER

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 50 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 50 microns DFT

* Refer to 'INTRODUCTION' in existing Works Paint Spec. Index


regarding specifying a hand prep. surface.

NOTES:

1.In providing a clean abraded surface it is most important that a


'polished surface' is avoided.
2. This Specification IS NOT for Painting the pipe cladding.
3. Uninsulated areas requiring a weather resistant finish coat, finish Intertherm 891 at 25
microns DFT.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish - Interplus 256

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 43 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E17


EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR INSULATED CARBON STEEL, LOW AND INTERMEDIATE
ALLOY STEEL AND STAINLESS STEEL TO PIPING, COLUMNS, VESSELS AND HEAT TRANSFER
EQUIPMENT FOR SKIN TEMPERATURES FROM 150 DEG.C UP TO 400 DEG.C.

PREPARATION

Hand clean to ST3 (Carbon Steel) *


Provide a clean abraded surface using hand/mechanical tools - Stainless Steel
wirewool/wirebrush/rotary wirebrush (Stainless Steel) *

PRIMER

1 Coat Modified Silicone Aluminium - 25 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Modified Silicone Aluminium - 25 microns DFT

* Refer to 'INTRODUCTION' in existing Works Paint Spec. Index


regarding specifying a hand prep. surface.

NOTES

1.

2.
3.

The modified Silicone Aluminium Coating shall not be


over-applied. Applications at 40 microns per Coat results in
blistering when taken to high temperatures.
In providing a clean abraded surface it is most important that a
'polished surface' is avoided.
This Specification IS NOT for Painting the pipe cladding.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer and Finish - Intertherm 50

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 44 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E18

EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR UNDERSIDE OF TANKS (IF TANK IS JACKED UP) FOR SKIN
TEMPERATURES UP TO 100 DEG.C.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER

1 Coat highbuild bitumous 100 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat highbuild bitumous 100 microns DFT

NOTE:

If tank is not jacked up and floor plates require renewing, then refer to Specification for New
Tanks No. N8, for a Protective Coating Using a Weldable Primer.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products :

Primer - Intertuf 16
Finish - Intertuf 16

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 45 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E19

EXISTING WORKS
EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR BURIED STORAGE VESSELS AND STEELWORK TO
JETTIES IN TIDAL AND SPLASH ZONES.

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

PRIMER/
FINISH

High Build, High Solids, 2-Pack Modified Epoxy


- 500 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer/finish - Interzone 954 High Build Epoxy

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


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Page 46 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E20

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR EXISTING STRUCTURAL STEEL PRIOR TO CONCRETE/VERMICULITE


FIREPROOFING :

PREPARATION

Hand Clean to a minimum of ST2 *

PRIMER/

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 75 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium


- 75 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer/Finish - Interplus 256

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 47 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E21

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR EXISTING STRUCTURAL GALVANISED STEEL OR CLADDINGTHAT IS


BREAKING DOWN/CORRODING :

PREPARATION

Prepare areas of rusting to a minimum of ST2 and wash/scrub intact


galvanising with fresh water (do not polish surface)

PATCH PRIME

Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium - 75 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy

- 75 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2-Pack Recoatable Polyurethane

- 50 microns DFT

NOTE: The Finishing Coat to be as depicted on page 15.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Patch Primer Interseal 670 aluminium


Intermediate - Interseal 670 HS
Finish

- Interthane 990

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E22

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR EXISTING


REQUIRING A 'DAY-GLO' FINISH :

WEATHERED

STRUCTURAL

GALVANISED

PREPARATION

Scrub all areas with fresh water to remove Zinc Salts

PRIMER

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy White - 75 microns DFT

FINISH

2 Coats Alkyd Gloss 'Day-Glo' Finish

and

NOTE:

1 Coat Alkyd Varnish

STEEL

- 60 microns DFT
- 25 microns DFT

Apply 'Day-Glo' Finish to White Epoxy within 3 days.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products :

Primer Interseal 670 HS


Finish - Interlac 668
Interlac 678

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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SPECIFICATION No. E23

