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brings you
Chemistry Review Series
Chem 16 3rd Long Exam
I. Modified True or False. Write TRUE if the statement
is correct. Otherwise, write FALSE then change the
underlined word(s) to make the statement true.
1. Gas molecules possess volume but have negligible mass.
2. A solution contains 1.8 x 10-9 M [OH-]. This solution is
therefore basic.
3. Nuclear binding energy is the energy absorbed when
nucleons fuse together into a nucleus.
4. Nuclear reactions, in general, give off much more energy
than chemical reactions.
5. The gas constant varies on two components of the
Ideal Gas Equation: volume and temperature.
6. Alloys are solutions with a metal solute and liquid solvent.
7. The pH of a 0.20 solution of HCN (Ka = 4.9 x 10-10) is
equal to 5.
8. A solution is a homogeneous mixture, and can be
described as either dilute, a solution with minimal solute
originally, and as concentrated, a solution with the
maximum.
9. Generally, an increase in temperature increases the
solubility of gases in water.
10. Pressure changes do not affect the solubility of liquids
and solids, but affects the solubility of gases as described by
Henrys Law.
11. Hexane and octane will form an ideal solution, due to
their IMFAs being quite similar.
12. Increased moles of H2 at 300 K and 1 atm results to gas
compression.
13. When ice cubes are made by placing water in a tray in a
freezer, energy is removed from the water molecules, which
gradually slow down.
14. When ethanol is mixed with acetone, this results to a
decrease in temperature and an increase in volume of the
solution.

4. HBr was added to the Color change


gumamela extract instead of
HCl.
5. The water used to dilute pH change as compared
0.1M HCl was contaminated to
uncontaminated
with some 0.1 M NaOH
water
III. Multiple Choice. Write the letter of your answer.
1. According to the Bronsted-Lowry theory, which of the
following is correct (given the chemical equation below):
NH3 + H2PO4-NH4+ + HPO42a) NH4- acts as the conjugate base of NH3
b) In the reverse reaction, H2PO4- acts as the
conjugate acid
c) HPO42- acts as the conjugate acid of H2PO4d) In the forward reaction H2PO4- acts as the
conjugate base
2. Glycerin (C3H8O3) is a nonvolatile nonelectrolyte with a
density of 1.26 g/mL at 25C. A solution was made by
mixing 50.0 mL of glycerin to water (500.0 mL). Calculate
the vapor pressure of the solution at 25C if the vapor
pressure of pure water at 25C is 23.8 torr, and its density is
1.00 g/mL.
a) 23.7 torr
b) 23.8 torr
c) 23.9 torr
d) 24.0 torr
For numbers 3 and 4, refer to the diagram below:
B

II. Cause and Effect. Identify the effect of the condition


on the indicated parameter. Write increase, decrease, no effect, or
indeterminate.
Condition

Parameter

1. 0.8 molal rock salt solution Boiling point elevation


was used instead of 0.3 molal.
2. Presence of air bubbles in %error
between
eudiometer
calculated and preweighed Mg
3. The volumetric flask used Temperature;
Final
to mix methanol and water volume of solution
wasnt dry.

A
3. Point T is where ______
a) supercritical fluid is created
b) the three phases coexists
c) intermediates are formed
d)the phases are isolated from each other
4. Supercritical fluid exists in Point __
a) A
c) C
b) B
d) D

5. Which of the following nuclides would you expect to be


stable and why?
a) 88Sr, because it has an average mass of 87.6
b) 118Cs, because it has an average mass of 132.9
c) 30S, because it has an average mass of 32.1
d) 214Po, because it has an atomic number of 84
6. Given 500 mL of a sucrose solution in 9.88 ppm, calculate
the volume (in mL) of the solution in which 0.75 grams of
sucrose can be found.
a) 0.0821 mL
b) 0.0653 mL
c) 0.0759 mL
d) 0.092 mL
96
7. 42
Mo + 42He
a) 10e
b) +10e
c) 2 10n
d) 10n

100
43Tc +

_____

8. The average osmotic pressure of blood is 7.7atm at 25C.


What molarity of glucose (C6H12O6) will be isotonic with
blood? Note that glucose is a nonelectrolyte.
a) 0.30 M
b) 0.31 M
c) 0.32 M
d) 0.43 M
9. The following are the formulas of the gas laws. Identify
the incorrect equation:
a) Boyles Law: 1 1 = 2 2

b) Charless Law: =
c) Avogadros Law: =
d) Ideal Gas Equation: =
10. Which of the following is true?
a) Absorption of an electron by the nucleus is
followed by X radiation.
b) Atomic number decreases by 4 upon emission of
alpha particle.
c) Atomic number decreases by 4 upon emission of
alpha particle.
d) Beta decay involving conversion of a proton to
a neutron inside the nucleus emits - particle.
11. Silver nitrate, AgNO3, reacts with sodium chloride as
indicated by the following equation. What mass of NaCl
would be required to react with 200 mL of 0.200 M AgNO3
solution?
AgNO3 + NaCl AgCl + NaNO3
a) 0.117 g
b) 1.17 g
c) 2.34 g
d) 4.68 g

