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This is the material used to teach physics grade X SMA IBC 2015-2016, about Circular Motion.

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Circular Motion

Physics Grade X

due to a perpendicular force which causes a

centripetal acceleration

express angular displacement in radians

solve problem using the concept of angular velocity

recall and use equation for centripetal acceleration

(a = v2/r, a = rw2)

recall and use equation for centripetal force (F =

mrw2, F = mv2/r)

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Circular Motion

Magnitude changed acceleration

Direction changed?

There is acceleration!

Example?

Revolution of earth around sun

Solar system

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

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force towards the center of circle

Acceleration to the center of circle

= centripetal acceleration

(fc):

F = m.ac

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Wall of Death

Example:

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Question:

Red book p. 132 A no. 7

Red book p. 134 C no. 3

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a radius of 150 m with a maximum speed of 32.0 m/s.

With what maximum speed can it go around a curve

having a radius of 75.0 m?

A certain light truck can go around a flat curve having

a radius of 250 m with a maximum speed of 50.0 m/s.

With what maximum speed can it go around a curve

having a radius of 80.0 m?

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grabs the loose end of a rope, the opposite end of

which is tied to a pole. She then moves in a circle of

radius 0.800 m around the pole. Determine the force

exerted by the horizontal rope on her arms.

A 50.0-kg ice-skater is moving at 5.00 m/s when she

grabs the loose end of a rope, the opposite end of

which is tied to a pole. She then moves in a circle of

radius 0.500 m around the pole. Determine the force

exerted by the horizontal rope on her arms.

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

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Radian (unit for measuring angles)

length (1 circle) = 2pr

360o = 2p rad

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frequency = how many full circles in 1 second

f = total circle/time

period = how many seconds to move 1 full

circle

T = total time/how many circle

rpm (rotations or revolutions per minute)

Rpm = how many circles in 1 minute

From rpm to frequency?

From frequency to rpm?

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

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Exercise 1

Convert the unit

1. 75o = . Rad

2. 570o = . Rad

3. (2p/5) rad = . o

4. 30 rad = . o

Find w, f, T

5. Travel 120o in 2

seconds

6. Travel 400o in 5 second

7. Has 240 rpm

8. Has 1200 rpm

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Unit: radians (rad)

Length :

:

.

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Unit: radians/second (rad/s)

Or

2

:

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Try it

Find q, w, f, rpm, v, s, ac

the centre of the circle

Having period of 10 seconds and diameter

of 10 meter, travels for 2 minutes

Travels 300o in 50 second, 10 cm from the

centre of circle

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Unit: radians/second2 (rad/s2)

Because : .

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Circular motion

q

w

a

Linear motion

s=r.q

v=r.w

a=r.a

but is called tangential acceleration

(acceleration with same direction as its linear

velocity)

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

Devilim, S.Si.

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Motion with constant acceleration

Circular motion

.

1

.

.

2

2. .

Linear motion

.

1

.

.

2

2. .

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QUIZ

1. Going 540o in 4 seconds, radius 5 m

2. Going 1000o in 2 minutes, radius 10 m

3. Going 10 turns in 10 minutes, diameter 6 m

4. Going 20 turns in 10 seconds, diameter 10 m

5. Have frequency of 1/50 Hz and radius of 1 m, find its w, v, and

rpm

6. Have frequency of 1/25 Hz and radius of 4 m, find its w, v, and

rpm

7. A tire with diameter of 1 m rotates 500 rpm for 5 minutes.

Find its q, w, v, total distance travelled, and ac.

8. A tire with diameter of 2 m rotates 400 rpm for 5 minutes.

Find its q, w, v, total distance travelled, and ac.

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

Devilim, S.Si.

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Gears

Road Reaction

Roller coaster

Banked road

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3 types of gears

relationships:

GEARS

r2

r1

r2

r1

r2

r1

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

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GEARS CONNECTION

r2

r2

r2

r1

r1

r1

Same centre

Same w

Different centre

Different w

Different centre

Different w

Notconnected

edge

Different v

Connected edge

Same v

string)

Same v

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Road Reaction

.

.

If N1 0 (no contact with road, you feel The difference (N2 mg) provides the

like flying), then:

centripetal force

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Roller Coaster

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Banked Road

on flat road:

Fc car friction between tires and the

road.

Car crash if it exceeds limiting

friction cant travel fast

on banked road:

Fc car provided by N on the car.

Certain speed: no sideways friction

in the tires.

vertically:

. cos

.

horizontally: . sin

tan

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an angular velocity of 200 rpm. If the length of the string

is 10 cm, calculate:

a) the frequency of motion of stone

d) the linear speed of the stone

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circular path of diameter 500 m at a constant speed of

1000 m/s. Calculate:

a.its angular velocity

c.its centripetal force

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rotating about its axis at 10 rad/s. Calculate the

speed of point P.

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diameter of gear A is 4 times diameter of gear B.

If diameter of A is 20 cm, and gear A rotates with

constant angular speed of 10 rad/s, calculate:

a. linear speed of A

b. angular speed of B

A

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in a roadway that follows the arc of a circle of

radius 20 m, as in Figure below.

(a)What force does the road exert on the car as

the car passes the highest point of the bump if

the car travels at 9 m/s?

(b)What is the maximum speed the car can have

without losing contact with the road as it

passes this highest point?

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spinning with twice the angular velocity of

wheel A. What is the ratio of centripetal

acceleration of wheel B to wheel A?

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acceleration 3 rad/s2. If the angular speed of the

wheel is 2 rad/s at ti = 0,

a. Through what angle does the wheel rotate

between 0 s and 2 s? (give answer in radians)

b. What is the angular speed of the wheel at 2

second?

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in 6 seconds. Calculate the magnitude of

angular acceleration of the flywheel.

A flywheel rotating at 20 rpm is brought to rest

in 5 seconds. Calculate the magnitude of

angular acceleration of the flywheel.

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speed of 12 rev/s to a final angular speed of 5

rev/s. During this process, the propeller rotates

through 20 revolutions. Find the angular

acceleration of the propeller in radian/second2,

assuming its constant.

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from the center of the disc, the angular speed of the disc

changes so that the linear speed at the position of the

head remains at a constant value of about 2 m/s.

(a) Find the angular speed of the compact disc when the

read head is at r = 2.0 cm and again at r = 5.6 cm.

(b) An old- fashioned record player rotates at a constant

angular speed, so the linear speed of the record

groove moving under the detector (the stylus)

changes. Find the linear speed of a 45.0-rpm record

at points 2.0 and 5.6 cm from the center.

(c) In both the CD and phonograph record, information is

recorded in a continuous spiral track. Calculate the

total length of the track for a CD designed to play for

Physics

Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

1.0 h.

Devilim, S.Si.

in 6 seconds. Calculate the magnitude of

angular acceleration of the flywheel.

A flywheel rotating at 20 rpm is brought to rest

in 5 seconds. Calculate the magnitude of

angular acceleration of the flywheel.

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speed of 30 rad/s in a time of 0.8 s.

(a)What is the angular acceleration of the disc,

assuming the angular acceleration is uniform?

(b)Through what angle does the disc turn while

coming up to speed?

(c) If the radius of the disc is 4 cm, find the final

tangential speed of a microbe riding on the rim

of the disc.

(d)What is the magnitude of the tangential

acceleration of the microbe at the given time?

Physics Grade X Immanuel Christian School Senior High [Bilingual Class]

Devilim, S.Si.

20

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