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR EXISTING CORRODED STRUCTURAL GALVANISED STEEL REQUIRING


A 'DAY-GLO' FINISH :

PREPARATION

Prepare areas of rusting to ST2 and wash/scrub intact


Galvanising with fresh water
(Do not polish surface)

PATCH PRIME

Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy Aluminium

- 75 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE :

1 Coat Surface Tolerant 2-Pack Epoxy White - 75 microns DFT

FINISH

2Coats Alkyd Gloss 'Day-Glo' Finish

- 60 microns DFT

1 Coat Alkyd Varnish

- 25 microns DFT

:
and

NOTE:

Apply 'Day-Glo' Finish to White Epoxy within 3 days.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products :

Patch Prime - Interplus 256


Intermediate - Interseal 670 HS
Finish - Interlac 668
Interlac 678

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E24

EXTERNAL PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR EXISTING PLANT BUILDINGS - WOODWORK AND


METALWORK :

WOODWORK
PATCH PRIME

Oil Based Primer

- 25 microns DFT

OVERCOAT

1 Coat Alkyd Undercoat

- 40 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Alkyd Gloss

- 35 microns DFT

PATCH PRIME

Zinc Phosphate Primer

- 50 microns DFT

OVERCOAT

1 Coat Alkyd Undercoat

- 40 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat Alkyd Gloss

- 35 microns DFT

METALWORK

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Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. E25

PAINT SPECIFICATION FOR SITE FIELD WELDS.

PREPARATION :
Solvent wash to remove all surface contaminants and wipe dry ensuring the
removal of all solvent residue, abrasive blast to SA 2.5 where possible, if abrasive blasting is considered
impractical hand and power tool clean to a minimum of St3 lightly abrading a 50mm overlap area onto
sound firm edged previous coating.
PROTECTIVE COATING SYSTEM:
Prime

: Surface tolerant 2-pack Epoxy Aluminium - 75 microns DFT (Brush applied)

Intermediate coat

: Surface tolerant 2-pack Epoxy M.I.O - 100 microns DFT

nd

2 . Intermediate coat : Surface tolerant two pack Epoxy 75 microns DFT


Finish

2-pack recoatable Polyurethane 50 microns DFT

NOTE: Dry film thickness quoted are MINIMUM standard.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products:

Patch Prime Interseal 670


Intermediate Interplus 770 MIO
nd

2 . Intermediate coat- Interseal 670 HS colour to shade


Finish - Interthane 990

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

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Page 52 of 61

Rev C

APPENDIX 3 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR CARBON STEEL NEW WORKS AND EXISTING WORKS WHEN
STEEL IS STILL IN GOOD CONDITION - INTERNAL LININGS

SPEC.No.
TYPE OF CARGO
----------------------------------------------------------------------------IL1
IL2

Lining to Crude Oil Tanks up to 70 deg.C, LPG Spheres, Motor Gasoline, Aviation
Gasoline and Naphtha, Kerosine, Jet Fuel, Gas Oil and Distillate Diesel.
Lining to Industrial and Ballast Water up to 50 deg.C.

IL3

Lining to Industrial and Ballast Water up to 95 deg.C.

IL4

Lining to Demineralised and Potable Water up to 50 deg.C.

IL5

Lining to aquous liquid up to 50 deg. C.

IL6

Lining for acidic chemicals or hot media up to 90 deg. C.

