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COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN

[ME F 342]

Training in FEA using


ANSYS
[P-2 Structural Linear Analysis-II (2-D, 3-D)] & Tutorials]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-6
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, h=2 & b=3, is subjected to a
load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-6

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

ELEMENT: SOLID-95 (STRUCTURAL)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Solid Model


/PREP7
ET,1,95
MP,EX,1,2E5
MP,NUXY,0.33
BLOCK,,10,,2,,3
VPLOT

[KPLOT & Find out Key point numbers with GUI and Note it]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh
!DEFINE MESH SIZE
KESIZE,1,0.5
KESIZE,2,0.5
KESIZE,5,0.5
KESIZE,8,0.5
KESIZE,3,2
KESIZE,4,2
KESIZE,6,2
KESIZE,7,2
!MESH THE VOLUME
VMESH,1
!EPLOT
FINI
SAVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Solution Phase
/SOLU
!DEFINE SUPPORT
NSEL,S,LOC,X,0
D,ALL,ALL,0
NSEL,ALL
!DEFINE LOAD
NSEL,S,LOC,X,10
NSEL,R,LOC,Y,2
F,ALL,FY,-500 !Tot Load=500X13 nodes = 6500 unit
NSEL,ALL
SOLVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Deformed with Un-Deformed Plot

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot (SigmaX)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot (SigmaX along the width)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot (SigmaX along the length)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-7
Plate (L=8, W=4, T =10) with a central circular hole (D=1), is subjected to
tensile load 1500 N, along length direction. E = 200X105. Using symmetry
concept in FEM, Prove that the stress concentration factor (SCF) = 3.
[Maximum stress = 3 times the Normal stress]

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define a Solid Model


/TITLE,Plate with a Circular Hole
/PREP7
ET,1,82,,,3
R,1,10
MP,EX,1,2E5
MP,NUXY,0.33
RECTG,,4,,2
APLOT
PCIRC,,0.5
APLOT
ASBA,1,2
APLOT
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

A1

A2

ASBA,1,2
A3

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh
!DEFINE MESH
KESIZE,2,0.3
KESIZE,3,0.3
KESIZE,4,0.3
KESIZE,5,0.05
KESIZE,6,0.05
!MESH THE AREA
AMESH,3
EPLOT
FINI
SAVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

Find out Key Point Numbers

A3

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Solution | Boundary Conditions


/SOLU
NSEL,S,LOC,X,0
D,ALL,UX,0
NSEL,ALL
NSEL,S,LOC,Y,0
D,ALL,UY,0
NSEL,ALL
!DEFINE LOAD
NSEL,S,LOC,X,4
F,ALL,FX,50
NSEL,ALL
SOLVE

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Deformed Plot

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot: Sigma-X

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot: Sigma-X


PLOT CONTROLS | STYLE | SYMMETRY EXPANSION | PERIODIC SYMM
(about XZ axis)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot: Sigma-X


PLOT CONTROLS | STYLE | SYMMETRY EXPANSION | PERIODIC SYMM
(about YZ axis)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

You will be able to solve:


Plate with an Elliptical Hole

Theoretical Solution by Theory of Elasticity |


Stress Concentration Factor

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

You will be able to solve:


Plate with a Central Crack

Theoretical Solution by Theory of Fracture


Mechanics (Stress Intensity Factor KI)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Model Problem-8
2-D Hollow Cylinder of internal radius 5 and external radius 7,
is press fitted into a cylinder of internal radius 7 and external
radius 8, is subjected to an internal pressure of 10 at radius
R5. The outer cylinder is fixed at radius R8.
Determine using 1/4th solid domain:
1] Radial deflection at Rad: R5, R7 and R8
2] Hoop (Tangential) Stress at boundary
Inner Cyl: E = 200X105. Outer Cyl: E = 20X105
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define a Solid Model


/TITLE,SHRINKFIT OF CYLS

A1
A2

/PREP7
ET,1,PLANE82
PCIRC,5,7,0,90

AGLUE,1,2 = A1 & A3

PCIRC,7,8,0,90
AGLUE,1,2

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

A3
A1

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define a Solid Model


MP,EX,1,200E5
MP,EX,2,20E5
!ASSIGNING THE MATERIAL TO THE AREA
ASEL,S,,,1

!ASEL, Type, Item, Comp, VMIN, VMAX,

AATT,1

!Associates MP with the


A3

selected, unmeshed areas

ASEL,ALL

A1

ASEL,S,,,3
AATT,2
ASEL,ALL
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Define Mesh

ESIZE,0.1
AMESH,ALL
FINISH

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Solution | Boundary Conditions


/SOLU
ANTYPE,0

!Static Analysis

DL,2,1,UX,0

!DL, LINE, AREA, Lab, Value

DL,10,3,UX,0
DL,4,1,UY,0
DL,9,3,UY,0
SFL,3,PRES,10 !SFL, Line, Lab, VALUE
DL,5,2,ALL
SOLVE
dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Deformed Plot

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Stress Plot: Sigma-X

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial Problem to be Solved

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-1
Plate (L=8, W=4, T =10) with a central circular hole (D=1), is subjected to
tensile load 1500 N, along length direction. E = 200X105.
Using symmetry concept in FEM, Determine and verify the theoretical
results in following cases (as shared with you):
Case-1] Biaxial Tension (Length and Width both subjected to 1500 N
Case-2] Biaxial Compression (Length and Width both subjected to 1500 N
Case-3] Tension on width (1500 N) Compression on Length (1500 N)

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-2 (Case-1)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, h=2 & b1 = 3 and b2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-2 (Case-2)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, b=3 & h1 = 2 and h2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956

Tutorial-3 (Case-3)
3-D cantilever beam of L=10, b1 = 3 and b2 = 1 & h1 = 2 and h2 = 1 is
subjected to a load of 6500 unit.
E = 200X105.
1] Find out deflection of the free end
2] Find out maximum tensile and compressive stresses

dmk@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in

BITS Pilani, Deemed to be University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956