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1. Nietzsche's Challenge
1. 1. God is dead
1.2. We have killed God
1.3. A Dead God and Christianity
1.4. Is There Comfortfor the Murderers?
1.4.1. Straying in the Dark
2. Goodless Fool
2.1. Two Knds of Fools
2.2. Existence vs. Activity
2.3. Denial in Action
2.4. Bad and Good News to the Poor
3. cc ••• you killed ... a man attested by God"
3.1. The Death of God's Son
3.2. Why do you want to kill God?
Oden Exam Study Guide
Part 1: You will answer one short essay question that will require a broad understanding of Oden's categories and thoughts. An example question follows:
Among the various attributes of God, Oden categorizes them in four different ways: primary, relational, personal and moral. List what Oden consider's God's "primary" attributes, followed by a one sentence description of each attribute.
Part 2: You will then answer three other questions, like the following sample:
Comment briefly (4-5 crisp, precise sentences) on thefollowing issue: 1. The Compassion of God
The statements for the "Part 2" questions will be taken from the bold, chapter subheadings (not the italic subheadings), like the above example of "the Compassion of God." Answers should display knowledge of Oden's key ideas under the given subheading. It should be specific enough that it is recognizably Oden, yet all four sentences shouldn't be taken from just one paragraph under the subheading but should give an indication of Oden's broader movement.
I give the above "Part 2" example because it is 'deceptively easy:' it is actually a very difficult subheading to have on an exam. Why? Because it would be easy write all sorts of things about "the love/compassion of God," and Oden may have even spoken about the love of God in a different section, but satisfactory answers must resemble what Oden says in the specific section "The Compassion of God." So, even if one knows the classical doctrines of the church very well, there is no way to "fake it" on the test by just responding with your past knowledge of classical doctrine but failing to study Oden: ifit doesn't have Oden's twist on it (even if it's true and elo-
quent and profound), it's wrong. '" ' 4 I
Todd's "Take it or Leave it" Suggestions:
A pre-read of this book is particularly important. Read enough from the table of contents, introductions, summaries, etc. to know what Oden is doing in each section and where he is going with the flood of details he gives you. Doing this well can be of particular help for the "Part 1" question.
A special note about Oden's first three chapters: be sensitive to a highly organic interrelationship between the sections in these chapters. Pay particular attention to the lists on p. 31, and p .. 50-52 to see why Oden fits together section one like he does.
Mark it, Think it, Write it:
Amidst all the trees of details, it is crucial to underline lcircle/write notes of the key "forest" ideas that you discern. Doing well on the exam will require a close reading, but more importantly an active reading which can get at what Oden is "up to" in each section.
It would be good to "review" briefly after subsections, perhaps summarizing it mentally or in writing in several sentences. This "synthesis" work is best done as you're reading, rather than when sitting with a head full of un categorized details during the exam. Writing notes and underlining can also facilitate and effective way to review after you've given the text a full reading.
Whether you're new to many of the ideas and terms in The Living God, or you have studied many of them in the past, Oden should provide a rewarding read. Its riches deserve a close read--and the subtleties of his nuances require it. Happy reading!
Todd Billings email@example.com
ST 501 Systematic Theology
Lecture on Jiirgen Moltmann's Trinity and 'he Kingdom
1. Introduction - Is the Trinity necessary?
Would the life of your church be any different in practical terms, without the Trinity?
2. Locating Moltmann
2. 1. Brief Biography of Jiirgen Moltmann
2.2 Moltmann Bibliography
2.2.1 "The wbole of theology in a single focus" Theology of Hope (J 964).
Crucified God (J 972)
The Church in the Power of the Spirit (J975)
2.2.2 Systematic theology series. "Contributions to theology."
Trinity and the Kingdom (Doctrine of God, Revelation.) God in Creation (Doctrine of the Father)
The Way of Jesus Christ (Christology.)
The Spirit of Life (Pneumatology)
The Coming of God (Eschatology.)
Volume on methodology.
2.3 Some Key Characteristics Critical.
Political. (Regarding the structures of our social life.)
3. Trinity and the Kingdom
3. 1 Overview of the Argument
• Subject of the study: Trinity and the Kingdom
• The Problem: Monarchical misconstrual of the Trinity
BJ' approaching tile Trinity in terms of the one-ness, we have come to support Gil Monarchical understanding of God.
Western "psychological" Trinity approach: Oneness before the Threeness
- Karl Bartli (1886-1968)
All Road Lead to "One"
- Why is this a problem?
