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# COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN

[ME F 342]

## Training in FEA using

ANSYS
[P-2 Structural Linear Analysis-II (2-D, 3-D)] & Tutorials]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-6
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, h=2 & b=3, is subjected to a
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-6

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## ELEMENT: SOLID-95 (STRUCTURAL)

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## Define Solid Model

/PREP7
ET,1,95
MP,EX,1,2E5
MP,NUXY,0.33
BLOCK,,10,,2,,3
VPLOT

[KPLOT & Find out Key point numbers with GUI and Note it]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh
!DEFINE MESH SIZE
KESIZE,1,0.5
KESIZE,2,0.5
KESIZE,5,0.5
KESIZE,8,0.5
KESIZE,3,2
KESIZE,4,2
KESIZE,6,2
KESIZE,7,2
!MESH THE VOLUME
VMESH,1
!EPLOT
FINI
SAVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Solution Phase
/SOLU
!DEFINE SUPPORT
NSEL,S,LOC,X,0
D,ALL,ALL,0
NSEL,ALL
NSEL,S,LOC,X,10
NSEL,R,LOC,Y,2
F,ALL,FY,-500 !Tot Load=500X13 nodes = 6500 unit
NSEL,ALL
SOLVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## Deformed with Un-Deformed Plot

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## Stress Plot (SigmaX)

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## Stress Plot (SigmaX along the width)

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## Stress Plot (SigmaX along the length)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-7
Plate (L=8, W=4, T =10) with a central circular hole (D=1), is subjected to
tensile load 1500 N, along length direction. E = 200X105. Using symmetry
concept in FEM, Prove that the stress concentration factor (SCF) = 3.
[Maximum stress = 3 times the Normal stress]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## Define a Solid Model

/TITLE,Plate with a Circular Hole
/PREP7
ET,1,82,,,3
R,1,10
MP,EX,1,2E5
MP,NUXY,0.33
RECTG,,4,,2
APLOT
PCIRC,,0.5
APLOT
ASBA,1,2
APLOT
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

A1

A2

ASBA,1,2
A3

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh
!DEFINE MESH
KESIZE,2,0.3
KESIZE,3,0.3
KESIZE,4,0.3
KESIZE,5,0.05
KESIZE,6,0.05
!MESH THE AREA
AMESH,3
EPLOT
FINI
SAVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

A3

## Solution | Boundary Conditions

/SOLU
NSEL,S,LOC,X,0
D,ALL,UX,0
NSEL,ALL
NSEL,S,LOC,Y,0
D,ALL,UY,0
NSEL,ALL
NSEL,S,LOC,X,4
F,ALL,FX,50
NSEL,ALL
SOLVE

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Deformed Plot

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## Stress Plot: Sigma-X

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## Stress Plot: Sigma-X

PLOT CONTROLS | STYLE | SYMMETRY EXPANSION | PERIODIC SYMM

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## Stress Plot: Sigma-X

PLOT CONTROLS | STYLE | SYMMETRY EXPANSION | PERIODIC SYMM

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## You will be able to solve:

Plate with an Elliptical Hole

## Theoretical Solution by Theory of Elasticity |

Stress Concentration Factor

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## You will be able to solve:

Plate with a Central Crack

## Theoretical Solution by Theory of Fracture

Mechanics (Stress Intensity Factor KI)

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## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-8
is press fitted into a cylinder of internal radius 7 and external
radius 8, is subjected to an internal pressure of 10 at radius
R5. The outer cylinder is fixed at radius R8.
Determine using 1/4th solid domain:
2] Hoop (Tangential) Stress at boundary
Inner Cyl: E = 200X105. Outer Cyl: E = 20X105
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## Define a Solid Model

/TITLE,SHRINKFIT OF CYLS

A1
A2

/PREP7
ET,1,PLANE82
PCIRC,5,7,0,90

AGLUE,1,2 = A1 & A3

PCIRC,7,8,0,90
AGLUE,1,2

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

A3
A1

## Define a Solid Model

MP,EX,1,200E5
MP,EX,2,20E5
!ASSIGNING THE MATERIAL TO THE AREA
ASEL,S,,,1

AATT,1

A3

## selected, unmeshed areas

ASEL,ALL

A1

ASEL,S,,,3
AATT,2
ASEL,ALL
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh

ESIZE,0.1
AMESH,ALL
FINISH

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

/SOLU
ANTYPE,0

!Static Analysis

DL,2,1,UX,0

## !DL, LINE, AREA, Lab, Value

DL,10,3,UX,0
DL,4,1,UY,0
DL,9,3,UY,0
SFL,3,PRES,10 !SFL, Line, Lab, VALUE
DL,5,2,ALL
SOLVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Deformed Plot

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## Stress Plot: Sigma-X

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## Tutorial Problem to be Solved

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-1
Plate (L=8, W=4, T =10) with a central circular hole (D=1), is subjected to
tensile load 1500 N, along length direction. E = 200X105.
Using symmetry concept in FEM, Determine and verify the theoretical
results in following cases (as shared with you):
Case-1] Biaxial Tension (Length and Width both subjected to 1500 N
Case-2] Biaxial Compression (Length and Width both subjected to 1500 N
Case-3] Tension on width (1500 N) Compression on Length (1500 N)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-2 (Case-1)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, h=2 & b1 = 3 and b2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-2 (Case-2)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, b=3 & h1 = 2 and h2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

## BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-3 (Case-3)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, b1 = 3 and b2 = 1 & h1 = 2 and h2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in