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3rd Division (Iraq)

The 3rd Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army. It was active by 1941, disbanded along with the rest of the Iraqi Army in 2003, but reactivated by 2005.

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History

Before being disbanded in 2003, the previous 3rd Divi- sion had been one of the four original divisions of the Iraqi Army, being active in 1941 during the Anglo-Iraqi War. The division’s most notable activity in the war came on 22 May when the division’s 6th Infantry Brigade staged a counterattack against British forces in Fallujah which was repulsed.

In July 1958 elements of the division had overthrown the Iraqi government in the 14 July Revolution, with Abd al-Karim Qasim, commander of the 20th Infantry Brigade (an armoured brigade according to Darwish and Alexander) stationed near Ba'quba, the originator of the coup. However the actual overthrow was led by a battal- ion commander, Abdul Salam Arif, in the 19th Infantry Brigade. [2]

3rd Division (Iraq) The 3rd Division is a formation of the <a href=Iraqi Army . It was active by 1941, disbanded along with the rest of the Iraqi Army in 2003, but reactivated by 2005. 1 History Before being disbanded in 2003, the previous 3rd Divi- sion had been one of the four original divisions of the Iraqi Army, being active in 1941 during the Anglo-Iraqi War . The division’s most notable activity in the war came on 22 May when the division’s 6th Infantry Brigade staged a counterattack against British forces in Fallujah which was repulsed. In July 1958 elements of the division had overthrown the Iraqi government in the 14 July Revolution , with Abd al-Karim Qasim , commander of the 20th Infantry Brigade (an armoured brigade according to Darwish and Alexander) stationed near Ba'quba, the originator of the coup. However the actual overthrow was led by a battal- ion commander, Abdul Salam Arif , in the 19th Infantry Brigade. Soldiers of the 3rd Division during a training exercise in 2011 Some time in the 1950s or 1960s the division was con- verted into the 3rd Armoured Division, which was de- ployed to the 1967 Six Day War . Iraqi participation in the Six Day War was limited, principally owing to the slow reaction of the 3rd Armoured Division, which had been stationed in eastern Jordan. The 3rd Armoured Division did not organise itself and reach the front line before the Jordanians ceased operations. Later during the events of Black September in Jordan , 1970, the division was still stationed in northeast Jordan. Though the Jor- danians needed forces to repel the Syrian invasion, they had to keep the 99th Brigade of their 3rd Armoured Di- vision out of the conflict so that they could watch the Iraqi division. The 3rd Armoured Division saw service later in the Yom Kippur War , under the command of Brigadier General Lafta , and was deployed alongside the Jordanian 40th Ar- moured Brigade. By that time, 'the division was the elite unit of the army, and Iraqi officers avidly competed to be assigned to it.' The Division suffered heavy casu- alties during the war, losing more than 157 tanks, 278 dead and 898 wounded. The 8th Mechanised Brigade was completely destroyed on 13 October in an ambush set by four Israeli armoured brigades at Tel Shaar, be- tween Maschara and Nasej. The division later fought in the Iran-Iraq War , Persian Gulf War , operations in the 1990s, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq . Just before the Iraq War it was part of the II Corps, on the Iranian border. It comprised the 6th Armoured Brigade, 12th Armoured Brigade, and 8th Mechanised Brigade. It was disbanded when the Iraqi Armed Forces were formally dissolved by Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 2 . After its reformation post-2003, the division was head- quartered at Al Kisik . Its units were part of the origi- nal three division New Iraqi Army. As of January 2005, the division was commanded by Maj. Gen. Khursheed Saleem Hassan . The 3rd Division was transferred from coalition control to the Iraqi Ground Forces Command on 1 December 2006. In 2014, the 6th Brigade of the 3rd Division was de- scribed as the 'The first line of Mosul’s defence' against ISIS . Reuters said that 'On paper, the brigade had 2,500 men. The reality was closer to 500. The brigade was also short of weapons and ammunition, according to one non- commissioned officer. Infantry, armour and tanks had been shifted to Anbar, where more than 6,000 soldiers had been killed and another 12,000 had deserted. It left Mosul with virtually no tanks and a shortage of artillery,' according to Lieutenant General Mahdi Gharawi , com- mander of the Ninevah operational command. Jane’s Defence Weekly 's 30 July account of the Iraqi Army’s poor performance against ISIS during the offensive in Northern Iraq during June 2014 said the di- vision, by then comprising the 6th, 9th, 10th, and 11th Brigades, had almost totally dissolved or been destroyed in fighting. The exception appeared to be the 4th Bat- talion of the 10th Brigade, which had been defending a position outside Tall Afar in early July 2014. 1 " id="pdf-obj-0-31" src="pdf-obj-0-31.jpg">

Soldiers of the 3rd Division during a training exercise in 2011

Some time in the 1950s or 1960s the division was con- verted into the 3rd Armoured Division, which was de- ployed to the 1967 Six Day War. Iraqi participation in the Six Day War was limited, principally owing to the slow reaction of the 3rd Armoured Division, which had been stationed in eastern Jordan. [3] The 3rd Armoured Division did not organise itself and reach the front line before the Jordanians ceased operations. Later during the events of Black September in Jordan, 1970, the division was still stationed in northeast Jordan. Though the Jor- danians needed forces to repel the Syrian invasion, they

had to keep the 99th Brigade of their 3rd Armoured Di- vision out of the conflict so that they could watch the Iraqi division. [4]

The 3rd Armoured Division saw service later in the Yom Kippur War, under the command of Brigadier General Lafta, and was deployed alongside the Jordanian 40th Ar- moured Brigade. By that time, 'the division was the elite unit of the army, and Iraqi officers avidly competed to be assigned to it.' [5] The Division suffered heavy casu- alties during the war, losing more than 157 tanks, 278 dead and 898 wounded. [6] The 8th Mechanised Brigade was completely destroyed on 13 October in an ambush set by four Israeli armoured brigades at Tel Shaar, be- tween Maschara and Nasej. [7] The division later fought in the Iran-Iraq War, Persian Gulf War, operations in the 1990s, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Just before the Iraq War it was part of the II Corps, on the Iranian border. It comprised the 6th Armoured Brigade, 12th Armoured Brigade, and 8th Mechanised Brigade. [8] It was disbanded when the Iraqi Armed Forces were formally dissolved by Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 2.