WARNING

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 53 of 61

Rev C

Tank Lining Guidance Notes


Surface Preparation
The standard of blast cleaning for tank linings is higher than that required for coatings subject to
atmospheric service. The two common standards specified are to SSPC and ISO 8501-1:1988.
As a general principle, where products are recommended for immersion or aggressive atmospheric
conditions the blasting standard required will be to Sa2 (ISO 8501-1:1988) or SSPC SP10.
In some areas of very aggressive service Sa3 (SSPC SP5) may be specified. Always consult the
individual data sheets for minimum surface preparation standards.
If advice on any other standard of surface preparation is required, please consult International Protective
Coatings.
Surface preparation and painting work shall be stopped under any of the following conditions.
-Below 5C of air temperature.
-Steel surface temperature less than 3 C above ambient air dew point.
-Greater than 85% of the relative humidity.
-In condition of strong or gusty winds or poor visibility or raining.
-Above 50C of substrate temperature.
Where the substrate is heavily corroded or pitted, it may be necessary to fresh water wash after initial
abrasive blasting, to ensure soluble salt contamination is below 30 mgm2 prior to re-instating the blast to
standard, the inclusion of a brush applied stripe coat is recommended for the said areas.
Health & Safety
Some tank linings contain volatile flammable organic solvents which can form explosive mixtures with air
and additionally can contain materials which may necessitate personal protection against potential health
hazards. A summary of the main precautions to be taken includes: Attention to the dangers of explosion or fire.
Provision of adequate ventilation.
Ensure that tanks and surrounding areas are flame and spark free.
Provide painters or operatives with the correct respiratory protection.
Ensure correct protective clothing is worn to avoid skin contact.
The safety advice provided is applicable to the surface preparation, application of the lining and
inspection. It is not intended to be comprehensive and is a guide based on accumulated knowledge of the
hazards involved, the proposed use of safety equipment and evolved safety procedures.
Full details of the H&S requirements for each material are given on individual Product Health & Safety
Data Sheets.
Tank Condition Pre Contract
Before the start of treatment it is essential that internal tank surfaces are clean, dry and in a condition
suitable for surface preparation and application of the lining system. The following minimum requirements
apply: Tanks must be structurally sound and gas free.
All inlet pipes must be blanked off.
Surfaces should be de-sludged and residues removed from the tank. Oil or grease must be removed from
all surfaces to be lined.
Heavy scale or other debris must be removed from all surfaces, including the roof. For heavily scaled or
contaminated surfaces rough cleaning by sweep blasting may be required.
Corroded steel that is heavily contaminated may require additional cleaning, e.g. steam cleaning or high
pressure fresh water washing, before surface preparation starts.
Any hot work or welding must be completed before surface preparation commences.
Tanks are often subjected to hydrostatic testing and if this is carried out using salt or brackish water then
this test must be followed by fresh water washing. In these conditions the maximum allowed salt
contamination is 30mg/m2. Where coatings, such as Interline 359, are used for storage of aqueous media
at high temperatures (e.g. distilled water up to 90C - 194F ) then a lower salt contamination level of
20mg/m2 is recommended to prevent premature failure due to osmotic blistering. International Protective
Coatings will recommend a suitable test procedure.

WARNING

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This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 54 of 61

Rev C

Quality control.
Application of tank linings must be in accordance with the manufacturers guidelines and product working
procedures.
Quality control is the responsibility of the applicator and must be recorded daily, the recorded detail must
include amongst other criteria the type of equipment used, constant atmospheric monitoring results,
blasting medium, attained blast profile, surface cleanliness details, soluble salt contamination level, blast
standard at
lining application, extent of any stripe coating including recorded wet/dry film thickness, lining application
controls ie. wet/dry film thickness and final spark test results with subsequent repair procedure carried out.
(Stripe coats should be applied to all welds, lap joints, plate edges, corners, sharp edges, and any other areas where
spray application of the overall coating system may prove difficult resulting in low dry film thickness).

Coating life expectancy.


Anticipated life expectancy of tank linings depend on a number of factors as a general recommendation thin
film tank linings should be inspected after seven years service with thick film coatings after ten years.
Previous track records suggest the life expectancy for thin film linings would typically be twelve years for
thick films 20 years and laminated coatings in excess of twenty-five years.
Individual tank criteria would be required to be taken into account prior to the issuing of a coating warranty.
For further information on Tank Linings please contact International Protective Coatings and request a copy
of our Recommended Working Procedures.
Also available on request is a Video tape giving detailed information on tank coatings.