12. Given the following acids and corresponding pKa, what


would be the most basic (strongest) conjugate base? D
Acid
pKa
H2O
15.7
CH3CH2OH
16
(CH3)3COH
18
CH3COCH3
19.2
a) HOb) CH3CH2Oc) (CH3)3COd) -CH2COCH3
13. What is the vant Hoff factor of a 0.10 m HF(aq) solution
with a freezing point depression of 0.2010C? (Kf = 1.86
0C/m)
a) 1.07
b) -1.07
c) 1.08
d) -1.08
14. Dissolution of carbon dioxide in water yields
a) solution with separate gaseous and liquid phases.
b) solution that can change red to blue litmus paper.
c) solution of pH less than 7.
d) none because CO2 cannot be dissolved in water.
IV. Problem Solving.
1. Container X holds 5.35 grams of He, in a volume of 20.2
L. Container Y holds 8.66 grams of H2, in its volume of 25.0
L. Lastly, container Z holds 0.45 moles of gas AlDub, in a
15.7 L volume. Calculate for (a) partial pressures of each gas,
(b) the total pressure if Containers X and Y are added, and
(c) the molar mass of gas AlDub if its density is 1.45 g/L.
2. Madame Curie won the 1911 Nobel Prize for isolating
radium. Radium-226 has a half-life of 1662 years and
undergoes alpha decay.
a) Write the equation for the decay process.
b) If she had 1.20 g of Radium-226 in her lab in 1911,
what would be its mass in 2010?
3. A sucrose-water solution is produced by dissolving 2.45
grams of sucrose in water to produce a 75-mL solution with
density 0.584 g/mL. (MWsucrose = 342.3 g) Calculate for the
mass-volume percent, molarity, and molality.
4. How many milliliters of 12 M hydrochloric acid solution
necessary to consume 80 mg of magnesium metal? Calculate
%error if 1.87 mmol Mg was found to have reacted. (MWMg
= 24.3050 g/mol; MWHCl = 36.4606 g/mol)
5. Nyemi prepared a 0.10 M solution of formic acid
(HCOOH). When he measured its pH at 25C, it read as
2.38. What is the Ka of the acid at this temperature? What is
its percent ionization?

Answer Key:
I. True or False

2.45 grams sucrose


x 100
75mL solution
Massvol percent = 3.27%
Massvol percent =

1. FALSE mass, volume


11.TRUE
2. FALSE acidic
12. FALSE gas expansion
3. FALSE released
13.TRUE
4. TRUE
14. TRUE
5. FALSE volume & pressure
6. FALSE metal solvent
7. TRUE
8. FALSE concentrated, dilute
9. FALSE decreases
10. TRUE

II. Cause and Effect


1. Increase
2. Decrease
3. Increase; Increase

mL
0.584 g
Mass of solution = 128.42 grams

1 mol
342.3 g
Molality =
0.12597 kg H2 O
Molality = 0.05682 m

4. a. mL HCl:
1 mol Mg 2 mol HCl 1 L HCl solution 1000 mL
)(
)(
)(
)
24.3050 g 1 mol Mg
12 mol HCl
1L

=0.080g(

= 6.6 mL HCl

1 mol
(3.66 x
) (0.0821)(318.15)
nRT
2.016 g
P=
=
V
20.2
P H2 = 2.348 atm
(0.45)(0.0821)(313.15)
nRT
=
V
20.2
P AlDub = 0.573 atm
P=

(a) Total Pressure of X and Y


(1.337 mol + 1.815)(0.0821)(318.15)
nRT
P=
=
V
20.2
P = 4.076 atm
(b) MM of AlDub
DRT
(1.45)(0.0821)(313.15)
=
P
0.573
MM = 65.06 gmol
MM =

b) The half-life decay formula is: A = Ao 2 h


A = resulting amount after t years
Ao = initial amount
h = half-life of the substance
t = time in years
(20101911)
1662
99
21662

A = 1.20 2

3. (a) Mass-volume percent


Massvol percent =

Mass of H2 O = 128.42 g 2.45 g


Mass of H2 O = 125.97 grams
2.45 grams x

1 mol
(5.35 x
) (0.0821)(318.15)
nRT
4.0026 g
P=
=
V
20.2
P He = 1.728 atm

A = 1.20
= .

(c) Molality

4. No effect
5. Increase
6. Increase

1. (a) Partial Pressures


PV = nRT

moles of solute
volume of solution
1 mol
2.45 grams x
342.3 g
M=
= 0.0954 M
0.075 L solution
Molarity =

Mass of solution = 75 mL x

III. Multiple Choice


1. B
6. A
11. C
2. B
7. C
12. D
3. B
8. B
13. C
4. C
9. B
14. C
5. A
10. A
IV. Problem Solving

2. a)

(b) Molarity

mass of solute
x 100
volume of solution

b. %error =

5.

0.080[0.00187(
0.080

24.3050 g
)]
1

x 100 = 43%