After its reformation post-2003, the division was head- quartered at Al Kisik. Its units were part of the origi- nal three division New Iraqi Army. As of January 2005, the division was commanded by Maj. Gen. Khursheed Saleem Hassan. [9] The 3rd Division was transferred from coalition control to the Iraqi Ground Forces Command on 1 December 2006. [10]

In 2014, the 6th Brigade of the 3rd Division was de- scribed as the 'The first line of Mosul’s defence' against ISIS. Reuters said that 'On paper, the brigade had 2,500 men. The reality was closer to 500. The brigade was also short of weapons and ammunition, according to one non- commissioned officer. Infantry, armour and tanks had been shifted to Anbar, where more than 6,000 soldiers had been killed and another 12,000 had deserted. It left Mosul with virtually no tanks and a shortage of artillery,' according to Lieutenant General Mahdi Gharawi, com- mander of the Ninevah operational command. [11]

Jane’s Defence Weekly's 30 July account of the Iraqi Army’s poor performance against ISIS during the offensive in Northern Iraq during June 2014 said the di- vision, by then comprising the 6th, 9th, 10th, and 11th Brigades, had almost totally dissolved or been destroyed in fighting. The exception appeared to be the 4th Bat- talion of the 10th Brigade, which had been defending a position outside Tall Afar in early July 2014. [12]

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5 EXTERNAL LINKS

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Subordinate units

Division Headquarters 9th Motorised Brigade 10th Motorised Brigade ('Desert Lions’) 11th Motorised Brigade 12th Brigade (formed in April 2008) 3rd Motor Transport Regiment?

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Notes

[1]

Dunstan, Simon (2003). The Yom Kippur War 1973:

Golan Heights Pt.1. Elsm Court, Chapel Way, Botley, Ox- ford OX2 9LP, United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing Ltd.

[2] Pollack 2002, p. 156 [3] Pollack 2002, p. 167

[4] Pollack 2002, p. 343 [5] Pollack 2002 p. 167

[6]

Dunstan, Simon (2003). The Yom Kippur War 1973:

Golan Heights Pt.1. Elsm Court, Chapel Way, Botley, Ox- ford OX2 9LP, United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing Ltd.

[7]

Dunstan, Simon (2003). The Yom Kippur War 1973:

Golan Heights Pt.1. Elsm Court, Chapel Way, Botley, Ox- ford OX2 9LP, United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing Ltd.

[8] Cordesman 2002, p. 3

[9] “IRAQ: Iraqi Army’s 8th Brigade graduate multiple classes”. Noticias. 17 January 2005. Retrieved 24 March

 

2010.

[11]

Reuters/Business Insider Australia, An Iraqi General Says

October 14, 2014.

[12] Mitchell Prothero, 'Baghdad breakdown', Jane’s Defence Weekly, 30 July 2014, p.22

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References

Darwish, Adel; Alexander, Gregory (1991). Unholy Babylon: The Secret History of Saddam’s War. Lon- don: Victor Gollancz. ISBN 978-0-7881-5108-8.

Pollack, Kenneth M. (2002). Arabs at War: Mil- itary Effectiveness 1948–91. Lincoln and London:

University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-

  • 5 External links

“3rd Armored Division 'Salahuddin'". Globalsecu- rity.org. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.

Cordesman, Anthony H. (2002). Iraq’s Military Capabilities in 2002: A Dynamic Net Assessment. Washington, DC: The Center for Strategic and In- ternational Studies. ISBN 978-0-89206-416-8.

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  • 6 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

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Text

3rd Division (Iraq) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_Division_(Iraq)?oldid=630765620 Contributors: The Anome, Woohookitty, Gareth E Kegg, Capt Jim, Nick-D, Dl2000, Buckshot06, The Anomebot2, Adamdaley, Ktr101, Yobot, AustralianRupert, Trappist the monk, RjwilmsiBot, DASHBot, Mach1988, MrPenguin20 and Anonymous: 1

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Images

File:Flag_of_Iraq.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Flag_of_Iraq.svg License: Public domain Contrib- utors:

This image is based on the CIA Factbook, and the website of Office of the President of Iraq, vectorized by User:Militaryace Original artist:

Unknown, published by Iraqi governemt, vectorized by User:Militaryace based on the work of User:Hoshie

File:Flag_of_Iraq_(1921–1959).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Flag_of_Iraq_%281921%E2% 80%931959%29.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

File:Flag_of_Iraq_(1959-1963).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/06/Flag_of_Iraq_%281959-1963% 29.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

File:Flag_of_Iraq_(1991-2004).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Flag_of_Iraq_%281991-2004% 29.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

File:Flickr_-_DVIDSHUB_-_Iraqi_army_battalion_trains_for_urban_operations_(Image_2_of_3).jpg Source: https:

 

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