• Moltmann's Solution: Social Trinity
Eastern "social" Trinity approach: Threeness before the Oneness
Solution is found through the "history of Jesus Christ"
Implications for Life
"The point is that God is defined as love rather than as lordship. God relates to the world in love - both acting in love and suffering in love - and can do so because God's own being is an open fellowship of lave. If God's rule is given priority in the doctrine of God, freedom is eliminated. But if the Trinity is given priority, the God's rule can only be the rule of love, which is compatible
with freedom just as love is compatible with freedom." .
Richard Bauckham, Theology of Jiirgen Mol/mann, p. 175.
3.2 How the chapters fit in the argument.
Chapter 1: Introduction. Trinitarian theology today.
Chapter 2: The Passion of God
• Defining 'Passion'
• Summary of the Argument
• Outline of his Argument
God who loves, suffers with creation.
• This final conclusion is, of course, demonstrated once and for all on the CROSS of Christ.
Chapter 3: The Historv of the Son
• Trinity as the Hermeneutical Key
• Development and Biblical justification for Moltmann's Social Trinity
• Observation: Varying patterns of God's interaction
• Unity as "Unity of Fellowship" observed
Chapter 4: The World of the Trinity
Chapter 5: The Mvsterv of the Trinity
• What is the nature of the Trinity in itself?
• Immanent Trinity versus Economlc Trinity
Chapter 6: The Kingdom of Freedom
• "Trinitarian Politics"
Some Tips for this Book report
Give yourself plenty of time to read.
Don't get stuck on the details, but make sure you understand the logic of the argument. Read secondary sources to help you with the overall argument.
Book reviews. (ATLA search)
Write brief (four or five sentence) chapter summaries as you go. Synthesize with the rest of the chapters.
Write the report right after you finish reading the book. Use "theological dictionaries" with the terminology.
Jin H. Cho
SIN AS EXCLUSION
1.1. Triune God: vision for living
- identity: (1) as non-reducible and as (2) not-self enclosed
- self-donation: (1) as the character of the etemallife of the Trinity, and (2)
as character of the Trinity's engagement with the world (cross) 1.2. Renewal of the image:
-. the image of Christ: self-giving of Christ
- healing of relations between genders, classes, cultures "in Christ"
2. Terminological Distinctions: Differentiation, Exclusion, Judgment 2.1. Differentiation (65f.)
2.2. Exclusion (660
2.3. Judgment (67f.)
3. Foundation: The Self and Its Center (Galatians 2: 19-20) 3.1. Assumption: a wrongly centered self (69)
- the self is always centered
- the self is wrongly centered
3.2. The Need 1: de-centering of the self (70) 3.3. The Need 2: re-centering of the self (70f.) - faithlbaptism into Christ
-. no essence to be rediscovered
- no communal story to be internalized
-.. Christ the center
- de-centered center
- what sin is can be discovered not by observing "sinful" behavior, but by
contrast with Christ's self-giving love.
4. The Anatomy and Dynamics of Sin: The Pursuit of False Purity 4.1. Not the sin, but one dimension of sin (72)
4.2. Sin is recognized where it is overcome: (1) the cross and (2) the ministry of Jesus, which consisted of (73f.)
_. re-nammg -re-making
4.3. The logic of purity (74) -Exclusionary practices (74f,)
- COlTUpt self: wanting to want evil: "ensnared by evil no only with full consent, but without a thought of dissent and without a sigh for deliverance" (90)
6.5. Weak Resistors
-. anxiety about mortality? (90)
-. propensity toward violence? (90)
- ambiguity of the self: assertion of boundaries-e- reception of the other
(91f.) 7. Power of the Spirit
7.1. Between the System and the tendencies: Pharaoh on both sides of the sea 7.2. The mighty wind of God
Test on Oden, The Living God
Answer one of the following two questions (25 points):
1. List the five arguments Oden gives for the existence of ODd, followed by a one-sentence distillation of each argument.
2. Among the various attributes of God, Oden categorizes them in four different ways: primary, relational, personal and moral. List what Oden considers God's "relational" attributes, followed by a one-sentence description of each attribute.
Comment briefly upon 3 out of the following 5 issues with 4-5 crisp, precise sentences (25 points each for answer),
3. Divine Preservation and Cooperation with Natural Causality
4. The Infinity of God
5. The Goodness of Creatures
6. Whether the Deliberate Study of God Is Possible or Necessary to Faith
7. The Freedom of God
Bonus (worth 10 points):
Dana is a thoughtful, new member of your congregation who recently converted to Christianity amidst a crisis in her personal life. She is finishing her university degree in philosophy, and is struggling to know how her love of analytical reasoning which had been supporting her atheism, may now be used to help her understand her faith.
Give her a four to five sentence response, drawing upon "What Purpose Does Reason Serve in the Study of God?" from Oden.
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