Arquímedes Esfera y cilindro

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Arquímedes Esfera y cilindro

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area of a cylinder whose height from the base to the top and

the diameter of the base are the same as the diamiter of the sphere.

we first must review how to calculate the area of the

conical frustum.

First, let us consider the area of a cone.

and make it 2D.

2(pi)m

---------------m---------------

H

M

t:m = (t+s) : M

tM = (t+s)m

t(M-m)=sm

The Conical Frusrum in 2D

2(pi)M

2(Pi)m

Area = (1/2)x(2(pi)Mx(s+t))

Area = (1/2)x(2(pi)mxt)

= {(1/2)x(2(pi)Mx(s+t))}- {(1/2)x(2(pi)mxt)}

=(pi)M x (s+t)-(pi)m x t = (pi)(Ms+Mt-mt)

From the side vies of Conicol Frustum: t(M-m) =sr-----(a)

substitute (a) in this equation,

Area of Conicol Frustum

=(pi)(Ms-ms)=(pi)(M-m)s

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

of a sphere and rotated around an axis,the surface area

of polyhedron gets very close to the surface area of

sphere as n gets larger and larger.

Archimedes method:

Use a cone to calculate

the area of a sphere

along the axis AD.

A

H

s

G

P

E

C

M

and the triangle ABD are

similar, m(=GB) : AG = Y : s.

so, ms = (AG)Y.

Since the triangle AGB is

similar to the triangl HGP,

m : AG = m :Gp = Y :s.

so, ms = (GP)Y.

Similarly, M : PF = m : GP = Y : s.

So, Ms = (PF)Y.

H

M

= pi(m+M)s

= pi( ms + Ms)

= pi{(GP)Y + (PF)Y}

= pi{(GP +PF)Y}

= pi(GF)Y

As n goes to infinity, Y becomes increasin

to the diameter of the

great circle. Therefore,

Area of the Conical Frustum

= 2(pi)r(GF), where r is a radius

of the great circle of a sphere.

----------r--------h

2(pi)r

Area= 2(pi)rh

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