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FUNDERMENTALS OF PHYSICS

PHY 1025L 66265

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

Uyen Tran

Date Performed: March 2, 2015

Abstract

Three experiments were displayed to study about buoyant force and clarify that for a totally

submerged object, the volume of displaced fluid is equal to the volume of the object. First, three

metal balls made from steel, brass, and aluminum, were weighed by the spring scale (F1). Next,

after immersing the ball into water, the spring scale is used again to determine objects weight

(F2). The difference between F1 and F2 is the experimental buoyant force of the object. Then, the

experimental and theoretical results of buoyant force need comparing so that Archimedes

principle can be proved and any errors would be explained.

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

2

Data Collected and Analysis

of Three Experiments

Steel Ball

2.42N

Brass Ball

2.63N

Aluminum Ball

0.83N

air

F2: Weight of ball in

2.20N

2.42N

0.61N

water

FBE: Experimental

0.22N

0.21N

0.22N

3cm

27cm3

0.27N

3cm

27cm3

0.27N

3cm

27cm3

0.27N

20.4%

25%

20.4%

ball

D : Diameter of ball

V: volume of ball

FBT: Theoretical

buoyant force of

ball

Percent difference

between FBE and FBT

Calculations:

FBE = F1 F2

FBT = ph2o*V*g

Result

For all three cases, the experimentally determined value of the buoyant force is not equal the

theoretically determined value of the buoyant force.

Brass Ball: the difference is 0.06N(25%)

Aluminum Ball: the difference is 0.05N (20.4%)

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

The possible reasons why there are certain percentages of errors between experimental and

theoretical result can be caused by the following factors:

-Human errors:

Improper angle of eyes when reading data

-Others:

Water used for experiments may contain impurities that could make the FB

Balls swing on hook after they are in place

Water residues on balls after several times practicing experiment

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

Discussion

Throughout three above experiments using metal balls, water, and spring scale, the definition of

Archimedes principle and how buoyant force acts on submerged object are studied thoroughly.

We can tell that when metal ball is submerged into water, there is supporting force acting on

object because its weight is lighter in the water. It happened the same way with all three different

metal balls that prove the appearance of buoyant force and principle of Archimedes. Even though

there are percentage difference between experimental and theoretical result, they are can be

explained logically. Human errors and other factors related to experimental tools during

procedure of experiments as mentioned can cause errors.

Conclusion

The purpose of this lab is to study about Archimedes principle and prove that buoyant force

acting on metal samples in the water is equal to the liquid displaced. Although balls from three

experiments have different properties, the results are all following the same direction that

supports for the initial statement and principle about buoyant force. By doing practical

experiments, I find it easier to approach the concepts of buoyant force and its action onto object

when it is in liquids.

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

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