WARNING

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SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 55 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. IL1

INTERNAL LINING TO CRUDE OIL TANKS UP TO 70 DEG.C, MOTOR GASOLINE, AVIATION


GASOLINE AND NAPHTHA, KEROSINE, JET FUEL, GAS OIL AND DISTILLATE DIESEL :

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

HOLDING PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Epoxy Tank Primer - 15 to 25 microns DFT

STRIPE COAT

2-Pack Solvent-Free Epoxy - 250 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2-Pack Solvent-Free Epoxy - 400 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Interline 982


Stripe Coat/Finish - Interline 910 or Interline 984
(Heavy Duty System)
or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved
alternative suppliers

WARNING

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 56 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. IL2

INTERNAL LINING TO INDUSTRIAL AND BALLAST WATER TANKS UP TO 50C

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

HOLDING PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Epoxy Tank Primer - 15 to 25 microns DFT

STRIPE COAT

High Solids Glass Flake Epoxy - 350 microns

FINISH *

DFT

1 Coat High Solids Glass Flake Epoxy - 600 microns DFT

* Volume of solids 90% with a minimum of 30% by weight of glass flake in the
dry film.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Interline 982


Stripe coat - Interzone 1000
Finish
- Interzone 1000

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

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SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 57 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. IL3

INTERNAL LINING TO INDUSTRIAL AND BALLAST WATER TANK UP TO 90C

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

HOLDING PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Solvent Based Epoxy Phenolic (thinned 30%)


25 - 40 microns DFT

STRIPE COAT

2-Pack Solvent Based Epoxy Phenolic 50 75 microns DFT

INTERMEDIATE/FINISH :

3 Coats 2-Pack Solvent Based Epoxy Phenolic


- 100 microns DFT (each Coat)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer Stripe/Intermediate/Finish


- Interline 399

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 58 of 61

Rev C

SPECIFICATION No. IL4

INTERNAL LINING TO DEMINERALISED AND POTABLE WATER UP TO 50 DEG.C

PREPARATION

Blast Clean to SA 2.1/2

HOLDING PRIMER

1 Coat 2-Pack Epoxy Tank Primer - 15 to 25 microns DFT

STRIPE COAT

2-Pack Solvent-Free Epoxy - 250 microns DFT

FINISH

1 Coat 2-Pack Solvent-Free Epoxy - 500 microns DFT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------International Paint Products : Primer - Interline 982


Finish - Interline 975

or equivalent Products from Shell List of Approved


alternative suppliers

WARNING

All printed hard copies of this computerised ETS document are considered uncontrolled.
This may not be the latest revision - please check the Index before use.
Work and its Quality Control painting;

STANLOW
SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 59 of 61

Rev C

Specification No. IL5

INTERNAL LINING FOR AQUOUS LIQUID CARGOS UP TO 60 DEG. C.

PREPARARION:

Blast clean to SA 2.1/2

STRIPE COAT:

2- pack High Solids modified epoxy 250 microns DFT

FINISH:

2- pack High Solids modified epoxy 500 microns DFT

International Paint Products : Stripe coat Interzone 954


Finish
_ Interzone 954

WARNING

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Work and its Quality Control painting;

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SHELL HAVEN

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 60 of 61

Rev C

Specification IL6:

INTERNAL LINING FOR CHEMICAL STORAGE TANKS AND VESELS WHERE CHEMICAL OR HOT
MEDIA ARE TO BE STORED AT TEMPERATURES UP TO 90 DEG. C.
PLEASE REFER TO INTERNATIONAL PAINT TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT REGARDING SUITABILITY
OF CARGO.

PREPARATION:

Blast clean to SA 2.5

STRIPE COAT:

2-Pack solvent free vinyl ester 200 microns DFT.

FINISH:

2Coats 2- Pack solvent free vinyl ester 2x400 microns DFT.

Note: Refer to Interline 955 working procedures for application guidelines, including safe working practices,
contact International Paint Technical Department for alternative product if guidelines/safe working practices
cannot be attained.

International Paint Products: Stripe coat/Finish Interline 955.

Or equivalent product from Shell list of approved alternative suppliers.

WARNING

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ENGINEERING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


Title :

DOC: No.

ETS 219

Specification for Civil Construction


Work and its Quality Control.
- PAINTING -

Page 61 of 61

Rev C

Alternative suppliers:

WARNING

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Work and its Quality Control painting;